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Afzal Kohistani: 'Honour killing' whistleblower shot dead

Video showed the women and men singing and dancing at a wedding, as Orla Guerin reported in 2012

The man at the centre of a campaign to expose one of Pakistan's most notorious "honour killings" cases has been shot dead nearly seven years after he brought it to national attention. M Ilyas Khan reports from Islamabad.

A video showing two men dancing as four women sing a wedding song to the beat of clapping would pass as normal anywhere in the world.

But this scene, filmed in 2011

in rural Pakistan, led to chilling consequences. The women in the video, and a young female member of the family who was also at the scene, are believed to have been killed by male relatives for "breaching their honour".

Afzal Kohistani, a brother of the men in the video, has now been killed too. His death comes amid a blood feud that has also seen three of his other brothers killed.

Mr Kohistani was shot dead in a busy commercial area of the north-western city of Abbottabad on Wednesday night, police said, quoting witnesses to the killing. He suffered multiple injuries and died on the spot, they said.

In 2012, Mr Kohistani entered the public eye as one of the first Pakistanis to violate a local custom in remote northern Kohistan district whereby matters of family honour are settled in blood. Those perceived to have violated the code are killed with the mutual consent of families involved.

About 1,000 "honour-killings" of women by relatives are recorded each year in Pakistan, say human rights campaigners. The real number is likely to be much higher. A much smaller number of men are murdered in such cases.

According to the custom, the male family members of a woman suspected of an out-of-wedlock liaison should first kill the woman, and then go after the man. The family of the man would not oppose this action.

Disregarding this local code, Mr Kohistani brought the wedding video case to national attention in June 2012, when he claimed that the women in the video had been killed by their family a month earlier, and that the lives of his younger brothers, two of whom were seen dancing in the footage, were in danger.

The pair were sent into hiding. At this point human rights groups had taken notice of the case and began lobbying the courts - prompting the Supreme Court to order an inquiry.

But the investigators found no conclusive evidence of the so-called honour killings of the women, which are illegal under Pakistani law. They were presented with three women who family members said were proof that those who appeared in the video were alive.

Farzana Bari, an activist and academic who took part in the inquiry, said she had suspicions that at least two of the women were "imposters", but the Supreme Court closed the case.

Afzal Kohistani's decision to break the traditional codes - Kohistan is one of the most conservative and inaccessible parts of Pakistan - sparked a feud between his family and that of the women.

Three of his older brothers were killed in 2013 - six men from the women's family were convicted in connection with the murders in what was seen as a landmark case in Kohistan. However they were acquitted by the high court in 2017.

Amid the feud, Mr Kohistani's house was firebombed and destroyed but he did not relent. He moved home and continued to talk about what had happened to the women - lobbying police officers and courts and drawing attention from the media.

"He was a fearless voice in Pakistan," said Ms Bari. "This is a man who has been struggling for the last seven years to get justice, and not justice only for him - for himself and his family - but he wanted justice for women not only in Kohistan but in the rest of the country."

Finally, in July 2018, the Supreme Court ordered a fresh police investigation, which led to five further arrests of men from the women's family.

According to the police, the men admitted during interrogation that three of the four women seen in the video had been killed, but retracted their statement when they appeared before a magistrate.

The case remains open but the killing of Afzal Kohistani deepens the tragedy - which started with a video of dancing and singing and has since spiralled into a bloody tale of Shakespearean proportions, with at least nine lives claimed.

He had for years warned that his life was in danger, telling BBC Urdu in a recent interview that his family was living under constant threat.

"Justice will only be done when killers of the women and of my brothers will be sentenced. Only then can we expect an end to honour and reprisal killings in Kohistan."

Hours before his death, Afzal Kohistani told local journalists in Abbottabad that justice was closing in on those responsible for the murders and that he had been warned of an imminent threat to his life.

It is the killing of a member of a family who is perceived to have brought dishonour upon relatives.

Pressure group Human Rights Watch says the most common reasons are that the victim:

ruby Posted on March 07, 2019 17:52

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Michaël Chiolo attack leaves France facing new questions

A number of questions face investigators looking into Tuesday's Islamist militant attack at Conde-sur-Sarthe high security prison.

How did Muslim convert Michaël Chiolo and his companion, Hanane Aboulhana, get hold of the ceramic knife with which they attacked two prison guards, leaving them seriously wounded?

If, as seems likely, the knife was smuggled in by his partner when she came for a conjugal visit, why was she not properly searched?

And third, why was Chiolo - a known radical Islamist - being treated under the same prison regime as common criminals, and not under a higher level of surveillance?

Finding answers to the first two questions should be straightforward.

French media report that visitors to prison Family Life Units (UVFs) are only obliged to pass through metal detectors, which are useless against ceramic blades. Body searches require consent.

This is such a glaring security flaw it is hard to see how it has not been corrected in the past. Presumably now it will be.

The third question is more complex.

Michaël Chiolo has a sordid back story, the culminating point of which was one of the most chilling and notorious murders of modern times in France.

In 2012, aged 20, he joined forces with two other petty criminals in a plan to rob 89-year-old Roger Tarall, who lived alone in the eastern city of Metz.

Tarall was a World War Two hero who had been deported to Dachau camp for his work with the Resistance but managed to escape.

Chiolo and his two accomplices tied him and gagged him so tightly that he suffocated to death. They made off with a few hundred euros and his medals. A few days later, after they tried to rob a bar, they were caught.

Prior to this Chiolo is reported to have had a troubled adolescence, dabbling with the far right and leaving his middle-class home at 17.

His former lawyer remembers him as "highly intelligent and cultivated" but also "something of a drifter".

In 2010 he converted to Islam. Initially, and through the criminal phase that followed, there is no sign that this was a particular influence.

But after the Tarall murder he was sent to prison, and things changed.

Chiolo was tried twice. First in 2014 when he was given a 28-year jail term, and then on appeal the following year when this was increased to 30.

"I remember him at the first trial in Metz," recalls his lawyer at the time, Cédric Demagny. "He was constantly counting his religious beads throughout the hearings.

"He was young and very alone in prison. The radicals held out their hand to him. After that he never made any mystery about his interest in Islam. After that he became more and more extreme."

ruby Posted on March 07, 2019 09:52

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Huawei sues US government over product ban

Huawei has filed a lawsuit against the US government over a ban that restricts federal agencies from using its products.

It said the US failed to provide evidence to support the ban, and the firm also rejected claims it had links to the Chinese government.

The US has restricted the use of Huawei products over national security concerns.

It has also been lobbying allies to shun the Chinese telecoms firm.

Huawei is one of the world's largest telecommunications equipment and services providers.

The lawsuit is part of a wider push by the company in recent months to challenge claims its products pose security risks.

"The US Congress has repeatedly failed to produce any evidence to support its restrictions on Huawei products. We are compelled to take this legal action as a proper and last resort," Huawei Rotating Chairman Guo Ping said in a statement.

"This ban not only is unlawful, but also restricts Huawei from engaging in fair competition, ultimately harming US consumers."

Speaking at a press conference in Shenzhen, Mr Ping also accused the US government of misleading the public about Huawei and of hacking its servers.

Huawei is challenging the constitutionality of Section 889 of the National Defense Authorisation Act. The complaint has been filed in a US federal court in Texas.

Huawei also rejected claims it had any links to the state, saying in a statement the firm was "not owned, controlled, or influenced" by the Chinese government.

Several governments around the world, including Australia and New Zealand, have blocked telecoms companies from using Huawei gear in next-generation 5G mobile networks, citing security concerns.

Media captionAustralia's former Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull on why Huawei was barred from 5G network.

Huawei is beginning its fight back. It is not just the company's reputation that is at stake, but perhaps the future of the global internet too.

The US argues that the political realities in China mean all companies are beholden to the will of the Chinese Communist Party which could use Huawei to spy on, or to disrupt, critical next generation mobile networks.

Huawei's case is that there is no evidence that it has ever done anything to harm the interests of its consumers.

In the end, it may come down to how much latitude the courts decide the US Congress has in defining national security interests. The case, if it proceeds, could pass through a series of appeals and take many months.

As China continues to push out into the world, the big question is to what extent the unreformed system of Leninist control back home should be a concern.

In addition to restricting the purchase of Huawei products, the US is also pursuing criminal charges against the firm and its chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou.

Ms Meng, who is the daughter of Huawei's founder Ren Zhengfei, was arrested in Canada in December, at the request of the US.

She was detained on suspicion of fraud and breaching US sanctions on Iran, and faces extradition to the US.

Last week, Ms Meng filed a civil claim against Canada's government, border agency and police for "serious breaches" of her civil rights.

ruby Posted on March 07, 2019 09:39

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12 foods that will help you survive cold and flu season

Second to the chills, the worst thing about coming down with a cold or flu is losing your appetite. What is life without being able to eat?

But here’s why you should suck it up and chow down anyway: Since a cold and the flu are both caused by viruses, foods with antiviral properties may speed up recovery (or fight off those viruses in the first place), says Monica Auslander Moreno, nutrition consultant for RSP Nutrition.

Here are the best foods for a cold or flu that you should put in your shopping cart ASAP.

1. Chicken soup

There’s a reason your mom always had a bowl of this at the first sign of sniffles. Not only does chicken soup provide the fluids you need to help fight off viruses, but it also reduces the inflammation that triggers symptoms and leads to more colds.

2. Citrus fruits

Vitamin C, most commonly found in citrus fruits, is an antioxidant that can reduce cold symptoms, says Dr James A Duke, author of The Green Pharmacy Guide to Healing Foods.

Get your C from supplements or from vitamin-packed citrus fruits, red bell peppers, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, butternut squash, papaya, sweet potatoes and tomatoes.

3. Garlic, onions and leeks

Kissing is off the table to prevent the spread of germs, so you might as well indulge in this pungent garnish (along with its antiviral cousins onions, chives, and leeks) to help fight that nagging cold. “It has long been revered in its ability to help natural killer cells purge the body of invaders,” says Moreno.

4. Ginger

Ginger contains chemicals called sesquiterpenes that specifically target rhinoviruses, the most common family of cold viruses, as well as substances that suppress coughing. It also contains anti-inflammatory gingerols that can fight infection.

Adding a couple of tablespoons of shredded ginger root to your tea can do the trick, but you can also look for ginger chews or real ginger ale, although most of the canned stuff has very little real ginger.

5. Honey

Honey is often touted as a cure-all for everything from burns (put raw honey on a burn as soon as possible to speed healing) to cuts and scrapes (honey’s natural antiseptic properties allow it to work a bit like hydrogen peroxide).

Because it coats your throat, it’s a great cold- and flu-friendly sore-throat reliever, and its natural antioxidant and antimicrobial properties help fight infections from viruses, bacteria and fungi.

6. Kefir

Kefir is loaded with probiotics that strengthen your immune system, says Dr Mike Roussell. With more protein than yoghurt and milk, it also regulates digestion, enabling your body to actually use all the kilojoules and nutrients you consume, he says.

Other fermented foods like sauerkraut, dill, carrots, kimchi and kombucha also get the job done by populating your gut with good bacteria, thereby potentially leading to fewer colds.

7. Selenium-rich foods

A single ounce of Brazil nuts contains well above your recommended daily value for selenium, a mineral that helps boost your immunity. Having enough selenium in your body increases its production of cytokines, which help remove the flu virus, says Dr Duke.

Other sources of selenium include lobster, oysters, clams, crabs and tuna.

8. Red wine

The resveratrol and polyphenols in red wine work the same way that beneficial bacteria in yoghurt do, says Dr Duke. When cold and flu viruses enter your system, they start to multiply, and these compounds prevent that from happening.

To get the most bang for your buck, grab a bottle of pinot noir. Tests have found it to have some of the highest levels of resveratrol.

9. Mushrooms

While mushrooms have long been a staple in Chinese healing, they’re having a modern medicinal moment. Moreno says they likely have antiviral properties, thanks in large part to their rich vitamin D content. They produce cytokines, a cellular protein, which helps fight off infections. Their polysaccharidesare another class of compounds that boost immunity.

10. Carbohydrates

For frequent exercisers, Dr Roussell recommends not going crazy with the carb-cutting. “Taking in carbs while you’re training helps counter immune dysfunction and immune inflammatory responses due to the stress hormones released during hard exercise.” Translation: Those carbs are helping your body stay strong.

