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The 10 Most Legendary Investors Who Have Ever Lived

Just like every other industry of our modern life, the financial sector has its role models and superstars – the kind of success stories that wannabe investors dream of. Since the inception of entrepreneurship, there have been a ton of men and women that have managed to put small amounts of capital into projects that end up ballooning into several times their original investments.

We always want to know how our heroes worked their way up from the bottom. When it comes to investing, we want to know how the biggest players got to where they are now – how we can imitate their techniques to grow our own piles of cash. Sadly, Warren Buffett-level success won’t reach the vast majority of our lives – but that can’t stop us from taking as much inspiration from some of the top investors in history. Here are the ten most legendary investors who have ever graced this planet.

Bill Gross

Famous Quote:
“Finding the best person or the best organization to invest your money is   one of the most important financial decisions you’ll ever make.”

Age: 74 , Cofounder of PIMCO
Assets Under Management (AUM): $1.75 trillion

This heavy-hitter is known as “the King of Bonds” – referring to his wild success in fixed-income investments that has led to him becoming known as one of the best investors of all time. Bill Gross founded a little investment management company called PIMCO, which currently has $1.77 trillion in assets under management (AUM). At one point in time, Mr. Gross was the biggest bond fund manager (by value) at one point in time, and PIMCO actually sunk when he moved to work for Janus Capital Group back in 2014.

Bill Gross is a different kind of big-time investor, and warns would-be capitalists against investing in “zombie corporations” – by putting money into the real economy with corporations that you feel good about both ethically and financially. He also stressed diversification and taking chances that are rooted in exhaustive research, as well as maintaining enough liquid cash on the side.

Peter Lynch

Famous Quote:
“Your investor’s edge is not something you get from Wall Street experts. It’s something you already have. You can outperform the experts if you use your edge by investing in companies or industries you already understand.”

Age: 74 , Managed Fidelity Investments
Assets Under Management (AUM): $2.4 trillion

When it comes to playing it safe, index funds that encapsulate the market as a whole have been very solid investments over the years. For decades, diversified portfolios have been fattening up a lot of people’s retirement funds – thanks to the overall global growth that we’ve witnessed (interrupted by some sporadic recessions). The S&P500 Index has done very well, and only some of the most talented investors around have managed to generate better returns – and you can include Peter Lynch in that list.

Lynch is known mostly from his management of the Fidelity Magellan fund, where he beat the S&P500’s annual growth for 11 of the 13 years that he was there (up until 1990). He consistently achieved more than double the index’s yearly returns and helped lift the organization’s assets from $18 million to $14 billion in value. This legendary investor coined the phrase “invest in what you know” – which I bet you’ve heard before!

Warren Buffett

Famous Quote:
“We simply attempt to be fearful when others are greedy and to be greedy only when others are fearful.”

Age: 87 , CEO of Berkshire Hathaway
Assets Under Management (AUM): $702.1 billion

Twitter: @WarrenBuffett (1.4 m followers)

This is a name that you’ve certainly heard before: Warren Buffett. Across the globe, he is widely known as being the most successful investor in history – mostly because of the small amount of money he started out with (he is currently worth close to $85 billion). Mr. Buffett is referenced constantly in all sorts of financial publications, and investor hopefuls take his advice extremely seriously.

If you open up the front pages of news sites like Business Insider or Forbes, you are likely to see a link with Buffett’s name mentioned – and there is a reason for that. He heads Berkshire Hathaway, and literally makes markets move wildly in either direction by just making a simple comment. His students have learned to understand the value of companies by paying attention to earnings conference calls and understanding their balance sheets – as well as only evaluating the price of a share after properly having confidence in the organization.

John “Jack” Bogle

Famous Quote:
“The grim irony of investing is that we investors as a group not only don’t get what we pay for, we get precisely what we don’t pay for.”

Age: 89 , Founded The Vanguard Group
Assets Under Management (AUM): $5.1 trillion

This investor is an absolute legend in that he founded a company that is essentially a household institution at this point in time: The Vanguard Group. Most Americans at least recognize this name as a source of low-cost mutual fund investments, but John “Jack” Bogle is known for so much more than that. In fact, Fortune magazine named him as one of the “four investment giants of the 20th century” back in 1999, and his book “Common Sense on Mutual Funds: New Imperatives for the Intelligent Investor” is a widely-read classic that’s highly regarded in the investment community.

Bogle is perhaps most noted for founding the first index mutual fund that was available to the general public – which happened in 1976 when he founded the Vanguard Investment Trust, which would later become the Vanguard 500 Index Fund.

Bill Miller

Famous Quote:
“Value investing means really asking what are the best values, and not assuming that because something looks expensive that it is, or assuming that because a stock is down in price and trades at low multiples that it is a bargain”

Age: 68 , former Chief Investing Officer of Legg Mason Capital Management
Assets Under Management (AUM): $752.3 billion

One short phrase comes to mind when one thinks of Bill Miller: track record. When it comes to winning streaks, Mr. Miller is one of the most widely-known successes in the investment community. For 15 solid years, between 1991 and 2005, his Legg Mason Value Trust beat the S&P500’s yearly return. Back in 1999, he was named the “Fund Manager of the Decade” by Morningstar.com.

Miller successfully grew his fund from a measly $750 million to over $20 billion (assets under management) up until 2006. Even last year he was cranking out similar success: his Opportunity Trust beat the S&P500 by nearly double at certain points last year. He is considered to be a value investor, but heavily believes that any stock has the potential to be a value stock “if it trades at a discount to its intrinsic value.”

Hui Ka Yan

Famous Quote:
“We should focus investment on youth development.”

Age: 59, Founded Evergrande Real Estate Group
Assets Under Management (AUM): $275 billion

Moving to a more modern investing giant, let’s take a trip to China to focus on one of the richest people in the entire East Asian nation: Hui Ka Yan (Xu Jiayin in Mandarin). Currently worth over $30 billion USD, he is the chairman and largest shareholder of China Evergrande Group – a massively successful Chinese property develop that has constructed over 500 projects in 180 Chinese cities.

Hui Ka Yan generated unbelievable profits from both residential and office building projects, and a year ago it boosted its share price by a staggering 469%. He was the richest man in China last year, and in 2017 he was the leader of the 26% overall boost in the mainland’s top 400 fortunes. Now, he has slipped to 3rd place – which still isn’t too shabby at all when you think about it.

Benjamin Graham

Famous Quote:
“In the short run, the market is a voting machine but in the long run, it is a weighing machine.”

Lived: 1894-1976 , Founded Graham-Newman Partnership
Mostly known for his academic work

Known as the “Father of Modern Investing,” Benjamin Graham was actually a mentor of Warren Buffett’s. In fact, he is the very investor that is credited with coming up with the concept of “value investing,” which essentially boils down to the idea that we should buy securities that are currently underpriced as to maximize the profit that you can generate when they become fully-realized and profitable organizations.

Graham’s uber-renowned neoclassical investing texts, Security Analysis and The Intelligent Investor are historically important in the world of investing – focusing on investor psychology, concentrated diversification, activist investing and minimal debt. Numerous students of Grahams have garnered incredible success, like Buffett, Irving Kahn, Walter J. Schloss and William J. Ruane.

Carl Icahn

Famous Quote:
“In takeovers, the metaphor is war. The secret is reserves. You must have reserves stretched way out ahead. You have to know that you could buy the company and not be stretched.”

Age: 82 , Founder of Icahn Enterprises
Assets Under Management (AUM): $33.3 billion

Twitter: @Carl_C_Icahn (354k followers)

Carl Icahn built his reputation as what’s called a corporate raider – an investor who infiltrates a mismanaged company’s board of directors by purchasing enough shares to get voting power. Successful raiders then use their leverage to rearrange the organization in an attempt to make it profitable, or just strip their assets – which Icahn famously did after his hostile takeover of the American Airline TWA back in the 80s.

Icahn was the 26th richest person on the Forbes 400 last year, not to mention the 5th richest hedge fund manager. He also very briefly worked with the President of the United States, Donald J. Trump, as a Special Advisor on Regulatory Reform, for a brief stint in 2017. He is currently worth double-digit billions. This legendary corporate raider has his successful finger prints on conglomerates like Yahoo, Time Warner and Blockbuster Video too.

Charlie Munger

Famous Quote:
“It’s waiting that helps you as an investor, and a lot of people just can’t stand to wait. If you didn’t get the deferred-gratification gene, you’ve got to work very hard to overcome that.”

Age: 94 , Vice Chairman of Berkshire Hathaway
Assets Under Management (AUM): $702.1 billion

Here’s another highly successful investor that was mentored by the “Father of Modern Investing,” Benjamin Graham. His name is Charlie Munger, and he is currently Vice Chairman of Berkshire Hathaway – which is currently the 8th-largest private employer in the United States. The CEO of the organization, Warren Buffett, has often described Munger as his partner.

Apart from Berkshire Hathaway fame, Mr. Munger is held in high regard for his success as chairman of Wesco Financial Corporation – a diversified financial institution that he led from 1984 to 2011. He focuses his strategy on investing in a concentration of high-quality companies with products or services he personally believes in. Charlie is also lauded by the investing community for his philanthropic efforts – having donated hundreds of millions to universities around the country, both public and private institutions.

Geraldine Weiss

Famous Quote:
“Never is there a better time to buy a stock than when a basicallysound company, for whatever reason, temporarily falls out of favor with the investment community.”

Age: 92 , Founder of Investment Quality Trends
Known for academic work

While it has, indeed, undergone a very positive-trending evolution in recent years, the investing world was traditionally very much a boy’s club – so it’s refreshing to add a woman investing legend to this list. Geraldine Weiss is known as the “Queen of Blue-Chip Dividends”, having invented a quite genius strategy for investing. While Warren Buffett’s focused on his four principles of investing as a checklist for picking stocks, Weiss only focused on one single metric – which would have generated more profit for Buffett had he followed her game plan.

Even more amazing: She used the name G. Weiss for about a decade before revealing she was a woman, due to the initial rejection her work faced.

She focused on simply dividend yield, buying stocks when they are within 10% of their highest dividend yield and unload them when they get within 10% of their lowest. While her beginnings in investing were heavily influenced by Benjamin Graham’s 10-point checklist, she departed with her own technique and really became successful when she embraced her own instincts. Weiss will always be a true investing legend, and a role model for women investors back in the day.

https://trendingstock.today/the-ten-most-legendary-investors-who-have-ever-

ruby Posted on October 23, 2018 17:41

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KNUST Closed Down Indefinitely; Students Asked To Vacate By Noon Tuesday

Peacefmonline.com can confirm that students of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology [KNUST] have been asked to vacate the school premises by midday on Tuesday, October 23, 2018.

By Isaac Kwame Owusu

This follows an order by the Ashanti Regional Security Council (REGSEC) to the University to close down indefinitely in the wake of the unrest.

A 12-hour curfew on the campus from 6:00pm to 6:00am has been imposed which takes effect today, Monday.

The decision, which was announced by the Ashanti Regional Minister, Simon Osei-Mensah, excludes foreign students who will be given full security protection and a reserved hall until they are able to leave to their respective countries.

The decision was taken in consultation with the management of the school.

Too late?

Meanwhile, a delegation from the Ministry of Education, led by the Minister, Hon Dr. Mathew Opoku Prempeh will be at KNUST campus to meet the university authorities and the students on Tuesday at 10 am.

Vincent Ekow Assafuah, Director of Communications at the Ministry, said in a statement released on Monday afternoon, that the ministry notes with concern, developments on the KNUST campus with regard to bodily injuries and detention of some students, as well as the destruction of public properties.

The statement however appealed for calm on all sides as a first step to resolving the fracas.

Background

A protest by the students against the school’s authorities over what they describe as an unfair treatment meted out to them turned violent on Monday.

The School’s security on Friday [October 19, 2018] pounced on unarmed students who were having a peaceful vigil at the forecourt of the hall in protest of management’s freeze on “morale”, a usual Friday night jamboree in all the halls at the school.

Barely a week ago, the University in a communique signed and posted both the Continental Hall and University Hall Management, asked the student body to cease their usual ‘Friday Night Morale’ as the school has suspended the activity.

The notice read “Notice is hereby given that all forms of “morales” in and around the University Hall are suspended with immediate effect. This decision was taken in view of several negative issues encountered recently with respect to morales in the hall. Any person who flouts this directive shall receive the necessary sanction and response”.

A group of security men who were said to be acting based on orders from the authorities, allegedly manhandled students who reportedly flouted the rules and held a mini vigil and in the process one student sustained severe head injuries, bleeding profusely.

The injured student was immediately admitted to the KNUST Hospital for treatment on Friday evening.

KNUST authorities justify students’ arrest

KNUST Management further justified the arrest of some students of the University saying the students did not seek permission before undertaking the activity contrary to the rules of the university.

The university thinks certain activities in the night should not be entertained. Some other activities are permitted because the students applied for permission. But there was no permission for last Friday’s activity. The students decided to go their own way. They decided not to obey any rules or regulations on campus; and the law doesn’t permit that. So when it happened, the police were brought in,” the University’s Public Relations Officer, Kwame Yeboah told the media.

Reaction Extreme?

On the morning of Monday, Ocotober 22, 2018, students of the University embarked on a violent demonstration against the University authorities.

The Students' Representative Council (SRC) of the KNUSTSRC Executive Council in a statement titled: ACTION NOW, ENOUGH IS ENOUGH, implored students to abandon the lecture halls today (Monday, October 22, 2018) for the demonstration against police brutality of students, and in solidarity with their 11 arrested colleagues of the University Hall (Katanga Hall) during the "illegal" Friday Night Morale which included drumming during a hall week celebration. 

The students thronged the streets on campus in their numbers, clad in red and amidst the protest vandalized several properties including the office and car of the Vice Chancellor, Professor Kwasi Obiri-Danso.

The students are also protesting against a decision by the Vice Chancellor and the authorities to turn the all-male Katanga Hall into a mixed hall with females.

The campus of KNUST has been relatively rowdy following the conversion of some all-male halls into mixed ones.

There were disturbing scenes on campus as the students destroyed and burned down some properties, ranging from cars to motorbikes.

Calm Restored

The operation ‘Calm Life’ unit of the Police Service was sent in amid the unrest. Later, the military was also deployed after tensions increased to calm the situation. 

In a related development, the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) has begun an assessment of the level of destruction caused by the students.
 More pictures from the scene:

Source: http://www.peacefmonline.com/pages/local/education/201810/365956.php

 

joewalash Posted on October 23, 2018 17:16

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Manchester United vs Juventus: When Cristiano Ronaldo first returned to Old Trafford

Cristiano Ronaldo will be back at Old Trafford on Tuesday night, hoping to fire his Juventus team-mates to a Champions League victory, just as he did on his first return to Manchester United with Real Madrid five years ago.

The 33-year-old became a star at United during a six-year stay from 2003, winning three Premier League titles and the Champions League in 2008, before joining Real in an £80m move.

So it was an emotional night for the forward when he came back for a Champions League last-16 tie in 2013. But, despite making his respects for his former club clear, Ronaldo delivered the match-winning blow for the visitors after a controversial red card for his compatriot Nani.

Here, ahead of Juventus' group-stage clash with United, we look back at Ronaldo's previous return to Old Trafford…

Manchester United 1-2 Real Madrid (Real win 3-2 on aggregate)

Evenly balanced after the first leg and Ronaldo's first intervention

Real Madrid and Manchester United were drawn together in the last-16 of the Champions League in 2013 and the stage was set for a mouth-watering clash between the Spanish champions and a United team on their way to reclaiming the Premier League crown.

Real Madrid boss Jose Mourinho described the tie as "the match the world wanted to see - the only shame is that it is not the final".

The first leg at the Bernabeu lived up to the billing, with Ronaldo scoring a towering header to cancel out Danny Welbeck's opener. "I don't think there's another player in the world who can do that," Sir Alex Ferguson said of Ronaldo's goal.

I don't think there's another player in the world who can do that.

Sir Alex Ferguson on Cristiano Ronaldo's first leg goal

There was a certain inevitability about Ronaldo scoring against his old side but David De Gea was in fine form to ensure the visitors left Spain with a 1-1 draw and a real chance at making the quarter-finals.

Advantage United after Ronaldo's big reception - until Nani's red

Manchester United fans welcomed Ronaldo back warmly

The focus was fully on Ronaldo at Old Trafford three weeks later. The forward received a huge ovation from the home supporters when his name was read out and touched his chest in appreciation but his team were soon on the back foot and fell behind when Sergio Ramos diverted the ball into his own net.

Cristiano Ronaldo shows his appreciation to the United fans

The match and the tie turned, though, when Nani was shown a controversial red card for a high challenge on Alvaro Arbeloa by referee Cuneyt Cakir on 56 minutes. "The decision seemed very harsh, possibly incredible at that moment in the game," said United assistant manager Mike Phelan afterwards, with Ferguson too incensed to speak to the media.

Real Madrid boss Jose Mourinho consoles a shocked Nani after his red card

Modric magic and then Ronaldo's decisive blow

With a man advantage Real put on the pressure, with substitute Luka Modric whipping in a superb equaliser from the edge of the box.

Just three minutes later, Ronaldo came up with the winner, sliding in to convert Gonzalo Higuain's cross-shot at the back post.

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As Ronaldo's slide took him behind the net and in front of the United supporters his response was muted, his hands raised above his head apologetically while his team-mates and the travelling fans celebrated wildly.

A couple more chances fell his way, with De Gea doing well to keep him from scoring another, but Ronaldo had made his mark. As he left the pitch at full-time, despite their disappointment and anger with the referee, the United supporters again showed their respect.

The aftermath

Ronaldo and Nemanja Vidic after the second leg

"It was unbelievable," Ronaldo reflected after the match when asked about the reception he'd received from the United supporters. "It was an emotional moment for me, for both games, but especially tonight.

It was unbelievable. I do not have words to explain how I feel.

Cristiano Ronaldo on his return to Old Trafford

"I do not have words to explain how I feel. The supporters made me feel shy. I did not play how I play all the time."

Ultimately, Real's own run in the competition came to an end at the semi-final stage, when they were beaten by Borussia Dortmund. But while Ronaldo would go on to win four Champions League titles with Real Madrid, that night at Old Trafford during the course of an unsuccessful campaign, will no doubt stand out as a fond memory.

Also See:

https://www.skysports.com/football/news/11096/11529684/manchester-united-vs-juventus-when-cristiano-ronaldo-first-returned-to-old-trafford

Dominic Solomon Posted on October 23, 2018 16:47

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Titanic II to retrace journey the original Titanic took across Atlantic 100 years ago

A REPLICA of the Titanic, dubbed Titanic II, is to set sail in 2022 and it will embark on the same route across the Atlantic the original ship took in 1912 on that ill-fated journey.

Titanic II is set to take her maiden voyage in 2022 – 110 years after the ill-fated original ship (Image: BLUE STAR LINE)

Australian businessman and politician Clive Palmer confirmed the Titanic II project had restarted after a financial dispute halted construction in 2015.

The Titanic II’s maiden voyage is scheduled for 2022, 110 years after the ill-fated original ship took sail, Cruise Arabia Online reports.

Blue Star Line chairman Mr Palmer said: “In 1912 the Titanic was the ship of dreams. For over a century Titanic’s legend has been powered by mystery, intrigue and respect for all she stood for.”

Titanic II, which is being built in China, will outfitted like the original 1912 ship but with additional modern safety features – including more life boats

The ship’s hull will also welded not riveted and the Titanic II will be decked out with modern navigation and radar equipment – so potential icebergs will spotted well in advanced.

The nine-decked ship will accommodate 2,435 passengers across 835 cabins.

Passengers will be able to first, second and third-class tickets just like on the original Titanic.

Mr Palmer added: “Blue Star Line will create an authentic Titanic experience, providing passengers with a ship that has the same interiors and cabin layout as the original vessel, while integrating modern safety procedures, navigation methods and 21st century technology to produce the highest level of luxurious comfort.

Titanic II will feature the sam interiors as the original Titanic including the grand staircase (Image: BLUE STAR LINE)

Titanic II will have modern safety features added including more life boats and a welded hull (Image: BLUE STAR LINE)

“The ship will follow the original journey, carrying passengers from Southampton to New York, but she will also circumnavigate the globe, inspiring and enchanting people while attracting unrivalled attention, intrigue and mystery in every port she visits.”

The original Titanic voyage ended in tragedy after the ship hit and iceberg, splitting the vessel in two.

More than 1,500 people were killed.

The wreckage of the original Titanic still lies more than 12,000 feet (3,700 m) beneath the surface on the seabed off the coast of Newfoundland.

 

Read More....

https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1035392/titanic-II-ship-titanic-journey-atlantic-new-york-blue-star-line

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 16:45

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Price Of Soya Beans Still High

Prices of soya beans which had been on the high side since early this year are yet to record a significant decline. The commodity appeared to be mostly consumed by children and the elderly because of the nutritional value.

Consequently, despite the unfavourable prices, loyal lovers have not abandoned the commodity. But then, the situation has seen some traders reducing their normal purchases owing to the exorbitant prices.

Likewise, consumers’ especially nursing mothers who could no longer afford the commodity had to switch to an alternative cheaper grain thus affecting patronage level adversely.

During the week, findings from a market survey by the Business and Market Intelligence Unit of DAILY INDEPENDENT, revealed that prices of the commodity still remained relatively high in almost all the markets visited, despite the minimal reduction in few markets.

 

 

Many of the traders interviewed blamed the situation to shortfall in supply emanating from the North owing to the activities of insurgents, lack of purchasing power and high cost of distribution/logistics and seasonal factors.

At the Achau Market, Kaduna, prices of a 100kg bag of soya beans which had remained stable at between N17,000 and N17,500 since  August declined by 6 per cent , currently ranging from N16,000 to N16,500 depending on haggling power of the buyer.

Mallam Yisau Abdul, a grains trader, at the Achau Market, Kaduna, linked the situation to improved supply as some farmers have started harvesting the grains, being its season of plenty.

But, Maina Isa, another trader of the same market said in spite of the slight drop, prices of the commodity were on the still high side, connecting the situation to unavailability, because some farmers have stopped going to their farms to plant and harvest for fear of being killed by the insurgents.

The same could not be said for that of Dawanau Market, Kano, especially with the price of a 100kg bag of soya beans decreasing marginally to between N15,500 and N16,000 from N16,500 sold initially, of which many of the traders attributed to poor sales.

That of Gombe Main Market, Gombe, was not favourable either, increasing greatly to between N22,500 and N22,800  from N19,000 sold previously. Thus, indicating a whopping variance of between N3,500 and N3,800  signifying a 19 or 20 percent rise.

For that of Wuse Market, Abuja, prices of a 100kg bag of soya beans which previously attracted between N15,500 and N16,000  currently goes for between N16,500 and N17,000.

Egbuna Patto, another trader at the Wuse Market, Abuja, connected the persistent rise to scarcity arising from restiveness in Northern Nigeria.

Checks at the Ogbeogologo and Igbudu Markets, Delta State, indicated that prices of a 100kg bag of the commodity declined slightly from what was previously sold. For example, a 100kg bag of soya beans that earlier went for between N21,500 and N22,000  at the Igbudu Market, fell by 5 percent to N21,000.

That of Umuahia Main Market was also at a downward trend, reducing to between N19,000 and N19,500 from N20,000 initially sold.

Maria Uche, who came to shop for the commodity and other food items at the Umuahia main market, said the price was still outrageous despite the slight drop, which she attributed principally to gradual onset of the season of abundance.

Related Slideshow: News in pictures (provided by photo services)

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Mr. Chukwudi Amadi, a trader at the same market, debunked her claim, connecting the situation to inadequate supply.

He, however, opined that prices of soya beans would fall further, particularly with the commencement of its season of plenty approaching next month.

Still, at the Oba Market, Benin City, prices of the commodity, although relatively high, still remained stable at between N20,000 and N21,000 as at October 19, 2018.

For that of Lafewnwa Market, Ogun State, prices of soya beans dropped to N18,500 from N19,000 sold before, a situation which a large proportion of traders attributed  to low patronage.

The situation was different from that of Bodija Market, Ibadan, as the prices were quite higher than that of Ogun State.

For instance, a 100kg bag of soya beans that was formerly sold for between N22,000 and N22,500 reduced to between N21,000 and N21,500, a 5 percent drop.

Madam Ibidun, a trader at the Bodija Market, told DAILY INDEPENDENT  that the high cost of logistics coupled with seasonal factors were responsible for the steady rise.

She was, however, optimistic that prices of soya beans would certainly crash the more during its season of plenty commencing in November.

This is just as Mr. Ayinla, another trader of the same market, shared a contrary view, stressing that prices of soya beans ought to have reduced sharply by now since its season of harvest commences from October.

He however, blamed the situation to the state of the economy.

For that of Lagos State visits to popular Iddo and Mile 12 markets showed that prices of the commodity witnessed a marginal decline.

For example, prices of a 100kg bag of soya beans which went for as high as between N21,500 and N23,000  finally fell, currently ranging from N19,000 to N20,000, depending on the market, situation  which many of the traders ascribed to on season -effect.

Mr. Uchechi Victor, a trader at the Iddo Market, Lagos, told DAILY INDEPENDENT that prices of the commodity would crash further especially with the gradual approach of its season of plenty.

Consumers who purchased the commodity in smaller quantities appeared to be adversely affected as the marginal drop in prices did not increase their procurement.

For example prices of paint bucket measurement still remained at between N900 and N1,200 depending on the location and bargaining power of the buyer.

https://www.msn.com/en-xl/africa/top-stories/price-of-soya-beans-still-high/ar-BBOEWgA?ocid=SK216DHP

Dominic Solomon Posted on October 23, 2018 16:05

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Stolen daughters: what happened after #BringBackOurGirls?

In 2014, the #BringBackOurGirls social media campaign transfixed people around the world concerned about the plight of 276 schoolgirls kidnapped by the terrorist group Boko Haram.

More than four years later, the spotlight shines back on their plight, and that of thousands of women like them, in the documentary Stolen Daughters: Kidnapped by Boko Haram, premiering on HBO.

The wrenching film follows two Chibok girls freed in 2017 and two women who, like thousands of others, were kidnapped but are known as “forgotten girls” because they weren’t captured in a high-profile event.

Karen Edwards, a writer and producer of the documentary, told the Guardian that the Chibok girls were a symbol for a much larger problem in north-east Nigeria.

“Most families have been touched by Boko Haram, nobody is immune from it,” said Edwards. “It’s so widespread, there is fear they’ve [people kidnapped] been radicalized but there is also an element of commonality that if it hasn’t happened to them it is only by the grace of God.”

Boko Haram has killed more than 20,000 people and displaced at least 2 million. Mines laid by Boko Haram killed 162 people in two years and wounded 277, according to a report released last month. This week, a Boko Haram faction killed an aid worker. And 112 Chibok girls are still missing.

The girls released last year are the focus of the documentary, which provides an exclusive look at the safe house where they have lived, their first time being reunited with family and the moment they meet their former classmates, who continued their studies while they were in captivity.

Related: News in pictures (provided by photo services)

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The Forgotten Girls, meanwhile, try to recover their lives in Maiduguri, a city targeted repeatedly by Boko Haram, scraping by on support from aid groups. They must also confront a community worried that the women, as well as men and children kidnapped by the group, have returned radicalized.

“The community in Maiduguri has been really stoic in opening up their doors to refugees and providing shelter,” said producer Sasha Joelle Achilli. “There’s a bit of both: there’s the fear and stigma attached to the people who have been living with Boko Haram and there’s also just great openness and generosity to help the other.”

The stories and scenes from Maiduguri provide a less varnished look at terrors Boko Haram is still carrying out against Nigerians, while the Chibok girls story is more focused on rehabilitation.

This is largely because of restrictions Nigeria’s government put on the production.

In an early scene, the head teacher at the safe house gathers the Chibok girls to announce the film crew has arrived. She explains to the girls that the film-makers have been told not to ask about their experience with Boko Haram. “Do not tell them about what happened in the forest,” she warns.

© Getty Images File Photo-Protesters demand the releasing of female students abducted by militants of Boko Haram, in Abuja, Nigeria

Despite those warnings, a sliver of their experience comes through from anonymized diaries girls shared with the film-makers.

“The fact that the Chibok girls were kept for three and a half years is an embarrassment to the Nigerian government,” Edwards explained. “They don’t want the world thinking too much about that or what might have happened to them … They want the world to see the Chibok girls are being looked after, want for nothing, they get food and dresses made for them, that they are very safe and secure, and that’s what they want the world to see.”

Margret, who features in Stolen Daughters: Kidnapped by Boko Haram.Photograph: HBO

Edwards said the girls did say they felt safe there and were grateful for the government’s protection because they are still scared of Boko Haram. “It’s a complex situation but we made sure we were honest with the audience that this is the condition and this is how they’re being told not to talk about it,” Edwards said.

Because the Chibok girls are warned away from disclosing what happened to them at the hands of Boko Haram, it’s the Forgotten Girls who offer a glimpse of what happened in the forest.

A woman called Zahra, whose name was changed for safety reasons, explains what responsibilities Boko Haram gave women in the three months she was there: caring for the sick, helping those who were pregnant and helping to kidnap more women.

It’s the latter activity that appears to have shaken Zahra most, as she describes a violent attack that happened during a kidnapping she was enlisted to help with under the threat of death.

Zahra tells the story of what happened to a 14-year-old kidnap victim in a few sentences, each worse than the one that came before, then concludes: “I will never forget her all of my life.” 

https://www.msn.com/en-xl/africa/top-stories/stolen-daughters-what-happened-after-supernumberbringbackourgirls/ar-BBOIp8r?ocid=SK216DHP

Dominic Solomon Posted on October 23, 2018 15:55

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How this ex Sudanese child soldier was inspired by P. Diddy to become a hip-hop artist

Emmanuel Jal doesn't know how old he is. He tells people he's 38.

"I don't know exactly when I was born, just because I was born when my country was at war," says the chart-topping hip-hop musician, who is from South Sudan, Africa. "There's no birth certificate so it was put first of January 1980," Jal tells CNBC Make It during the Oslo Freedom Forum, a conference of human rights advocates, artists, tech entrepreneurs, and global leaders.

Today, Jal is a recording artist, actor, entrepreneur and peace activist, but between 1983 and 2005, Sudan was ravaged by civil war and Jal was a child soldier conscripted to the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), Christian insurgents fighting against the country's military regime imposing "sharia," or Islamic religious law, on the nation.

"My desire was to kill as many Muslims and Arabs as possible," Jal says, speaking at the Oslo Freedom Forum in New York. He says that anger was born from a hatred that started when he was very young.

He remembers an early incident vividly: Jal and his family were traveling to stay with his grandmother in the south, according to his memoir, "War Child: A Child Soldier's Story." Some Arab men from the north on the same transport stole his family's food, and when his uncle attempted to get it back, the men beat him.

"My mother tried to separate the fight. They beat my mother. As a little kid, I jumped on one of the men foot and I bit him. He held my neck. I blacked out. When I came back to life there was blood on my chest. The people I was with were mashed up. Everybody has been beaten," Jal says at the Freedom Forum.

"That was the place where the seed of bitterness and hatred was planted. As a kid, I didn't understand what it was. I didn't know what to call it, but it was planted."

Life in Sudan during the civil war was violent and hard. Jal watched his aunt being raped in front of him when he was 5 years old. "Walking around dead bodies, seeing the soul of your village roped away from you," says Jal. "All my aunties died during the war. All my uncles except two."

Jal's father sent him to Ethiopia where he thought his son would be safer and perhaps receive an education; there was a refugee camp there that taught the children, Tania Campbell-Golding, Jal's manager explains.

However, the SPLA had stationed themselves outside the camp to recruit young boys to become child soldiers. "The ethos was everyone was needed to defend their land," Campbell-Golding says.

The SPLA ran its training camp for child soldiers savagely. "They would pick a kid who did not listen to the rules for some time ... and beat them. Sometimes they beat them to death," Jal says. "From there every kid see this as serious."

Jal was made a soldier at age 8. He carried an assault rifle, because "8 years old can fire an AK-47," he told NPR's Scott Simon in 2015.

For the first two years, he was trained and did chores. But as he got older, he fought on the front lines in three major battles in South Sudan. Jal does not know for sure if he killed anyone, because often firing the gun was indiscriminate and the child soldiers "weren't sure who their victims were," says Campbell-Golding.

As the war raged on, "the movement that we're struggling in became tribal and so, you know, you see soldiers who are turning on each other. And so we decide, look, I rather go and die where my family members are," Jal told NPR.

So he planned an escape. "It was really, really dangerous," he said. "We were, like, around — between [200] to 400, I think, and only 16 people survived. And the way some died of starvation, dehydration and a lot of things that attacked us on the way that we weren't prepared for."

The group of escapees thought it would take them three weeks to get to Waat, a town in South Sudan, but the journey took them three months, Campbell-Golding says.

Jal met a British aid worker, Emma McCune, who smuggled him into Nairobi, Kenya, and put him in school. "So she disarmed me," Jal told NPR. He is not sure exactly how old he was then; he thinks about 11 or 12. In Nairobi, Jal was in and out of secondary schools. He made it to the University of Westminster in the United Kingdom, but only stayed for one semester due to visa issues.

Growing up in Nairobi, Jal found music in church and while hanging out with friends, Campbell-Golding says.

"Life was difficult then, you know, but music became the place I was able to see heaven again. So through music I was able to dance, through music I was able to become a child again. And I did not know that I was going to be a recording artist. I was just doing it for fun because it gave me — it kept me busy," Jal told NPR.

In particular, Jal was influenced by P. Diddy, Sean Diddy Combs.

"The person actually trigger me rapping was somebody called 'P. Diddy,' 'Puff Daddy.' So I heard him, he sung the song 'Jesus, my best friend.' And I said, 'Oh, gangsters sing about God too?' And I said, 'Ok.'" Jal tells CNBC Make It. "And what interests me about American hip hop is the stories they tell."

Jal learned to be a professional musician via trial and error and asking questions.

In Kenya, he went to a music studio to record songs. "Well the first time I entered a studio, I was kicked out," Jal tells CNBC Make It. He just wasn't good enough. "So I just ask questions and look around — 'How do they do it?' ... I watch American hip hop — how they rap, I say, 'Oh, they just talking.' But I didn't know there is art to talking in the beat. So I go to studio, 'Yo!' I do my thing. I was kicked out."

Gradually, Jal improved. "It took me a while to develop my style. I would say this also used to listen to Lost Boyz and this Tupac [Shakur] that you know I was introduced to my other people and I just kept on loving the stories and there's Biggie [Smalls, aka Christopher Wallace] and then there's Run-DMC. And you could go the old school guys."

Eventually he even succeeded. Jal released a couple of his own tracks and caught the attention of British musician and humanitarian Peter Gabriel, who brought Jal to the United Kingdom to perform at a Live 8 Africa Calling concert in 2005, Campbell-Golding says. The BBC took notice.

"Gua" became his first hit, Campbell-Golding says. (The album, with the same name as the hit song, was released in 2004. The music video for "Gua" was released in 2005.) It is a dream of peace in his home country. The chorus, translated into English, is as follows: "I will be so happy, When there's peace in Sudan, When people come back to Sudan, My heart will be filled with joy, When people can go back home, When people will be able to support themselves in their homeland."

The popularity of "Gua" got recognition in Kenya and he went on to record an album, Ceasefire, in 2005 with Abdel Gadir Salim from the North of Sudan. The record received critical acclaim.

Today, life looks radically different for Jal than it did when he was a child: He lives in Toronto, Canada, and has released another four albums (Warchild in 2008, See Me Mama in 2012, The Key in 2014 and Naath in 2018).

"I feel like I'm dreaming where I am now," Jal told NPR in 2015.

More universally, though, Jal says his mission is to help others by sharing his own story.

"I'm a recording artist, but a storyteller — so I share my experiences for social emotional learning to create conscious global awakening. That is through the arts, business and philanthropy," Jal tells CNBC Make It.

He has told his own story in multiple ways. In 2008, "War Child," a documentary about Jal, was released. He gave a TED Talk in 2009. He also published his autobiography in 2009. Jal even co-starred with Reese Witherspoon in 2014's "The Good Lie," a movie about four refugees from Sudan who win a lottery to move to the United States.

Jal is also an entrepreneur.

In 2013, he launched a nutritional supplement powder, Jal Gua, a blend of powder from the moringa tree and sorghum, a grain that is a commonly eaten in many African countries, Sudan among them.

Jal used Kickstarter to raise funds to help launch Jal Gua. Today, the powder nutrient is available for sale in health food outlets throughout Canada including Whole Foods, Campbell-Golding tells CNBC Make It. (The brand is not carried in the United States but there are sales in 14 Whole Foods stores in Canada, Matthew Young, spokesperson for Whole Foods, tells CNBC Make It.)

Jal also has a life-coaching business, My Life Is Art, through which he teaches workshops and leads retreats, and record label, Gatwitch Records.

Through his manager, Jal declines to share revenues for his companies.

Jal also has a charity, Gua Africa, which helps refugees from South Sudan get professional job training. Founded in 2008, Gua Africa has charity registration in both Kenya and the United Kingdom, according to Campbell-Golding.

Indeed, Jal has been widely recognized for his efforts at building peace, receiving numerous awards including the Desmond Tutu Reconciliation Award 2017, The Hunt Humanitarian Award, The Dresden Peace Prize as well as being a Young Global Leader for the World Economic Forum in 2012. He has codified his efforts as the "We Want Peace" movement.

"My purpose is to be part of solution. My purpose is to contribute to restore balance, give without expecting anything in return. For purpose is the surrendering of yourself to a cause bigger than you," Jal tells CNBC Make It.

And that is his advice for others, too.

"Once you identify what your purpose is, your purpose will teach you to create beautiful things. Your purpose is the only thing that can take you beyond what you couldn't possibly imagine....

"How you find your purpose is easy," he continues. "If you have made all the money you need in the world, where would you want to help people? Now, if you think through it, it will just register."

https://www.msn.com/en-xl/africa/africa-life-arts/how-this-ex-sudanese-child-soldier-was-inspired-by-p-diddy-to-become-a-hip-hop-artist/ar-BBOLQvJ?li=BBKhQr3&ocid=SK216DHP

Dominic Solomon Posted on October 23, 2018 15:48

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Arrow season 7 UK release date: When does Arrow start in the UK?

ARROW season 7 is back in the US with Stephen Amell back as Oliver Queen. But when does the DC Comics series start up again in the UK? Here’s what you need to know.

Arrow fans rejoice, the much loved DC Comics series is back for its seventh run.

The season premiered on The CW in the US on October 15.

It will continue to air every Sunday night in the States.

Here’s when it’s due to hit screens in the UK and Ireland.

When does Arrow season 7 start in the UK?

Arrow season seven is making its UK premiere tonight, Tuesday, October 23, on Sky One.

The series will air weekly on Tuesday nights at 8pm.

It is currently two weeks behind the US schedule but will likely catch up when some mid-season breaks disrupted regular scheduling over the year.

Episodes will also be available to stream on Sky’s streaming service, NOW TV, after broadcast.

HOW MANY EPISODES ARE IN ARROW SEASON 7?

Arrow season 7 starts on Sky One on October 23 (Image: Sky)

How many episodes are in Arrow season 7?

There will be 22 episodes of Arrow this season, one less than usual.

Here are the episode titles released so far.

  • Episode 1: Inmate 4587
  • Episode 2: Longbow Hunters
  • Episode 3: Crossing Lines
  • Episode 4: Level Two
  • Episode 5: The Demon
  • Episode 6: Due Process
  • Episode 7: The Slabside Redemption
  • Episode 8: Unmasked
  • Episode 9: Hour Two
  • Episode 10: TBA

ARROW SEASON 7 RELEASE DATE, CAST, TRAILER, PLOT

Related articles

Arrow season 7 starts on Sky One on October 23 (Image: Sky)

What is the plot of Arrow season 7?

The official synopsis for Arrow season 7 reads: “There has been no shortage of close calls for Oliver Queen (Played by Stephen Amell) when it comes to protecting his superhero identity, but in the season six finale, he was finally backed into a corner and forced to reveal himself to the world as the Green Arrow.

“Now, Oliver will come face-to-face with many of the criminals he placed behind bars, as he makes a new home for himself at Slabside Maximum Security Prison.

“Oliver will find himself vulnerable in a way unlike ever before when a mysterious new enemy begins to unravel his work as Green Arrow, challenging him to redeem his name or risk losing everything.”

WHO IS IN THE CAST OF ARROW SEASON 7?

Arrow season 7 starts on Sky One on October 23 (Image: Sky)

Returning this season is David Ramsey as John Diggle and Emily Bett Rickards as Felicity Smoak.

Rick Gonzalez reprises his role as Wild Dog alongside Echo Kellum as Mr Terrific.

Juliana Harkavy is back as Black Canary and Katie Cassidy as Black Siren.

Arrow season 7 starts tonight on Sky One at 8pm

Related articles

 

 

Read More......

https://www.express.co.uk/showbiz/tv-radio/1035204/Arrow-season-7-UK-release-date-when-does-it-start-in-UK-Sky-One-premiere-new-episodes

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 15:27

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University of Utah student killed outside dorm identified, gunman found dead

The 37-year-old registered sex offender believed to have shot and killed a University of Utah student outside a dormitory on campus Monday night was reportedly found dead in an off-campus location early Tuesday morning, the university confirmed.

Melvin Rowland was reportedly found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound several hours after the body of a female student was discovered near the medical towers.

 

University President Ruth Watkins confirmed in a campus-wide message that Lauren McCluskey, a senior from Pullman, Washington, was the student killed Monday night.

Lauren McCluskey, a senior at the University of Utah, was found dead in a car outside a dormitory. (Photo / Steve C. Wilson / University of Utah)

“Lauren was a highly regarded member of the university’s track and field team and an outstanding scholar, a senior majoring in communication,” the letter said. “Several members of our university administration spoke with Lauren’s family last night and I have also reached out to them. Her family is understandably in shock at this news about their daughter. They are heartbroken. We have and continue to offer our full support to them at this terrible time.”

In the note, Watkins confirmed Rowland was found deceased at an off-campus location. FOX13 reported Rowland was found dead inside the Trinity AME Church, about four miles away from the scene of the shooting.

“As a campus community, we share grief over this tragic loss of life. Our deepest sympathy is extended to Lauren’s family and friends,” Watkins added.

Lt. Brian Wahlin with the University of Utah Police Department told reporters McCluskey had a “previous relationship” with Rowland and they are believed to have had an argument at about 9 p.m. Monday night.

Several students on campus reported hearing the fight and later gunshots, the Salt Lake Tribune reported.

At 1:47 a.m., the university sent an alert that Rowland was no longer a threat and all classes had been canceled Tuesday.

A spokesperson with the University of Utah’s police department did not immediately respond to Fox News’ request for comment.

According to the Salt Lake Tribune, Rowland was convicted of attempted forcible sex abuse and enticing a minor over the Internet in 2004. He was released from prison in 2013.

"It was really scary to look out the window and see. I saw 15 to 20 police officers right where we're standing right now," Tyler Olsen, a student who lives in family housing near the shooting scene, told the Deseret News. "I mean, you're in your home, but nowhere feels safe in that moment."

Last month, an ex-convict pleaded guilty to killing a University of Utah student from China using a gun stolen after another slaying. Austin Boutain, 24, was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

Boutain and his wife were charged with hatching a carjacking plot that led to the October 2017 death of 23-year-old Chenwei Guo, whose parents live in Beijing.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Lucia I. Suarez Sang is a Reporter for FoxNews.com. Follow her on Twitter @luciasuarezsang

https://www.foxnews.com/us/university-of-utah-student-killed-outside-dorm-identified-gunman-found-dead

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Luke Posted on October 23, 2018 15:11

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Austin water warning: Residents warned to BOIL water before drinking

RESIDENTS in Austin, Texas have been warned to boil their water before consuming it for the first time in the city’s history.

A citywide boil water notice has been issued for residents in Austin for the first time ever in the city’s history. 

Austin and several other areas are being warned to reduce their water use and boil any water used for consumption following silt infiltrating water supplies. 

Flooding caused by heavy rainfall throughout September and October has caused silt to enter water supply lakes. 

Austin City released an emergency notice to residents saying: “Historic flood waters flowing into our water supply lakes contain very high levels of silt that makes it challenging for the water plants to produce the volume of water needed to supply customers at this time. 

“The high level of debris, silt and mud requires extended filtration that slows the process of getting treated water into the system.”

"The city-wide boil water notice is in addition to actions taken by the City over the last week to ensure the health and safety of our community during this flood event.

"These have included activating the Austin-Travis County Emergency Operations Center to closely monitor the evolving conditions, closing the City’s waterway, closing Parks and Recreation facilities along City waterways, monitoring and managing low-water crossings.

"And working with our neighbors to the west of Austin to respond to their own flood emergencies."

Flooding in Austin, Texas has caused silt to enter the water supply (Image: EPA)

The areas affected told to boil water that is used for drinking, cooking or ice for three minutes are - 

- Austin
- Travis County Water District 10
- Wells Branch MUD
- North Austin MUD #1
- Northtown MUD
- West Travis County PUA
- Sunset Valley
- Rollingwood
- Mid-Texas Utilities public water system in southwest Austin

WATER BOILING: Austin residents have been warned to boil water for three minutes before consuming (Image: GETTY)

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has issued recommendations for when a boil water notice is in effect, including the need to boil water for at least three minutes.

The scientific body warns that even if using a water filter, it is still important to boil as most household water filters do not remove bacteria or viruses.

The Central Texas Red Cross warned residents relying on hand sanitiser alone during the boil water notice are at risk of cryptosporidiosis - a diarrhoea causing disease which comes from parasites. 

Vigorous washing with soap and not hand sanitiser is recommended. 

Flooding has damaged roads and destroyed this bridge in Kingsland (Image: EPA)

As well as this, residents have been urged to cut back on their water usage as water reservoirs are reaching critical minimum levels. 

Austin City has asked customers to reduce personal water consumption by up to 15-20 percent or risk water supplies running out completely.

Customers are not allowed to run water for outside usage, so washing vehicles, pavements, filling pools or operating ponds or fountains are prohibited. 

Reducing water usage will also give water treatment plants the time to stabilise and begin to reduce the high levels of silt in the supply

 

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 15:04

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Bible SHOCK as oldest fragments in the world are FAKE valuable scrolls WORTHLESS

FIVE of the most valuable exhibits at an American museum believed to be part of the oldest copies of the Bible ever found turned out to be fake.

The Museum of Bible, based in Washington DC, thought to possess some of the world’s most famous and valuable scrolls.

But the academics who tested the fragments of what they believed to be part of the historic Dead Sea Scrolls were badly disappointed when they discovered they were not original.

The museum admitted the tests run found that the exhibits “show characteristics inconsistent with ancient origin”.

As a consequence, the Museum of the Bible decided to remove the scrolls from display. 

Jeffrey Kloha, the chief curatorial officer for Museum of the Bible, said in a statement: “Though we had hoped the testing would render different results, this is an opportunity to educate the public on the importance of verifying the authenticity of rare biblical artefacts, the elaborate testing process undertaken and our commitment to transparency.

“As an educational institution entrusted with cultural heritage, the museum upholds and adheres to all museum and ethical guidelines on collection care, research and display.”

The Dead Sea Scrolls are among the world’s most valuable manuscripts.

The Dead Sea Scrolls possessed by The Museum of Bible are fake (Image: GETTY)

The are the oldest copies of Bible text ever found, and they include passages of the Old Testament which is believed to be 2,000 years old.

The museum is thought to have coughed up millions of dollars to buy the scrolls.

Despite that, the museum had already faced questions over the authenticity of the fragments even before the site opened in November 2017.

The museum sent five fragments to a German institute for analysing materials, the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und-prüfung (BAM) to have their ink and papyrus analysed. 

Related articles

The 3.60-metre-long Dead Sea Temple Scroll were presented in a major exhibition in Israel (Image: GETTY)

The report that followed raised “suspicions about the authenticity of all five fragments”, as conceded by the museum.

The museum’s founder, Steve Green, also owns the arts and craft Hobby Lobby chain, which had faced scrutiny in 2010 for purchasing more than 5,500 artefacts from Iraq.

Following allegations the object had been illegally smuggled into the US, the chain agreed with the Department of Justice to settle the case by paying a $3m fine. 

The Museum of the Bible removed the scrolls from display after it was revealed they are fake (Image: GETTY)

Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls are currently housed in the Shrine of the Book, a section of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

The excavation and selling of these precious fragments have been prohibited by a UN convention on cultural property.

The move, however, doesn’t forbid the selling of items removed before 1970, which allows private sellers to fight over the few remaining.

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 14:59

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Identical Triplets Take a DNA Test and The Results Are so Unexpected.

Nicole, Erica, and Jaclyn Dahm are identical triplets born on December 12, 1977. Ever since their birth, they were a sensation wherever they went. Their parents were thrilled, and all the other people were too, seeing them all together, identically stunning, with their blue eyes and blonde hair. It's not that often that we see identical triplets anyway.

Nicole, Erica, and Jaclyn Dahm are identical triplets born on December 12, 1977. Ever since their birth, they were a sensation wherever they went. Their parents were thrilled, and all the other people were too, seeing them all together, identically stunning, with their blue eyes and blonde hair. It's not that often that we see identical triplets anyway.

Identical

The Doctors

In order to be able to tell them apart, their parents had to tattoo small dot marks on their bottoms - Nicole, the firstborn, has one dot. Erica, born second, has two. The youngest triplet, Jacklyn, has no dot. This was necessary as they not only looked identical but also were inseparable all the time.

A Triple Threat

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

They grew up in Jordan, a small town in Minnesota. They went to a public high school where they got a lot of attention. With less than 30,000 people living in the town as they were growing up, you can only imagine how much of an attraction they were. The modeling agencies quickly realized these girls are stunning.

Everything Times Three

The Doctors

The Dahm girls stayed together whenever they could. Many years later, in an interview with Playboy, Nicole said: "We rarely hold our own identity. We were always known as ‘You three’ or ‘The Triplets.’" They shared toys, clothes, friends. Basically, they held together through thick and thin.

Model Behavior

Modeling agencies are always searching for the next beautiful girl. Imagine the interest they had for these three gorgeous ladies! Aged 16, the triplets were featured on the cover of Teen Magazine as they won the Great Model Search. This was just the first of their many successes in the modeling industry, creating the path towards one of the biggest magazines in the world.

They Never Expected This

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

However, the Dahm triplets planned on becoming nurses. All three of them were attending the University of Minnesota with one goal in mind - to work as nurses one day (perhaps in the same hospital?). While they were at the campus, they noticed a Playboy ad for new models to include in their "Girls of the Big Ten Special Edition".

Easy Access

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

The triplets applied, but never expected this would turn their lives upside down. The casting agent got them a test shoot. It was time for a big decision - will they get naked in front of the Playboy cameras? Naturally, the decision had to be joint. After some debate among three of them, they became the first triplets in Playboy's monthly centerfold.

They Would Have Never…

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

Since Nicole, Erica, and Jaclyn didn't have a modeling career as their priority, this was a risky decision. In 1998, Jaclyn told Playboy Magazine that they "would never have done this as individuals." What they didn't know at the time was that this step would open many doors for them, and even lead to a surprising DNA test.

The Centerfold

Image by Dave Allocca/StarPix/Shutterstock (5628048b)

Dahm triplets actually had big opportunities in front of them after the Playboy feature. Erica once said that the Playboy issue was what started the lives for her and her sisters. She speaks of it as an “amazing experience,” something she wouldn’t ever change. Eventually, the three of them dropped out of the nursing school to pursue careers in the fabulous entertainment industry in Los Angeles.