11. Fatty fish

Good thing there are many fish in the sea – Dr Roussell says their vitamin D content helps maintain optimal blood levels when your body isn’t converting much of the vitamin from sunlight. A bonus is that stocking up on vitamin D may help fight certain cancers, strengthen bones and aid in weight loss, too, he adds.

12. Zinc-rich foods

Moreno says that due its high zinc content, lamb is a strong contender for cold-fighting food of the year. One recent study found that consuming zinc at the onset of a cold shortened it by one day, and consuming a preventative tablet daily reduced its severity. Other great zinc-packed options include pumpkin seeds and chickpeas.

sarah Posted on March 07, 2019 09:12

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How does reclusive President Bouteflika run Algeria?

For many Algerians it is difficult to understand how their 82-year-old president, who suffered a stroke six years ago and can hardly walk or talk, can run the country.

This turned to disbelief when it was announced that Abdelaziz Bouteflika was running for a fifth term in April - he did not even turn up in person on Sunday to register his candidacy.

A wave of anger has moved students, teachers, lawyers and even journalists onto the streets in protest - they seem determined not to accept the continued status quo of rule by a virtually invisible leader.

Many worry that a failure to find a successor to President Bouteflika, who came to power in 1999, could lead to instability should he die in office.The TV leader.

His last known public address was in 2014 - a victory speech to thank Algerians for their renewed confidence in his leadership after he won the last presidential election.

University students and their teachers have rallied in Algiers to demand President Bouteflika step down

He mentioned plans to "reinforce separation of powers, strengthen… the role of the opposition and guarantee rights and liberties".

Some viewed this as a sign of policy changes to come to ensure a smooth transition of power, yet there has been no evidence of this and his appearances since have been few and far between.

Algerians may have been lucky enough to catch brief glimpses of him on state television greeting visiting foreign dignitaries.

Or catch him at the opening of a new conference hall in 2016 - the footage shows him in a wheelchair, looking weak and tired, but alert.

But it was not until 2018 that it was clear that his party was pushing him forward as a contender for this year's elections.

He was at the opening of a restored mosque and two metro stations in the capital, Algiers. A few weeks later he was given a tour to see the construction of the Great Mosque of Algiers, a $2bn (£1.52bn) project billed as being the third biggest mosque in the world.

Yet again, however, the president, who won elections in 2014 despite doing no personal campaigning, does not have any strong challengers.

Muammar Gaddafi's rule in Libya shows the deep levels of distrust when a system allows one person to dominate

So why have the ruling coalition and the opposition not been able to put forward other viable candidates?

The opposition has historically been too divided - and as the president grew older and frailer the bickering within the ruling elite, including the army, has paralysed any political change.

The ruling National Liberation Front (FLN) has ruled the North African nation since gaining independence from France in 1962 after a bloody seven-year war.

"Le pouvoir" (the power), as many Algerians have come to describe those who run the country, has been centred around the party, some powerful generals and prominent businessmen.

Mr Bouteflika's younger brother Said, 61, is the one holding sway in the presidency at the moment - controlling access to the president. The other important figure is Gen Ahmed Gaid Salah, the army chief of staff, who has centralised a great deal of power around him.

"The regime has always more or less worked by unaccountable factional decision-making behind the scenes - that continues to be the case but now it's just more obvious given that the figure-head is so obviously incapable of exercising governance by himself," Algeria expert James McDougal from Oxford University told the BBC.

The political class has included some of the opposition, who have either ruled in coalition or towed the government line over the years, which has largely discredited them.

It is a club that has been accused of corruption and nepotism.

In recent comments to the French media about the protests, prominent Algerian writer Kamel Daoud said the country's youth were being robbed of power by their elders.

He said by offering a candidate "who was almost dead", "le pouvoir" was showing its contempt for the young people in Algeria where more than 30% of people aged under 30 are unemployed.

But it is the legacy of Algeria's recent civil war which seems to have stagnated attempts at reform.

The brutal conflict ended in 2002 and weighs heavily on those who fought in it and have grown up in the wake of it - to the extent that some have seemed to be willing to trade some of their freedoms for stability.

Demonstrators defaced a sign taken to represent President Bouteflika, who uses a wheelchair

The violence left an estimated 150,000 Algerians dead, some of whom were "forcibly disappeared" by the security forces.

Even liberal opponents of the government are believed to have collaborated with the security agencies in the 1990s during the civil war against Islamist insurgents.

This has all led to a deep distrust at all levels of society - and has left little room for any genuine compromises or meaningful national dialogue to instigate change.

A Tunisian human rights defender, who spent many years visiting Algeria, told me she was always struck by this paranoia - to the extent that even local human rights groups were unwilling to share information with each other.

Other countries in North Africa have shown that decades of one-man rule leave deep roots. In Libya, neighbours, siblings and friends distrusted each other under Muammar Gaddafi's 42-year rule. He was deposed in 2011, the same year as Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisia's long-time ruler.

He had ruled Tunisia through "landslide victories" at the polls and a system that cornered the opposition, weakened it and ultimately reduced them to a side show.

On Sunday, President Bouteflika again offered dialogue - and constitutional reform in the event of his re-election as a way forward. This offer came in the form of a letter read out by a presenter on state television.

What is new this time is that he has promised that this will lead to early elections in which he will not contest.

While this could be an opportunity to ensure a peaceful transition of power, he will have to move quickly given his ailing health.

Yet Algeria's problems are, in the words of some regional observers, bigger than an ailing president.

It is a system that has kept running thanks to the many people who oil it.

ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 12:48

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Will Smith 'casting as Richard Williams' sparks colourism debate

An upcoming biopic about the father of Serena and Venus Williams has faced criticism amid reports that Will Smith will play the lead role.

Richard Williams, 77, coached his daughters to become two of the world's greatest tennis players, despite having no previous experience of the game.

But Smith's reported casting in the film has angered critics, who say he is too light-skinned for the part.

The actor has not yet commented on the reported casting or the criticism.

Colourism is a form of discrimination against dark-skinned people in favour of those with lighter skin from the same race.

Richard Williams coached his daughters to the top of the game

It can lead to a lack of representation in film, TV and fashion, particularly in Hollywood and Bollywood, as well as discrimination at work or on dating sites, and even to serious health problems from skin bleaching creams.

Smith's casting in the film has not been confirmed. However, after a report from Deadline News claimed that the 50-year-old actor was "poised to play" Mr Williams, many people expressed their anger on social media.

The criticism stems from the fact that Smith is significantly lighter than Mr Williams.

US-based sports writer Clarence Hill Jr tweeted that "colourism matters", and said that Smith wasn't the right choice.

This sentiment was echoed by many others, who felt that giving the part to a dark-skinned actor would "make more sense".

People also suggested other actors who could take on the role - including Idris Elba, and Oscar-winner Mahershala Ali.

"Colourism is constantly subconsciously fed to us and we just eat it up," one user added.

However, one person did point out that Ali and Elba might be too in-demand to be able to take on another film.

And another said the casting made sense as, although he has lighter skin, Smith is still a "prominent black actor" playing a "prominent black figure in the sports industry".

ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 12:43

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Alabama tornadoes: Seven family members among 23 killed


Aerials show Alabama tornado destruction

Seven members of one family were among the 23 victims identified after an outbreak of tornadoes devastated the US state of Alabama, officials have said.

Every victim, including four children, was found close to their homes, rescue crews say.

The victims range in age from six to 89, Lee County Coroner Bill Harris told a news conference.

Up to eight people remain missing, officials say, and there are fears the death toll could rise.

"We believe that every victim was in the residence when it hit. They all ended up, with the exception of two, outside the residence," Mr Harris told reporters, adding that their homes "aren't there".

"They're not there."

He added that one survivor lost seven members of his family, and warned that he may be facing "financial issues" because of multiple funeral costs.

"They're going to have seven funerals that they have to finance somehow," he said, adding that donors have been reaching out to help the family with the expenses.

The tornadoes struck eastern Alabama on Sunday, levelling homes and carving a path of at least a half mile (0.8km) wide in some parts of the state.

About 50 structures have been reduced to rubble

Chris Buckler, BBC News, in Beauregard

On the edge of where the tornado struck, there is the constant buzzing of chainsaws as they try to clear up the hundreds of fallen trees.

But up in the Beauregard neighbourhood which was directly in its path, there is silence. Where once there were homes there is now what can only be described as an emptiness. All of the buildings have been levelled and from the road it's difficult to see that a community was once even here.

There's no doubt that some of the most striking images are the cars, which have been smashed, overturned and in one case actually wrapped around a tree.

When you wander through what was a garden and look through the flattened remains, you discover the remnants of people's lives. Single shoes, an iron and what looks like an old schoolbag.

There are a few figures wandering around amid all of the devastation looking numb and bewildered. At times they seem to be struggling to remember what was once here on this flattened landscape.

Frederick Franklin was standing by the debris of one house, trying to piece together where the rooms once stood from the foundations of the building.

"It was my brother's fiancé's place," he told me. "She and one of her brothers were killed in it. You can't describe it. This is nature at its worst."

Temperatures dropped below freezing on Tuesday as volunteer crews sorted through debris, looking for survivors and bodies.

On Monday, weather officials upgraded the fatal twister that hit Lee County to EF-4 with wind speeds of 170 mph (275km/h).

Almost 50 people were injured and numerous homes and businesses were reduced to rubble as multiple tornadoes touched down in south-east Alabama and Georgia.

During Tuesday's briefing, an official with the National Weather Service said the deadliest tornado had travelled for about 70 miles, and another nearby travelled for 29 miles.Bags of ice and medications are being made available to residents, who have been told they should start bringing debris out to the street for it to be removed by county rubbish crews.

Some residents who narrowly survived the onslaught have travelled to shelters to lend a hand and donate goods.

"I had a friend who lost his life, and just my heart spoke," Stephanie Griffith tearfully told WVTM-TV as she dropped off supplies at a shelter in Lee County.

"So I went through my home this morning I got things that I'm not going to use and I know they'll be needed here."

Members of the Auburn University football team, the Tigers, were on hand on Monday to help distribute food and water at emergency shelters.

Alabama State Trooper Robert Burroughs is in the intensive care unit of a local hospital in a "serious condition", police said.

He and his wife Sandi lost their home in Sunday's storm.

"Troopers have a strong sense of camaraderie and will surround the Burroughs family at this time and offer support both short and long term," said Cpl Jess Thornton.

President Donald Trump plans to visit the region on Friday.

"It's been a tragic situation, but a lot of good work is being done," he told reporters at the White House on Tuesday.

Evony Wilson, 44, received a weather alert for the tornado that then tore through her mother's home at about 14:00 local time on Sunday. She told her mother and son to run to the bathroom, where all three generations piled on the bathroom floor to weigh each other down."That's when everything started shaking. It was so strong," Mrs Wilson told BBC News. "I held my son's hand as he was yelling 'I don't want to die!' My mom just kept reminding us to pray."

She said that after the winds lifted, her home was "no longer recognisable" and was "in shreds".

Her elderly mother, who requires an oxygen tank, suffered a broken hip. Mrs Wilson fractured her ankle, but was grateful to have escaped.

Other residents hid in bathtubs in homes without basements, sometime with mattresses pulled over them.

"We knew we were flying because it picked the house up," Julie Morrison told the Associated Press (AP), adding that they thought they had survived because of the fibre-glass that their home is made from.

Greg Molinari told that he and his wife would have died if not for a text message from their daughter-in-law.

"She said get in the bathroom and put pots on your head. And we did put big cooking pots over our head. Saved our lives," said Mr Molinari.

"The ceiling crashed in on us."

Carol Dean told the AP that the body of her husband David Dean, 53, was found by their son on a nearby embankment after the storm had passed.

"He was done and gone before we got to him," she said on Monday. "My life is gone. He was the reason I lived, the reason that I got up."

Seven members of the same extended family connected by marriage - including members of the Stenson, Tate and Robinson families - died in the storm.

Four children, ages 6, 8, 9 and 10, were also listed among the dead.

ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 12:20

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New York family beach home turns into 'ice house'

Turbulent waves and high winds have turned a family beach home into an "ice house" at Ramona Beach, in Pulaski, New York.

Maureen Whelan's family has used the house for the past 85 years, but none of them has ever seen anything like this before.

Maureen shares the house with her brother and sister, and together they have been trying to chip the ice off the roof.

"We're devastated" she told the BBC.

High winds of up to 70mph (112km/h) at the end of February created massive waves from Lake Ontario, which blew spray onto the houses and then froze in the chilly temperatures.

This is what the house looked like before it was covered in ice.

The house at Ramona Beach, on the shore of Lake Ontario, has been used by Maureen's family for 85 years

Maureen said the family have been creating channels so the ice can drain properly once melting occurs, in the hope of minimising water damage.

She says the property is not in a flood zone so insurance may not cover any damage.

The home has a lakefront barrier which helped to protect it but there is four feet of ice in front of the house.

"They're all smiling and making the best of an unfortunate situation" says local reporter John Kucko in a Facebook post.

"We're the fourth generation to live in this house," said Maureen.

"This house holds many generations of memories. We're not wealthy people."

She said they've used pumps inside, following the advice of local people: "We're going up with chainsaws this weekend."

People living next to Lake Ontario have been experiencing extremely cold weather conditions.

BBC Weather presenter Nick Miller said: "Strong winds have blown water and spray from Lake Ontario onto the house which has then frozen producing a layer of ice.

"It seems this weather pattern has continued long enough for the layer of ice to become unusually thick."

People have been sending messages of support to the family on social media.

Mary Lee Boardway-Keding told the family: "Wow, having grown up in Oswego, and my parents having a place at Brennan's Beach I know how destructive the lake can be but I have never seen anything like this.

"Praying the damage will be minimal for you. It is a beautiful cottage and I know how much your Dad loved it."

Peg Martin writes on Facebook: "We wish we could have helped you. Ramona beach family, Peg and Tom."

Beth Murray writes: "The family that chops ice together stays together!"

Sandy Laveck-Burkovich says: "Wishing for a happy ending with no damage to the house itself!"

The house and its surroundings have been attracting local photographers like Scott Schild and John Kucko's daughter Natalie.

ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 12:11

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Goldman Sachs relaxes dress code for all employees

Goldman Sachs is relaxing its dress code, as the Wall Street giant moves toward a more casual workplace.

The investment bank announced the "firm-wide flexible dress code" in an internal memo, urging employees to use "good judgement" in their fashion choices.

Goldman Sachs loosened the dress code for its tech division in 2017, in a bid to appeal to top talent.

Other banks like JP Morgan have taken similar steps.

In a widely cited memo, the US bank said the "changing nature of workplaces generally in favour of a more casual environment" had prompted the move to a "firm wide flexible dress code".

"Casual dress is not appropriate every day and for every interaction and we trust you will consistently exercise good judgement in this regard," the memo read.

Goldman's announcement is aimed at bringing the bank's policies up to date for its younger workforce.

More than 75% of Goldman employees are members of the Millennial or Gen Z generations - people born after 1981.

David Solomon with rapper Sean "Diddy" Combs

The memo was signed by the investment bank's top executives including chief executive David Solomon.

Mr Solomon - also an electronic dance DJ - marks a new era of leadership for Goldman Sachs after 12 years under the helm of Lloyd Blankfein.

He has promised more transparency while the bank has also made strides into retail banking.

Goldman Sachs, the world's most influential investment bank, has faced criticism for its role in the global financial and euro zone debt crises.

It was famously described by Rolling Stone magazine as the "great vampire squid wrapped around the face of humanity" for its relentless pursuit of money.

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ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 12:02

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Nissan ex-boss Ghosn released after 108 days

Ex-Nissan boss leaves Tokyo jail in mask and orange braces

Former Nissan boss Carlos Ghosn has left prison in Japan on bail, more than three months after being arrested.

A Tokyo court made the surprise decision to allow his release on Tuesday, setting bail at 1bn yen (£6.8m; $8.9m).

Mr Ghosn has been charged with financial misconduct and aggravated breach of trust, but denies wrongdoing.

The 64-year-old left the detention centre surrounded by guards, wearing a cap and white medical face mask.

He was also wearing overalls and orange, reflective braces, making him barely recognisable by comparison with the smart-suit, shirt-and-tie attire he sported when running a global carmaking empire with 470,000 employees, selling 10.6 million vehicles in 2017 from 122 factories.

Strict bail conditions for Mr Ghosn, including video surveillance and restricted use of his mobile phone, were set for his release.

His computer access is restricted to his lawyer's office during weekday daytime hours.

As the architect of the alliance between Nissan and French carmaker Renault, he brought Mitsubishi on board in 2016. He then ran the alliance of the three global carmakers as both chief executive and chairman.

He has said his arrest was the result of a "plot and treason" against him - a bid by some Nissan executives wanting to stop his plan to integrate Renault, Nissan and Mitsubishi.

His previous requests for bail were rejected and his lengthy detention has drawn international criticism.

His imminent release from the detention centre, where he has been held since his arrest on 19 November, was signalled by the arrival of a car from the Embassy of France.

"Carlos Ghosn is being released. He is a French citizen. He will be able to defend himself with greater ease. So much, the better," French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire told Europe 1 radio.

"But my responsibility as finance and economy minister is to make sure that hundreds of thousands of jobs at Renault and at the Renault-Nissan alliance are protected," he added.

Mr Ghosn was released after Japanese courts had rejected two previous requests for bail, saying the Brazilian-born executive posed a flight risk and could conceal evidence.

The latest bail request was filed by a new legal team. The case has attracted global attention and drawn criticism of Japan's criminal justice system, which allows for lengthy detention periods.

It is the first time the businessman, previously hailed a hero in Japan for turning around the ailing Nissan, has been photographed in public since mid-November. He had looked visibly thinner when he appeared in court in January for the first time since his arrest.

Courtroom sketch from his appearance in January

His status was such that his life was serialised in a Japanese comic book.

In a 2011 poll of people the Japanese would like to run their country, Mr Ghosn came seventh, ahead of Barack Obama, who was placed ninth.

Born in Porto Velho, Brazil, to Lebanese parents, he was once tipped as a potential president of Lebanon, a move he eventually dismissed because he already had "too many jobs".

The allegations against him have received widespread media coverage in Japan and also forced changes at the carmakers. Renault, for instance, has altered its governance structure to separate the roles of chairman and chief executive.


ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 11:48

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Pakistan detains relatives of JeM militant leader

Pakistan has detained dozens of suspected militants following the attack in Indian-administered Kashmir, which sparked a crisis with India.

They include the son and brother of Masood Azhar, founder of the group behind the attack, Jaish-e-Mohammad.

Pakistan, which has been under international pressure to crack down on militancy, said 44 suspected militants are in "preventative detention".

Many feared the escalation of tensions could trigger a dangerous conflict.

It began on 14 February when a suicide bomber killed more than 40 Indian soldiers in Indian-administered Kashmir.

Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) said it carried out the attack - the deadliest to take place during a three-decade insurgency against Indian rule in Kashmir.

On 26 February, India retaliated by carrying out air strikes on what it said was a JeM militant camp in Pakistan.

Pakistan - which denies any involvement in the 14 February attack - said it had no choice but to respond and the day after the strike, a dogfight between the sides led to an Indian fighter jet being shot down in Pakistan-administered Kashmir.

The fighter pilot, who was captured by Pakistan, was released on 1 March and arrived in India, where he has been hailed as a hero. The countries have retreated from the brink of further confrontation since then, but angry rhetoric has persisted.Indian politicians have hailed their strikes as successful and Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given rousing speeches at rallies, positioning himself as the protector of the country's borders.

The satellite image shows a close-up of a madrassa near Balakot in Pakistan's Khyber Paktunkhwa

But new satellite images have raised questions over India's claim to have demolished JeM training camps in Pakistan.

Images released by US firm Planet Labs appear to show a religious school run by JeM to be standing - even after the strike. Whether or not it is in fact linked to the militants cannot be independently verified, but the images show the site that India said it hit.

Addressing the militant detentions, Pakistan's Interior Secretary Azam Suleman Khan told the BBC that if investigators find "evidence against them, they will be proceeded against," and if not they will be set free.

JeM is designated a terror organisation by India and the UN, as well as the UK and the US.

At least some of those held are thought to be named in an Indian dossier handed to the Pakistani authorities investigating last month's attack.

The whereabouts of Masood Azhar, the JeM leader remains unclea.

Analysts are also sceptical over whether these arrests will be an effective measure, as they were not accompanied by any investigation or signs of a serious crackdown on suspected militants.

Some critics suggest the move is a symbolic gesture meant to defuse mounting international pressure. In the past suspected militants have circumvented attempts to rein them in.

India accuses Pakistan of allowing militant groups to operate on its territory and says Pakistani security agencies played a role in the Kashmir attack -these are allegations Pakistan has consistently denied.

ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 11:12

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North Korea rebuilding Sohae rocket launch site, say observers

New satellite images of North Korea suggest it is restoring a rocket launch site it had pledged to dismantle, say analysts.

The images were taken two days after talks between the leaders of the US and North Korea ended without them reaching a deal on denuclearisation.

The Tongchang-ri site has been used for satellite launches and engine testing, never for ballistic missile launches.

Work to dismantle it began last year but stopped as the US talks stalled.

The pledge to dismantle it had been seen as a confidence-building measure between Pyongyang and Washington.

Meanwhile, the US has warned North Korea could face yet more sanctions should Pyongyang not take steps to denuclearise.

Satellite pictures show the site has been rebuilt

The satellite evidence, coming from several US think tanks and testimony from the South Korean intelligence service, appears to show rapid progress has been made in rebuilding structures on the rocket launch pad at the Sohae site at Tongchang-ri.

Images last July appeared to show the North had begun to dismantle the site.

Sohae has been North Korea's main satellite launch facility since 2012. It has also been used for testing engines for missiles capable of reaching the US.???????

But it has never been used for testing the ballistic missiles which have been considered so provocative.

"This distinction is important," Jenny Town, managing editor of monitoring group 38 North, told the BBC.

"The North Koreans likely see the rebuilding not as an active part of their missile programme, but of their civilian space programme - a distinction they have made repeatedly in the past," said Ms Town.

She said the rebuilding of structures at the site could signal a lack of trust in the negotiations process.

This is indeed worth watching and the rebuilding work does send a rather ominous signal. But I'm always cautious of extrapolating meaning from satellite images. We cannot make assumptions about what is being discussed in the corridors of power in Pyongyang based on building work at a remote satellite launch station.

This renewed activity may be Pyongyang's way of prodding Washington, just a little reminder to the Trump administration that it has the technology to build weapons and it will not give that up easily.

Most analysts believe it is more likely, at this stage, that Mr Kim is testing Mr Trump's boundaries and patience, rather than getting ready to test a ballistic missile.

If North Korea did go further than rebuilding a rocket test stand, and broke its pledge to stop testing missiles, it would risk the wrath of an unpredictable US president.

The impoverished state could be slapped with even more economic sanctions. Mr Kim has sold these denuclearisation talks at home, and is cultivating his statesman-like image abroad - is he really ready to put that all at rise.

The second summit between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un ended last week in Hanoi without any deal or agreement. A historic first meeting last June in Singapore produced a vaguely worded agreement on "denuclearisation" but little progress.

The Hanoi talks were all smiles but little results

The two leaders were unable to agree on how far North Korea should progress with denuclearisation before it was granted some sanctions relief.

In a television interview on Tuesday, US National Security Adviser John Bolton said North Korea could yet face more sanctions.

He said Washington would continue to watch whether Pyongyang was committed to giving up its nuclear weapons programme "and everything associated with it".

"If they're not willing to do it, then I think President Trump has been very clear. They're not going to get relief from the crushing economic sanctions that have been imposed on them and we'll look at ramping those sanctions up in fact."

Observers, though, warn that adding fresh sanctions could completely stall the peace efforts.

"North Korea always reacts to the imposition of more sanctions in the same way: defiantly," Ms Town said.

"Imposing new sanctions now is only going to deflate whatever political will there may be to keep negotiating."

ruby Posted on March 06, 2019 11:08

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Juan Guaidó flies back to Venezuela despite arrest risk

Venezuela's self-declared interim leader Juan Guaidó has arrived back in the capital, Caracas, to a rapturous welcome from thousands of supporters.

He faces arrest after defying a Supreme Court-imposed travel ban to leave the country and lobby for international help.

"They threatened us and here we are, putting forward our face for Venezuela," he told a huge rally.

Mr Guaidó has called on President Nicolás Maduro to resign.

The two men have been at loggerheads for more than a month.

Mr Guaidó - who heads the opposition-led National Assembly and proclaimed himself Venezuela's acting president after the legislature declared Mr Maduro's May 2018 re-election illegitimate - has been recognised by more than 50 countries. Mr Maduro, who is backed by China, Russia and Cuba, insists he is the only legitimate president.