Triplets Meet World

Boy Meets World

It was as if the L.A. was just waiting for them to appear. They had opportunities everywhere – they appeared on Boy Meets World and Family Feud, and basically were the perfect and unique choice for identical triplets – as that’s what they were.

Famous Bodies

Image by @Matt Baron/BEI/Shutterstock (655811au)

They got cast for an episode of House Wars, after which Fox hired them for Renovate My Family. That’s where their personal lives started changing too. The show was hosted by Jay McGraw, Dr. Phil’s son, who fell for the middle triplet, Erica. She admitted what she felt for him as he got to her trailer and asked her to watch a movie was “love at first sight.”

Triplets and Doctors

Image by Peter Brooker/Shutterstock (999545a)

It was this meeting with Jay McGraw that led the triplets to eventually take a shocking DNA test. McGraw’s dad, Dr. Phil, is one of the executive producers on the show The Doctors, where a panel of doctors discusses various medical issues. From time to time, they feature celebrities on the show and discuss their own medical issues.

Health Issues

The Doctors

McGraw had an idea to feature the Dahm triplets on The Doctors since he met Erica in 2006. He wanted to discuss the details about their lives as triplets. The public loved it, as they loved everything these girls ever did. In fact, Jaclyn, Erica, and Nicole started appearing on the show regularly and talked about everything, including their medical similarities as triplets. That gave the producers an idea – a really good one, something that’s never been seen on the television before.

Adding Three More

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

While they were on The Doctors, the triplets helped the ratings rise, but one particular happening helped boost the show even more. All three of them got pregnant at the same time. People went crazy about that, not believing they had to do everything together, even get pregnant together. As for the producers of The Doctors, they saw this as the perfect opportunity to feature the girls even more and do a crazy experiment with them.

An Investigation

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

In 2010, within weeks of each other, Nicole, Erica, and Jaclyn gave birth. What’s more incredible, they all welcomed beautiful baby girls! As Jaclyn said, “it must be that triplet bond”, as she explained how lucky they’ve all been. In March 2017, the producers called the triplets with a unique idea.

A Strange Request

Image by Jean_Nelson / Depositphotos

The triplets received a strange request from Jay McGraw and the rest of the crew. They wanted to introduce them to Lisa Guerrero, a journalist from Inside Edition, who would investigate the reliability of DNA and ancestry tests. The identical triplets served as a perfect example for testing how reliable these tests actually are.

DNA Chocante

 The popuplarity of the DNA test at home has risen over the past couple of years. Many people are willing to pay a fee in order to learn more about their ancestors and heritage. The leaders in the industry, 23andMe and Ancestry, provide people the opportunity to see where exactly they come from at a reasonable price.

Willing to Bare It All

The Doctors

The process is fairly simple. The customer receives a saliva kit and provides a sample of their DNA, then sends it to the DNA decoding companies. The tests can reveal interesting and shocking results and even lead to lost relatives. The Dahm triplets did the test and waited for the results to arrive. Little did they know that the results would shock the world.

The Big Reveal

The Doctors

The results come after a couple of weeks. The idea was that, in theory, as identical triplets they would all have to share the same DNA. However, Lisa Guerrero, the Inside Edition journalist, had her doubts about these at-home kits and was very curious to see the results of the triplet experiment.

A Long Way

Image by s_bukley / Depositphotos

It goes without saying that Jaclyn, Nicole, and Erica never expected to end up here when they first applied for Playboy modeling ad. But here they are, taking a DNA test for a TV show and waiting to see if they are really identical. The three young girls from a small Minnesota town are now on the popular show, waiting impatiently to learn more about their ancestry.

Surprising Results

The Doctors

On the other hand, it’s not that surprising. Back when they wanted to be nurses, the triplets were fascinated with biology and genetics. They were grateful for the opportunity to help improve the genetic testing system, but the end result shocked them. A special episode of The Doctor was scheduled for March 2017 in which the results would finally be revealed.

How Could This Be?

The Doctors

The first results surprised nobody – they showed the girls were completely identical. Fun fact: Erica can even open Nicole’s safe, as their fingerprints are as identical as possible in two human beings. Ok, so the first test told them something they already knew – that they are identical. What happened next?

A Second Test

The Doctors

The second test was more comprehensive and detailed. It showed each of the girls’ ancestry to see their ethnicity. Needless to say, the Dahm sisters expected to get the same results. However, something was not right.

A Strange Breakdown

The Doctors

All three of them were 99% European, as for their DNA. Good start. However, when the results were broken down further, the differences started emerging. Erica was said to be 16% Irish and British, while Nicole was 2% more Irish and British. As more results were revealed, the triplets and the audience were more and more confused.

A Bizarre Discrepancy

at home has risen over the past couple of years. Many people are willing to pay a fee in order to learn more about their ancestors and heritage. The leaders in the industry, 23andMe and Ancestry, provide people the opportunity to see where exactly they come from at a reasonable price.

Willing to Bare It All

The Doctors

The process is fairly simple. The customer receives a saliva kit and provides a sample of their DNA, then sends it to the DNA decoding companies. The tests can reveal interesting and shocking results and even lead to lost relatives. The Dahm triplets did the test and waited for the results to arrive. Little did they know that the results would shock the world.

The Big Reveal

The Doctors

The results come after a couple of weeks. The idea was that, in theory, as identical triplets they would all have to share the same DNA. However, Lisa Guerrero, the Inside Edition journalist, had her doubts about these at-home kits and was very curious to see the results of the triplet experiment.

A Long Way

Image by s_bukley / Depositphotos

It goes without saying that Jaclyn, Nicole, and Erica never expected to end up here when they first applied for Playboy modeling ad. But here they are, taking a DNA test for a TV show and waiting to see if they are really identical. The three young girls from a small Minnesota town are now on the popular show, waiting impatiently to learn more about their ancestry.

Surprising Results

The Doctors

On the other hand, it’s not that surprising. Back when they wanted to be nurses, the triplets were fascinated with biology and genetics. They were grateful for the opportunity to help improve the genetic testing system, but the end result shocked them. A special episode of The Doctor was scheduled for March 2017 in which the results would finally be revealed.

How Could This Be?

The Doctors

The first results surprised nobody – they showed the girls were completely identical. Fun fact: Erica can even open Nicole’s safe, as their fingerprints are as identical as possible in two human beings. Ok, so the first test told them something they already knew – that they are identical. What happened next?

A Second Test

The Doctors

The second test was more comprehensive and detailed. It showed each of the girls’ ancestry to see their ethnicity. Needless to say, the Dahm sisters expected to get the same results. However, something was not right.

A Strange Breakdown

The Doctors

All three of them were 99% European, as for their DNA. Good start. However, when the results were broken down further, the differences started emerging. Erica was said to be 16% Irish and British, while Nicole was 2% more Irish and British. As more results were revealed, the triplets and the audience were more and more confused.

A Bizarre Discrepancy

 More and more difference were shown as the results came in. All three of the Dahm sisters had different percentages of German and French heritage in their DNA – Erica had 22.3%, Jaclyn 18%, and Nicole 11%. Strange! Both the girls and The Doctors were very confused with the data they just read. The audience was in complete awe.

Scandinavian Genes

The Doctors

The Scandinavian part of the test was even more shocking. Erica and Jaclyn were identical here, with 7.4% of Scandinavian ancestries, while Nicole was found to be 11.4% Scandinavian. Nobody knew how any of this was even possible. They were supposed to share identical results.

Something Doesn’t Match

The Doctors

The girls admitted they were surprised. Who wouldn’t be? They were born from the same egg and clearly have the same DNA, according to any biology law. In fact, didn’t the first test prove that? The Doctors host, Dr. Travis Stork, had his opinion about this type of tests. He said that they shouldn’t be taken too seriously and that they are more of a “home entertainment” tool than a real evidence for finding out about your heritage.

The Big Surprise

The Doctors

While the sisters sat on the live set of The Doctors, they could not control their reactions to the shocking results. Nicole was first to admit to the audience, “I’m surprised because we came from the same egg and we have the same DNA.” Dr. Travis Stork, The Doctors’ host, chimed in about the results too. The physician told the Dahm triplets and the audience that these types of genetic tests should be used for “entertainment” instead of as the real evidence of DNA heritage.

How is it Possible?

The Doctors

Dr. Stork explained that home DNA tests are still not developed enough to be 100% correct. You can always expect some flaws in the results. As he said, “you can’t just spit in a cup and have every single answer that you are looking for,” the tests are simply not evolved enough for something like that. But does this mean that the doctor and Lisa Guerrero, the journalist, disapprove of these tests?

Where Do We Come From

The Doctors

While Guerrero had some doubts about the reliability of these tests, she admitted it would be fun to take one herself some time. She knew she had a Latino heritage from her mom’s side and English genes from her dad, but it would be fun to know how much of each she got. “It’s piqued my curiosity,” she said. And while the tests are not 100% accurate, they still provide some fun insights into DNA, ancestry, and genetics.

Doctor Recommendations

The Doctors

Lisa did admit that she’d prefer to do a more advanced test with a doctor instead. This kind of test is more expensive, but provides much more accurate and detailed results. The journalist and the doctor agreed they understand the craze for these at-home tests – they provide interesting results at an acceptable rate.

After DNA Testing

Image by @jaclyndahmdolan / Instagram

Though the triplets were shocked by the test results at first, they are now glad they are helping raise awareness about these kinds of DNA tests. Since their appearance on the show, their lives have drastically changed. They started out at a small town in Minnesota, had their pictures taken for Playboy, and took part on the popular show The Doctors. What are they doing these days?

Where Are They Now?

Image by @jaclyndahmdolan / Instagram

With so many changes, one thing hasn’t changed – their beauty. They are still as identical and as beautiful as they always were. Their daughters are growing up into happy kids, and the three of them are happily married and enjoy family lives. You don’t really need a DNA test to prove they are truly identical.

Divorce Rumors

Image by @edahm0021 / Instagram

Being in the spotlight has its downsides sometimes. Erica and Jay McGraw, being a public couple, had their share of rumors and hurtful news stories. The rumors about their divorce appear all the time – that’s why tabloids exist. It’s just a price public personalities pay. Living a private life is a mission impossible.

An Expensive Affair

Image by @Erica McGraw / Facebook

In August 2006, Erica and Jay got married at a gorgeous wedding ceremony in Beverly Hills, at the property of his father, Dr. Phil, and his wife Robin. The couple exchanged their own intimate vows in front of 400 guests. Robin, Dr. Phil’s wife, remembers the ceremony as emotional and beautiful.

Asking the Big Questions

Image by @edahm0021 / Instagram

Jay shared the details about how he proposed to Erica on an episode of Dr. Phil. The two of them went to Dallas, Texas, and he got down on one knee and asked her to spend the rest of her life with him. Classic and romantic. The five-carat platinum ring had diamonds and two green emeralds. Not every girl is lucky enough to get such a giant rock!

Bridemaids

Image by @Erica McGraw / Facebook

Probably the most special and unique thing about the wedding was the fact that Erica had her sisters as bridesmaids. Their dresses were designed by Bradley Bayou and the girls looked stunning. Erica wore a Chado Ralph gown, specially made for her, and blew everyone away with her beauty.

The McGraw Kids

Image by @edahm0021 / Instagram

Sounds incredible, but all three sisters have one daughter and one son! Erica and Jay are parents to Aver Elizabeth and London Philip. They share plenty of photos of their kids on social media, and it seems like the family life is more than good for all of them.

Dr. Phil’s Involved

Image by @edahm0021 / Instagram

Jay’s father, Dr. Phil, has been involved with their romance practically from the very start. He was thrilled when Jay was about to propose to Erica, and when the happy day came, he was Jay’s best man. There’s hardly anything more special a father and a son can share! Jay once said that his parents love Erica “almost as much as I do.” What a wonderful family.

Jaclyn’s Main Man

Image by @jaclyndahmdolan / Instagram

As for Jaclyn, she married a man of her dreams, Billy Dolan. The couple can’t resist sharing beautiful pictures of their family on their social media profiles and they often hang out with Erica and Jay, even going to holidays together. The four of them often post pictures where they are hanging out at the beach or going to some concert.

Playboy’s Opportunities

Image by s_bukley / Depositphotos

The girls consider themselves blessed for all the opportunities they’ve had over the years. They like to remember when they were young girls growing up in Minnesota, but everything that’s happened since is amazing. “It’s something you never experience when you’re from a small town of 2,000 people, and all of a sudden you’re in a magazine all around the world,” they said. And the best part is, as Erica said, that they stayed together all this time.

Reality Stars

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

The audience loved them ever since they debuted in Playboy. Whenever they appeared on TV, many people would watch them. And once you get in the spotlight, there’s no running away from it. They recently appeared on Relic Hunter, a Canadian TV show. The triplets agree they would love to feature in Playboy again.

They Have One More Skill!

The Doctors

And since they love being on camera so much, but also have other skills than modeling, the triplets started their own YouTube channel about cooking. So there you have it… Three identical sisters, gorgeous, blonde, with blue eyes, who know how to cook. Sorry guys, they are taken! But you can still watch them cook on their channel TripletsGourmet.

Image by @Erica McGraw / Facebook

What are they up to these days? Erica and her husband Jay McGraw, Dr. Phil's son, are celebrating their 10th marriage anniversary. They look beautiful and happy together like they did when they first met, despite some divorce rumors from the past.

Image by @Erica McGraw / Facebook

The couple first met on Fox's reality show Renovate My Family back in 2004. McGraw was the host, and Erica and her sisters were featured as construction experts. After dating for a while, they celebrated their love with a beautiful wedding.

The Doctors

The fact that all three of the Dahm sisters got pregnant within months from each other and had their babies nearly at the same time was interesting for the whole nation. The Doctors featured a piece on the nurseries they made for their babies.

The Doctors

Naturally, they went shopping together. Picking the cute little details for their babies' rooms was exciting enough, but with these three beautiful women, everything is three times better and three times more fun.

The Doctors

Given that they were all having baby girls, numerous decisions needed to be made. Pink, not so pink, traditional, modern… The unlimited choices. And what about the storage? And did you see that gorgeous crib? Even Erica, who was still pregnant at the time of the shooting, admitted this shopping day made her feel more realistic about her baby coming up soon.

The Doctors

As it usually happens when you move into a new home, a lot of things had to be fixed to achieve that perfect result. The 'before' versions of the rooms didn't look appealing at all. Luckily, the creative triplets took the matter in their own hands.

The Doctors

Pink all around! This room certainly belongs to one lucky girl! A comfy crib and a cute chair for mommy provide a great environment for many happy moments to come.

The Doctors

The triplets realize how incredibly lucky they are to have an opportunity to raise their children together. The happiness can be seen on their faces; it would be impossible to hide it.

The Doctors

Another room was decorated with a pink palette in mind. Lovely striped wall looks like it came out of a candy store - sweet and delicious!

The Doctors

The third sister decided to go with something a bit more of the champagne color. The crystal chandelier makes this baby glamorous from day one.

The Triplets as Babies

Image by @jaclyndahmdolan / Instagram

The Triplets Baby Girls

Image by @Jaclyn Erica Nicole Dahm / Facebook

The Girls Today

Image by @jaclyndahmdolan / Instagram

Happy Family

http://ps://tettybetty.com/identical-triplets-take-a-dna-test-and-the-results-are-sc.

ruby Posted on October 23, 2018 14:47

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Yellowstone volcano eruption: When are scientists predicting next Yellowstone eruption?

YELLOWSTONE volcano is one of the most dynamic sites on earth and speculation the volcano could explode some time soon was sparked after a dormant Yellowstone Geyser recently erupted. When are scientists predicting the next Yellowstone eruption?

The Yellowstone supervolcano last erupted 664,000 years ago, but scientists still consider it worth monitoring constantly.

Three eruptions at Yellowstone appear to have occurred on a 600,000 to 700,000 year cycle starting 2.1 million years ago.

The most recent took place 664,000 years ago and some scientists suggest this means Yellowstone is overdue for an eruption.

A supervolcano is thousands of times more powerful than a regular volcano and could result in changes felt across the globe.

In March, the Yellowstone based Geyser Steamboat began a series of eruptions for the first time since 2014 - further sparking fears the Yellowstone volcano may erupt soon.

But the USGS has noted the hydrothermal changes in Yellowstone's geysers are not linked to any increased volcanic activity in Yellowstone’s super-volcano.

So despite fears an eruption could be imminent, there’s no need to worry at the moment.

YELLOWSTONE VOLCANO: LONG-DORMANT GEYSER ERUPTS NEAR OLD FAITHFUL

Yellowstone volcano eruption: The volcano last erupted 664,000 years ago (Image: GETTY)

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) said the odds of Yellowstone erupting are 0.00014 percent — lower than the odds of getting hit by a civilisation-destroying asteroid.

In fact, some say the supervolcano may never erupt again.

The majority of geologists have also dismissed any concerns and said the geyser eruptions does not increase the chances of new volcanic activity.

So far in 2018, Steamboat has erupted 23 times, the latest being October 15.

Steamboat Geyser can scatter water and steam 300 to 400 feet up in the air.

The geyser does not erupt on a predictable schedule, with recorded intervals between major eruptions ranging from four days to fifty years.

Steamboat Geyser was dormant from 1911 to 1961.

Few environments on our planet are as extreme as the chambers of Yellowstone.

The Yellowstone volcano is thousands of times more powerful than a regular volcano (Image: GETTY)

Yellowstone volcano eruption: Some say that the supervolcano may never erupt again (Image: GETTY)

If Yellowstone volcano were to ever blow again, the consequences would be catastrophic.

In 2014 a team of scientists publishes a paper exploring what a Yellowstone super-eruption might look like.

In the hypothetical report, the scientists found the eruption would be preceded by massive, unmissable warning signs.

The volcano would eject at least 240 cubic miles of material - and lava wouldn’t be the problem.

A pyroclastic flow would cause volcanic ash to be ejected miles into the air and scattered across the whole of the United States.

This could conceivably bury the northern Rockies in three feet of ash and devastate the states of Wyoming, Idaho, Colorado, Montana, and Utah.

Millions of people would be killed, along with plants and animals dying and buildings being crushed.

 

Read More....

https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1035273/Yellowstone-volcano-eruption-when-scientists-predict-next-Yellowstone-eruption

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 14:40

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RADIOACTIVE WARNING: Glaciers Russia used for Cold War nuclear tests MELTING into ocean

ARTIC glaciers used by the former Soviet Union for nuclear testing are radioactive - and melting into the ocean, a new study has shown.

The Novaya Zemlya archipelago was the site of regular nuclear tests (Image: GETTY)

And if nothing is done to reverse the process, deadly radioactive material will be dispersed into the world’s seas and oceans, with disastrous consequences for the Earth’s delicate ecosystem, especially in the Arctic.

Scientists from the Russian Institute of Oceanology travelled the the sea of Kara, in the Russia Polar circle, sometimes referred to as the “Russian nuclear cemetery”.

Scientists studied the Nally glacier, on the Akademik Msticlav Keldysh, as well as cataloguing potentially hazardous radioactive material dumped by the USSR.

The project clearly showed the glaciers of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, which contain radioactive material dating back to the Cold War, are melting as a result of global warming

The scientific ship spent a month between August and September collecting radioactive samples in the "cemetery" archipelago of nuclear tests during the Cold War.

In 2014, ice from the glacier stretched two miles further into the sea than it does now, the institute’s deputy director Mikhail Flint said.

He said “large concentrations of radioactivity” had been brought to the glacier by winds from the south over the years.

These are the legacy of dozens of nuclear tests in the archipelago over a period of decades as the Soviets competed against the USA throughout the Cold War.

The Kara Sea in the Russian Arctic circle (Image: GETTY)

Among them was the so-called Tsar Bomba on October 30, 1961, which measured 58 megatons, the largest nuclear device ever detonated, with the final test occurred in 1990.

A report published by the Russian Federation has warned of 17,000 containers and 19 vessels with radioactive waste which lie on the seabed, 127 metres below the surface.

Given the remoteness of the location, visiting the area is problematic, as would be any operation to remove such material.

There are also 14 nuclear reactors, as well as the shell of the K-27, the first nuclear-powered submarine in its class.

 

 

Read More

https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1035343/cold-war-russia-soviet-union-nuclear-test-radiation-glacier-melting-ussr

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 14:32

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Shipwreck from 2,500 years ago discovered INTACT with even FOOD preserved

THE World’s oldest shipwreck has been discovered intact at the bottom of the Black Sea, with archaeologists dating it back to 500BC.

The shipwreck was found in the Black Sea (Image: Rodrigo Pacheco-Ruiz)

Archaeologists have discovered an intact ship at the bottom of the Black Sea and have carbon dated it to 500 BC and believe this is the “first time it has been since it was afloat.”

The 23 metre (75ft) vessel is thought to be ancient Greek and was discovered with the mast still standing and the quarter rubbers in place.

It has been so well preserved due to the lack of oxygen in the Black Sea. 

The ship has been so well protected that even the monkfish bones that the sailors would have been eating on deck were found intact

It is thought to be the first time the ship has been seen since it was afloat.

The discovery was made as part of the Black Sea Archaeological Project, a year-long scientific investigation led by international institutions with the goal of exploring and understanding the way the Black Sea has changed and affected human civilisation.

Dr Kroum Batchvarov who worked on the project said: “It is the first of its kind, an absolutely incredible find, it is unique.”

The ship is thought to have been used as a trading vessel.

 

The ship dates back to 500BC (Image: Rodrigo Pacheco-Ruiz)

Even some food onboard was preserved (Image: Rodrigo Pacheco-Ruiz)

This is the first time that these boats have been seen since they were afloat

Edward Parker

Edward Parker CEO of Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project, said: “Some of these ships have never been seen besides on murals and paintings.

“This is the first time that these boats have been seen since they were afloat.”

Researchers believe the type of ships discovered have only been seen on the side of ancient Greek pottery such as the ‘Siren Vase’ in the British Museum.

The Siren Vase displays Odysseus, hero of homer’s epic poem The Odyssey, bound to the mast of a vessel as Sirens try to lure sailors on to the rocks with their sweet songs.

More than 60 shipwrecks were discovered by the international team of maritime archaeologists with the second oldest being carbon dated to 200 AD.

Professor John Adams, Black Sea Map’s principal investigator said: “A ship surviving intact from the Classical world, lying in over 2km, is something I would have never believed possible.

“This will change our understanding of shipbuilding and seafaring in the ancient world.”

The team that made the discovery have also made a two hour-long documentary that is due to be shown at the British Museum on Tuesday.

More than 60 shipwrecks were discovered by the international team of maritime archaeologists with the second oldest being carbon dated to 200 AD.

Professor John Adams, Black Sea Map’s principal investigator said: “A ship surviving intact from the Classical world, lying in over 2km, is something I would have never believed possible.

“This will change our understanding of shipbuilding and seafaring in the ancient world.”

The team that made the discovery have also made a two hour-long documentary that is due to be shown at the British Museum on Tuesday.

More than 60 shipwrecks were discovered by the international team of maritime archaeologists with the second oldest being carbon dated to 200 AD.

Professor John Adams, Black Sea Map’s principal investigator said: “A ship surviving intact from the Classical world, lying in over 2km, is something I would have never believed possible.

“This will change our understanding of shipbuilding and seafaring in the ancient world.”

The team that made the discovery have also made a two hour-long documentary that is due to be shown at the British Museum on Tuesday.

More than 60 shipwrecks were discovered by the international team of maritime archaeologists with the second oldest being carbon dated to 200 AD.

Professor John Adams, Black Sea Map’s principal investigator said: “A ship surviving intact from the Classical world, lying in over 2km, is something I would have never believed possible.

“This will change our understanding of shipbuilding and seafaring in the ancient world.”

The team that made the discovery have also made a two hour-long documentary that is due to be shown at the British Museum on Tuesday.

More than 60 shipwrecks were discovered by the international team of maritime archaeologists with the second oldest being carbon dated to 200 AD.

Professor John Adams, Black Sea Map’s principal investigator said: “A ship surviving intact from the Classical world, lying in over 2km, is something I would have never believed possible.

“This will change our understanding of shipbuilding and seafaring in the ancient world.”

The team that made the discovery have also made a two hour-long documentary that is due to be shown at the British Museum on Tuesday.

 

Read More.....

https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1035249/shipwreck-found-black-sea-british-museum

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 12:24

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South Africa shocked by live rape trial of Timothy Omotoso

A televised rape trial in South Africa has prompted a furious public backlash after a witness - who says she was raped by her pastor from the age of 14 - was subjected to a lengthy and, at times, aggressively intimate cross-examination by the lawyer representing a 60-year-old Nigerian televangelist, Timothy Omotoso, who denies the allegation.

Warning: This piece contains graphic content which may upset some readers.

Over the weekend, Mr Omotoso's church, in the coastal city of Port Elizabeth, was forced to shut its door after angry crowds besieged the building, while a Sunday newspaper reported that the woman who gave evidence against him - Cheryl Zondi, now a 22-year-old student - had received death threats ahead of the trial.

The trial - the first prominent rape case to be broadcast live in a country where more than 100 rapes are reported to the police each day - has attracted huge interest, and raised difficult questions about victims' rights, impartiality and whether justice is best served by having television cameras in courtrooms.

Anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela's granddaughter, Ndileka Mandela - who said in 2017 that she had been raped by a former boyfriend - is one of many South African women who have voiced support for Ms Zondi, linking her experience to the global #MeToo movement.

Image copyrightSOWETAN/GETTY IMAGES

Image caption

Many South Africans have rallied around Cheryl Zondi

Ms Mandela argued that the student's treatment during three days in the witness box helped explain why so many rape victims stay silent in a nation with notoriously high levels of sexual violence.

Miracles and prophecies

"I really feel pain for this young woman and I am so proud to see how courageous she's been on the witness stand," Ms Mandela told South Africa's Sunday Times newspaper.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image caption

South Africa has one of the highest rates of sexual violence in the world

Mr Omotoso and two female co-accused, from the Jesus Dominion International church, based in South Africa's Eastern Cape, are facing 97 charges, ranging from sexual assault to rape and human trafficking. They deny all the charges.

The church - one of a growing number of evangelical ministries in the country, promising miracles and prophecies for its followers - is known for its videos of uniformed young women singers, some of whom have appeared on the Idols SA television contest.

Since it began last week, the nation seems to have stopped in its tracks to follow the trial, and social media erupted in support and sympathy for Ms Zondi.

She was the first prosecution witness and told the court, with great composure, that Mr Omotoso - quoting the psalms and threatening God's anger if she did not comply - had allegedly repeatedly raped her a year after she had joined his church as a child.

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But public sympathy soon turned to fury when Mr Omotoso's lawyer, Peter Daubermann, sought to challenge her account.

Shouts in the courtroom

"You're a good actress," he said.

"I put it to you that you are lying about what happened to you."

"You were prepared to let him rape you?

"You basically consented?" he asked, referring to later alleged incidents when Ms Zondi was an adult.

Image copyrightFOTO24/GETTY IMAGES

Image caption

The televangelist has a huge following among women

South Africa's justice system is deliberately confrontational, and lawyers are expected to challenge witnesses robustly - perhaps the most famous instance being prosecutor Gerrie Nel's explosive quarrels with disgraced Olympic and Paralympic star Oscar Pistorius during his murder trial.

But in this case, according to the opinion of some experts and ordinary South Africans, Mr Daubermann appeared to cross a line.

"How many centimetres? Do you know?" he asked Ms Zondi, after she had described how the pastor had allegedly partially penetrated her, at the age of 14.

There were cries and shouts in the courtroom.

"How would she know that?" Judge Mandela Makaula interrupted, visibly angry.

"She could have felt it," suggested Mr Daubermann.

"And measured it at the same time? No. I will not allow that question," declared the judge, who went on to thank Ms Zondi for her testimony and to wish her good luck in the university exams she had interrupted in order to attend the trial.

"This is not about you. This is about justice," he told her.

"Cheryl has set a precedent and we can only pray other victims will be encouraged by this. We salute her," a local spokesman for the National Prosecuting Authority told journalists.

 

But Mr Omotoso's defence team has since hit back, accusing the judge of showing bias and asking him to recuse himself from the trial.

"You aligned yourself with her cause. You have already accepted her version," Mr Daubermann told Judge Makaula, arguing that the trial should start again from scratch, and bitterly condemning the media coverage of the case and the social-media frenzy it has triggered.

"I've been vilified in the media for my cross-examination. I've been accused of adopting questionable methods of examination. That is blatantly false. I have to test the veracity of the evidence. I can't allow sensibilities to get in the way of my duty," said the lawyer after he had been followed and harangued on the street outside the courthouse by an angry crowd.

Judge Makaula refused to recuse himself, saying: "The application has no merit."

Trials on TV

The Pistorius trial was the first to be broadcast live and in full in South Africa.

Since then, the courts have allowed television cameras into a succession of high-profile trials, but while supporters argue that it is important for the population of a young democracy to see the workings of its legal system, critics argue that the presence of cameras inevitably distorts the process and brings unfair pressure on those involved - in the Omotoso trial, for instance, potentially inflaming xenophobic attitudes towards Nigerians.

Image copyrightSOWETAN/GETTY IMAGES

Image caption

Both the preacher and his co-accused say they are innocent

Ms Zondi, who has since thanked the public for their support, could have chosen - like some witnesses in the Pistorius trial - to give her evidence without the cameras rolling, but declined to do so.

Many more witnesses are now expected to testify against the televangelist, who was dramatically arrested at an airport last year as he sought to leave the country.

He maintains his innocence and continues to enjoy the support of many members of his predominantly female congregation.

In court, his wife has been criticised by the judge for appearing to laugh and comment on Ms Zondi's evidence, while Mr Omotoso himself has appeared relaxed, often smiling, and sporting an array of brightly coloured suits as South Africans wait to hear his version of events.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-45940338

KaroA Posted on October 23, 2018 10:56

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Salty waters on Mars could host Earth-like life

Full Screen

Mars is an unlikely place for life as we know it to thrive. The surface is bombarded by DNA-damaging radiation. Water has only been confirmed on the frigid landscape in the form of ice and hydrated minerals. And there's barely even a wisp of oxygen in its paltry atmosphere.

But the case for life on the red planet just got a little stronger with a new study that suggests salty waters thought to potentially exist near the surface could hold enough dissolved oxygen to support familiar forms of microbial life. In some special cases, there would even be enough of the element to harbor basic oxygen-loving animals like sponges.

Related: Interesting facts about Mars (Photo services)

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This certainly doesn't mean there is life on Mars—scientists aren't even sure if liquid water flows on or near its surface. However, the surprising research, published on October 22nd in Nature Geoscience, hints that perhaps the modern Mars environment is not quite as inhospitable as we once thought.

“That's the thing of habitability; we never thought that environment could have that much oxygen,” says the study's lead author Vlada Stamenkovi?, a planetary scientist and physicist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. “It completely changes our understanding of the potential for life on current-day Mars.”

The manganese mystery

The thin atmosphere that blankets the red Martian landscape is mostly made of carbon dioxide, with traces of nitrogen and argon gas. Measurements from rovers and orbiting spacecraft suggest that a mere 0.145 percent of the air is oxygen, which thought to be released as sunlight breaks apart some of the carbon dioxide molecules.

Although this is a pitifully low amount of oxygen compared to the nearly 21 percent in modern Earth's atmosphere, there are hints something strange has been going on with the life-giving gas on the red planet.

© Photograph by NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems A new look at Mars' chemistry suggests that oxygen-loving microbes and, in some cases, even simple animals like sponges could thrive in any potential brines on the red planet's surface.

In 2014, researchers were excited to discover manganese oxide on Mars' surface. Manganese is tough to oxidize, and unlike the oxidized iron that gives the rusty red planet its signature look, forming manganese oxide requires the presence of either oxygen or microbes, explains Kirsten Siebach, a planetary geologist at Rice University who was not involved in the work.

Researchers have previously suggested that this compound points to an ancient Martian atmosphere flush with oxygen. But Stamenkovi? and his colleagues thought there just might be another way.

Oxygen tug-of-war

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With an average surface temperature of -81 degrees Fahrenheit, Mars doesn't readily sport vast flows of liquid water. To date, there are no confirmed discoveries of Martian puddles—only hints of water deep underground. But scientists believe that water might exist near the surface as a brine, which is essentially very salty water.

When you add salts to water, it slightly lowers the point at which the water freezes. So the addition of salts to Martian ice—including the magnesium and calcium perchlorate salts widespread in Martian dust—will let that frozen water turn fluid.

Related: Spectacular photos from space (Photo services)

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But then salts pose another problem: The more salt that's present, the less oxygen the water can hold. At the same time, the colder the water, the more oxygen it can dissolve. It's a game of oxygen tug-of-war, with salts pushing out the dissolved gas and the cold temperatures pulling it in. To figure out which effect might win, the researchers turned to mathematical modeling.

They crafted a model that tests out this idea for six salts at concentrations high enough to keep the water liquid at temperatures from -208 degrees Fahrenheit to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The model also included the average Martian air pressure at various locations across the red planet. (Explore what Mars was like across billions of years with our interactive planet.)

Flabergasting fluids

According to their results, hypothetical brines that are colder than the freezing point of pure water offer much more oxygen than what's needed for aerobic microbes to thrive. What's more, their best estimates with perchlorate salts suggest that the water would have enough oxygen to support more complex life like sponges. (Similarly, the under-ice waters of Jupiter's moon Europa may hold enough oxygen to support fish-size life.)

The team also calculated a “worst case” scenario, providing a little wiggle room for error in their model's calculated factors. Even then, the salty solutions all harbored enough oxygen to support basic microbial life.

“We were absolutely flabbergasted,” Stamenkovi? says of the team's initial reaction. “I went back to recalculate everything like five different times to make sure it's a real thing.”

The concentrations now possible on Mars are even higher than what was likely present in Earth’s waters prior to 2.35 billion years ago, when microbes breathed oxygen into the atmosphere and Earthlings proliferated. And these concentrations of oxygen on Mars could have persisted for millions of years.

Related: Hollywood stars who've played real-life astronauts (Wonderwall)

Such briny solutions would be "really good soup for organisms to grow in,” says the University of Washington's Jodi Young, a biological oceanographer who was not involved in the study. On Earth, she explains, chilly oxygenated brines exist in the network of fissures in sea ice, where a diversity of life can be found.

And the dissolved oxygen in the water could have caused Mars’ manganese oxides to form even without an oxygen-flush atmosphere. “Our explanation doesn't need any special magic—it works on Mars today,” says Stamenkovi?.

Siebach praises the idea behind the research as clever, but she also cautions that similar concentrations of oxygen would need to have been present in the Martian atmosphere billions of years ago to create some of the ancient oxides seen today.

“It's tricky to say how far back in time this would go,” she notes.

Hidden habitable hollows

Of course, before getting too excited about modern Mars microbes, scientists first need to confirm whether pockets of liquid water actually exist on the planet today.

“We go back and forth a lot as a scientific community on that,” Siebach says with a laugh. Any such puddles would be small and possibly only present during parts of the day or during certain seasons, she says.

If scientists do identify potentially habitable environments, they also can't rush straight to them, she notes. The most oxygen-flush liquids would be present in the coldest water at the poles, where it's a challenge for even rovers to stay warm enough to function. And researchers will have to be methodical in preventing contamination of Mars with earthly microbes.

© Getty A photo, covered by The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows craters of Mars during an exciting traverse of Mars on September, 2015. Curiosity was exploring the boundary between two rock units: the light-toned Murray Formation and the overlying and darker-toned Stimson unit. (Photo by NASA/JPL-CALTECH/UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA / HANDOUT/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

“If we think that Earth life can survive in that brine, that's exactly when we have to be most careful about approaching it,” Siebach says. Still, the new work offers the tantalizing possibility that we may discover something alive on Mars in the near future.

“On the Earth, oxygen was a big driver for evolution,” Stamenkovi? says, so perhaps its presence on Mars could have given life a boost in an otherwise inhospitable place.

“We have no clue," he says, "but it gives me hope to go and explore.”https://www.msn.com/en-xl/northamerica/northamerica-tech-science/salty-waters-on-mars-could-host-earth-like-life/ar-BBOKRtM?li=BBJDXDP&ocid=SK216DHP

khojho Posted on October 23, 2018 10:22

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DJ Khaled and Floyd Mayweather Sued Over Involvement in Centra Tech ICO

As warned earlier in the year by legal experts that celebrity ICO endorsers could face court action in future, it has now come to pass as a lawsuit has been filed against two of the more prominent ICO social media influencers of last year.

 

According to celebrity news publication TMZ, a class action lawsuit has been slapped against music producer DJ Khaled and boxing champion Floyd Mayweather. The suit has been filed by individuals who lost their money by investing in the Centra Tech initial coin offering. The two prominently endorsed the Centra Tech ICO on social media platforms with Khaled calling it a ‘game changer’ while the boxing champ even nicknamed himself ‘Floyd Crypto Mayweather’, ostensibly fully convinced of the ICO’s prospects.

In their suit, the plaintiffs allege that partly as a result of the efforts put in by Mayweather and Khaled, Centra Tech managed to raise approximately US$32 million in the ICO which was floated last year. The plaintiffs are now seeking to be compensated for their losses plus damages by the founders of Centra Tech as well as by the celebrity endorsers and promoters.

 

ICO Operators Indicted

The class-action lawsuit now raises the stakes for the founders of Centra Tech who were indicted with four counts of fraud (securities fraud, conspiracy to commit securities fraud, wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud) in May this year by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York.

 

In the indictment citation, the operators and founders of Centra Tech namely Raymond Trapani, Robert Farkas and Sohrab Sharma were accused of making material omissions and misstatements with a view of deceiving investors:

“…the defendants conspired to capitalize on investor interest in the burgeoning cryptocurrency market. They allegedly made false claims about their product and about relationships they had with credible financial institutions…”

 

From US$67 million to US$18 million…

When the Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested the three men behind Centra Tech, around 91,000 ether was seized. At the time this was worth approximately US$67 million but with the bear market the value has now plunged to about US$18 million.

 

The class-action lawsuit against DJ Khaled and Floyd Mayweather does not come as a complete surprise as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) had already warned last year that celebrity ICO endorsements could be considered unlawful if they failed to meet certain standards.

 

 

According to the SEC, celebrity ICO endorsements were potentially in violation of the federal securities laws if they failed to explicitly disclose the arrangement the endorsers have with the ICO companies.

 

“These endorsements may be unlawful if they do not disclose the nature, source, and amount of any compensation paid, directly or indirectly, by the company in exchange for the endorsement,” read an SEC statement as CCN reported at the time.

https://www.ccn.com/dj-khaled-and-floyd-mayweather-sued-over-involvement-in-centra-tech-ico/

KaroA Posted on October 23, 2018 09:47

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7 Small But Significant Habits That Can Improve Your Relationship

Elaborate romantic gestures and effusive Instagram posts aren’t necessary ingredients for a strong, happy relationship.

Rather, it’s the small, simple habits ? like getting enough sleep and kissing hello and goodbye, for example ? that have a major, positive effect over time. 

Below, marriage therapists reveal what you can do to make a big difference in your relationship.

1. Get a good night’s sleep.

We’re not at our best when we’re exhausted. Lack of sleep can leave us cranky, short-tempered and unable to focus. Conversely, getting sufficient rest ? when possible ? can improve our mood and overall well-being and, in turn, make us better, more loving partners. 

“No matter what is going on in a relationship, sleep should be the number one priority, even over sex,” psychologist and sex therapist Shannon Chavez said. “Sleep is essential for good health. Being well rested and healthy is important for self and the partnership.” 

© Getty Getty

What’s more, going to bed at the same time as your partner promotes intimacy and closeness. Those few minutes of togetherness before your heads hit the pillow offer a small window for bonding after a busy day apart. Plus, hitting the sheets at the same time opens up the opportunity for cuddling and/or sex. 

2. Do thoughtful little things for each other, just because. 

Small, simple acts of kindness or thoughtfulness show your partner you care. No grand gestures necessary! It could be making your wife’s coffee in the morning, leaving a love note on the nightstand or surprising your husband with his favourite snacks. 

“When both partners make the effort to do little intentional acts of kindness, particularly without prompting by Hallmark or a holiday telling you to do so, the caring multiplies throughout the relationship,” said Kurt Smith, a therapist who specializes in counselling men.

© Getty Getty

3. Compliment and thank one another.

When we’re stuck in our routines, it’s easy to start taking the little things our partners do for us (or the kids, or around the house) for granted. Sometimes we forget to say thank you.

When we do remember, we offer a quick, “Thanks, babe” and move on with our day. But acknowledging what you’re grateful for specifically can be more effective.

“Highlight what you are showing appreciation for,” advised marriage and family therapist Spencer Northey. “As in, ‘Thank you for tidying the living room,’ or ‘I really appreciate you picking me up.’ Praise helps your partner feel loved and appreciated, and labelling the praise lets your partner know that you notice the little things they are doing. This also helps a person know exactly what you like, so they can do more of it!”

The same applies to the positive things we often think about our spouses but don’t always say out loud. 

“The next time you notice, ‘I really liked the way you gave me that advice, it was helpful and you’re so smart,’ say it aloud,” said couples therapist Kari Carroll.

4. Squeeze in hugs, kisses and other displays of affection.

Physical touch is an important part of a romantic relationship. That doesn’t mean you need to get hot and heavy every time you see each other; little touches here and there will help keep the physical spark alive.  

“If you put your hand on their arm when you greet or sit down with your partner, this will increase oxytocin and you will both experience a decrease in stress,” Carroll said. “It says, ‘I care about you’ and it shows vulnerability and openness.”

© Getty Getty

If you’re not already in the habit of hugging and kissing hello and goodbye, consider incorporating that into your daily routine. Most will probably be a quick squeeze or peck on the cheek. But renowned relationships researcher John Gottman recommends that couples share a kiss that lasts for six seconds or more at least once a day.

“He calls this creating a ‘kiss with possibilities,’” Northey said. “And, yes, to begin this habit you may have to start counting in your head 1-2-3-4-5-6 until you get into the rhythm. Making your kisses last reminds you that your partner is so much more than your roommate.”

5. Apologize when you’ve screwed up.

Sometimes it stings to admit we’re wrong. But a genuine apology goes a long way toward mending your partner’s hurt feelings. (And FYI: “Sorry if you feel that way, but...” does not cut it.)

“Sorry has become a forgotten word today,” Smith said. “Acknowledging mistakes or regretful words is a huge component in keeping your relationship on track and moving forward.”

6. Ask for what you want instead of blaming your partner for not giving it to you. 

Psychotherapist Elisabeth J. LaMotte says her couples therapy clients have told her that one of the most useful tools they’ve learned in counseling is to ditch “you” statements and change them into “I” statements.

So what does that mean? Rather than telling your partner, “You obviously care more about your work than you do about me,” it might be more effective to say, “When you check your work email during date night, I feel lonely and disappointed.”

Gallery: 4 Astonishingly Simple Secrets to a Happy Relationship (Popsugar)

“This shift completely changes the narrative,” said LaMotte, founder of the DC Counselling and Psychotherapy Center. “It pitches to the best in the other person and it organically communicates that you are willing to make yourself vulnerable and take ownership of your part in the relationship. It takes some practice to get into the habit, but it is worth it.”

7. Schedule time to have real conversations.

When life gets busy, it’s easy to get caught up in to-do lists, only giving attention to the most pressing matters of the day. But setting aside time for you and your partner to have intimate conversations ? not just about the grocery list and the kids’ math homework ? is essential. 

“I can’t tell you how many couples I counsel who say they never have time to talk,” Smith said. “Obviously, they’re talking about who’s taking the kids to the dentist or soccer practice, but not about each other or their relationship. Most of us are so busy we have to put it on the calendar, and that’s OK, because what’s most important is that it happens.”

Also, regularly discussing finances ? that is, before some type of budget-related disaster occurs ? could prevent arguments or more unpleasant conversations down the line. 

“Many partners don’t say anything about money until there’s a problem ? big credit card bill, spending they don’t approve of, bank account balance is low,” Smith said. “Money doesn’t have to always be a negative subject or a cause of conflict, but it will be when it’s avoided and only brought up in such circumstances.”

https://www.msn.com/en-xl/northamerica/life-arts/7-small-but-significant-habits-that-can-improve-your-relationship/ar-BBOCMq5?li=BBKhQr3&ocid=SK216DHP

khojho Posted on October 23, 2018 09:16

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Scientists Have Confirmed That Humans Are Becoming Polluted With Plastic

Rebecca Shepherd in  News

Plastic straws are diminishing by the day, we're being told to use bamboo toothbrushes and McDonald's have ditched plastic toys. This is all well and good for the environment but it could also be damaging to us humans too. No, not because your nibbling on the latest Angry Birds figurine out of your Happy Meal... probably avoid that.

Scientists have confirmed for the first time that our bodies are becoming polluted with plastic as tiny pieces have been found in samples from all eight participants in an pilot study.


Credit: PA

We never intentionally consume plastic - well the majority of us don't that's for sure - but sources have suggested the finding is coming from eating fish or drinking water from plastic bottles.

The research was focusing on how much plastic we eat and drink every day and found that some pieces can get lodged inside our bodies. Nice.

Campaigners have said that the scale of the plastic crisis means it's 'impossible' for us to avoid eating, drinking and even breathing it in...


Credit: PA

According to the MailOnline, plastic consumption can come with harmful effects including the risk of bacterial infections, introducing harmful chemicals to the body, irritating the gut lining, and affecting immune responses.

Lead researcher Dr Philipp Schwabl said: "This is the first study of its kind and confirms what we have long suspected - that plastics ultimately reach the human gut. Of particular concern is what this means to us, and especially patients with gastrointestinal diseases.

"The smallest microplastic particles are capable of entering the bloodstream and lymphatic system and may even reach the liver.


Credit: PA

"Now that we have first evidence for microplastics inside humans, we need further research to understand what this means for human health."

Dr Stephanie Wright, a research fellow at King's College London, added that it's possible for larger plastic particles to pass through but 'smaller particles could potentially cross the gut wall'.

Researchers monitored participants from the UK, Finland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, and Austria. The results showed every sample tested positive for the presence of microplastics - with the most common being polypropylene and polyethylene-terephthalate (PET).

They might sound alien to you and me but basically they're both commonly found in food and drink packaging.

The research was a pilot study involving eight participants. Each kept a food diary for a week which showed that they had all eaten food wrapped in plastic or drunk from plastic bottles.

Well, that's me going buying a stainless steel water bottle. Maybe I'll grab myself one with a whale print from Chilly's to remind myself I'm saving me and the ocean at the exact same time.

LADbible has claimed the world's first country made entirely of trash to highlight the issue of plastic pollution in our oceans.

Get involved and ensure the world's first country made of trash is its last. Find out more here

Become a citizen of the Trash Isles here

 

Donate to our charity partner, Plastic Oceans Foundation here

Featured Image Credit: PA

Topics: News Interesting

http://www.ladbible.com/news/interesting-scientists-confirm-that-humans-are-becoming-polluted-with-plastic-20181023

khojho Posted on October 23, 2018 09:10

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Why this mom was hanging on a ladder under a bridge between Guatemala and Mexico

Tapachula, Mexico (CNN)Rosalin Guillermo climbed through a hole in the fence of the bridge and took hold of the ladder.

The solid, hard concrete of the crossing held no promise of a future for her. Instead, she'd decided it was better to be lowered down, down to the fast-moving waters of the Suchiate River where people pulled her onto a raft of wood and inner tubes.

A man helps three-year-old Carlitos off the bridge and be lowered down to his mother, waiting on a raft on the river below.

There she'd watched as her children -- one as young as 3 -- were gripped by strangers to follow her on the same journey from apparent order and safety to seeming uncertainty and peril.

It was so different from 24 hours earlier when the mother was at the front of the line of the thousands of Central Americans in the so-called migrant caravan as they waited to leave Guatemala on their journey north -- aiming first for Mexico and then, perhaps for some, the United States.

 

Tapachula, Mexico

After the caravan formed in Honduras and gathered strength on the weeklong hike across her native Guatemala, Guillermo tells me she sold everything, gathered her three children and decided to "complete my dream" of moving to the United States.

"I want them to study, have a good future," she says, touching the heads of her children. "My husband is dead so I do this for my kids. I ask you with all my heart, wouldn't your mother do the same for you?"

A young boy named Carlitos plays with a Mexican federal police officer as he waits with his mom on the bridge from Guatemala.

The small family was at the front of the pack when the caravan crashed through the Guatemalan gates and rushed across the bridge to Mexico.

During the melee, Guillermo and her 3-year-old son, Carlitos, were pulled inside the Mexican line. When order was restored, a kindhearted officer let the little boy play with his riot helmet and it appeared that they would be among the lucky few allowed through the gates for processing.

Five-year-old Candy became separated from her mother in the chaos when tear gas was fired on the bridge.

But her 5-year-old daughter had become separated and was caught on the other side. Guillermo had to go back to find Candy.

 

 

 

Inside the chaos at Mexico's border 02:56

As Mexican officials stopped the flow across the bridge to a relative trickle, most of the caravan detoured back to Guatemala to swim the river or buy a ride on the flotilla of inner tube rafts that serve as water taxis to the porous border town of Ciudad Hidalgo.

Helpers reach out to Candy as she nears the raft.

Guillermo calculated that her best chance would be to hold her place near the front of the line but when they ran out of food a day later, she decided to follow the young men who had pried a hole in the bridge fence and jumped into the shallow Rio Suchiete. With borrowed rope and a ladder, the teens fashioned the crudest of elevators and one at a time, lowered the Guillermo family to a waiting raft.

"This bridge, this river, they can't stop me," she says as she reaches the Mexican river bank. "I am an all-terrain woman."

The Guillermo family nears Mexican soil.

Guillermo has no passport. Unlike many other caravan members, she is not fleeing the violence of drug cartels or the political oppression of the Honduran government so it is unlikely that she will qualify for refugee status if she ever reaches the United States.

On Sunday, as the caravan marched north through southern Mexico with official numbers topping 7,000, President Trump tweeted another promise to turn them away. While there may be strength and safety in numbers, the sight of so many migrants marching north only serves as visual red meat for Trump and his supporters who are convinced by the claim that they are an invading horde, "full of hardened criminals."

Carlitos, 3, in the safety of a shelter on the Mexican side of the border.

"We did not come to rob or kill anyone," Guillermo says. "All we want to do is work and start a new life."

 

She has heard of President Trump's threats and his "zero tolerance" policy of family separations. According to unpublished Department of Homeland Security statistics obtained by The Washington Post, the U.S. Border Patrol arrested 16,658 family members in September, the highest one-month total on record and an 80 percent jump since "zero tolerance" was suspended in July. Trump has hinted that he might bring it back just as Guillermo, Carlitos, Candy and Guillermo's older son Miner, reach northern Mexico.

The Guillermo family pose for a photo, moments after reaching Mexico. Rosalin stands with her son Miner, 16, three-year-old Carlitos and Candy, 5.

"I know about this," she says. "But I have faith in God. He has the final word."

The migrant trail through Mexico will have people walking through jungles and across deserts, hopping freight trains and dodging brutal gangs.

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An aerial view shows a Honduran migrant caravan heading to the United States as it is stopped at a border barrier on the Guatemala-Mexico international bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants heading in a caravan to the United States remove a barrier at the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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A child is lifted over the border fence as thousands of Honduran migrants rush across the border toward Mexico, in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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A Honduran migrant mother and child are surrounded by Mexican Federal Police in riot gear, at the border crossing in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, Friday, October 19.

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A Honduran migrant, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, storms the checkpoint between Guatemala and Mexico in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants heading in a caravan to the United States rush through the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge after tearing down its gate in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants heading in a caravan to the United States crowd the gate of the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants wait at the Mexican border in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, on Friday, October 19. Thousands of migrants traveling in a caravan briefly moved toward the border crossing between the two countries before turning around. Guatemala has closed its border gate and is standing guard with dozens of troops and two armored jeeps.