Venezuela's political crisis has been sparked by an economic meltdown in which hyperinflation has hit salaries and savings, leading many to flee the country.

Mr Guaidó was received at the Simón Bolivar International airport by diplomats from the US and EU nations and a crowd of supporters who chanted "Guaidó, Guaidó" and "Yes we can".

Image copyright Reuters

Image caption Juan Guaidó told supporters that the government's "chain of command" was broken

Accompanied by his wife, Mr Guaidó then travelled to an avenue in the eastern Caracas district of Las Mercedes to address an anti-government rally. While outside the country he had used social media to urge his supporters to gather.

After saying that he had been threatened with "jail, death" before his return, Mr Guaidó said he had been treated well on his arrival at the airport. He said immigration officers even greeted him at the airport with the words "welcome, president".

"It is evident that after the threats, somebody did not follow orders. Many did not follow orders. The chain of command [in the government security forces] is broken," he told the crowd.

He called for nationwide protests on Saturday.

"On Saturday we'll continue in the streets, all of Venezuela will return to the streets, decided and determined to mobilise in search of their freedom. We will not rest one second until freedom is achieved."

And he paid tribute to those who lost their lives in clashes at the Brazil-Venezuela border when an attempted aid delivery was blocked from entering the country by the Venezuelan military.

Juan Guaidó's car could barely move in the final few streets towards the rally. And the noise that greeted his arrival when he took to the stage was deafening.

What will have pleased those supporters most wasn't just that he was back on Venezuelan soil, but the nature of his entry. Rather than slipping in over the border in the dead of night, he walked straight up to immigration in the main airport in Caracas and back into the country.

Within the crowd, you could find the two extreme positions on what Mr Guaidó should do next, from openly backing a US-led military intervention to a peaceful and negotiated resolution to the conflict. What they all agree on however, is that President Maduro must go.

As for Mr Maduro, he finds himself in a difficult bind. Having watched Mr Guaidó thumb his nose at the Supreme Court's travel ban and at his government more generally, he must decide whether to arrest his opponent for leaving the country. He will be fully aware that Washington has repeatedly warned him against doing so and that the potential consequences would be serious.

Arresting Mr Guaidó would cause a huge outcry.

Shortly before his return on Monday, US Vice President Mike Pence sent a warning to Mr Maduro, saying any threats against Mr Guaidó "will not be tolerated and will be met with swift response".

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo later reinforced this view later, congratulating Mr Guaidó on his "successful diplomatic efforts in the region and safe return to Venezuela" in a statement.

"The United States and freedom-loving nations around the world stand with interim president Guaidó, the National Assembly and all democratic forces as they work to establish free and fair elections that will return democracy to Venezuela," he added.

"The international community must unite and push for the end of Maduro's brutal regime and the peaceful restoration of democracy in Venezuela."

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini has said that any measure that put at risk Mr Guaidó's "freedom, safety or personal integrity would represent a major escalation of tensions".

Diplomats from the Lima Group, a bloc of 14 Western countries created to tackle the Venezuelan crisis, has said that "serious and credible threats" had been made against the life of Mr Guaidó.

It said "any violent actions against Guaidó, his wife, or family" would be met by all "legal and political mechanisms".

While international pressure on President Maduro has steadily increased, the Venezuelan leader has dismissed all calls for him to step down and denounced them as attempted coups d'état.

ruby Posted on March 05, 2019 11:56

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Venezuela crisis: Why Chavez's followers are standing by Maduro

President Hugo Chávez may have died six years ago but he is still watching over the Venezuelan capital. Wherever you go, you spot abstract images of his eyes graffitied on buildings.

In the poor neighbourhood of 23 de enero, in the east of Caracas, his presence is even greater. It was here that the former leader organised a failed coup attempt in 1992.

It is known as a traditional Chavista stronghold. Chávez graffiti and propaganda are sprayed on to many a wall.

Marcos Lobos, 58, is one of Hugo Chávez's biggest fans. He lives in a 14-storey block of flats that is overlooked by the barracks where Chávez launched his coup and where the late leader was laid to rest after dying of cancer in 2013.

Born and brought up in 23 de enero, Mr Lobos' entire family lives in the same block. On the building's front wall, there's a stencil that reads "Chávez, the heart of my homeland".

ruby Posted on March 05, 2019 11:53

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Tanzania arrests 65 'witchdoctors' over killings

Police in Tanzania have arrested 65 "witchdoctors", or traditional healers, in connection with the ritual killing of at least 10 children.

The children were killed in January and many had body parts removed.

There is a belief among some people in Tanzania, and neighbouring countries, that using human body parts in rituals can bring wealth and good luck.

The inspector general of police, Simon Sirro, has ordered that every traditional healer obtain a licence.

"We have also requested other institutions like religious leaders and politicians to help us," he added.

Ten children were murdered in the south-western Njombe region and an unknown number in the northern Simuyu region.

One of the children, Goodluck Mfugale, was just five years old when he was killed. His parents told the BBC their son had been robbed of his future.

Media captionMy son was murdered for 'witchcraft'

There is a particular belief that the body parts of people with albinism are especially potent in the rituals, leading to many killings.

However it is not clear if any of the 10 children known to have been killed had albinism.

Albinism is particularly prevalent in Tanzania with one in 1,400 affected, according to a 2006 BMC Public Health report. This compares with one in 20,000 in Western countries.

Activists on the continent say poverty contributes to the suspicion surrounding albinos and the belief their body parts can be sold for large sums of money.

ruby Posted on March 05, 2019 11:50

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Trump targets India and Turkey in trade crackdown

The US plans to end preferential trade status for India, under a scheme which allows certain products to enter the US duty-free.

President Donald Trump said India had failed to assure the US it would provide reasonable access to its markets.

India said the US move would have a "minimal economic impact".

The US will also end Turkey's preferential trade status, saying it no longer qualifies.

It is the latest US attempt to counter what it sees as unfair trade practices. Mr Trump has pledged to reduce US trade deficits, and has repeatedly criticised India for high tariffs.

As a result, he directed the US Trade Representative's (USTR) office to remove India from a programme that grants it preferential trade treatment.

Preferential trade treatment for India currently allows $5.6bn (£4.3bn) worth of exports to enter the United States duty free.

In a letter to Congress, the US president said India had "not assured the United States that it will provide equitable and reasonable access to the markets of India".

Under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) programme, "certain products can enter the US duty-free if the beneficiary developing country meets a set of criteria established by Congress".

The criteria include providing intellectual property protection, and giving the US reasonable and fair market access.

India's Commerce Secretary Anup Wadhawan said the withdrawal from the GSP would have "minimal economic impact of $190m (£144m) on India".

"Our trade relations remain cordial with the US. There is no disruption on trade talks," Mr Wadhawan said.

India is the world's biggest beneficiary of America's GSP programme, which was created in the 1970s to help developing and poor countries improve their economic growth prospects.

At the time, India was clocking in growth rates of as low as 3.5%. This year it is thought that it could shoot up to the world's fifth largest economy, rivalling the UK.

Analysts say that's why the US, and in particular the Trump administration, is saying things need to change.

Countries that are no longer developing nations shouldn't continue to get special access from the US to help them grow - especially if they're not providing reciprocal access.

Trade experts also say there's a sense within the Trump administration that if they're going after China based on its claims that it is still a developing country, then it is hypocritical not to do the same with India, too.

The US also intends to remove Turkey from its GSP programme. It argues the country no longer meets the criteria because it is "sufficiently economically developed".

ruby Posted on March 05, 2019 11:37

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Air India demands crew 'hail motherland'

India's national airline has told its crew to end every in-flight announcement with the patriotic phrase, "Jai Hind" (Hail the motherland) - and this has tickled social media users.

Air India's company advisory instructs crew to say the phrase after a "slight pause and with much fervour".

This quickly inspired tweets of imaginary in-flight announcements that end with "Jai Hind".

But many wondered if patriotism was the right focus for the struggling airline.

Air India, which is in severe debt, has not turned a profit since 2007 and a recent government offer to sell a controlling stake in it failed to attract any takers.

The directive from Air India comes at a time when patriotism is particularly high in India.

The country has been at loggerheads with its nuclear-armed neighbour Pakistan over the past few weeks, following a deadly suicide bombing that killed at least 40 Indian paramilitary troops in the disputed Kashmir region.

The incident which led to airstrikes by India and the subsequent capture and release of an Indian pilot by Pakistan, saw increasing nationalist sentiment fuelled by national and social media.

ruby Posted on March 05, 2019 11:33

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If you die early, how will your children remember you?

Gaby Eirew suffered two big bereavements in the space of a month. The experience impelled her to find a way of prompting parents to record video messages for their children.

When Gaby Eirew's father was dying from pancreatic cancer one of his last pieces of advice was: "Grieve for me for two years, after that you're grieving for yourself."

She thought she would be good at grieving. After all, she had worked as a counsellor dealing with cases of childhood trauma.

But she found herself struggling more than she had expected.

To make matters worse, she and her husband had recently moved from London to Vancouver with three young children, meaning she had no support network.

Feeling fragile, she tried to ring a close friend from childhood, Emma, a doctor in London. But then she got some more unexpected news: Emma had died suddenly and unexpectedly.

"She was clever, beautiful, hard-working and warm," recalls Gaby. "I was small and wacky and she was this graceful intelligent person. Somehow we liked each other."

Her friend's death plunged Gaby further into grief. "I had no idea what to do with myself," she says.

Both Gaby and Emma were 39 at the time. Emma's three children were all 10 or younger - like her own. Not only was Gaby now experiencing her own grief, as a friend and daughter, she couldn't stop thinking about the impact of a parent's death on young children. How do you begin to explain it to them?

"I imagined my kids like hers, growing up with everything that they knew directly from their mum stopping there and then. I wanted to write to them all and reassure them and tell them the most useful things, but I could not sum her up. Some things I realised the children would hear from their father and grandparents, but some things would surely have to come straight from her?"

For weeks she felt "like a lunatic", obsessed by death. She kept asking friends and strangers she met: "What have you prepared for death?" It was her favourite topic of conversation.

Looking back, she sees it as part of a recovery process and a need to channel her pain into something practical. The eventual result would be a tool to help children mourn their parents - a free app that has been used by tens of thousands of people in more than 30 countries to leave a legacy of video messages for their families.

In the summer of 2008, a few months after her double blow, Gaby began a study of bereavement.

Over the next five years, she interviewed more than 100 people in Canada and the UK who had lost one or both parents as children. (In the UK about one in 20 children will lose a parent before the age of 16 - approximately 24,000 each year.)

She found them by posting notices on online forums, and leaving physical notes in swimming pools and libraries.

"I spoke to people born after their dads died, or came home to a crime scene, or were in car accidents that killed their parents," says Gaby.

She found that breastfeeding her son at bus stops was a good way to strike up conversations with strangers about parenthood and mortality.

She asked these people what they wished they could have asked their parents.

"The single most important thing that people said they wanted to hear was that their parent was proud of them, that they loved them and to hear them say that with their name," Gaby says.

"So often people were told that their mum or dad loved them so much, but they needed and wanted to hear it."

Sometimes they wanted to hear a very specific set of words.

"They wished they could ask their parent, 'I remember you whispering something to me every night, what was it? I want to hear it again.'"

It could have been a prayer, or nursery rhyme or other words that became part of a nightly ritual and helped them know they were loved before they fell to sleep.

So one key aim was to get parents to record that simple message in video form for posterity. Gaby's app, called RecordMeNow, is essentially a series of prompts that helps people to create a video library for their children, broken down into subject areas, based on Gaby's findings.

Another discovery was that bereaved children often carry a huge amount of guilt. "For a parent to say in a message 'I'm sick, I'm dying, it's not your fault, I don't want to die, I'm happy you get to live on and you get to have a full life,' that's really important."

However, Gaby was also surprised to hear many of the more mundane - and quite specific - questions that children had for their parents.

What floor cleaner did you use? That smell reminds me of my childhood. What perfume did you wear? I want to wear it too. What were your middle names? What is the recipe for that soup you used to make? What is that walk we did? I want to walk it now with my child and think of you. Show me how to shave.

Satisfying children's curiosity about these kinds of details can really help with grieving, she says.

But they also wanted to hear about other parts of their parents' lives. Things like a memorable story from their childhood, a story about romance, or what it's like to go through puberty. How did they choose their job and how did they handle stress and anger? Did they have any suggestions for naming their children?

Essentially, they were looking for advice and guiding principles that would help them make important decisions as their lives unfolded without their parents.

Gaby also realised that they didn't want to hear the kind of sugar-coated, idealised accounts of their parents they had heard at funerals and family gatherings - they wanted raw stories, warts and all, that they could relate to.

That's why the app encourages you to talk about difficult times, says Gaby. "You need to be a three-dimensional person, not a big walking success story, which is too much for anyone to live up to. You can be troubled, that's OK, that's part of life and that will help your children when they have a difficult day."

There were also queries that reflected a child's lack of understanding about death, says Gaby.

Some people looked back on their childhood and said they "didn't understand why Daddy was buried but we've still got his wheelchair, how can he be without it in heaven?"

So one question prompt in the app to the dying person is simply: "How do you view death and dying? What do you think happens after death?"

The app is designed to be simple with "no bells and whistles" says Gaby, because when you are diagnosed with a terminal disease, you suddenly have millions of things to think about, including work, wills and other financial matters, and a short time-frame to act on them.

Your mind can be all over the place and the app should help you to focus on this important, but daunting, task.

Two large communities of people the app has helped are those who have been told they have terminal cancer, and those diagnosed with Motor Neurone Disease.

People like Dean Mucklow, who lives in Birmingham.

Dean first realised something was wrong when he struggled to do up the poppers on his daughter's Babygro.

He was 42 and on paternity leave with his second child.

He had been occasionally dropping objects, which worried him, but he put this down to his regular hobby of karate, which he thought might be affecting his hands.

Eventually though, he decided to visit his doctor, and was diagnosed in 2013 with Motor Neurone Disease (MND) - a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord, often progressing rapidly and leaving people locked in a failing body.

"It's really hard to get your head round. You're not feeling poorly. When you try and move it's like having massive lead weights on your arms, your legs, your neck. You get to think a lot," he says.

The worst thing is the frustration. He wants to play with his children, but he can't.

These observations were made by Dean in videos he made with the RecordMeNow app in 2015.

After his diagnosis, Dean and his family were put in contact with Alison Noakes, who works with the Motor Neurone Disease Association. She recommends the app to people if they still have good voice quality because she has seen the benefits it can bring.

Alison Noakes has supported Dean's family since his diagnosis

People can feel very anxious when they first get their diagnosis and the app gives them something positive to focus on, says Alison.

Dean used RecordMeNow to create an archive of more than 80 video messages for his family, including his young son and daughter, while he could still speak.

In some he tells his life story, including lessons he has learned. These make clear that the diagnosis was cruel timing. Dean was just beginning to reap the benefits of his life's hard work: a successful career, wife, home and children.

He left school in 1987 and worked in a factory for many years, but eventually enrolled part-time in a college to study Information Technology.

He then trained to become an engineer fixing photocopiers and cash machines. That led to a job at electronics firm, Ricoh, where he rose up the ranks, eventually travelling around the UK managing a team of trainers.

Hard work and dedication are the key ingredients to getting on in life, he says in one video.

This is what he said when prompted by the app to answer the question, "When were you most scared?"

I was scared walking down the aisle to marry your mum. I was scared but it was the best thing I ever did. I was scared to have children. As soon as you have children you never stop being scared or worried. Scared makes you alive. So embrace it, use it. Never let it stop you.

Dean answers the question: "When were you most scared?"

He also shows his children one of his special skills in one video: touching his nose with his tongue. All while wearing his beloved Aston Villa football shirt.

In another, he says:

This is the hardest thing I've ever done in my life, trying to find the right words. I love you all, take care and keep smiling.

Dean now communicates through a computer, using eye movement.

He "banked" his voice before he lost it, preserving phrases, words and sounds in a digital database. Thanks to this, when he composes words using his special software, it is played out on a speaker attached to his wheelchair, in a computerised, synthetic version of his voice, complete with Brummie accent.

Reflecting on the video messages, now that he has lost his capacity to speak, Dean says: "I always wanted to leave some kind of history for my kids. Especially for my youngest as she has only known me this way. I used RecordMeNow because it was in the format I wanted with loads of questions and the option to add other questions.

"I wanted my kids to have somewhere to go if they ever think to themselves, 'What would dad think?' They'll always have a recording of my thoughts and opinions. It's been so beneficial knowing that my kids will see the real me. Hopefully I can pass on some advice."

Dean's son and daughter are aged 10 and six. He doesn't think they are ready to see the videos he has made yet. He just wants them to be available for them when the time comes.

Alison Noakes of the Motor Neurone Disease Association says RecordMeNow is part of a bigger trend of people with terminal conditions thinking about their digital legacies, including what to do with social media accounts.

But "legacy work" has a long history in palliative care, she says. She's familiar from working in hospices over the years with the idea of "memory boxes", in which patients left toys, CDs or perfume bottles, along with stories about why these physical objects were important to them.

Memory boxes are common in hospices

RecordMeNow is like a digital update to this idea, she says.

Alison has even been inspired to record her own messages using the app, though her children are already adults and will have plenty of memories of her.

It forces you to examine yourself and the results can be surprising, she says.

"When you recall details like the name of your favourite childhood teddy, you suddenly realise, that's information that would otherwise die with you."

Of course it was possible to record messages before the age of smartphones, using video cameras or cassette tapes.

Some parents who knew they were dying left messages for their children to read on specific occasions, like Christmases, birthdays or weddings.

But Gaby's research found it was better to create a resource bereaved children could dip into at times of their choosing.

"Respondents said to me, 'My wedding will be emotional enough without my mum or dad, I really don't want to open a message on that day, I don't know how I'd respond.'"

In fact, if the children are old enough and in a strong enough state of mind when the parent is dying, they can adapt the prompts in the app to get the kind of memories they want.

One child wanted a video of their parent watching him play a football game, recalls Gaby.

Gaby has close relationships with many hospices and palliative care units, which use her app with patients. She knows from her own experience that often people want to record messages for posterity, but leave it very late.

Sometimes they leave it so late that they can no longer physically do it, so she has to help out and record the video herself.

"I've been called by the husband or nurse, and I will step over a tiny baby in a cradle or a car seat and the mum will be dying that day. That is very kind of her that she still wants to record a message, but very far from ideal."

It's a shame that in their final months people often focus on financial matters instead of leaving "something emotionally supportive", says Gaby.

In fact she would like every parent to make a video, in the event of an unexpected accident taking their life, something she calls "an emotional insurance policy". (The app is free, so she doesn't benefit.)

She has taken this precaution herself, for the benefit of her three children.

"I have seen so many people who have died and I am getting older, so it's feeling increasingly real to me," says Gaby.

Her children were aged one, four and seven when she began her recordings.

"I chose key stories that are extremely happy or funny or tough and speak to a core characteristic of that person, or our relationship. As I talk, I imagine my children at all different ages and scenarios and want to be loving and supporting to them, whatever they are going through.

"I tell very clear stories. I laugh or cry throughout - that is OK."

She's made messages about family rituals, like all climbing into bed together every night to read the chapter of a book.

Or the time she made her family wait in the rain to watch a cow give birth, before realising it was just stuck in the mud.

But she also talks about romance, a subject she found many bereaved children found difficult to broach with their parents, but wanted to know more about.

"I talk about going out with my husband who was my good friend for many years and how I suddenly knew we should be together and went to his home at 5am, and just sat there, totally ready for life with him.

"I try to talk of interesting things each child did or said at certain times. They are snapshots, to say I care, I noticed."

She thinks every parent should make these videos every five years or so.

Gaby has used her app to record a message for her son

Although keeping your composure can be hard in a video, Gaby says the medium has advantages over audio when it comes to grieving.

Some people feel they are not looking their best, but children don't care about that, she says.

"I have footage of my dad, and just the way his eyebrows twitched a bit when he found something funny, it's like… uuuh... yes, that's him."

In time, video becomes especially valuable for young children who are bereaved because there is a huge amount of hurt associated with not being able to remember what your parent looked like, says Gaby.

The videos can help you trust your memories.

Though Gaby Eirew lives in Canada, she has kept in touch with Sky, the eldest daughter of her friend, Emma, whose death inspired the RecordMeNow app.

The pair met in person in December, for the first time in a few years. Sky is now 21 and a university student.

The meeting was a chance for Gaby to tell Sky stories about her mum. Gaby's friendship with Emma blossomed when they were around Sky's age, so the stories become more relatable.

Sky is the oldest of three siblings and was 10 when her mother died.

Her earliest distinct memory of her mother is during a skiing holiday, when she was six years old. Sky fractured her collar bone during her final ski lesson and was taken to hospital by her instructor. She recalls being "so scared" and wanting to see her parents. She has an enduring image of her mother running to the hospital, frantically trying to find the entrance.

She thinks she can remember some bath-times too.

"I was lucky in that as the oldest I have the most memories," says Sky.

"I remember when I was told [about her death] I had a flash forward of my life, thinking she's not going to be here then, she's not going to be here then… the hardest part is accepting that."

Recalling her mother's death and the impact it had on her family brings Sky to tears.

But after a pause she regains her composure.

"One of the best pieces of advice I was ever given was from my dad. It is that you should never be afraid to cry and show that you are hurting, because you are, and you are too young to hide it. That helped an awful lot.

"It's easy to think, 'I hate the world, this is so unfair, why has this happened to me?' And you have every right to think those things."

Here the RecordMeKnow app can help, she thinks.

"Half of the fear is thinking, 'I am alone,' and having the app is like having a little safe haven, allowing you to celebrate your parent's life as opposed to grieve their death."

Small details, such as what make-up they liked to use, would be nice to know, she thinks.

"It's the little things," she says. "You'd be surprised how small stories can make such an impact, so you feel they are still with you, or you are part of their lives."

And at a simpler level, the app would just allow you to just listen to their voice again, says Sky. "One of the things I found most scary was forgetting how they sounded, how they spoke."

There is another reason that Gaby is driven to spread the word about her app.

"I was raised by someone who didn't know who she was," she says.

Gaby's mother, Denise Paluch, now 82, was a child of the Holocaust.

She was smuggled out of the Drancy camp in France by the French Resistance in 1942. Her parents - rounded up for being Jewish - were sent on to the Auschwitz concentration camp a few days later.

Because she was only four years old when this happened, Gaby's mother has very little memory of her parents.

She lived her early childhood in Lyon under the protection of a woman who ran a school for children with special needs - she still calls this woman "my French mother". Denise was given a false identity to protect her in Vichy France.

She was also given a fake postcard pretending to be from her parents, saying that if she cried for them, they would not come back. This was a way of protecting her, because it was feared that if she displayed any emotion about her parents it would draw attention to her true Jewish identity, and put her life at risk.

Grieving, or any attempt to emotionally process the absence of her parents, was not permitted. It was life-threatening.

Denise (far right) with her "French family.  Denise spent her teenage years in South Africa, living with an aunt. Aged 15, her grandfather gave her a few pictures of her parents, the first time she was able to see what they looked like.

In later life in the UK, she married and raised four children, including Gaby, still without knowing her parents' fate.

It was only when she reached her 50s that records were discovered that confirmed her parents were sent to Auschwitz and died there. Only then could she accept she was an orphan and begin some kind of delayed grieving process.

She visited various places with Gaby, such as her parents' home in Brussels, in a desperate bid to corroborate memories. One breakthrough was finding some distinctive wall tiles she remembered, that she would have gazed at from her pram.

Recalling these events after so many years, the things that bring tears to her eyes are the fact that she was deprived of an education and that she was given away by her mother, something she says she felt more acutely after having her own children.

"The saddest thing for me, looking back, is the feeling of rejection," says Denise.

"I thought she didn't want me, therefore she went one way and I went the other."

This might seem strange to someone learning about her story for the first time, who knows the historical context. But you have to see things from a child's perspective, says Gaby.

The trauma of rejection at such an early age leaves a deep scar, even though the only reason Denise's parents took this heart-wrenching step was to save her life.

It worked, and something of them now survives in Denise's 11 grandchildren.

One of Denise's most precious objects, hanging on the wall of her north London home, is a sepia photograph of her mother, aged about four.

"She would have been roughly the same age in that photograph as I was when she gave me away," says Denise.

"I'm so proud of what Gaby's done with her app, because it will help so many people who don't remember their parents, to feel like somebody's child."

So what question would she ask of her parents, if they had had access to the app their granddaughter, Gaby Eirew, has created?