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Honduran migrants leave Guatemala City, Guatemala, at sunrise on Thursday, October 18, 2018, as they make their way north toward the United States. Many of the more than 2,000 Hondurans in a migrant caravan trying to wend its way to the United States left spontaneously with little more than the clothes on their backs and what they could quickly throw into backpacks.

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Migrants display the flag of Honduras while on a caravan of migrants en route to the Mexican border on Thursday in Guatemala City. The caravan of thousands of Central Americans, most from Honduras, hopes to eventually reach the United States. President Donald Trump has threatened to cancel the recent trade deal with Mexico and withhold aid to Central American countries if the caravan isn't stopped before reaching the United States.

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A Honduran migrant, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, pushes a stroller with a boy during a new leg of their travel in Guatemala City on Thursday.

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Honduran migrants in the caravan are pictured inside a truck on Thursday.

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Honduran migrants hike in the forest after crossing the Lempa River, on the border between Honduras and Guatemala, to join the caravan on Thursday.

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Honduran migrants climb into the bed of a truck in Zacapa, Guatemala, on Wednesday, October 17, 2018.

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A Honduran migrant, part of the caravan, rests on a street as he looks through his mobile phone in Guatemala City on Wednesday.

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A child lies on the ground to rest as Honduran migrants take part in a caravan to the United States in Teculutan, Guatemala, on Wednesday.

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Honduran migrants heading to the United States rest at a gymnasium of a Catholic church in Chiquimula, Guatemala, on Tuesday, October 16, 2018. The caravan set out October 13 from the impoverished, violence-plagued country.

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Honduran migrants pray at an improvised shelter in Chiquimula, Guatemala, on Tuesday.

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Families in the caravan rest for the night in a community gym on Tuesday in Chiquimula, Guatemala. The caravan is the second of its size in 2018.

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Honduran migrants move north on Tuesday near Quezaltepeque, Guatemala.

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Honduran migrants holds up their national ID cards as Guatemalan police block them and their caravan after the group crossed the Honduras-Guatemala border in Esquipulas, Guatemala, on Monday, October 15, 2018. Police stopped the migrants for several hours but the travelers refused to return to the border and were eventually allowed to pass.

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The caravan moves north after crossing the border from Honduras into Guatemala on Monday.

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The caravan pauses at a Guatemalan police checkpoint after crossing the border from Honduras on Monday.

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A migrant caravan headed to the United States walks into the interior of Mexico after crossing the Guatemalan border on Sunday, October 21.

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Central American migrants hitchhike along the highway near the border with Guatemala, as they continue their journey trying to reach the United States.

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A Mexican Federal Police helicopter flies over migrants heading in a caravan to the United States, on the road linking Ciudad Hidalgo and Tapachula in Mexico.

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Central American migrants walk north toward Tapachula, after departing Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico.

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Local residents cheer as a migrant caravan walks into the interior of Mexico after crossing the Guatemalan border.

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Migrants still on the Guatemalan side of the border sleep at a temporary immigrant shelter on Sunday in Ciudad Tecun Uman, Guatemala. The caravan of thousands of Central Americans made it's way into Mexico with some members hoping to eventually reach the United States.

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Honduran migrants, part of a caravan heading towards the United States, travel on the road linking Ciudad Hidalgo and Tapachula, Chiapas state, Mexico, on Sunday.

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Central American migrants walking to the United States continue their journey, departing Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Sunday.

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A Honduran migrant boy, part of a caravan heading to the United States, walks on the road linking Ciudad Hidalgo and Tapachula, Chiapas state, Mexico, on Sunday.

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Honduran migrants who have already reached Mexican soil cheer at the rest of the group still waiting to cross at the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Saturday, October 20.

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Children of migrants, part of the caravan, on Saturday wait with their parents to apply for asylum in Mexico at a checkpoint in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico.

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A Honduran migrant mother and her son walk through the bridge after crossing the border between Guatemala and Mexico on Saturday.

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Mexican paramedics help a Honduran woman who fainted after crossing the border between Guatemala and Mexico on Saturday.

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Honduran migrants help some of their members get down to the Suchiate River from the Guatemala-Mexico international border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo on Saturday.

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A migrant is comforted by a Mexican paramedic after her mother fainted while crossing the border between Guatemala and Mexico.

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Honduran migrants from the caravan on Saturday cross the Suchiate River, a natural border between Guatemala and Mexico.

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A Honduran migrant looks through the gate on the bridge that connects Mexico and Guatemala in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, on Saturday.

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Migrants in the caravan wait on Saturday for the opening of the gate on the bridge that connects Guatemala to Mexico.

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Thousands of Honduran migrants rush across the border toward Mexico, in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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A Honduran man protects his child after fellow migrants, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, stormed a border checkpoint in Guatemala, in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, storm a border checkpoint to cross into Mexico, in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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Mexican federal police officers allow women and children taking part in a caravan of Honduran migrants heading to the United States to cross to Mexico in the border city of Tecun Uman, Guatemala, on Friday, October 19.

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An aerial view shows a Honduran migrant caravan heading to the United States as it is stopped at a border barrier on the Guatemala-Mexico international bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants heading in a caravan to the United States remove a barrier at the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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A child is lifted over the border fence as thousands of Honduran migrants rush across the border toward Mexico, in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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A Honduran migrant mother and child are surrounded by Mexican Federal Police in riot gear, at the border crossing in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, Friday, October 19.

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A Honduran migrant, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, storms the checkpoint between Guatemala and Mexico in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants heading in a caravan to the United States rush through the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge after tearing down its gate in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants heading in a caravan to the United States crowd the gate of the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants wait at the Mexican border in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, on Friday, October 19. Thousands of migrants traveling in a caravan briefly moved toward the border crossing between the two countries before turning around. Guatemala has closed its border gate and is standing guard with dozens of troops and two armored jeeps.

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Honduran migrants leave Guatemala City, Guatemala, at sunrise on Thursday, October 18, 2018, as they make their way north toward the United States. Many of the more than 2,000 Hondurans in a migrant caravan trying to wend its way to the United States left spontaneously with little more than the clothes on their backs and what they could quickly throw into backpacks.

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Migrants display the flag of Honduras while on a caravan of migrants en route to the Mexican border on Thursday in Guatemala City. The caravan of thousands of Central Americans, most from Honduras, hopes to eventually reach the United States. President Donald Trump has threatened to cancel the recent trade deal with Mexico and withhold aid to Central American countries if the caravan isn't stopped before reaching the United States.

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A Honduran migrant, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, pushes a stroller with a boy during a new leg of their travel in Guatemala City on Thursday.

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Honduran migrants in the caravan are pictured inside a truck on Thursday.

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Honduran migrants hike in the forest after crossing the Lempa River, on the border between Honduras and Guatemala, to join the caravan on Thursday.

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Honduran migrants climb into the bed of a truck in Zacapa, Guatemala, on Wednesday, October 17, 2018.

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A Honduran migrant, part of the caravan, rests on a street as he looks through his mobile phone in Guatemala City on Wednesday.

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A child lies on the ground to rest as Honduran migrants take part in a caravan to the United States in Teculutan, Guatemala, on Wednesday.

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Honduran migrants heading to the United States rest at a gymnasium of a Catholic church in Chiquimula, Guatemala, on Tuesday, October 16, 2018. The caravan set out October 13 from the impoverished, violence-plagued country.

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Honduran migrants pray at an improvised shelter in Chiquimula, Guatemala, on Tuesday.

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Families in the caravan rest for the night in a community gym on Tuesday in Chiquimula, Guatemala. The caravan is the second of its size in 2018.

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Honduran migrants move north on Tuesday near Quezaltepeque, Guatemala.

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Honduran migrants holds up their national ID cards as Guatemalan police block them and their caravan after the group crossed the Honduras-Guatemala border in Esquipulas, Guatemala, on Monday, October 15, 2018. Police stopped the migrants for several hours but the travelers refused to return to the border and were eventually allowed to pass.

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The caravan moves north after crossing the border from Honduras into Guatemala on Monday.

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The caravan pauses at a Guatemalan police checkpoint after crossing the border from Honduras on Monday.

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A migrant caravan headed to the United States walks into the interior of Mexico after crossing the Guatemalan border on Sunday, October 21.

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Central American migrants hitchhike along the highway near the border with Guatemala, as they continue their journey trying to reach the United States.

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A Mexican Federal Police helicopter flies over migrants heading in a caravan to the United States, on the road linking Ciudad Hidalgo and Tapachula in Mexico.

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Central American migrants walk north toward Tapachula, after departing Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico.

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Local residents cheer as a migrant caravan walks into the interior of Mexico after crossing the Guatemalan border.

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Migrants still on the Guatemalan side of the border sleep at a temporary immigrant shelter on Sunday in Ciudad Tecun Uman, Guatemala. The caravan of thousands of Central Americans made it's way into Mexico with some members hoping to eventually reach the United States.

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Honduran migrants, part of a caravan heading towards the United States, travel on the road linking Ciudad Hidalgo and Tapachula, Chiapas state, Mexico, on Sunday.

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Central American migrants walking to the United States continue their journey, departing Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Sunday.

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A Honduran migrant boy, part of a caravan heading to the United States, walks on the road linking Ciudad Hidalgo and Tapachula, Chiapas state, Mexico, on Sunday.

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Honduran migrants who have already reached Mexican soil cheer at the rest of the group still waiting to cross at the Guatemala-Mexico border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Saturday, October 20.

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Children of migrants, part of the caravan, on Saturday wait with their parents to apply for asylum in Mexico at a checkpoint in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico.

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A Honduran migrant mother and her son walk through the bridge after crossing the border between Guatemala and Mexico on Saturday.

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Mexican paramedics help a Honduran woman who fainted after crossing the border between Guatemala and Mexico on Saturday.

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Honduran migrants help some of their members get down to the Suchiate River from the Guatemala-Mexico international border bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo on Saturday.

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A migrant is comforted by a Mexican paramedic after her mother fainted while crossing the border between Guatemala and Mexico.

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Honduran migrants from the caravan on Saturday cross the Suchiate River, a natural border between Guatemala and Mexico.

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A Honduran migrant looks through the gate on the bridge that connects Mexico and Guatemala in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, on Saturday.

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Migrants in the caravan wait on Saturday for the opening of the gate on the bridge that connects Guatemala to Mexico.

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Thousands of Honduran migrants rush across the border toward Mexico, in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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A Honduran man protects his child after fellow migrants, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, stormed a border checkpoint in Guatemala, in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, Friday, October 19.

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Honduran migrants, part of a caravan trying to reach the United States, storm a border checkpoint to cross into Mexico, in Tecun Uman, Guatemala, Friday, October 19.

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Mexican federal police officers allow women and children taking part in a caravan of Honduran migrants heading to the United States to cross to Mexico in the border city of Tecun Uman, Guatemala, on Friday, October 19.

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An aerial view shows a Honduran migrant caravan heading to the United States as it is stopped at a border barrier on the Guatemala-Mexico international bridge in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico, on Friday, October 19.

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The people around Guillermo have been on the road for 10 days and still have over 2,000 miles to go.

 

The eventual success of the "caravana migrantes" may rest in the hands of politicians in Washington and Mexico City, but no one should doubt the grit and determination shown by Rosalin Guillermo and the Central Americans heading north.

 

Sperm-inspired robots could be the next big thing in drug delivery

These flea-sized drones would swim through patients' blood vessels to deliver life-saving medication.

by Brandon Specktor, Live Science / Oct. 2, 2018 / 10:47 PM GMT+1

It turns out sperm like these are the perfect shape for speedy drug delivery.Sciepro / Science Photo Library/Getty Images

Scientists in the United Kingdom have turned to the humble human sperm in their quest to design the ultimate swimming robot.

Made of a tiny magnetic head and squiggly elastic tail, the flea-size drones look and swim much like their spermy counterparts, with a few big differences: These swimmers are guided by shifting electromagnetic currents, controlled externally by scientists. Oh, and also: They won't get you pregnant.

According to Feodor Ogrin, a lecturer at the University of Exeter in England and co-author of a new study published Sept. 4 describing the swimmers in the journal Physics of Fluids, robo-sperm like these could provide a cheap, efficient template for drug-delivery systems in human patients.

"The swimmers could one day be used to direct drugs to the right areas of the body by swimming through blood vessels," Ogrin said in a statement. "Developing this technology could radically change the way we do medicine."

The idea of designing sperm-inspired robot swimmers has been tested in several previous studies, but Ogrin and colleagues believe they've hit on an inexpensive design (the tails can be made with simple, 3D-printed molds) and the perfect head-to-tail ratio.

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In their new study, the team of Exeter scientists built several swimmer prototypes with tails ranging from 0.04 inch to 0.5 inch (1 to 12 millimeters) long. The team set these swimmers loose in fluids of varying viscosities, then coaxed them forward with electromagnetic currents of varying intensities. Just as a sperm cell whips and undulates its tail (or "flagellum") to propel itself forward, these magnetic swimmers followed the path of the current with tails whipping behind them.

Ultimately, the researchers found that swimmers with 0.15-inch-long (4 mm) tails moved quickest and with the best control.

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With the perfect sperm-tail-dynamics settled, the team tested a second hypothesis: If these sperm-like swimmers were fixed in place in a narrow channel (like an artery, for example), could they use their tail motion to pump fluids forward through that channel? To find out, the researchers attached a swimmer to a post at one end of a small, rectangular trough inside a petri dish, then filled it with fluid. Sure enough, when the team turned on an electromagnetic current to stimulate the swimmer, the little drone's tail movements were powerful enough to pump fluid continuously through the trough. (You can see this part of the experiment in action in a video taken in the lab.)

That's great news for tiny, sperm-inspired robot enthusiasts everywhere. The next step, the researchers wrote, will be going even smaller. While a 0.15-inch-long (4 mm) robot could swim comfortably through an adult's aorta (a blood vessel with a diameter of about 1 inch, or 25 mm), according to "The Oxford Companion to The Body," many human capillaries are only about 8 micrometers wide — about 3,000 times smaller than the aorta and 500 times smaller than the current swimming spermbots. With an average length of 50 micrometers, it seems the humble human sperm cell still has a lot to teach us.

Originally published on Live Science.

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First Man' writer tells what Neil Armstrong was like in real life

Not many people know much about the man behind the mission, but James Hansen does.

by Denise Chow / Oct. 14, 2018 / 10:52 AM GMT+1

'First Man's' portrait of Neil Armstrong gets at the man behind the myth

Oct. 16, 201805:14

He was one of the world's most famous figures, but Neil Armstrong famously shied away from the spotlight. After becoming the first person to step foot on the moon, on July 29, 1969, the NASA astronaut returned to his Ohio roots and led a low-key life as a college professor.

Not many people know much about the man behind the mission. But one who does is James Hansen, a history professor at Auburn University in Alabama and Armstrong's official biographer. His 2005 book, "First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong," is the basis of the new movie "First Man," starring Ryan Gosling as the legendary moonwalker.

Ryan Gosling as Neil Armstrong in "First Man," directed by Damien Chazelle.Daniel McFadden

In Gosling's portrayal, Armstrong is relentlessly focused on the task at hand and unfazed by the danger he faces as a test pilot and astronaut. Was Armstrong, who died in 2012, really that coolheaded in real life? How was he affected by his young daughter's tragic death? And what sort of relationship did Armstrong have with his Apollo 11 crewmate Buzz Aldrin?

To get the full picture, NBC News MACH sat down with Hansen on the Auburn campus to discuss Armstrong's storied life and career.

This interview has been edited for clarity and brevity.

MACH: How did you get involved with Armstrong, and how did you get his cooperation for your book?

Hansen: Neil was a very private man, and it wasn't easy to get his permission to do the book. I think the keys were that I was about 20 years into my career when I approached him, and I had been writing and teaching about aerospace history, both aeronautics history and space history. When I approached him I had a body of books and articles that I could show him. All of my books prior to approaching Armstrong had really dealt a lot with the history of engineering and how engineers think. I think Neil knew that I would take his technical side seriously. A lot of authors who had approached him before didn't have that kind of background, so I think that was really essential.

President Richard M. Nixon welcomes home the Apollo 11 astronauts who are confined in a quarantine facility aboard the USS Hornet.NASA

The movie opens with Armstrong taking an X-15 rocket plane to the edge of space. Was there something in his childhood that put him on a path to become a test pilot and then an astronaut?

I'm a strong believer that you don't understand any adult unless you understand their childhood. The biography that I wrote deals a lot with him as a boy and as an adolescent. Certainly, from an early age he was passionate about flying. He started nagging his mother when they visited dime stores in these little Ohio towns that the family lived in to get little balsa wood airplane models that he would build, and then he advanced to gasoline-powered models.

He would train his little brother and sister to toss them out the upstairs window of the house in just a certain way so they would glide the best. Neil would be outside — he would have Popsicle sticks, and he would put the Popsicle stick in the ground where that particular model airplane had landed. Even as a 10-year-old he's essentially doing test flying. He's doing research. He's studying. He had a little notebook as to how far each one of the models flew. He was kind of a proto-engineer even as a boy. Then, of course, he got his pilot's license on his sixteenth birthday. He hadn't even started to drive, or even try to drive an automobile. He was already flying airplanes.

Was he a reluctant hero?

There was nothing in Neil's personality that really tried to find the limelight. After Apollo 11 he didn't like the celebrity that went with it. Of course, he had become a global icon, the first of our species to step on another heavenly body. It was never about fame or fortune for him. It was about the flying. The most important thing to him about Apollo 11 was, "Let's fly this lander down to the successful landing and not kill ourselves." The act of stepping out onto the lunar surface was, for him, almost an afterthought and very secondary.

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Later he did everything he could to try to lead a normal life. It was kind of hard to do that once you had become first man. For a while after Apollo 11 he was getting 10,000 fan mail letters a day that he did his best, with some help from NASA secretaries, to answer. To the end of his life he was getting requests for signatures and photographs and appearances at all kinds of events. He went to many of them, so he wasn't really reclusive. He had to be kind of selective about what he agreed to do.

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Was he really as aloof as Gosling portrays him in the movie?

The movie does a good job of depicting Neil because Ryan Gosling did such a great job of portraying him. When an actor in a movie is playing a historical character, the best you can hope for is a really solidly researched role, and Ryan did that. Ryan not only read my book very carefully and had many conversations with me, but he had conversations with Neil's two sons and with Neil's sister and lots of people that knew him. As Ryan told me, he wasn't trying to mimic Neil. He wasn't trying to become Neil. He was trying to interpret some truths about Neil's character. I think he did that very well. Neil's two sons, Mark and Rick Armstrong, who are now grown up, both feel that Ryan's portrayal of Neil was the father — the man — they knew.

How did Armstrong and Aldrin come to be picked for Apollo 11?

It actually is just a matter of how the rotations of crews were put together and how the missions worked out. If Apollo 8, 9 and 10 had not worked out as well as they did, then the missions would have slipped and Apollo 12 could have been the first landing, with Pete Conrad as the commander.

Buzz Aldrin, pilot of the lunar module, poses beside the deployed U.S. flag during "Extravehicular Activity" on the lunar surface in the area called the Sea of Tranquility on July 20.NASA via AFP-Getty Images

Deke Slayton was the head of the Astronaut Office, who put the crews together, and he felt that the key thing was to pick six or seven really good commanding astronauts, and then put the crews together under those commanders. It wasn't as if Neil was from the beginning ordained to be the landing commander. It just really turned out to be that his crew was in the right place at the right time.

What kind of relationship did Neil and Buzz have?

Mike Collins, the third member of the crew, I think put it the best. He has described the Apollo 11 crew as amiable strangers. In other words, they were friendly enough, but they kind of remained strangers to one another. They did their job, they did what they had to do professionally, but when it was lunch or the end of the day they didn't go out together and drink a beer. They just sort of went their separate ways.

Buzz Aldrin descends the steps of the module ladder as he prepares to walk on the moon.Neil Armstrong / NASA via AP

I said to Mike Collins, in my interview with him: "Well, what about just Neil and Buzz, just the two of them?" Mike was very thoughtful, and had a really good sense of humor and good insight into people. Mike thought for a minute and said: "Neutral strangers." He didn't even include the amiable part.

Armstrong's two-year-old daughter, Karen, died of a brain tumor in 1962. How did that affect him?

I knew it was going to be a very private subject because there were people that knew Neil well in the succeeding years that didn't even know that Neil had a daughter, because he never talked about it. In my interviews with his wife, Janet Armstrong, I discovered he didn't talk about it with her either. I got Neil to talk about it, probably more than anybody else ever had, but I also talked to Janet about it. I talked to Neil's sister, June, about it. June really understood her brother. She told me that Neil just loved that little girl so much, and that he really never got over it.

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I wanted to see what the effects might have been on him. I looked at his flying — he was still a test pilot at the time she died. I looked at his flying record over the next few months before he became an astronaut, and there was a series of troubled flights, problems that occurred in different flights that had never happened, really, in his flying career before. I really was examining whether the emotional impact of the death of the daughter, whether it affected his flying. Then, ultimately, did it affect his decision to become an astronaut? I really concluded that it did play a role.

Iin his classic way of talking about things, or avoiding talking too much about things, when I asked him about the effects of the death of his daughter on him and his career — and this is a line we built directly into the movie — Neil answered me: "Well, I think it would be unreasonable to assume that it would have no effect." It wasn't very elaborate, but he admitted that something like that has to have an effect.

Near the end of the movie, Armstrong drops his daughter’s bracelet into a lunar crater. Did that really happen?

That's a little bit of dramatic license, because we're really not sure what, if anything, he did like that. We don't know what he took to the moon with him personally. Each of the astronauts had what was called a personal property kit, a PPK. In the PPK, which was like a little pouch, they could put things like rings, jewelry, badges, different kinds of things that maybe they were taking for themselves or taking for other people. Each astronaut made a record, wrote down what they put in their PPK before they left the flight. It was kind of a manifest of the contents. Well, Neil's manifest for his PPK has never been seen. I asked to look at it during my time with him for my interviews, and he said he would find it and show it to me, but that never happened. So we're not really sure what all he took.

Another part of the mystery is the trip he made over to Little West crater, where in the movie he leaves the bracelet. That was not a scheduled visit. It was not scripted in the mission plan for him to even go over there. He didn't have a lot of time to get over there because the men in mission control were already telling Aldrin and Neil to get back in the [Lunar Module], that they had been out long enough and it was time to go back. Neil rushed over, got quite exerted. His heart rate went up to over 180. The TV camera that was on the lunar module wasn't pointing at him, so we don't know exactly what he did over there.

It's a poignant moment in the film, and I guess I just leave it with the following thought: that there are times when the power of poetry prevails over the uncertainty of fact.

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This robo-dog has better dance moves than most humans

It can shimmy, shake and even moonwalk.

by Shoshana Wodinsky / Oct. 22, 2018 / 11:05 PM GMT+1

The SpotMini from Boston Dynamics could be dancing into your home as early as next year.Boston Dynamics

In a year in which robots have done everything from flip burgers alongside fast-food chefs to perform a backflip worthy of an Olympic gymnast, it may come as no surprise that a bot is now trying to out-dance humans, too.

Last week, engineers at the Waltham, Massachusetts-based company Boston Dynamics released a short video showing its four-legged SpotMini robot shimmying, shaking and even moonwalking to Bruno Mars’ hit song “Uptown Funk.” Since it was uploaded a week ago, the minute-long clip has been watched more than 4 million times.

This is only the latest demonstration of SpotMini’s tricks. Previously, Boston Dynamics has shown the dog-like bot opening a door (as a human handler repeatedly tried to block its way); cleaning up around the house, using its telescoping, giraffe-like neck and “mouth” to gently load up a dishwasher; and even recycling.

These videos do more than delight (and sometimes terrify) us — they also highlight SpotMini’s agility and dexterity. And soon, the bot could find itself with a job beyond just showing off its rhythm. Boston Dynamics has confirmed that the robot will be commercially available as early as next year, reported CNET.

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But just because they’re for sale doesn’t mean robots like the SpotMini herald a coming robot apocalypse. “Agile robots like SpotMini may have a place in the more distant future,” John Baillieul, an engineering professor at Boston University, told NBC News MACH in an email. “Boston Dynamics has been spectacularly successful in building walking robots for DARPA [the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency], but the company is very much a newcomer to the consumer space.”

Baillieul added that “the immediate future” for robots in our homes probably won’t involve dancing dogs like the SpotMini. Rather, it’s more likely that we’ll share our living spaces with smaller, specialized bots — like the Roomba vacuuming robots — that take over household chores.

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Watch what happens when a drone smashes into an airplane wing

Dramatic experiment spotlights the growing risk of collisions between drones and other aircraft.

by Brandon Specktor, Live Science / Oct. 15, 2018 / 8:54 PM GMT+1

Here's what happens when a drone crashes into the wing of an airplane.University of Dayton

When your plane begins making its final descent from 30,000 feet (9,000 meters), you think the worst is over. Then, mere minutes before reaching the landing strip, the whole plane shudders as something heavy smashes into the wing. It's not a bird; it's not another plane. It's a drone — a tiny but nevertheless powerful object that can turn from a toy or a tool to a piece of devastating midair shrapnel in seconds.

Luckily, such a collision has not happened, yet. But according to Kevin Poormon, group leader at the University of Dayton Research Institute's impact physics lab, it's only a matter of time before an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) causes significant damage to a manned aircraft. When that day comes, Poormon wants aviators to know exactly how much damage they can expect their aircraft to sustain — which is why Poormon and his colleagues simulated a collision by launching a small quadcopter out of a cannon at 238 mph (383 km/h) directly into a small airplane's wing earlier this year. [Supersonic! The 11 Fastest Military Planes]

The results… were striking.

"While the quadcopter broke apart, its energy and mass hung together to create significant damage to the wing," Poormon said in a statement.