Without hesitation Denise knows the answer.

"What colour were my mother's eyes?"

You can learn more about Gaby's RecordMeNow app on her website. She has also published a book called Lap of Honour; a no fear guide to living well with dying. If you want to talk to somebody about bereavement or grief then the BBC has a pagefull of information and support.

As the price of DNA testing kits has dropped, they have become popular gifts. Millions in the US have already spat in a tube or swabbed some cheek cells and sent the result off for testing - and the craze is spreading. But what happens when you find out a lot more than you were expecting?

Have you left a message for your children to see after you die? Or did you receive one from a parent? Send us a message using the form below.

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If you are happy to be contacted by a BBC journalist please leave a telephone number that we can contact you on. In some cases a selection of your comments will be published, displaying your name as you provide it and location, unless you state otherwise. Your contact details will never be published. When sending us pictures, video or eyewitness accounts at no time should you endanger yourself or others, take any unnecessary risks or infringe any laws. Please ensure you have read the terms and conditions.

ruby Posted on March 05, 2019 11:02

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Knife crime: Home secretary says 'senseless

The home secretary has condemned the "senseless violence" that has seen a rise in the number of teenagers being stabbed to death across the UK.

Sajid Javid was speaking after the murders of a 17-year-old girl in east London and a boy, also aged 17, in Greater Manchester at the weekend.

He will meet police chiefs on Wednesday to look at ways to combat violence.

Figures show the number of children in England aged 16 and under being stabbed rose by 93% between 2016 and 2018.

Mr Javid said: "We're taking action on many fronts... It is vital that we unite to stop this senseless violence.

"Young people are being murdered across the country, it can't go on."

Former Metropolitan Police Commissioner Lord Hogan Howe, said the government should appoint a leader, or tsar, to "get a grip" on the problem, and that person should be in charge of how money is spent - especially on recruitment - not individual forces.

"I'd want to know, week after week, when are you recruiting them? When do they they arrive? When do they get trained? And when do they hit the streets?" he told the BBC.

"You want to know day-by-day what's going to get delivered. And I don't get that sense of grip."

On Saturday evening, Yousef Ghaleb Makki, from Burnage, was stabbed to death in the village of Hale Barns, near Altrincham.

Two boys, also aged 17, have been arrested on suspicion of murder and remain in police custody.

Yousef's death came a day after Jodie Chesney was killed in a knife attack in an east London park on Friday night.

The teenager was stabbed in the back as she played music with five friends in a park, the Metropolitan Police said.

Officers say Jodie's attacker was a black male in his late teens but gave no further details. There are no descriptions of a second suspect.

Jodie's family branded it a "totally random and unprovoked attack".

The playground where Jodie was found is called Amy's Play Site

The killings follow the deaths of three other teenagers in knife attacks in Birmingham in two weeks, prompting West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner David Jamieson to brand the situation a "national emergency".

Hazrat Umar, 17, was killed in Bordesley Green on Monday; Abdullah Muhammad, 16, died in Small Heath the previous week, and seven days earlier Sidali Mohamed, 16, was stabbed outside a college in Highgate.

Meanwhile, figures from an investigation by Channel 4's Dispatches programme suggest the number of children and young people in England and Wales linked to murders and manslaughters using knives has risen by more than 75% over three years.

The number of police-recorded offenders aged under 18 committing homicides using a knife or sharp instrument rose by 77% from 26 to 46 from 2016 to 2018, the programme found after analysing Freedom of Information request responses from 29 out of 43 police forces.

The Home Office said it set out a range of actions to tackle violent crime in October.

They include a £200m youth endowment fund; consultation on a new legal duty to underpin a public health approach to tackling serious violence, and an independent review of drug misuse.

It said an extra £970m in police funding is proposed for 2019-20 and added that the offensive weapons bill currently before Parliament will introduce new offences to tackle knife crime and acid attacks.

Home Office minister Victoria Atkins told BBC Radio 4's Today programme said a week of national action on knife crime took 9,000 knives from the streets and saw more than 1,000 arrests.

She said the #knifefree campaign aimed to make the point "that the overwhelming majority of young people do not carry knives".

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 11:00

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Salisbury Novichok public health response 'put lives at risk'

The response to the Salisbury Novichok poisonings put lives at risk because it was "inadequate and terribly slow", a former public health chief has claimed.

Ex-Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were found seriously ill in the city on 4 March 2018 after being poisoned with the nerve agent.

Dr Gabriel Scally accused Public Health England of putting people at risk.

But PHE said it published advice on a continuous basis "as soon as new information arose".

The city was finally declared decontaminated and free of Novichok on Friday.

Prime Minster Theresa May has tweeted her support for Salisbury on the one year anniversary of the attack and said she hoped the city would "once again be known for a being a beautiful, welcoming English city" and not for what happened last March.

Mr Scally, a former director for PHE in the south west, and honorary professor of public health at the University of Bristol, said it was apparent something was "gravely wrong" from day one, when officers in Hazmat suits were seen near the bench where the Skripals were found in Salisbury.

Initially, it was thought they had suffered a drug overdose but a number of city centre locations were cordoned off and accident and emergency at Salisbury District Hospital - where the pair were being treated - was shut.

Members of the emergency services in biohazard suits afix a tent over the bench where Sergei and Yulia Skripal were found

By 6 March Metropolitan Police counter-terror officers had taken over the investigation but said they were not dealing with a terrorist incident.

On 7 March, it was revealed the Skripals had been poisoned with a nerve agent.

However, it was was not until 11 March that up to 500 people, who visited The Mill pub or Zizzi restaurant at the same time as the Skripals, were told to wash their clothes and possessions.

Mr Scally argued this advice came too late to be of any use and was "bizarre".

"That delay could have potentially put lives at risk," he said.

"There was a nerve agent out there on the streets of Salisbury at that time and if you think there's a risk to the public, you've got a duty to say that and give them advice about what to do.

"Day eight, we arrive at the situation where the detailed advice that circulated was pretty odd and not coherent.

"Who can remember what clothes they were wearing eight days ago or if they wore sunglasses? Then talking about washing them and putting them in a bag when you have to touch them to do so.

"That advice was given far too late and was not competent."

Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia survived the attack in Salisbury last March

Other public health advice issued included wiping down items people had handled, such as phones, handbags and other electronic items, with cleansing or baby wipes.

Mr Scally added: "You just have to look at how people are kitted out on day one to see they were worried about something extremely serious.

"This is obviously a grave concern for national security but the health of the population must come first."

The Maltings shopping area was the scene of decontamination work by the military

Mr Scally's remarks echoed criticism by the former chief medical officer, Sir Liam Donaldson. Speaking to the BBC in the week of the attack, Mr Donaldson said he was "a little surprised that the communication with the public has been in such general terms and slow to get off the ground... in a situation when there are so many unknowns about the risk".

A spokeswoman for PHE said while there was speculation about a nerve agent being used earlier, the definitive scientific identification came on 7 March.

She said: "All available evidence was reviewed by scientists across government to ensure members of the public were provided with the safest but also most practical advice."

The PHE also said "given the consequences of misidentifying the substance", it "would have been foolish" not to be sure it was Novichok before issuing warnings.

As there were no guidelines in place for dealing with Novichok, the advice to bag up clothes came as a result of research into best practice.

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 10:50

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Helen Kyneston: Drugs-in-bra prison smuggling mum jailed

A woman who hid cannabis and a mobile phone in her bra for her son while visiting him in prison has been jailed.

Helen Kyneston, 55, was seen placing the items into a crisp packet while having lunch with her son at HMP Peterborough on 2 January.

Cambridge Crown Court heard the son was later searched and items with a prison value of up to £1,200 were found.

Kyneston, of Eastfields, Littleport, was jailed for 12 months after admitting conveying items into prison.

The court heard the items were placed into the crisp packet wrapped in cling film, along with a cable used for charging the miniature phone.

The street value of the 7.46g of cannabis would be about £70, but prosecutor Edward Renvoice said in prison the value would be between £350 to £700.

The prison at HMP Peterborough holds 800 men

In mitigation, Claire Matthews, defending, said that Kyneston "wasn't clear" what the items were but "knew they were contraband".

Ms Matthews said her client had been "suffering from a whole heap of different demons" at the time of the offence - including alcohol and drug dependency - but since being on remand had been receiving treatment.

Judge David Farrell QC acknowledged that it was "against the backdrop of drug issues" that she had taken in the contraband.

But, he added that "drugs in prison undermine good order and discipline" while phones "are used for furthering criminal activity both inside and outside of prison".

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 10:45

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How a missing letter helped create a tech billionaire

The BBC's weekly The Boss series profiles different business leaders from around the world. This week we speak to Scott Farquhar, co-founder and co-chief executive of software company Atlassian.

Scott Farquhar remembers his life-changing "sliding doors" moment.

The Australian entrepreneur was on track to join one of the country's top military institutions after he finished high school. But the letter from the Australian Defence Force Academy offering him a place got lost in the post.

By the time it arrived at Scott's family home some two months late, he had opted to go to university instead.

That missing letter set him, and business partner Mike Cannon-Brookes, on a path to become Australia's first tech billionaires.

"If the letter had turned up earlier, history may be slightly different," says Scott, now 39.

With a credit card and not much else, the pair founded business software company Atlassian in 2002.

The Nasdaq-listed firm is now valued at $25bn (£18.8bn) and the two men are worth an estimated $7bn each.

Atlassian listed on the tech-heavy Nasdaq in 2015

Growing up in a working-class suburb of Sydney, Scott says he always had an interest in computers.

"I remember crying myself to sleep one night because my friend had a computer and I wanted one too," he says.

His parents ended up buying him a second-hand machine and he spent about a year trying to make it work. Computer programming came later.

Scott met Mike while both were doing a degree in computers and business at the University of New South Wales in Sydney. The two friends finished the course and wanted to work for themselves.

Their goals were simple: don't wear suits, and earn more than 48,500 Australian dollars ($35,000; £26,000) a year. That was roughly the salary other graduates had been offered by big banks and accounting firms.

"At that stage I was living in a shared house at university and eating ramen noodles every day," says Scott. "We didn't have much to lose."

A brief spell as a "terrible" tech support company was followed by a shift to business software.

Orders were hard won at first, coming mainly from people they knew.

Then one day in 2003, a fax arrived. It was a purchase order from American Airlines. That fax still hangs outside Scott's office at the company's headquarters in Sydney.

It was the end of what he describes as "hand-to-hand combat" to find customers. Now they were coming straight to Atlassian.

"That was the turning point when we knew we'd make it," he says.

Mike Cannon-Brookes and Scott Farquhar met at university

Scott credits the company's growth in part to its sales model. By making its products available online, he says they took business software sales off the golf course and direct to customers.

It meant that Atlassian, which last year topped $1bn in revenues, could access markets it couldn't afford to reach with a traditional sales force. Nowadays Coca-Cola, Twitter and Visa are among the thousands of firms using it products.

As the business grew, it secured $60m of external investment in 2010. Atlassian, named after the Greek god Atlas, floated on the Nasdaq stock exchange in New York in 2015.

Scott was there in person to ring the bell with Mike and other colleagues, when the surprise arrival of his wife and three kids left him "wiping back the tears".

They all then celebrated in Times Square with greasy pizza and cheap champagne.

"We hadn't thought about the celebration part of it," he says.

It's a success story that seems relatively unblemished. A vague idea, pursued with little capital, that blew up into one of Australia's most prized tech exports.

But Scott is adamant the ride hasn't always been smooth.

"It has taken 17 and a half years," he says, stressing the firm isn't an "overnight success".

"We've made mistakes along the way. We've launched products too late, recently we had to shut down a product that didn't make it in the market."

Scott wants his company to be able to more easily seek talented workers from overseas

But there is no doubting Scott's commitment to the business. While on his honeymoon in Africa he flew back to Sydney to deal with a problem at work.

"It did take me quite a few years to make it up to my wife," he says.

Technology analyst Ray Wang of Constellation Research says that Scott and Mike's close friendship is a key factor behind Atlassian's success.

"People often look at Atlassian and say... this story is so good. It is because they have been friends for so long. They are stable, normal people.

"They're pragmatic, they know they got lucky."

Scott says that he and Mike - who is also 39 and also has the co-chief executive job title - "complement" each other.

As well as running the 3,000-employee company together, they are also neighbours in Australia's two most expensive homes. A hole in the fence between their Sydney harbourside mansions - Scott's cost more than A$70m - lets their kids crawl through to play together.