As you can see in the high-speed video Poormon and his team recorded, the tiny, 2-lb. (0.9 kilogram) drone disappears into the wing like a bullet into butter (yeah, we googled it). The shattered drone ripped open the wing's leading edge, burrowed inward and damaged the wing's spar — a key structural element that keeps the wing stable. In comparison, when the team shot a fake bird made of pink gel out of their cannon, it ruptured a wider hole in the wing's leading edge, but left the spar untouched.

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"All the weight of the aircraft is suspended on the spars," Poormon told Wired. "If you damage the spar enough on that side, you would not survive. The aircraft would crash."

The wing in Poormon's impact experiment came from a Mooney M20 aircraft — a small, general use airplane that seats about four people (including the pilot). While these relatively small craft aren't built with the same safety specifications of a large passenger jet, the thickness and structure of Mooney wings are pretty similar to those on a larger commercial plane, Poormon said.

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And as drones become more and more mainstream, the chances of a disastrous collision occurring grows ever greater. According to a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) report, pilots reported coming in close proximity to nearly 800 unmanned aerial vehicles between April and June 2018 alone. Those sightings have resulted in a few close calls, and at least one significant collision; In New York last year, a civilian quadcopter flying at about 300 feet (91 m) smashed into an Army Black Hawk helicopter, obliterating the drone and denting the helicopter's rotor.

While the FAA has rules about where and when you can fly a drone legally, most accidents — including the Black Hawk collision — probably occur because drone pilots are unaware that they're breaking these rules. Increased UAV regulation could help prevent future accidents, Poormon said, as could an effort to manufacture drones in such a way that makes them more likely to shatter on impact.

Originally published on Live Science.

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Floyd Mayweather confirms 2019 fight plans: Conor McGregor AND Khabib bouts are ON

FLOYD MAYWEATHER JR has confirmed he plans to fight both Conor McGregor AND Khabib Nurmagomedov in 2019.

Following UFC 229 earlier this month, where Khabib Nurmagomdedov defeated Conor McGregor via fourth round submission, talk has turned to who their next fights will be.

McGregor is keen on a rematch but his opponent seems set on going into the boxing ring with Mayweather.

Nurmagomdedov recently called out the undefeated boxing champion, urging him to take up the offer of a fight.

And Mayweather has now responded, saying he’ll fight Nurmagomdedov AND rematch McGregor in 2019.

fter me and Khabib lock up, me and McGregor we gonna lock up again

Floyd Mayweather

"McGregor was talking that s**t, so it ain't over," he told TMZ.

"After me and Khabib lock up, me and McGregor we gonna lock up again."

McGregor suffered a 10th-round TKO loss to Mayweather in the ring in Las Vegas in August last year in a fascinating encounter.

‘Money,’ (50-0), is keen to cash in on more paydays with the pair ready to box, although the American is keen to dictate the terms on which he fights the UFC stars in proposed negotiations.

Floyd Mayweather is willing to fight Conor McGregor and Khabib Nurmagomedov (Image: GETTY)

Khabib Nurmagomedov beat Conor McGregor at UFC 229 (Image: GETTY)

"When I face Khabib, of course I am getting a nine-figure payday," he said.

"More than the McGregor fight. Probably $100m more - I'm going to say between $110m and $200m (more) guaranteed.

"We fighting. I’m my own boss, so I can't say what's going on at Khabib's end, but at my end we can make it happen.

"I'm Floyd Mayweather. I'm the A-side, you call me out you come into my world.”

Khabib Nurmagomedov and Conor McGregor are set to fight Floyd Mayweather in 2019 (Image: GETTY)

Nurmagomedov is waiting to hear the full extent of his punishment from the UFC after attacking one of McGregor’s coaches in the immediate aftermath of his win in Vegas.

There are claims Nurmagomedov may quit the UFC for good - and a move to boxing would certainly suggest he will turn his back on mixed martial arts.

And it is now looking increasingly likely Mayweather will come out of retirement once again in hope of becoming the first man, at the 28th attempt, to inflict a defeat on Nurmagomedov.

 

Read More...

https://www.express.co.uk/sport/boxing/1033296/Floyd-Mayweather-2019-fight-plans-Conor-McGregor-Khabib-Nurmagomedov

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 04:42

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Roman Reigns reveals he has leukaemia and vacates title - WWE legends and stars react

ROMAN REIGNS stunned the WWE Universe when he revealed he has leukaemia and then vacated his Universal Championship.

Roman Reigns announced he has leukaemia (Image: WWE)

Reigns opened up about how he was diagnosed with the terrible disease when he was 22 years old at a time when his football career had come to an end and he was unemployed, had no money, no home and had a baby on the way.

The Big Dog managed to put it in remission very quickly but announced on RAW at the Dunkin Donuts Center in Providence, Rhode Island that the cancer is back.

The four-time world champion made it perfectly clear that this is not a retirement speech as he is determined to beat leukaemia once more and come back stronger than ever.

Reigns said: "The reality is my real name is Joe [Anoa?i] and I'd been living with leukaemia for 11 years... And unfortunately it's back.

The reality is my real name is Joe [Anoa?i] and I'd been living with leukaemia for 11 years... And unfortunately it's back

Roman Reigns

 

"And because the leukaemia is back, I cannot fulfil my role. I can't be that fighting champion and I'm going to have to relinquish the Universal Championship.

"I'm not going to lie, I'll take every prayer you can send my way but I'm not looking for sympathy.

"I'm not looking for you to feel bad for me because I have faith.

"When I was 22 years old I was diagnosed with this and very quickly I was able to put it in remission. But I'm not going to lie, that was the hardest time of my life.

Dean Ambrose and Seth Rollins showed their support to their Shield team-mate Roman Reigns (Image: WWE)

 

"I didn't have a job, I didn't have any money, I didn't have a home and I had a baby on the way. And football was done with me.

"But do you know who gave me a chance? The team that gave me a chance was the WWE.

"After I'm done whooping leukaemia's a** once again, I'm coming back home."

Roman Reigns has beaten leukaemia before (Image: WWE)

Various WWE superstars and legends immediately reached out to Reigns and expressed their love and support after his shocking announcement.

The ex-WWE Champion's Shield team-mates Seth Rollins and Dean Ambrose came out and struck their famous signature fist bump pose with their brother in arms.

Many other fellow WWE superstars took to Twitter, such as five-time women's champion Alexa Bliss who tweeted: "My heart right now .... Prayers for @WWERomanReigns."

Two-time women's champion Natalya also sent her prayers as she posted: " THANKYOU, @WWERomanReigns. Praying for you and your family."

Former RAW Tag Team Champion Karl Anderson described how heartbroken he was to hear the news when he was ready to board a plane to Newark.

Anderson wrote: " About to board my flight to Newark and hearing news about my #Godbrother and one of the hardest working, strongest brothers I know @WWERomanReigns, got a pit in my stomach. My family throwing so many prayers at you.. Love you bro."

Reigns' cousins and five-time tag team champions Jimmy and Jey Uso shared a picture of all three of them when they were kids and promised him they will always be there for him.

The Usos tweeted: "We been here for u, and will stay here for u. Day one uce. We love you."

John Cena praised his former rival's courage and promised that his family in the WWE will give him all of their love and support.

Cena stated: " ‘Courage - strength in the face of pain or grief.’ You have given us your everything including a courageously vulnerable moment. We, your WWE family, give you all of our love and support."

Various WWE Hall of Famers also reached out to Reigns as 16-time world champion Ric Flair announced that he and his family are with him at this difficult time.

Flair tweeted: "My Family And I Are Thinking Of You And Are Keeping You In Our Prayers! We Are Here For You!"

Bret Hart shared a picture of him with The Big Dog and captioned it with: "Fight on to victory my courageous brother!"

Diamond Dallas Page and Booker expressed their respect and support for the Universal Champion's courage.

Brock Lesnar's advocate Paul Heyman addressed the Universal Championship situation on RAW and praised the 33-year-old grappler's stunning bravery and greatness.

Heyman said: "It is humbling to be amongst the members of that locker room tonight and to have been in the presence of such courage and such greatness."

 

Read More....

https://www.express.co.uk/sport/wwe/1035123/Roman-Reigns-leukaemia-WWE-news-RAW-Bret-Hart-Alexa-Bliss-Ric-Flair-John-Cena-Ric-Flair

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 04:35

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Cristiano Ronaldo: Juventus star sends message to Sir Alex Ferguson before Man Utd return

CRISTIANO RONALDO has sent his best wishes to Sir Alex Ferguson ahead of an emotional return to Manchester United.

Ronaldo will play at Old Trafford on Tuesday night for just the second time when his Juventus side takes on Manchester United in the Champions League.

The Portuguese star 118 times in 292 appearances for United.

And he won three Premier League titles, one FA Cup, two League Cups and the 2008 Champions League under Ferguson.

In May, Ferguson had emergency brain surgery but has since recovered and received a standing ovation on his return to Old Trafford in September.

Speaking in his press conference, Ronaldo was asked about coming back to his former club and sent a message to Ferguson.

“Emotional, I can remember what it was like when I was at Manchester,” he told reporters.

“I won lots of trophies here. I remember the support as well, the support was fantastic.

“Here I have many memories of victories and affection and in particular with Sir Alex Ferguson, to whom I send a big hug.

Cristiano Ronaldo sent a message to Sir Alex Ferguson ahead of his Man Utd return (Image: Getty)

Cristiano Ronaldo smiles during his press conference (Image: EPA)

“He is a person who helped me so much."

Juventus are top of the group over United after two wins in the competitions.

And Ronaldo is confident of making it three from three.

"It will be a difficult game. We know Manchester United have a good team. They are playing at home," he said.

Cristiano Ronaldo is happy to be back in Manchester (Image: EPA)

"It will be tough, but we have our weapons.

"We are Juve, so we know it is going to be tough but we have chances.

"I know if we play good, if we play the way the coach wants, I think we have a good chance to win the game.

"But we have to respect Manchester United because they are a fantastic team.

"They have an experienced coach, so I expect that Juve will win the game.

Read More.......

https://www.express.co.uk/sport/football/1035004/Cristiano-Ronaldo-Juventus-Sir-Alex-Ferguson-Man-Utd-return

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 04:23

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Moon to be colonised SOON: Astronaut says SpaceX and Nasa on brink of making dream real

HUMANS are closer than ever before to colonising the Moon, thanks to the likes of NASA and commercial partner SpaceX, according to veteran astronaut Chris Hadfield.

Colonel Hadfield, who formerly commanded the International Space Station (ISS), said commercial enterprises like SpaceX, together with governments, will push the boundaries of what’s possible.

Speaking at the IP EXPO Europe conference in London’s Royal Victoria today, the Canadian astronaut believes technology is moving forward faster than ever before.

He told Express.co.uk: “We’ll be settling the Moon really soon.”

According to Mr Hadfield, the key to human-led space exploration is the partnership between venture capitalists and government agencies.

He named SpaceX’s Elon Musk and Blue Origin’s Jeff Bezos as some of the people who are making the “impossible possible”.

But all of this is done in commercial partnership with established bodies like NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA).

He compared the entrepreneurs to the Age of Discovery where explorers including Christopher Columbus, James Cook and Portugal’s Henry the Navigator, led maritime discovery.

Mr Hadfield said: “It’s going to be a mixture and it should be. It parallels the historical precedent.

NASA and SpaceX will take humans to the Moon, said Chris Hadfield (Image: GETTY)

“We are generally limited by technology and then somebody pushes this technology in a profitable way.

“The technology becomes good enough that then it can start to become profitable and open for private business.

“If you look at the work that was done in the 1400s in Portugal and Spain, by Henry the Navigator and company, they spent a fortune.

“They created the caravel – a ship that could beat the wind and sail in shallow waters. It was their spaceship of the time.

“They didn’t want to go the spice islands without having to walk all the way there and back, but they pushed that technology for a long time and then with the combination of venture capitalists and government and businesses they started launching ships.”

We’ll be settling the Moon really soon

Chris Hadfield, Astronaut

Just like Bartholomew Diaz sailed around the southern tip of Africa in 1488, Mr Hadfield said the combination of new technology and someone managing that technology is “in the purview of government”.

He said: “Right now we’re just building the roads into space.”

The astronaut stressed unmanned spaceflight has been dominated by the commercial sector for decades but human spaceflight has just started to get off the ground.

Chris Hadfield said the commercial and public sector together will take humans into space (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY/EXPRESS.CO.UK)

One of the people particularly pushing this forward is SpaceX founder Elon Musk.

Mr Hadfield said: “Elon is showy but brilliant. Hugely brilliant.”

The biggest challenge beyond colonising the Moon is sending humans further out into space, to places like Mars.

Recently, Mr Musk teased his ambition to build a Martian colony on the Red Planet as early as the year 2028.

But Mr Hadfield is not convinced the technology is here yet to allow us to efficiently travel between planets.

The astronaut said chemically propelled rockets – the kind used on a daily basis – are not the right kind.

He suggested electromagnetic acceleration or electric ion propulsion could be the key to reaching Mars one day.

During his opening keynote today, Mr Hadfield noted: “Our pace of invention is not fast, it’s accelerating. Things will never be this slow again.”

 

Read more.......

https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1026315/Moon-colonisation-spacex-elon-musk-nasa

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 04:18

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NASA asteroid WARNING: Asteroid big enough to WIPE OUT London headed for Earth

AN ASTEROID potentially big enough to flatten an area the size of London is headed for a Close Earth Approach, NASA warned.

The giant space rock barreling towards Earth is estimated to measure anywhere between 301.8 ft and 688.9 ft (92m and 210m) in diameter.

An asteroid on either side of the estimate could wreak absolute havoc on Earth, particularly if it hit a city the size of UK’s capital.

Past impacts of smaller asteroids have been known to level areas larger than the total area of Greater London.

The 1908 Tunguska asteroid incident, for instance, completely destroyed more than 772 square miles (1999.47 square km) of forest in Russia.

According to the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, that particular asteroid could have been as small as 196.8 ft (60m) across.

Considering Asteroid UG1 could be as tall as Big Ben’s clock tower, or larger than the Great Pyramids of Giza, the potential threat to human life is unimaginable.

Data collected by the London Data Store and Greater London Authority suggest the total area of London measures around 606.99 square miles (1,572.1 square km) – an area smaller than the Tunguska incident.

The Smithsonian Observatory said it would only take an asteroid 3,280 ft in diameter to destroy an area of land the size of an average US state.

NASA asteroid warning: A potentially destructive asteroid is headed for Earth next week (Image: GETTY)

But the good news is Asteroid UG1 will avoid the Earth with a wide berth – of about 2.48 million miles (four million km) to be precise.

NASA predicts the space rock will reach its closest distance to Earth of approximately 0.02675 astronomical units (au) or 10.41 lunar distances (LD) around 3.45am BST (2.45am UTC) next Thursday.

One astronomical distance is an average

This means the asteroid will zip by the Earth 10-times farther than the Moon is on any given night.

But there is still reason to pay attention to the asteroid because UG1 is a so-called Near-Earth Object (NEO) on a Close Earth Approach trajectory.

The European Space Agency (ESA) defines NEOs as all asteroids and comets that could “potentially hit our planet, and depending on their size, produce considerable damage.”

The ESA said: “Near-Earth Objects are asteroids or comets of sizes ranging from metres to tens of kilometres that orbit the Sun and whose orbits come close to that of Earth’s.

measurement of the distance between Earth and the Sun.

NASA asteroid warning: The giant space rock could measure up to 690 ft in diameter (Image: GETTY)

NASA asteroid warning: An impact on this scale could be absolutely cataclysmic (Image: GETTY)

“Of the more than 600,000 known asteroids in our Solar System, more than 16,000 are NEOs.”

The odds of an average NEO hitting Earth are slim but the space agency stressed the importance of tracking them to predict the possibility of future impacts.

Next week, the asteroid will speed through the void of space on its journey around the Sun at speeds of around of 30,019.6mph (13.42 km per second).

After the asteroid completes its flyby, NASA does not expect UG1 to make another close approach until December 29, 2021

A Lunar Distance is the average amount of space between the Earth and its Moon

Read More.....

https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1030770/NASA-asteroid-warning-London-asteroid-UG1-Earth-danger

Prynx Posted on October 23, 2018 04:07

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Rare 'Go Mango' 1970 Dodge Challenger 440 six-pack found in barn after owner passed away

Better keep your eyes open, because you never know what your next-door neighbor is hiding out back.

Sometimes it’s a good thing!

 

A Pennsylvania car enthusiast who’d rented a home in a wooded neighborhood near Harrisburg last year had no idea that the man next door had over 80 cars stored on his property until he passed away two months later.

The muscle car fan found quite a few treats, but none tastier than a 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T painted ‘Go Mango’ that was hidden under a plastic sheet in a pole barn and that he wasted no time buying from the estate.

(lg12657)

It had been parked there for decades and was last moved outside when the barn’s roof was damaged during a storm in 1993.

The coupe was originally fitted with a 440 cubic-inch "six-pack" V8, but the owner was fond of swapping parts among his cars and the numbers-matching engine for this one was found in the basement.

(lg12657)

The car received several other modifications over the years, but most of the original parts were still with it, save for the carburetors, which had been stolen long ago.

According to the 1970 Dodge Charger Registry, there were only 431 R/Ts painted ‘Go Mango’ in 1970, and just 22 of them had a 4-speed manual transmission like this one, making the find even more amazing.

With a fair amount of rust and a worn interior, it’s far from a perfect one, but the engine is back in and running again, the metal is mostly straight and the experts at BarnFinds.com think it wouldn’t take too much effort to get it back into top condition.

(lg12657)

Nevertheless, the market thinks it's worth plenty as is.

The car is being offered in an eBay auction that ends Monday at 9:49 PM EST and the bidding has already reached $45,000, which is still short of the unpublished reserve price, not to mention the Hagerty Price Guide’s $108,000 value for a fully restored example.

Gary Gastelu is FoxNews.com's Automotive Editor.

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Luke Posted on October 22, 2018 18:54

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Vodka expert and Grey Goose creator says spirit doesn't belong in freezer

Instead, put a few ice cubes in your drink before sipping, the creator of Grey Goose's original recipe says. (iStock)

For years we've been told to store our vodka in the freezer, but now one expert claims that's the last thing you should be doing.

Grey Goose creator Francois Thibault knows a thing or two about the alcoholic tipple, and he says sticking it in the freezer is the number one mistake people make.

If you're a fan of an ice-cold drink, storing it there can be a tempting idea: Vodka freezes at -27C, which means there's no chance of that happening in your household freezer.

WHAT THE HECK IS A 'PORNSTAR MARTINI'?

But Thibault told Business Insider chilling it to a freezer level dulls the flavor — so it's time to put that plan on ice.

"The best temperature for Grey Goose is 0-4 degrees Celsius, which is the temperature of a slight dilution with ice in a mixing glass," Thibault said.

The creator of the original Grey Goose recipe, and even the head mixologist at Belvedere, says freezing your vodka dull its flavor. (Igor Golovniov/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images)

Belvedere's head mixologist Claire Smith has echoed this advice in an interview with Complex. "The flavor and the personality of the raw material become more subdued" as you chill it, according to Smith.

She did add that the texture becomes thicker, but Thibault says it's no trade-off.

Having said this, vodka can be too "aggressive" as room temperature, so Thibault recommends adding a couple of ice cubes before you take a sip.

FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK FOR MORE FOX LIFESTYLE NEWS

There is one exception to the rule: If you've got cheap vodka, which burns the throat, chilling will dull this effect — so pop it in the freezer before taking a shot.

This article originally appeared on The Sun. Read more content from The Sun here.

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Luke Posted on October 22, 2018 18:52

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Bizarre, 185 million-year-old Jurassic-era mammal found with 38 babies

figure representing the 38 Kayentatherium babies found with an adult specimen. They are the only known fossils of babies from an extinct mammal relative that lived during the Early Jurassic. (Credit: Eva Hoffman / The University of Texas at Austin)

New fossils of an extinct mammal relative and her 38 babies are among the best evidence that a major evolutional development for mammals occurred, allowing them to trade increased reproductive ability for bigger brains.

The discovery is extremely rare because these fossils are the only known babies of a mammal precursor on record, according to researchers at the University of Texas.

 

The discovery "is a once-in-a-lifetime type discovery that can have a huge impact on how we view mammal biology," Greg Wilson of the University of Washington, told Live Science.

ANCIENT INSCRIPTION DISCOVERY THRILLS ARCHAEOLOGISTS IN ISRAEL

The animal, called the Kayentatherium wellesi, was a cynodont or mammal relative that lived during the Jurassic period, some 185 million years ago. The numerous babies she had were more than twice the average size of any mammal living today, which may indicate that K. wellesi reproduced similarly to a reptile.

While no eggshells were discovered at the site, the study found the babies were likely developing inside eggs or had just hatched when they died.

The babies had very small brains, supporting the notion that as mammals developed, they traded off small brains and big litters for larger brains and smaller litters, the researchers said.

"These babies are from a really important point in the evolutionary tree," the study's lead researcher, Eva Hoffman, said in a statement. "They had a lot of features similar to modern mammals, features that are relevant in understanding mammalian evolution."

(Credit: Eva Hoffman / The University of Texas at Austin)

Discovered more than 18 years ago, the fossils were uncovered in northeastern Arizona by study co-researcher Timothy Rowe, a professor at the University of Texas. Rowe initially believed the chunk of rock he excavated contained only one specimen.

However, the sample became more exceptional when Sebastian Egberts, a former graduate student at the Jackson School, noticed a speck of tooth enamel in the slab in 2009.

"It didn't look like a pointy fish tooth or a small tooth from a primitive reptile," said Egberts, who is now an instructor of anatomy at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic. "It looked more like a molariform [molar-like] tooth — and that got me very excited."

Micro-computed tomography (CT) scans showed the rock included more than just the mother. It also contained the partial skeletons of the babies of the same species.

Since K. wellesi had a tiny brain and many babies, it also appeared that the step in which mammals traded litter power for brain power had not occurred in the early Jurassic period, the researchers said. It was not until a few million years later did mammals expand their brain size at the expense of their number of offspring.

"Our reproductive biology is such a central component to being mammal," Greg Wilson said. "This fossil gives us a snapshot of the reproductive biology of an animal that was not quite mammalian yet. It gives us a window into the transition from what it means to be reptile to what it means to be mammalian.

Luke Posted on October 22, 2018 18:40

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Giada De Laurentiis says ‘it was very intimidating’ being in front of cameras for the first time

Giada De Laurentiis didn’t always feel at ease being in front of the camera.

“In the beginning, it was very intimidating,” the Food Network star admitted to People magazine Monday. “I think I just wasn’t open enough; I wasn’t secure enough.”

 

The Italian-born chef was previously working as a food stylist when Food Network recruited her to host “Everyday Italian” in 2003. At the time, De Laurentiis had zero on-camera experience.

“Italian culture and Italian food were such a part of my every day that I didn’t realize other people wouldn’t understand certain things,” said the 48-year-old.

And having the spotlight on her didn’t come so naturally — at first.

Giada De Laurentiis on the Food Network show "Everyday Italian."

“Everybody cooks their pasta al dente, don’t they?” said De Laurentiis on being told to constantly explain things while filming. “I think I lost like five pounds in three days filming the pilot.”

And while De Laurentiis would quickly heat things up for the network with her popular series, it wouldn’t be the last time she broke a sweat.

De Laurentiis added she will never forget her first time on live television as a guest on the “Today” show.

“Al Roker was my host,” she explained. “I made a grilled chicken with three different pestos, but it was actually the stylist who cooked the food… we get to the point where Al says, ‘Let’s taste it’ and cuts into the chicken, and it was raw inside! I just froze, my entire body and mind froze. It’s those terrifying moments [that] end up being the things that can change your career.”

 

Still, that unfortunate mishap didn’t ruin De Laurentiis’ career. In fact, the sought-after celebrity chef currently co-hosts “Food Network Star” alongside Bobby Flay.

Back in 2013, De Laurentiis admitted to Fox News that it’s not always easy juggling a high-profile career, while being a hands-on parent to her daughter Jade, now 10.

“It’s not easy, to be honest,” said De Laurentiis at the time. “My number one advice is getting good help. Don’t be afraid to ask for help within your family. I have two lovely ladies who’ve helped me with Jade since she was young. I can’t do everything and be everywhere at any moment, but I can set myself up for success by asking for help, which is exactly what I do.

 

“And the ability to see others on the phone has really helped me. The phone is not one of my daughter’s favorite things, but if she can see me, where I am, even where my bed is in the room, she still feels connected to me while I’m on the road.”

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Luke Posted on October 22, 2018 18:38

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Wife Swap' son charged with murder of mom and younger brother in Ohio: report

A man that formerly appeared on the ABC series “Wife Swap,” has been charged with two counts of murder for allegedly killing his mother and younger brother, according to multiple reports.

Jacob Stockdale, 26, reportedly shot his mother, Kathryn, as well as his 21-year-old brother, James in 2017. According to TMZ, they died instantly and Stockdale later then turned the weapon on himself, firing one shot into his head. However, he survived and was immediately hospitalized so that doctors could repair the damage through surgery and rehab.

 

According to the Canton Repository, he faces 15 years to life for each of the charges which are only being brought now because authorities wanted to allow him time to heal and be coherent enough to stand trial for his alleged crimes. So far, the Stark County Sheriff’s office has not released details on a potential motive.

Kathryn Stockdale was allegedly murdered by her son, Jacob.  (GoFundMe)

The remaining Stockdale family, which includes Jacob, his father and two brothers, were known throughout the area for their bluegrass band, which performed at fairs and local venues. However, they were also known for their part in an episode of “Wife Swap” from 2008.

The Stockdale family band. (GoFundMe)

Billed as a “devoutly religious” family that was homeschooled and kept under a strict watch by their mother to ensure that they don’t succumb to the dangers of pop culture and dating, Kathryn switched places for a period of time with the mother of a different family.

 

According to TMZ, Stark County Prosecutor John Ferrero presented the case to a grand jury, which ultimately decided not to pursue the death penalty for Stockdale.

Neither Ferrero nor Stockdale’s attorney, Wayne Graham, were immediately available to respond to Fox News’ request for comment.