Scott bought his Sydney mansion, pictured, for more than A$70m

Looking to the future, Mr Wang says that the pair's biggest battle will be fighting off unwanted advances.

"If someone made an offer for them at $50bn would they hold?" he says, pointing to Microsoft, Oracle and IBM as possible suitors.

Scott says his biggest challenge in the future is securing more employees with the skills that the company needs.

To help do this he is working with the Australian government on how to best bring in more talent from overseas. He also wants to build a new technology precinct in Sydney, a hub he hopes will act as "the lighthouse" to attract people to Australia.

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 10:38

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Geneva Motor Show: Why it will be electrifying

The Geneva International Motor Show, which gets under way in Switzerland this week, is one of the biggest events on the global auto industry calendar.

At a time when many traditional motor shows seem to be in decline, with manufacturers increasingly wary of spending cash on big set-piece events, Geneva still looks healthy.

Unlike the other major European events, in Frankfurt and Paris, it isn't dominated by one nation's manufacturers. Held on neutral ground, it also attracts many smaller businesses, such as tuning houses and niche sportscar makers.

There's a much greater emphasis on speed and style than you might see elsewhere, and as befits a show that once welcomed concepts for nuclear-powered vehicles, there's a strong focus on innovation.

The glitzy car launches, with their deafening sound and light shows, and the acres of shiny bodywork on display will present a confident image to the world.

But there's no escaping the fact that this is an industry in transition, with many manufacturers struggling to make profits, and apprehensive about the future.

Electrification is likely to be the dominant theme at Geneva this year, and for good reason.

Aston Martin Lagonda has been teasing car fans with pictures of its new Lagonda All-Terrain Concept ahead of the official unveiling

New European emissions regulations, which are being phased in from next year, will force manufacturers to reduce drastically the amount of carbon dioxide emitted by their cars, or face steep fines.

Those targets will apply to average emissions across each carmaker's model range. Having low or zero-emissions cars, such as fully electric and plug-in hybrids, in their fleets will help to bring down the average.

"Not only do they have to make electric cars, the way the rules work they actually have to sell them as well," explains James Attwood, deputy editor of Autocar magazine.Small wonder then that carmakers are scrambling to develop new electric vehicles. What we'll see at Geneva, however, is a large number of plug-in hybrids - and an array of fully electric concepts.

These are prototypes designed to show what manufacturers are thinking and gauge the response of consumers, rather than road-ready vehicles.

According to Mr Attwood, "What you're going to see is cars that are designed to get people looking and thinking of electric cars in a different way.

"Lots of manufacturers are now trying to showcase just what you can do with electric cars."

Mercedes and Audi, which are in the process of developing whole new electric ranges, will both have new ideas on show. For Audi, it will be a new compact SUV, while Mercedes is bringing an electric people-carrier.

Paolo Pininfarina, chairman of the eponymous design house, will be unveiling the firm's new electric hypercar

Aston Martin's new electric sub-brand Lagonda will be showing off what it calls an "all-terrain concept", an upmarket SUV designed to rival the luxury Rolls-Royce Cullinan.

Meanwhile, Korean manufacturer Kia, which has been making waves recently with its more sensibly priced electric e-Niro SUV, will also have a concept. "Designed to not only get your pulse racing, but to also signpost our holistic and emotional approach to electrification," the company says.

That's the kind of language you hear a lot of at motor shows, often at high volume and accompanied by a very expensive but rather cheesy video. In this case, it appears to suggest that electric cars can be both practical and fun.

Not all of them are entirely practical however.

Automobili Pininfarina, an Italian brand backed by the Indian giant Mahindra, will be bringing along three versions of its new Battista.

Named after the founder of the Pininfarina design house, the car is expected to have a top speed of 250mph, and a range of 300 miles, all on battery power. The car itself has yet to be unveiled, but it's fair to say it is unlikely to have much room for your shopping.

Volkswagen's much-anticipated electric buggy concept has arrived, modelled on the legendary American dune buggies from the 60s and 70s

Another major issue affecting the industry - and one which goes far beyond simply how cars are powered - is what the future holds for transport in cities.

Governments and local authorities across Europe are increasingly desperate to cut congestion and improve air quality. Restrictions on petrol and diesel cars, and on private vehicles in general, are likely only to increase.

At the same time technology is developing rapidly, raising the prospect that one day self-driving taxis may become commonplace in town centres. Ride hailing and car sharing are also becoming more popular.

All of this clearly threatens the traditional business models of established carmakers. As a result, deals like those announced recently between BMW and Daimler, on shared-use models and developing self-driving technology, may become more commonplace.

"Carmakers are being pulled in so many directions at the moment," says Anna-Marie Baisden, head of auto research at Fitch Solutions.

"They're investing in new technology, and at the same time seeing slower sales in key markets, such as North America, China and Europe. So with an eye for cost-cutting it makes sense to work together."

Meanwhile, manufacturers are trying to work out what kinds of vehicles we'll actually be using in cities for the next few years.

So at Geneva, we'll see the latest version of Honda's Urban EV, a small electric car designed specifically for use in the city, which is nearly ready to go into production.

There will also be the Ami-One, a little electric box on wheels from the French marque Citroen. Only a concept so far, it's designed specifically for the car-sharing market. With a maximum speed of 28mph, in some countries you wouldn't even need a full licence to drive it, making it a viable option for cash-strapped 16-year-olds.

Sales of so-called micro-electric vehicles are growing fast and Citroen hopes its Ami-One will grab a slice of the market

And following a similar stream of creative thinking, Spanish brand Seat has come up with its own super-small city concept, first unveiled at the recent Mobile World Congress in Barcelona.

Named the Minimo, it is half the size of a traditional city car. In fact, it is more of an enclosed scooter. It has a strong resemblance to Renault's existing super-small car, the Twizy.

Like the Ami-One, it is aimed at the car-sharing market. And one day, the manufacturer says, it will be able to drive itself.

It may look rather incongruous alongside the exotic array of super-fast, super-stylish supercars Geneva invariably attracts. But carmakers clearly think machines like this are what many of us will one day use to get around.

Supercars may have the futuristic looks, but super-compacts could be what the future actually holds.

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 10:28

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Lilly Singh: Why the YouTuber coming out as bisexual is 'worth celebrating'

She tweeted: "Female, coloured, bisexual" to her 5.74 million Twitter followers and received a huge outpouring of support from fans.

"Throughout my life these have proven to be obstacles from time to time. But now I'm fully embracing them as my superpowers," she wrote.

"No matter how many 'boxes' you check, I encourage you to do the same."

Lilly has a huge following online, with almost 15 million subscribers to her YouTube channel - which she describes as "comedy, inspiration, good vibes".

And fans like Afshan D'souza-Lodhi, who's South Asian and bisexual - like Lilly, are celebrating the YouTuber's announcement.

Afshan believes Lilly coming out will help others to have conversations about sexuality with their families

"In the South Asian community there's a hesitancy for women to take ownership of their sexuality in the way Lilly has done," the 26-year-old writer and performer tells Newsbeat.

"She's hit a level of success and it's amazing news to have her come out like that."

Afshan says there is a lack of LGBT role models in South Asian culture, which is why so many people have welcomed Lilly's announcement.

But as well as celebrities, she'd like to see "more and more stories of regular, everyday people coming out and saying: 'I'm on the LGBT people spectrum as well'".

Lilly has been outspoken on gender and sexuality issues for many years

She also hopes Lilly's announcement will help young South Asian LGBT people begin to have more open conversations with family members - who may also be fans of the YouTuber.

"My parents have seen Superwoman videos. I've made them sit and watch them," says Afshan.

"They've laughed and found it really funny. The videos get shared on Facebook so they have access to that, so for her to come out and to normalise bisexuality in the way she has, allows our parents to have that discussion."

Shiva Raichandani has been following Lilly since she uploaded her first ever video to YouTube.

He says he's a fan because of the positivity and energy she brings to her videos and live shows.

The non-binary artist and performer says he hopes Lilly's coming out results in more "acceptance" for bisexual people of South Asian descent.

"To have someone in her position impart knowledge around bisexuality, that's beautiful," says Shiva

"Any recognition we can get for bisexual folk in the community is 100% appreciated," he tells Newsbeat.

"This is a bisexual woman with millions of fans worldwide, many of whom are bisexual Indian women themselves.

"A bisexual Indian woman to publicly own her sexuality on a massive platform is worth celebrating. Now, she gives that platform to younger generations to feel comfortable in their own sexuality and their own skin."

He says that as an influencer, Lilly has been shaping "attitudes and opinions" throughout her career, and will now hopefully do that for a better understanding of LGBT issues in South Asian culture.Lilly has been tweeting about her support for the LGBT community for many years (along with creating YouTube videos on LGBT issues), sharing her support for gay pride events and gay marriage long before she came out.

In 2016 she even said that she hoped one day she'd come out as bi. Three years later, she's done just that.

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 10:07

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Dorji Dema: A female archer taking aim at sexism

Traditional Bhutanese archery is for men only - even though the country's women archers have had great success in the modern sport. As Michelle Jana Chan reports, Olympic archer Dorji Dema is assembling a team of women to put this right.

I hope I've got the right house… I walk past a potato patch to the front door. There's no knocker, so I call out. Dorji Dema appears at the doorway, a visibly toned and youthful 35-year-old in a tight orange T-shirt. She's an archer, and archery is Bhutan's national sport.

Long associated with victories over invading forces, archery has been practised for centuries here. Most villages have at least one range and contests are integral to the numerous religious festivals.

As I travelled across Bhutan, inside its monasteries and temples I'd seen statues and paintings of figures holding bamboo bows, often pulled back taut, aimed at their enemies. Some were male, others fantastical creatures; none looked anything like the woman in front of me.

Dorji smiles shyly and apologises for her English. Shorter than me, with a friendly smile and her hair tied back with a ribbon, she doesn't fill me with fear, but Bhutanese men quake when she lifts her weapon.

Fresco of the God Pehor Gelpo, in Gangtey

I remove my shoes and enter her home. A wall is covered with certificates, medals and security passes from international archery competitions - in venues from Thailand to Sri Lanka - and there are polished trophies on a shelf.

"It's not the winning, of course," Dorji says. "It's the participating."

"Surely not," I reply sceptically. "You must have wanted to win."

She shakes her head. That's very Bhutanese. Not a lack of ambition or passion, but congeniality, the sense of the collaborative.

Tournaments in Bhutan are often as much about fun as the frenzy of competing. They are accompanied by raucous singing, boo-ing, cheering, dancing and sometimes even heavy drinking by contestants. Archery is much more than just a sport.

"Will you teach me?" I ask Dorji. We'd planned a lesson.

Dorji Dema had morning sickness at the Beijing Olympics

She bounces off to get an advanced bow, not unlike the Recurve used by competitors at the Olympics, but with a trigger to release the arrow. She grabs a sheaf of arrows, and we head out to the garden. I hadn't noticed the strip of land, flanked by a muddy bank, which serves as her practice ground. She usually shoots from 50m, but we move much closer to the target for my sake.

She talks me through the action. Lift the bow. Pull your arm back completely. Keep the bowstring close to your cheek.

I've always thought of myself as pretty strong, and I'm eager to try. But my left arm soon starts to shake with the strain. We giggle. I struggle to pull back the string. In a last-ditch effort I roar as I might at the gym, trying to lift one last weight. The arrow flies towards the target.

"Six points," Dorji says, beaming.

It was a fluke. I get steadily worse with each try until I can barely lift the bow, let alone take aim.

Dorji shoots 20 arrows, one after another. They cluster around the bulls eye so tightly they look like one entity.

As the light fades, we head inside. We're cooking dinner together and I'm spending the night - Dorji now runs a homestay.

Sitting cross-legged on the wooden floor, we chop radishes and spring onions. One of her three children runs past, calling out a cheerful hello. I notice the girl's age and glance up at the dates on the certificates on the wall.

Dorji nods knowingly, and explains that it wasn't easy. In 2005, she was seven months pregnant when she competed in South Korea. Every time she took aim, the baby moved. She laughs.

At the Beijing Olympics in 2008 she was three months pregnant and admits it was dreadful.

"I couldn't eat anything. I was throwing up all the time," she says.

"But although the baby makes you physically weaker, your mind is stronger. And the stronger your mind is, the less you shake."