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Luke Posted on October 22, 2018 18:33

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Parents And Doctors Shocked As Baby Grows 'Fang Tooth' Overnight

Jake Massey in  News

Having a newborn baby to look after is a worrisome enough experience for any parent at the best of times. Is the baby hungry, sleepy, safe, happy, freshly soiled?

But imagine if on top of these daily panics your baby also appeared to grow a 'fang tooth' overnight.

This was the situation Tara and Brian O'Byrne found themselves in on Monday after their 11-week-old baby, Oscar, spent the morning crying more than usual.


Credit: Facebook/Tara O' Byrne

Upon discovering the peculiar tooth, the couple from County Louth, Ireland, rushed him to hospital.

Speaking to the Irish Daily Mirror, Tara said: "I went in to him around 7am. I usually give him a soother and he goes back asleep for an hour, but he kept crying.

"So I took him out and changed him but when I went to feed him, I found the tooth in his mouth. It had grown overnight."


Credit: Facebook/Tara O' Byrne

Upon arriving at Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital in Drogheda, Tara and Brian found doctors were just as shocked by the Dracula-like fang.

Tara said: "They were debating whether it was a tooth or not. They kept calling other doctors in - they didn't know what to do."

The doctors ultimately had to call and get advice from Temple Street Children's Hospital, in Dublin, and from there it was arranged for Oscar to see a dentist.


Credit: Facebook/Tara O' Byrne

However, the troublesome mystery tooth continued to cause problems even after being removed.

Tara said: "The suction caused the tooth to go up his nose - I had to wind him to get it out, but he was okay.

"There were dentists coming in to take pictures of the tooth and everything. We took it home to show Oscar when he gets older.

"We were terrified at first but now we're seeing the funny side. Me and my husband were laughing about it, it's mad - especially at this time of the year."

It's good to see everything eventually turned out OK, but you can't help but wonder how that tooth could have turned out, had it been given an opportunity to flourish.

Considering the size of it after cropping up 'overnight', you'd assume it would have been truly terrifying had it been left in for Halloween.

When babies teeth first begin to emerge can vary greatly, but ordinarily they start to show between three and nine months of age. As such, Oscar's fang tooth was both unusually early and unusually shaped.

http://www.ladbible.com/news/news-parents-and-doctors-shocked-as-baby-grows-fang-tooth-overnight-20181020

khojho Posted on October 22, 2018 17:32

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Game of Thrones: A special reunion episode has been filmed, Sean Bean has revealed

Sean Bean has revealed that a Game of Thrones special, featuring past and present cast members, has been filmed.

The actor – who played Ned Stark on the show – let slip that American late-night host Conan O’Brien will host the one-off episode, which was filmed in Belfast earlier this year.

Related Slideshow: Game of Thrones stars- Then and now (provided by photo services)

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“It was the last episode, so we all got together,” he told The Hollywood Reporter. “They decided to get all the characters together for a bit for this big show in Belfast and he kind of hosted the evening.

Game of Thrones will come to an end after the upcoming eighth season. HBO has not confirmed a release date yet, but fans think they have worked out when the final batch of episodes may begin airing.

© Shutterstock

Asked whether he keeps in contact with his fellow cast members, Bean said has “only seen them on a couple of occasions”. 

© Shutterstock

“It’s funny with work, you don’t really keep in touch,” he said. ”You do so many types of jobs in that part of the world. It’s just like whenever I see old friends or even old drama school friends, it’s just the same, we pick up where we left off last time.”

https://www.msn.com/en-xl/europe/life-arts/game-of-thrones-a-special-reunion-episode-has-been-filmed-sean-bean-has-revealed/ar-BBOF0nx?li=BBKhQr3&ocid=SK216DHP

khojho Posted on October 22, 2018 13:46

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Usain Bolt has received Mariners offer, confirms A-League boss Greg O'Rourke

A-League boss Greg O'Rourke has confirmed Central Coast Mariners have offered Usain Bolt a contract, but stressed Football Federation Australia won't be contributing to his wage.

News of an offer broke on Sunday while the Mariners began their season with a 1-1 draw against Brisbane Roar, with coach Mike Mulvey revealing afterwards he had no clue about the offer.

While their own coach might need some filling in, O'Rourke admitted he is aware of an offer being made.

"I understand from Central Coast Mariners that they have tabled an offer to Usain Bolt’s management which he is considering," O'Rourke said on SEN Afternoons.

Related: Usain Bolt and the other stars who have switched sports in their careers (Readsport)

"That offer is much, much less than they were originally requesting and that’s really reflected that if Usain wants to join the club and become a footballer he should follow a journey pretty similar to any triallist - not withstanding for a minute the amount of marketing that somebody like Usain Bolt, the fastest man in the world, can bring to the Central Coast and the broader A-League."

Related: 

Reports suggest the offer to Bolt will see him pocket around $150,000 should he accept - a figure well short of initial claims he could stand to make $3 million in the A-League.

That significantly reduced wage offer comes after the FFA vowed they wouldn't help cover Bolt's costs with O'Rourke stressing that remains the case.

"There’s no funding from the marquee fund as we said from day one because the marquee fund has secured people like Keisuke Honda and Sam Kerr with football pedigree and Usain Bolt has yet to become a professional footballer anywhere in the world," he said.

"There were some marketing conversations about contributions towards attendances at games, appearance fees if you like, but as for funding him as a footballer then the FFA has been consistent in that they won’t fund him.

"That won’t change."https://www.msn.com/en-xl/australasia/australasia-sport/usain-bolt-has-received-mariners-offer-confirms-a-league-boss-greg-orourke/ar-BBOHV2L?li=BBKhQr3&ocid=SK216DHP

khojho Posted on October 22, 2018 13:40

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Canada earthquake: 6.8 earthquake hits Canada just MINUTES after 6.6 massive tremor

CANADA has been hit with three devastating earthquakes in quick succession on Monday morning, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) said.

The first earthquake struck off at 6.39am BST, while the second one rocketed the same location less than half an hour later, at 7.16am BST. 

And a third, strong quake hit the same area less than one hour after the first one. 

The tremors hit the Canadian province of British Columbia, which lays on the notorious Ring of Fire

The first one struck at a depth of 21 miles (33 km) about 117 miles (190 km) southwest of Port Hardy, a town on the northeast end of Vancouver island, while the second struck 135 miles (218 km) southwest of Port Hardy.  

The latest, a 6.5 magnitude quake, hit 138 miles (223 km) southwest of Port Hardy at 7.22am BST. 

Reuters had initially reported the magnitude of the two earthquakes was respectively 6.7 and 7. 

Aftershocks are already following the terrifying wave of earthquakes, with a 4.9 magnitude tremor hitting the area at 7.36am BST. 

There were no immediate reports of casualties or damage from the quakes.   

And a tsunami warning hasn't been set in place at the moment.   

Seismologist Johanna Wagstaffe said three back-to-back earthquakes highlight the “complicated” tectonic environment off British Columbia.

"If any one of these quakes had hit closer to land, there would have been devastating consequences," said Wagstaffe.

"Three large ones in a row does seem unusual and I'm sure scientists will be learning as much as they can over the next couple of days about the change in stresses just off our coast." 

Related articles

Canada earthquake: Four earthquakes rocketed Vancouver Island within one hour (Image: USGS)

The Ring of Fire lies in a horseshoe shape in the Pacific Ocean, stretching from New Zealand to Chile and including the Asian and American coasts. 

There are 452 volcanoes in the 25,000-mile area.

This makes it constantly active, with tremors striking regions laying on the Ring every day. 

Six minor earthquakes hit Alaska, which also sits on the Ring of Fire, overnight.  

Canada earthquake: More than 1100 earthquakes rocketed earth this year (Image: USGS)

The strongest one was a 3.8 magnitude earthquake which hit 157 miles (253 km) off Kodiak. 

Professor Bill McGuire, Emeritus Professor of Earth Sciences at University College London explained to Express.co.uk why the Ring of Fire is so dangerous.

He said: “The Ring of Fire is a girdle of volcanoes and earthquake zones that circles the Pacific Ocean, and which marks the join between some of the planet's most active tectonic plates.

“Almost all the of the world's most explosive and dangerous volcanoes are located here, along with the some of the longest and most deadly earthquake faults.  

Canada earthquake: A residential area in British Columbia, Canada (Image: GETTY)

“Many of the biggest faults in the Ring of Fire are submarine so that their rupture can trigger catastrophic tsunamis, such as those that struck Indonesia and the Indian Ocean in 2004 and Japan in 2011.” 

More than 1000 earthquakes take place around the world every year - most of them in area sitting on the Ring. 

Ben van der Pluijm, a geologist at the University of Michigan, told Express.co.uk: “On a yearly basis we have roughly 1500 magnitude 5-5.9 earthquakes around the world.

“So far we are at roughly 1100 for 2018.” 

Prynx Posted on October 22, 2018 09:08

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Massive dam threatens Egypt's portion of Nile

Is Ethiopia taking control of the River Nile?

By Sarah Lazarus, CNN

Updated 0952 GMT (1752 HKT) October 20, 2018

(CNN)Look at Egypt on Google Earth and you will see a green line snaking through a sand-colored landscape, fanning out into a triangle in the north.

This emerald ribbon is the vegetation that grows on either side of the Nile River and around its delta. It is Egypt's only fertile land -- and testament to the country's reliance on this fabled waterway.

The Nile River Basin extends to 11 African countries, but Egypt -- one of the oldest civilizations in the world -- has controlled the river and used the lion's share of its waters for millennia.

That could be about to change.

By Gul Tuysuz and Clarissa Ward, CNN

October 20, 2018

 

Ethiopia's very big dam

The Blue Nile River is the Nile's largest tributary and supplies about 85% of the water entering Egypt. Ethiopia is building its $5 billion Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Blue Nile, near the border with Sudan. When completed, it will be the largest dam in Africa, generating around 6,000 megawatts of electricity for both domestic use and export.

Ethiopia's ambitious project is designed to help lift its fast-growing population out of poverty. But the new dam also puts management of the flow of the Blue Nile in Ethiopia's hands -- and that has sparked a power shift in the region.

For the Egyptians, the Nile is, literally, a lifeline. The vast majority of the country's 97 million people live along its banks.

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and the Nile

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (2017) – Once finished, Ethiopia's new dam will be the largest in Africa, measuring 1,800 meters (1.1 miles) in length and 155 meters (508 feet) high.

"It's like somebody has control over a tap. If the Ethiopian people for some reason want to reduce the amount of water coming to Egypt, it would be a great problem," says Aly El-Bahrawy, professor of hydraulics at Cairo's Ain Shams University.

Water scarcity is a serious issue in the north African nation, according to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). In 2014, Egypt had 637 cubic meters per capita, compared to 9,538 cubic meters per capita in the United States -- nearly 15 times as much.

With its population predicted to reach 120 million by 2030, Egypt is on track to hit the threshold for "absolute water scarcity" -- less than 500 cubic meters per capita -- according to the FAO.

And that's without factoring in any complications caused by the dam.

Blue and White

Although it is most strongly associated with Egypt, neither of the Nile's two sources are situated in the country. The White Nile begins at Lake Victoria -- Africa's largest lake, which sits between Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda -- while the Blue Nile originates at Lake Tana in the Ethiopian Highlands. The two rivers merge near the Sudanese capital Khartoum to form the main waterway, which flows north through Egypt to the Mediterranean.

Egypt's claim on the Nile's waters has, however, been enshrined in law for nearly 90 years, in the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1929, signed between Egypt and Great Britain, and the 1959 Bilateral Agreement between Egypt and Sudan. Collectively known as the Nile Waters Agreements, the treaties grant 18.5 billion cubic meters of water a year to Sudan and 55.5 billion cubic meters to Egypt.

The Nile Waters Agreements allocated no water to Ethiopia -- even though it is home to a major source -- or the other eight countries of the Nile Basin, whose rivers feed into Lake Victoria and contribute to the White Nile.

What's more, the agreements granted Egypt veto power over construction projects on the Nile River and its tributaries anywhere upstream.

"It is generally believed that Egypt received such favorable terms (during colonial times) ... because the country was very important to the United Kingdom's agricultural interests, particularly its cotton fields," says John Mukum Mbaku, professor of economics at Weber State University in Utah and co-author of "Governing the Nile River Basin."

The Blue Nile Falls -- located near the river's source, Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

Egypt not only needs the Nile waters, it believes it has a legal and historical right to them. Other countries disagree.

"The Nile River Basin's upstream riparian states argue that the Nile Waters Agreements are unfair, inequitable and unsustainable," says Mbaku. Upstream countries, including Ethiopia, maintain that "they are not bound by these agreements, because they were never parties to them," Mbaku says.

In 1999, the Nile River Basin States started negotiations to design a legal framework that would provide for a fairer allocation of the Nile's waters, but Egypt and Sudan would not compromise on the "absolute protection of their prior rights" and no consensus was reached, says Mbaku.

However, unlike the other countries that share the Nile, Egypt has only one river, says El-Bahrawy, and as the most downstream nation, it is most vulnerable to development upstream. Egypt also only gets "a few millimeters of rain per year," he says. "Compared to other countries, Egypt is very, very dry."

Lake Victoria -- source of the White Nile.

It's not just about water, El-Bahrawy adds. There's an emotional element, too.

"The Nile is extremely important in Egyptian culture -- it's in the movies and books and love songs. If Egyptians feel this river is threatened, it touches their hearts and their feelings."

The dam changes the conversation

Negotiations between the Nile River nations had rumbled on for over a decade when, in 2011, the Ethiopians made the bold decision to build the dam -- without consulting Egypt.

In 2013, Egypt's former president Mohamed Morsi was reported to have said in a televised speech that, while he was not "calling for war" with Ethiopia, Egypt's water security could not be "violated at all." If Egypt's share of the Nile diminished "by one drop," he added, then "our blood is the alternative."

When Egypt's initial threats failed to make an impact, they tried a more diplomatic approach instead, says Mbaku. "The decision by the Egyptian authorities to talk directly with Ethiopia ... represented an important but predictable shift in Cairo's attitude," says Mbaku.

In March 2015, the heads of state of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia met in Khartoum to start negotiations over the filling and operation of the dam. Numerous meetings have followed, but a settlement has not been reached. The Nile Waters Agreements have proved a particularly intractable sticking point: "While Egyptian officials say publicly that they want to talk with the Ethiopians ... they still think those agreements should be honored," says Mbaku.

In 2017, with around 60% of construction completed, talks broke down and Egypt scaled up its rhetoric again, but this year, the tide seemed to be turning.

In May, the irrigation ministers of all three countries agreed to establish a scientific study group to assess the impact of the dam on downstream flows. A month later, Ethiopia's new prime minister Abiy Ahmed visited Egypt and reassured Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi that he wanted to aid development in Ethiopia without harming the Egyptian people.

Abiy took office in April 2018 and has gained credentials as a proactive peacemaker by ending his country's cold war with Eritrea. Mbaku believes that Abiy seeks harmony rather than confrontation with his regional neighbors, but cautions that the Ethiopians know they are now bargaining from a position of strength.

The vast majority of Egypt's population live along the banks of the Nile and around its delta.

"The fact that the Ethiopians were able to get away with constructing the dam has given them a morale boost," says Mbaku. "It has shown them that the Egyptians are not as powerful as everyone thought."

Fill speed

How much time Ethiopia will spend filling the dam's reservoir is a critical issue for Egypt and has been the focus of recent negotiations. The quicker the fill, the less water will be released downstream during that time.

"Technically, they could fill it in three years," says Kevin Wheeler of the Environmental Change Institute at the UK's University of Oxford. "Egypt would prefer a longer time range of around 10 years."

The weather is another key factor. "If there's an alignment between the filling and a drought, then even a slow fill could be problematic," says Wheeler.

Calculations are complex because the variables are open to negotiation. "Ethiopia focuses on average rainfall conditions when planning. Egypt prefers to plan for worst case scenarios," says Wheeler. "The closer the two countries work together, the more safely they will be able to fill the reservoir."

"Everyone should hope for rain during those years," he adds.

Khaled AbuZeid, secretary general of the Egyptian Water Partnership, a non-governmental organization, says he is more worried about "accumulative long-term losses caused by the dam once it is in operation." At present, he says, when the river flows are high, Egypt stores water in Lake Nasser, the reservoir behind its own dam -- the High Aswan Dam -- which it then extracts during dry years.

The Abu Simbel temple complex -- seen here in 1960 -- had to be relocated when the High Aswan Dam was constructed.

"If the reservoir behind the GERD is operated at higher levels, it will result in huge losses due to seepage and evaporation," says AbuZeid. "The water lost would, previously, have found its way to the High Aswan Dam."

Losses from the GERD will be partially offset by a reduction in evaporation from the High Aswan Dam, but AbuZeid calculates that the net additional losses from the GERD could amount to 60 billion cubic meters over a 10-year period.

His research has indicated that in dry years, up to 625,000 acres of agriculture land could be put out of service, resulting in economic losses of about $2 billion per year, and leaving up to one million farmers and workers jobless. "It would also reduce hydropower generation by the High Aswan Dam by up to 40 percent," he says.

Egypt is taking steps to shore up its water supply by other means: recycling agricultural drainage water and treated wastewater, increasing the number of desalination plants that supply coastal areas, and restricting the cultivation of water-intensive crops including rice, sugar cane and bananas.

Temporary reprieve

The GERD was supposed to be finished in 2017, but due to delays, it is only two-thirds complete. In August, construction stalled when the Ethiopian government took the contract for turbine installation away from Metec, a state-owned company, in an effort to stamp out corruption.

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam under construction in 2015.

But Egypt's reprieve is only temporary. Once Ethiopia's grand project is back on track, close cooperation between Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt will be essential if the negative impacts of the dam are to be kept to a minimum.

A successful outcome will require political savvy, compromise and goodwill. Wheeler says that transparency over information, and the development of effective data-sharing and communication platforms, are also crucial.

No one yet knows how these mechanisms will work, but what's clear is that Egypt can no longer bank on the water allocation it has received until now and that Ethiopia's dam will grant the country a greater level of political influence.

Mbaku points out that for the first two Nile Waters Agreements, Ethiopia wasn't even consulted. "Now, Egypt is not as domineering as it used to be, and the Ethiopians are in a very strong position to dictate terms," he says.

As water becomes an increasingly scarce and contested resource in many parts of the world, all eyes will be on the test case being played out along the Nile.

Source: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/10/19/africa/ethiopia-new-dam-threatens-egypts-water/index.html

joewalash Posted on October 20, 2018 17:52

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Friends of Jamal Khashoggi want his body back so they can have a funeral

By Gul Tuysuz and Clarissa Ward, CNN

October 20, 2018

Friends of Jamal Khashoggi, the dissident Saudi journalist killed in disputed circumstances in his country's consulate in Istanbul, have demanded that authorities in Riyadh produce his remains.

After nearly three weeks in which it denied anything untoward had happened on its diplomatic premises in Turkey, Saudi Arabia admitted Khashoggi had died but claimed it was the accidental result of a brawl.

Turkish officials privately believe he was dismembered, and Saudi authorities have failed to produce his body or say where they where they believe it to be. All they would admit was that officials engaged in a cover-up.

Turan Kislakci, head of the Turkish-Arab Media Association, talks to the media in front of Saudi Arabia's consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.

Speaking to reporters outside Saudi Arabia's Istanbul consulate Saturday, Turan Kislakci, the head of the Turkish Arab Media Association and a friend of Khashoggi, called on Saudi Arabia to hand over the journalist's body. "Give us Jamal, so we can have a funeral for him. So that all people who care about him, world leaders, can come here to Istanbul for the funeral," said Kislakci.

"Exactly 18 days ago, a brutal murder was carried out. Like Saad Hariri, we thought (Khashoggi) would walk out. Three days later we lost hope," he said, invoking the case of Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri who was detained in Saudi Arabia, according to multiple sources, last November. "We want justice for Jamal. Eighteen (suspects) are not enough. We want those who ordered it."

Jamal Khashoggi speaking at a press conference in Bahrain in 2015. Photograph: Hasan Jamali/AP

A senior official in Turkey's ruling political party questioned the credibility of Saudi Arabia's explanation for Khashoggi's death.

Justice and Development Party spokesperson Omer Celik indicated that Turkey was not satisfied with the Saudi contention that Khashoggi died accidentally rather than as the result of a premeditated killing.

"We are not preemptively blaming anyone but we will also not allow a cover-up," Celik said on Saturday, in the first official Turkish reaction to Saudi Arabia's midnight statement claiming Khashoggi's death was accidental. "It is a matter of honor for us that this is uncovered. We will shed light on this using all means we have. That is the will of our president," Celik said.

In a statement released in the early hours of Saturday morning, Saudi Arabia claimed Khashoggi died in a fistfight after a discussion turned violent. A source with close connections to the Saudi Royal Palace told CNN that, in the Saudis' determination, Khashoggi's cause of death was a chokehold or strangulation, but officials provided no evidence to support the conclusion.

The altercation involved multiple Saudi officials at the country's consulate in Istanbul, according to the statement. Turkish officials say 15 Saudis traveled to Istanbul on the day of Khashoggi's disappearance, and they say privately that he was dismembered at the consulate.

The suspects later tried to cover up the incident, the Saudi statement added.

Authorities announced a purge of top Saudi officials, the detention of 18 people and an overhaul of the intelligence services that will be led by the country's de facto ruler, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman -- whom US officials privately believe must have been aware of the operation to target Khashoggi.

US officials say Mohammed bin Salman must have been aware of the operation to target Khashoggi.

Riyadh's statement was the first official confirmation that Khashoggi died at its Istanbul consulate, and the first admission that it had a role in his killing -- even as it maintains the death was accidental.

US President Donald Trump indicated he believed the Saudi account was credible, although he added that some questions remained. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was "deeply troubled" by the explanation, his spokesman said.

Jamal Khashoggi was concerned about absolutes such as truth, democracy and freedom.’ Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Some members of the US Congress were less accepting of the Saudi version of events. "To say that I am skeptical of the new Saudi narrative about Mr. Khashoggi is an understatement," South Carolina Sen. Lindsey Graham, a Republican, said on Twitter.

Khashoggi went into self-imposed exile in June 2017 just as bin Salman was elevated to Crown Prince. In his first Washington Post opinion piece after he left Saudi Arabia, he described the political atmosphere in the kingdom as "unbearable."

His killing at the consulate comes amid a wave of arrests that have targeted clerics, human rights advocates and members of Saudi Arabia's intelligentsia.

The crackdown has largely been led by a powerful security apparatus, known as the State Security Presidency, created and led by bin Salman.

 

Source:https://edition.cnn.com/2018/10/20/middleeast/turkey-jamal-khashoggi-death-intl/index.html

joewalash Posted on October 20, 2018 17:15

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Jose Mourinho fight: Man Utd boss LOSES IT at Chelsea staff member after late equaliser

In the early kick-off, Chelsea hosted the Red Devils at Stamford Bridge in a breathtaking match full of incidents. Antonio Rudiger scored in the first-half from a corner but Anthony Martial netted a brace after the break to take the lead.

However, in the dying embers Barkley converted following a goal-line fracas to steal a point right at the end. And it sparked a touchline brawl after Mourinho lost his cool at a member of Chelsea's staff.

Maurizio Sarri’s second assistant Marco Ianni ran in front of the away bench celebrating wildly. And The Special One was furious straight away, jumping out of his seat to attempt to confront the Italian. Stewards and other staff members became embroiled and even some players jumped in, including Rudiger, Cesar Azpilicueta and Olivier Giroud.

Jose Mourinho fight: The Man Utd boss lost it after Chelsea equalised (Pic: TWITTER)

Jose Mourinho was incensed by Chelsea's technical staff (Pic: GETTY)

Jose Mourinho was furious with a member of Chelsea's staff (Pic: GETTY)

Ianni, who followed Sarri from Napoli, was seen celebrating wildly at the United bench.

Rudiger said after the match: "I don't know what happened at the end, I just saw it, like a fight. "There were emotions, this is football, it continued on the pitch but it's OK. At the end if you shake hands it is OK."

 

jmparker Posted on October 20, 2018 15:34

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Japanese Government to Simplify Cryptocurrency Taxation Process

A committee of tax experts in Japan that is responsible for advising the government on taxation matters has called for the simplification of the country’s cryptocurrency tax filing process.

 

According to officials of the tax panel, the process is currently complicated and a change is required in order to enhance accuracy and compliance. Per a Japanese news publication, Sankei, the committee held a meeting earlier in the week where the proposal to change the current cryptocurrency tax filing system was discussed.

Part of the problem according to the committee lies in the fact that calculating cryptocurrency gains for taxation purposes is a complex affair and this discourages some owners of digital assets from declaring their crypto holdings when filing tax returns.

 

Taxing Gains and Conversion Premium

According to the tax panel, cryptocurrencies in the Asian country are taxed not only on the gains made but also on the gains accruing when one digital asset is converted into another. Other complications stem from the fact that a unified source of historical data on prices is lacking. Towards finding a solution the panel has indicated that it will hold meetings where it will seek views and opinions from various stakeholders.

 

As previously reported by CCN cryptocurrency investors in Japan face crypto tax rates ranging between 15% and 55% and this is classified under miscellaneous income. The amount paid as tax depends on earnings with the higher rate imposed on the high-earners. For instance, investors who generate yearly earnings of more than 40 million yen (approximately US$365,000) pay a 55% rate on their cryptocurrency income.

The view by the tax panel that simplifying the cryptocurrency tax filing process will enhance compliance is correct as it has been previously noted that a significant number of crypto investors in Japan could be evading taxes. A report released earlier this year, for instance, indicated that out of the 549 individuals who recorded a non-working or non-operational profit (income generated from investments) of US$1 million in 2017, about 331 were investors in the crypto space.

 

https://twitter.com/GigaBitcoin/status/1001322461437177861

 

Tax Avoidance

This was however met with incredulity with some observers saying that many more evaded paying taxes on their crypto investments especially given the fact that Japan is not only the world’s third-largest economy but the level of cryptocurrency use, awareness and adoption is among the highest in the globe.

 

“If the rapid growth of the cryptocurrency sector in late 2017 is considered, 331 is a number that is simply too low to be true. A large portion of cryptocurrency investors probably did not declare their earnings to the government,” one analyst observed as CCN reported at the time.

https://www.ccn.com/japanese-government-to-simplify-cryptocurrency-taxation-process/

KaroA Posted on October 20, 2018 14:36

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Brazil museum fire: Prized 'Luzia' fossil skull recovered

Most of the skull from a prized 12,000-year-old fossil nicknamed Luzia has been recovered from the wreckage of a fire in Brazil's National Museum.

The 200-year-old building in Rio de Janeiro burned down in September, destroying almost all of its artefacts.

But on Friday the museum's director announced that 80% of Luzia's skull fragments had been identified.

The human remains - the oldest ever found in Latin America - were viewed as the jewel of the museum's collection.

The museum staff said they were confident they could recover the rest of Luzia's skull and attempt reassembly.

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"They've suffered alterations, damage but we're very optimistic at the find and all it represents," archaeologist Claudia Rodrigues was quoted as saying by the AFP news agency.

Image copyrightAFP

Image caption

The remains saved from the rubble were presented to press on Friday

The skull is understood to have been stored in a metal box inside a cabinet, described as a "strategic place", which helped it resist fire damage.

Museum artefacts saved from Brazil fire

The key treasures at risk from museum fire

In pictures: Museum destroyed in blaze

Structural work to secure the historical palace in the Brazilian capital is still being carried out almost 50 days on from the fire.

The cause of the blaze - which tore through hundreds of rooms containing more than 20 million artefacts - is still under investigation.

The 2 September fire sparked criticism and protests of the country's government in its aftermath.

The museum is managed by Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, whose rector said they had known the building was vulnerable because of financial cuts.

 

Image caption

Luzia's face was reconstructed by a team at Manchester University in 1999

Luzia's remains were found in a cave in the 1970s in the state of Minas Gerais, north of Rio, by French archaeologist Annette Laming-Emperaire.

Tests suggest the skull and bones belonged to a woman in her 20s who was just under 1.5m (5ft tall) - and they were believed to be the oldest recovered on the continent.

Experts had produced a digital image of her face using her skull, which was used as the basis for a sculpture that was also in display on the building.

Luzia was named in homage to Lucy - the famous and important 3.2 million-year-old human remains found in Africa in 1974.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-45926733

KaroA Posted on October 20, 2018 13:16

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Piece of the moon sells for $600,000 at auction

A piece of the moon sold at auction will now be on display at the Tam Chuc Pagoda Complex in Vietnam. The meteorite was blasted off the moon and traveled 384,400 kilometers to Earth.

 

A lunar meteorite found in northern Africa last year sold for more than $600,000 (€520,300), Boston's RR Auction House announced Friday.

 

The meteorite is affectionately known as "The Moon Puzzle," because it is comprised of six fragments that piece together much like a jigsaw puzzle.

 

The rocks, which weigh just under 5.5 kilograms, sold for $612,500, more than $100,000 higher than the estimated selling price.

RR Auction said the meteorite is the largest known complete lunar puzzle ever found and one of the most significant examples from the moon to be offered for sale.

 

The auction house said the meteorite was blasted off the surface of the moon in the distant past, likely by the impact of a different meteorite, then journeyed the roughly 384,400 kilometers (238,800 miles) to Earth and survived a fiery descent through the atmosphere to be found in the deserts of northwestern Africa in 2017.

 

The meteorite's "partial fusion crust," which can be seen on one side, was caused by heat as it passed through Earth's atmosphere.

 

The seller and buyer have not been identified, but the meteorite's new home will be the Tam Chuc Pagoda Complex in Vietnam, according to RR Auction.

 

The meteorite will be put on display in one of the pagodas and will be open to the public.

https://www.msn.com/en-xl/africa/tech-science/piece-of-the-moon-sells-for-dollar600000-at-auction/ar-BBOCPGm

KaroA Posted on October 20, 2018 11:10

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Man survives 'head-on' bull shark attack at nudist beach in Australia

A surfer has survived a "head-first" attack by a bull shark after trying to get the best waves at a nudist beach in Australia.

 

Paul Kenny was body surfing at Samurai beach in New South Wales on Saturday morning when he was bitten on the arm by the animal.

 

The beach had only just reopened after being shut because a whale had washed ashore - sparking fears of increased shark activity.

 

 

Image:

Paul Kenny was hit 'head-on' by the shark

The 50-year-old said he punched the shark until it let go before desperately running out of the water.

 

He said: "I think [my arm] got the end of his mouth because his head was bigger than [the size of the bite mark], it's not just a little head like that.

 

"But I think he just turned and snapped and just got the end of it and just missed an artery, thank God.

 

"I was coming in. So I went to move out a bit deeper to get a better wave and just put my head down and headbutted it and then it just grabbed me, and I just started punching it until it let go.

"And then started getting back out of the surf as quick as I could holding my arm because there was blood everywhere and hoping it wouldn't come back."

 

 

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Bull sharks can grow up to 8ft (2.4m) long. File pic

Mr Kenny was being treated in hospital, where he was in a stable condition.

 

Chris Stewart, who was camping on the beach, said: "We woke up on the beach, went for a walk, saw a bloke walk down to the surf and I said to the missus 'I wouldn't go swimming out there, there's probably sharks out there' and within about two minutes he came back into the beach screaming out for help, so we've run down with a couple of other boys.

 

"(He was) bleeding on the bicep, bleeding on the leg, wrapped him up with some bandages and called triple 0."

 

 

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The beach was closed for a few days before the attack

The latest encounter comes a month after two tourists were mauled in separate incidents at the Whitsunday Islands in Queensland state.

Experts say shark attacks are increasing as water sports become more popular and bait fish move closer to shore, although fatalities remain rare.

https://news.sky.com/story/man-survives-head-on-bull-shark-attack-on-nudist-beach-in-australia-11530161

KaroA Posted on October 20, 2018 10:20

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If Your Bitcoin is Stolen, There’s Only a 20% Chance You’ll Ever Get it Back

If you’re ever so unfortunate as to become the victim of a bitcoin theft, there’s very little chance that you will ever see your cryptocurrency assets again.

 

For this reason, security experts have suggested that only a fraction of these cases ever get reported, as victims believe they are not likely to retrieve stolen cryptocurrency.  Reuters reports that the unique nature of cryptocurrencies has created a double-edged sword where investors do not expect criminals to be caught after successful crypto heists, and cybercriminals are turning to crypto in larger numbers, driven by the perception that it offers them complete insulation from the law.

 

Peculiar Challenges

Alluding to the unique nature of bitcoin and other cryptocurrency assets — and the peculiar security problems they pose — Patrick Wyman, supervisory special agent in the financial crimes section of the FBI anti-money laundering unit, said:

 

“A decentralized currency system like bitcoin or another form of virtual currency is not governed by any entity, suspicious reporting activity, and any anti-money laundering compliance.”

 

The cryptocurrency market is a fast-growing one, and so also is the associated crime, the data reveals. Security professionals believe the high rate of these crimes is why investigators tend to be more preoccupied with high-profile cases, while small investors are left unattended. Jaroslav Jakubcek, an analyst at Europol — the center of EU’s law enforcement cooperation, expertise, and intelligence — told Reuters that it is impossible for every law enforcement agency to commit resources to every crime.

 

Autonomous NEXT and Crypto Aware, a financial research firm that collaborates with victims of crypto scams, estimated that about $1.7 billion worth of cryptocurrencies, were stolen between 2012 and the first half of 2018. The data also reveals that over $800 million has already been stolen this year. Per the research, approximately 85% of crimes are never even reported.

 

20 Percent Recovery Rate

Quoted in the Reuters report, David Jevans, CEO of California-based CipherTrace, stated that only about 20 percent of stolen crypto ever is recovered, even when trading platforms or exchanges are hacked, owing to the ease with which tokens can move across different borders. Following protocol, getting law enforcement in several countries involved, and gathering evidence to open a case usually takes a long time, and by the time this is done, the money has been moved. The money at stake has to be huge to justify the efforts.

 

Moreover, the targets are just large cryptocurrency exchanges. In August, CCN reported that U.S. entrepreneur and cryptocurrency investor Michael Terpin had $24 million in crypto stolen from his mobile wallet by sim hackers, causing him to him file a $224 million suit against his service provider AT&T, who denied responsibility.

Just this week, a 24-year-old Norwegian bitcoin investor was murdered shortly after exchanging a large amount of cryptocurrency for cash. According to reports, the perpetrator may have been after those proceeds, which he was keeping in his apartment.

https://www.ccn.com/if-your-bitcoin-is-stolen-theres-only-a-20-chance-youll-ever-get-it-back/

KaroA Posted on October 20, 2018 09:40

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Measles outbreak leaves two dead, over 300 infections

At least two people have died of measles and 313 other cases have been reported in Mandera County since February when the disease was first detected, according to the county’s health department.

The disease has affected both children under the age of five and adults, leaving a child and an elderly woman dead.

LOW IMMUNISATION

According to Mr Mohamud Mohamed, the county's health minister, the region is still battling the epidemic in parts of Banisa and Mandera West sub-counties. “We have managed the situation in Mandera East, North, South and Lafey sub-counties through emergency immunisation, but the national government will support the fight in the remaining areas,” he said.

Mr Mohamed blamed the low immunisation cover in Mandera on the nomadic nature of the communities. “Locals in Mandera are always on the move with their livestock at the expense of medical attention, but we are following them into interior grazing fields for immunisation,” said the official, adding that the low response from the national government and insecurity in Mandera were also to blame for poor immunisation coverage.

The disease was first detected in areas bordering Somalia and Ethiopia before spreading into the interior parts. Through the Rapid Result Initiative, the county aims at containing the epidemic completely within the next two months.

CASES SPILLOVER

Mr Ibrahim Hussein, the head of the disease surveillance department in Mandera, said the highly contagious disease was first reported in Mandera East back in February. “We recorded one death of a child in February in Mandera East and another of an elderly woman in Mandera North Sub-County, but enough intervention measures were set up then and successfully managed the situation,” he said.

Since June, the disease has hit Mandera West with 182 cases recorded mostly in the remote areas. “But our medical teams are on the ground carrying out intervention measures,” he said.

Mandera North reported a measles outbreak in July and August, recording 28 cases. 

Mr Hussein blamed low immunisation coverage in Mandera for the high spread of the disease. “In addition to low immunisation coverage, we suffer from a spillover from neighbouring Ethiopia and Somalia since they have poor health infrastructure,” he said.

Symptoms of measles can include watery eyes, sneezing, a dry hacking cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis or swollen eyelids and inflamed eyes and photophobia or sensitivity to light. There is an often fever that can range from mild to severe.

LOW BIRTH WEIGHT

It can last several days and it may fall and then rise again when the rash appears. The reddish-brown rash appears around three to four days after initial symptoms which can last for over a week and starts behind the ears and spreads over the head and neck.  After a couple of days, it spreads to the rest of the body, including the legs. As the spots grow, they often join together.

Vaccination prevents many cases of measles around the world. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that 2.6 million people who have not had the vaccine die of measles every year. “We have a team of experts from the Ministry of Health in Nairobi camping in Mandera West assessing the situation before we can carry out mass vaccination,” said Mr Hussein.

Measles during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, early delivery, or low birth weight.

https://www.msn.com/en-xl/africa/top-stories/measles-outbreak-leaves-two-dead-over-300-infections/ar-BBOBhRL?ocid=SK216DHP

khojho Posted on October 20, 2018 02:44

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Jose Mourinho: Would sacking Man Utd manager be justified?

The Premier League weekend before the international break was dominated by talk Jose Mourinho was about to lose his job as Manchester United manager.

According to one national newspaper, the Portuguese's time at the club would come to an end regardless of the result against Newcastle on 6 October.

Even after United staged a remarkable late comeback at Old Trafford to win 3-2 - having trailed 2-0 after 10 minutes - callers to BBC 606 were split over whether Mourinho should keep his job.

Afterwards, the Portuguese said he could cope with the "manhunt" against him and reiterated that the contract given to him by the club ran until 2020.

So would United be justified in ending his two-and-a-bit-year tenure, or is he being judged too harshly?

As Mourinho prepares to face former club Chelsea on Saturday, we take a look at the facts...

Is Mourinho's record that bad?

Well, he has a better win ratio at United than Sir Alex Ferguson, who is the most successful manager in the history of British football.

Man Utd managers from Ferguson onwards (all competitions)
  Jose Mourinho Sir Alex Ferguson David Moyes Louis van Gaal
Games 131 1,500 51 103
Wins 79 895 27 54
Draws 28 338 9 25
Losses 24 267 15 24
Goals for 224 2,769 86 158
Goals against 102 1,365 54 98
Win % 60.31 59.67 52.94 52.43

With 20 major trophies to his name - won in four different countries - the 55-year-old is justifiably portrayed (often by himself!) as a serial winner.

He has claimed two major trophies at Old Trafford - the League Cup and Europa League, both in his debut season - and never finished lower than sixth in the Premier League, coming second in 2017-18.

There has been a dip in form this term, with three league defeats in the first eight games and elimination from the League Cup at the hands of Championship side Derby.

Mourinho's seasons at Manchester United
  2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
League wins 18 25 3
League draws 15 6 1
League losses 5 7 3
League points 69 81 10
Points per game 1.82 2.13 1.25
League GD +25 +40 -2
League finish 6th 2nd -
Trophies won League Cup, Europa League None -

However, after a frustrating summer in which he failed to land key transfer targets, Mourinho did warn of difficult times to come in 2018-19 - and he still has three-quarters of the season in which to turn things around.

Is there an issue with his tactics?

'The whole of Manchester United must share the blame'

This is the crux of the matter for many.

"Attack, attack, attack" is a now familiar refrain from the home support at Old Trafford, accustomed to successful, stylish football throughout the Ferguson era.

"With Mourinho you will always get trophies and success. It might not be a happy place but he does deliver success," former Chelsea and Scotland winger Pat Nevin told BBC Radio 5 live.

"The system he has adopted throughout his career has been very successful, but the question has now arisen as to whether he is a dinosaur and if he is outdated? I don't think he is."

Former United midfielder Paul Ince feels Mourinho should remain as manager but disagrees with Nevin, telling the BBC's Sportsweek the Portuguese must adapt to give the fans the attacking football they want.

"I'd like him to stay but he has to start changing from his methods that he used years back to understand that the game's gone forward," said Ince. "Don't be a dinosaur and start attacking teams like we have done over the years."

Mourinho's tactics noticeably differ from many of United's main top six rivals, for whom pressing is a key part of their approach.

However, amid the perception that United do not play with the dynamism of Liverpool, it is interesting to note that Mourinho's men fare marginally better than Jurgen Klopp's team when it comes to stopping opponents progressing up the pitch - albeit United are only the 10th best side in the division in this regard.

Teams are also finding it relatively easy to keep the ball against United, who disrupt opponents' play with a tackle or interception after 13.3 passes on average - only the ninth best in the division but, again, slightly better than Liverpool.

Ultimately, though, it is goals scored which will dictate whether a team is sufficiently attacking. And on this front United trail all of their main rivals in the period since Mourinho's appointment.

Have his signings failed?

Mourinho's Man Utd signings
2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Eric Bailly (defender) Victor Lindelof (defender) Diogo Dalot (defender)
Zlatan Ibrahimovic (forward) Romelu Lukaku (forward) Fred (midfielder)
Henrikh Mkhitaryan (midfielder) Nemanja Matic (midfielder) Lee Grant (goalkeeper)
Paul Pogba (midfielder) Alexis Sanchez (forward)  

Mourinho was left frustrated by the club's inability to sign a central defender this summer, although he did start the campaign with two he brought: Eric Bailly and Victor Lindelof.

However, neither has convinced Mourinho, with the manager recently suggesting his side "lacks the technical quality" to play out from the back.

Bailly even suffered the ignominy of being withdrawn after just 18 minutes against Newcastle, with former United defender Rio Ferdinand telling BT Sport he "can't see a way back" for the Ivorian at the club. Lindelof spent the evening watching from the bench.

Bailly & Lindelof Man Utd stats
  Bailly PL rank (since 2016-17) Lindelof PL rank (since 2017-18)
Appearances 43 76th 24 92nd
Win % 65.12 26th 54.17 37th
Clean sheets 19 19th 6 75th
Goals conceded 27 44th 23 36th
Pass accuracy 86.01 24th 89.96 9th
Tackle success 69.51 78th 55.56 117th
Interceptions 86 42nd 18 120th
Aerial success 60.82 50th 50 135th
Headed clearances 77 91st 55 59th
Errors leading to shots 1 46th 2 104th

Last January, United stole a march on rivals Manchester City to sign Alexis Sanchez from Arsenal, swapping him for an early Mourinho signing who had underwhelmed, Henrikh Mkhitaryan.

The Chile forward scored the winner against Newcastle but has so far failed to reach the heights he managed at Emirates Stadium, particularly with regards to goalscoring. Interestingly, though, he creates a chance slightly more often than when he was with the Gunners.

Two other strikers - Zlatan Ibrahimovic and Romelu Lukaku - have impressed under Mourinho. The Swede scored 17 goals in 28 Premier League appearances in his one full season, while Belgian Lukaku has hit the net regularly since joining from Everton in July 2017.

Midfielder Nemanja Matic began his United career superbly with an impressive campaign last season but has struggled for full fitness and form this time around, admitting that his display in the 3-1 loss at West Ham was the worst of his time at the club.

It is too soon to judge Diogo Dalot and Fred, although the latter's sizeable fee is likely to afford him a shorter honeymoon period.

Is Mourinho failing to get the best out of other big players?

Some players care more than others - Mourinho

This brings us to Paul Pogba, who Mourinho re-signed from Juventus for a world record £89m fee - but the pair have had a fractious relationship since.

The France midfielder's performances have been erratic at United, but the stats do not suggest a significant recent dip in form from the World Cup winner.

Paul Pogba at Man Utd
  2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Minutes played 2,608 2,151 693
Mins per goal 521.6 358.5 346.5
Mins per assist 652 215.10 346.5
Mins per chance created 45.75 55.15 57.75
Pass accuracy % 85.07 85.30 83.75
Tackle success % 75.47 69.70 62.50

However, Spaniard David de Gea - one of the highest-rated goalkeepers in the world - has endured a dramatic downturn in form this campaign.

David de Gea expected goals conceded
  2017-18 2018-19
Goals conceded 26 13
Expected goals conceded 39.66 12.97
Difference 13.66 -0.03
Premier League ranking 1 16

And then there has been the public criticism of the likes of Antonio Valencia, Phil Jones, Chris Smalling and Luke Shaw, leading some pundits to suggest he has lost the dressing room.

Has he developed young players?

The club would appear to be pleased with Mourinho's work with young players, with executive vice-chairman Ed Woodward saying in the announcement of his contract extension last January: "Jose has embraced the club's desire to promote top-quality young players to the first team."

Injuries have limited some players' game time in the past, notably Shaw, who has featured more heavily this campaign and now signed a new five-year contract.

Forwards Lingard, Anthony Martial and Marcus Rashford have all been subject to criticism from their manager, but it can be argued they have slightly improved their attacking involvement over Mourinho's tenure.

Young attackers under Mourinho
  Season Games started Goals Assists Chances created
Jesse Lingard 2016-17 18 1 2 29
  2017-18 20 8 5 26
  2018-19 4 0 0 4
Anthony Martial 2016-17 18 4 6 25
  2017-18 18 9 5 33
  2018-19 3 1 0 6
Marcus Rashford 2016-17 16 5 1 21
  2017-18 17 7 5 22
  2018-19 2 1 0 1

If he does go, who do United get in?

The Squad discuss Jose Mourinho's future at Manchester United

Zinedine Zidane? Antonio Conte? Mauricio Pochettino? Ryan Giggs?

There will not be a shortage of names in the frame should the Manchester United job become available again.

Former Real Madrid boss Zidane, who left the Bernabeu in the summer after having secured a third successive Champions League title for the club, is the bookmakers' favourite and his appointment would not be impeded by United having to negotiate his release from another club.

Ex-Chelsea manager Conte, who won the Premier League title in 2016-17, is also out of work, as is Laurent Blanc, who played for United in the early 2000s and was most recently boss of Paris St-Germain.

Of those in a job, Tottenham's Pochettino and Atletico Madrid's Diego Simeone have been linked. As has, inevitably, Giggs, who won everything there was to win during a 24-year playing career at Old Trafford, spent a brief period as interim boss in 2014 and is cutting his teeth in international management with Wales.

Whether one of those gets the chance may depend on whether Sanchez's late winner against Newcastle proves to be Mourinho's Mark Robins moment.

https://www.bbc.com/sport/football/45770468

khojho Posted on October 20, 2018 02:13

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Mission to Mercury: BepiColombo spacecraft ready for launch

Europe and Japan are set to launch their joint mission to Mercury, the planet closest to the Sun.

The partners have each contributed a probe to be despatched on an Ariane rocket from French Guiana.

The duo, together known as BepiColombo, are bolted to one another for the seven-year cruise to their destination, and will separate once they arrive.

It's hoped their parallel observations can finally resolve some of the many puzzles about the hot, oddball planet.

One of the key ones concerns the object's outsized iron core, which represents 60% of its mass. Science cannot yet explain why the planet only has a thin veneer of rocks.

Bepi's high-resolution data should bring us nearer to an answer.

Media captionMessenger compiled this exaggerated colour map of Mercury during its first year in orbit

"Mercury doesn't really fit with our theories for how the Solar System formed, and we can't understand our planet fully unless we're able to explain Mercury as well," said Prof Dave Rothery, a Bepi scientist from the UK's Open University.

The probes' 6.4m-long, 4-tonne "stack" of parts are ready and waiting atop the Ariane launcher. Lift-off from the Kourou spaceport is timed for 22:45 local time, Friday (02:45 BST; 03:45 CEST; 10:45 JST Saturday).

How important is this mission?

It's the first time the European and Japanese space agencies (Esa & Jaxa) have gone to Mercury. The Americans have already been there, briefly with the Mariner 10 probe in the 1970s, and with the Messenger orbiter earlier this decade.

The latter provided remarkable new insights that included the amazing discoveries that water-ice is held inside some of baking Mercury's shadowed craters, and that its crust contains a lot of graphite (pencil lead).

Bepi will build on Messengers' investigations. The new mission carries twice as much instrumentation and will get closer for longer, giving scientists much more detailed information.

What will the probes do?

Europe's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) have different roles.

The MMO will make as its priority the study of the planet's magnetic field. It will investigate the field's behaviour and its interaction with the "solar wind", the billowing mass of particles that stream away from the Sun. This wind interacts with Mercury's super-tenuous atmosphere, whipping atoms into a tail that reaches far into space.

Europe's MPO will map the terrain, generate height profiles, sense the interior, and collect data on the surface structure and composition.

Image copyright ESA

Image caption The stack is unpacked at Mercury to enable complementary observations

What are the big mysteries?

The origin of Mercury is the question most people want answered. Today's dense body very probably does not reflect the initial form.

It's possible Mercury began life much further from the Sun and only later migrated inwards, perhaps colliding with something else on the way.

This might explain the loss of those outer layers: they got stripped away in the impact. But Messenger observed large abundances of sulphur- and potassium-containing compounds at the surface, and these should have been burnt off in a giant impact.

It's a fascinating world, says mission scientist Dr Suzie Imber from Leicester University. "It's also got huge cliffs, many kilometres tall. And those cliffs formed as Mercury shrank. We call them wrinkle ridges."

Media captionMercury: Learning from the strangest planet

Why is it such a long journey?

It is possible to go direct to Mercury in a matter of months, but the speed picked up by a spacecraft falling into the Sun's deep gravity well would make it very hard to stop at the planet.

Bepi will take a more circuitous route.

It will fly past Earth, Venus and Mercury itself, using the tug of their gravity to bleed off speed, so that by 2025 the mission can gently slot into position next to the diminutive world.

How challenging is this project?

The toughest prospect ahead is the heat. At just 58 million km from the Sun, working at Mercury is like being in a pizza oven.

The sides of the probes in direct sunlight will have to cope with temperatures over 400C. Even those surfaces facing away from the Sun have to be protected from the radiant heat coming up from the "hot potato" planet below.

Coping strategies include covering the MMO in thick blankets of insulation material made from titanium and ceramics.

"The environment is extremely hostile," explains Esa mission controller Elsa Montagnon. "At Mercury, we get 10 times the solar energy we get at Earth. But then from the illuminated side of Mercury, we get about four times what we get on the Earth. So, the spacecraft are continually in a heat sandwich."

Media captionElsa Montagnon will "drive" Bepi to Mercury

What are the key British contributions?

The major UK instrument onboard the MPO is the Mercury Imaging X-Ray Spectrometer (MIXS). It will observe the abundance of chemical elements in the planet's outer layers. This information will be integral to solving the origin puzzle.

Airbus in the UK built large parts of the MPO and the mission's propulsion unit, called the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM). The MTM hosts "electric engines" developed by QinetiQ.

Two of these engines will be fired in the direction of travel, providing a gentle force to help control Bepi's fall into the inner Solar System.

"Each of our thrusters operates at 125 millinewtons, and one way to visualise that is that it's the same as the weight of a two-pound coin," said QintiQ's Peter Randall.

Media captionUK Space Agency CEO Graham Turnock details the British contribution

How much has the mission cost?

It's expensive. Engineers have had a torrid time developing the technologies to keep Bepi safe so close to the Sun. Delays have added to the final ticket price.

It's estimated the costs borne by the European Space Agency and the Japanese space agency amount to about €1.65bn. Additionally, national space agencies in Europe have paid for the instrumentation on the MMO, taking the overall budget above €3bn.

This number covers the full lifecycle of the mission, from its approval (2007) to its termination (late 2020s). By way of comparison, the cost of Bepi would pay the salaries of the top seven football teams in the English Premier League for a couple of seasons.

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45838991

khojho Posted on October 20, 2018 02:08

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