Traditional archery remains a pursuit for Bhutanese men

I turn to Dorji's mother, who's been watching television in a corner.

"You must be proud of your daughter?"

"I'm proud of her because she's made lots of money," she guffaws. "She was the one who fixed the roof of this old house, not my son-in-law."

Everyone laughs - Dorji's husband, too. He's obviously used to her tongue.

Women are mostly seen on the sidelines, as cheerleaders

I ask Dorji if she'll try for another Olympics?

"I'd love to," she says. "I watch all the competitions on YouTube."

Her more immediate goal, though, is to put together an all-female team for a tournament in Bhutan next year. Dorji says women are excluded from the traditional discipline, where the distance to the target is 145m. Instead they're mostly seen on the sidelines - as cheerleaders, and the ones who bring food to competitors and taunt the opposition.

Dorji wants to change that.

"In the past, women weren't even allowed to touch a bow. It was considered bad luck," she says. "But now we should be equal."

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 10:01

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Trevor Noah sorry for India-Pakistan comments

Comedian Trevor Noah has said he is sorry for making jokes about the sharp rise in tensions between India and Pakistan over disputed Kashmir.

He said a war between the two would be "the most entertaining", adding "it would also be the longest war of all time - another dance number!"

The gag, in an episode of The Daily Show, caused most anger in India where thousands poured fury onto Twitter.

India and Pakistan have fought two wars and a limited conflict over Kashmir.

Both countries claim all of Kashmir, but each controls only part of it. The events of the past two weeks has seen an almost unprecedented escalation, which culminated in Pakistan shooting down an Indian fighter jet and capturing an Indian pilot - they later released him.

Shelling over the de facto border dividing Kashmir continued over the weekend, resulting in civilian casualties on both sides.

After Noah's Daily Show appearance last week, criticism built up online which saw the South African comedian condemned as "racist" and "insensitive".

When one Twitter user accused him of mocking "war through a Bollywood stereotype", Noah responded with an explanation of his comedy process - but also said "I am sorry that this hurt you and others, that's not what I was trying to do".

He said that he used comedy to "process pain and discomfort", pointing out that he had even made jokes about his mother being shot in the head.

He followed up by saying that he was amazed that his joke over the conflict "trended more than the actual conflict itself".

That sentiment also clearly struck a chord. Some users said the outrage that trended over his jokes was "unnecessary", and just another example of the social media echo chamber that amplifies all offence.

On The Daily Show's own YouTube page, some expressed dismay but many chimed in to say they found the segment funny.

Twitter is the social media platform where political controversy in India tends to play out - and so this is where offence escalated most. In addition, there isn't a well established tradition of political satire in India, so Noah's comedy was bound to have its detractors.

A Facebook page called Humans of Hindutva became notorious in India for poking fun at political leaders and parties. It amassed a large following quickly - but was also seen as very controversial in India and felt compelled to pause its satire.

Indian celebrities have also been castigated for taking a political stand - and sometimes, for not taking one.

Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's recent tweet in support of the Indian air force has now spurred a petition in Pakistan against her, calling on Unicef to strip her of her Goodwill Ambassador title.

On 26 February, India carried out air strikes on what it said was a militant camp in Pakistan in retaliation for a suicide bombing that killed at least 40 Indian troops in Indian-administered Kashmir on 14 February.

A Pakistan-based group said it carried out the attack - the deadliest to take place during a three-decade insurgency against Indian rule in Kashmir.

Pakistan - which denies any involvement in the 14 February attack - said it had no choice but to retaliate with air strikes last week.

That led to a dogfight and an Indian fighter jet being shot down in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. The fighter pilot, who was captured by Pakistan, was released on 1 March and arrived in India, where he has been hailed as a hero.

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 09:50

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Duga radar: Enormous abandoned antenna hidden in forests near Chernobyl

(CNN) — The peaceful untouched forest north of Ukraine's capital, Kiev, is a perfect spot to enjoy the outdoors -- save for one fact.

It contains the radiation-contaminated Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, established in 1986 after the world's worst nuclear disaster sent a wave of radiation fallout across Europe.

Since 2011 it's been a major draw for adventurous tourists, but the forests here conceal another legacy of the Cold War, with a far more sinister and mysterious reputation.

The Duga radar.

Though once a closely guarded secret, this immense structure can be seen for miles around, rearing up through the mist over the horizon -- a surreal sight.

From a distance, it appears to be a gigantic wall. On close inspection, it's an enormous, dilapidated structure made up of hundreds of huge antennas and turbines.

The Duga radar (which translates as "The Arc") was once one of the most powerful military facilities in the Soviet Union's communist empire.

It still stands a towering 150 meters (492 feet) high and stretches almost 700 meters in length. But, left to rot in the radioactive winds of Chernobyl, it's now in a sad state of industrial decay.

Anyone exploring the undergrowth at its feet will stumble upon neglected vehicles, steel barrels, broken electronic devices and metallic rubbish, the remainders of the hasty evacuation shortly after the nuclear disaster.

For decades, the Duga has stood in the middle of nowhere with no one to witness its slow demise. Since 2013, visitors exploring the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone have been permitted access to the radar installation as part of a guided group.

Even those aware of its presence are still struck by the sheer scale of it, says Yaroslav Yemelianenko, director of Chernobyl Tour, which conducts trips to the Duga.

"Tourists are overwhelmed by the enormous size of the installation and its aesthetic high-tech beauty," he tells CNN Travel. "No one expects that it is that big.

"They feel very sorry that it's semi-ruined and is under threat of total destruction," he adds.

Even decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the story behind the Duga still poses more questions than answers, its true purpose not fully understood.

Doomed to failure

The antenna was used to bounce signals off the Earth's ionosphere.


Construction of the Duga began in 1972 when Soviet scientists looking for ways to mitigate long-range missile threats came up with the idea of building a huge over-the-horizon-radar, that would bounce signals off the ionosphere to peer over the Earth's curvature.

Despite the gigantic scale of the project, it transpired the scientists lacked full understanding of how the ionosphere works -- unwittingly dooming it to failure before it was even built.

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Some of what we know today about the Duga -- also known as Chernobyl-2 -- comes from Volodymyr Musiyets, a former commander of the radar complex.

"The Chernobyl-2 object, as a part of the anti-missile and anti-space defense of the Soviet military, was created with a sole purpose," he told the Ukrainian newspaper Fakty, "to detect the nuclear attack on the USSR in the first two-three minutes after the launch of the ballistic missiles."

The Duga radar was only a signal receiver, the transmitting center was built some 60 kilometers away in a town called Lubech-1, now also abandoned.

These top-secret facilities were protected with extensive security measures.

Wild speculations

The radar was buried deep in a forest, with fake signs disguising its presence.

Clay Gilliland/Flickr

To confuse their "enemies," Soviet command often designated such installations with numbers or fake identities.

On Soviet maps, the Duga radar was marked as a children's camp (there's even a bizarre bus stop on the road to one facility decorated with a bear mascot from the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

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Legend has it that Phil Donahue, one of the first US journalists to be granted access to Chernobyl after the disaster, asked his official guide about the surreal sight of the Duga on the horizon and was told it was an unfinished hotel.

When it was in operation, according to Musiyets, the Duga supposedly used short radio waves capable of traveling thousands of kilometers using a technique called "over-the-horizon" radiolocation to detect the exhaust flames of launching missiles.

In 1976 the world heard for the first time the eerie woodpecker-like repetitive pulse coming from the transmitters.

Conspiracy theories followed instantly, generating Western media headlines about mind and weather control.

'Russian woodpecker'

The radar, like the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, are now tourist attractions.

Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty Images

Amid growing fears of nuclear war some claimed that the low-frequency "Russian signal" could change human behavior and destroy brain cells.

Such wild speculations were further fueled by the Soviet Union's denial of the very existence of the radar -- it was a children's camp after all.

While it's highly unlikely that Duga was used as a mind control weapon directed at Americans, its true purpose and the important details of its functioning are covered in mystery.

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Was there a connection to the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant? It's speculated that the doomed facility was built in the particular area in order to provide the enormous radar with energy.

Supporters of this idea point out that the Duga radar cost the Soviet Union twice as much as the power plant, despite its questionable military capabilities.

A Sundance-awarded 2015 documentary "Russian Woodpecker" goes deep into this theory following Ukrainian artist Fedor Alexandrovich's investigation into the causes of the Chernobyl tragedy, with the Duga radar playing a role at the core of the conspiracy.

Soviet ghosts


The explosion at Chernobyl on April 26, 1986 was the beginning of the end for the Duga array. The complex was closed due to the radiation contamination and its workers evacuated -- the silence only broken by the sound of crackling geiger counters tracking radiation.

Due to the Duga's top-secret status, all the documents about its operation were either destroyed or archived in Moscow, a state of things that continues to the present day. The antenna's vital components transported to Moscow or spirited away by looters.

In the chaos that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union, the radar's fate was entrenched by its location in the middle of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, sealed off from the public for more than two decades.

The Chernobyl catastrophe impacted the lives of thousands of innocent people, covered the whole continent in radiation and led to death and decay.

Much of the Duga's technology has been ransacked or taken back to Russia.

Jorge Franganillo/Wikicommons

Enduring fascination for the incident and the Cold War, perhaps some of it inspired by recent diplomatic strains between East and West, have meant no shortage of people wanting to explore such forsaken relics.

"Many people have heard about it," says Yemelianenko. "Mostly they like [the radar] because their personal life story is in some ways connected with the history of the Cold War.

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"Some people were engaged in these events ... They would like to witness [Duga] with their own eyes," he says, adding that most of visitors are from the United States, aged from 30 to 60.

Yemelianenko, among a group of Ukrainian tourism professionals working to get the Exclusion Zone inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list, adds that many visitors to the Exclusion Zone claim that seeing the Duga is the highlight of their trip.

So, while the sinister woodpecker sound may have departed the radio waves, the Duga continues to transmit its eerie presence across the abandoned landscape.

The Soviet Union may have gone forever but its ghosts still haunt Ukraine.

sarah Posted on March 04, 2019 09:49

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Climate change: Angela Merkel welcomes school strikes

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has said she supports school students' protests about climate change.

It appears to contradict some education officials, who have criticised participants for skipping school and threatened them with exclusion.

Mrs Merkel said students might be frustrated at the time taken to move away from coal-based energy but asked them to understand it was a challenge.

Across the world, some students have been leaving school to demand action.

On Friday thousands of high school students in the city of Hamburg marched against climate change, with Swedish activist Greta Thunberg - who started the series of school strikes - present.

But the city's education official, Ties Rabe, wrote on Twitter: "No-one makes the world better by skipping school."Meanwhile the education minister in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia has told schools that students face disciplinary action up to and including expulsion if they do not comply with their legal duty to go to school.

Asked about the Friday school strikes, which in Germany have been dubbed "Fridays for Future", Ms Merkel said the country's climate goals could only be reached with the support of wider society.

"So I very much welcome that young people, school students, demonstrate and tell us to do something fast about climate change," she said.

"I think it is a very good initiative," she added, without making reference to the fact that they were protesting during school hours.

Greta Thunberg, 15, told the BBC in September about her climate strike outside the Swedish parliament

But, she said, in her role she had to let them know that there were many steps to take before the full switch-off of coal, planned for Germany by 2038.

"From the students' point of view," Ms Merkel continued, "that may seem like a very long way away, but it will challenge us very much so I ask them to understand that too."

Two years ago a small survey suggested that Germans worried more about climate change than they did about terrorism.

Demanding action: UK students miss school to protest climate change

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 08:58

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Huawei's Meng Wanzhou sues Canada authorities over arrest

The chief financial officer of China's tech giant Huawei is suing Canada over her arrest at the request of the US.

Meng Wanzhou was held in December at Vancouver airport on suspicion of fraud and breaching US sanctions on Iran.

On Friday Ms Meng filed a civil claim against Canada's government, border agency and police for "serious breaches" of her civil rights.

It came on the same day that Canada officially launched Meng Wanzhou's extradition process to the US.

She will next appear in court on 6 March, when it will be confirmed that Canada has issued a legal writ over her extradition to the US and the date for an extradition hearing will be set.

China has attacked Ms Meng's arrest and the extradition process as a "political incident". She denies all the charges against her.

The claim - filed in British Columbia's Supreme Court on Friday - seeks damages against the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) and the federal government for allegedly breaching her civil rights.

Ms Meng says CBSA officers held, searched and questioned her at the airport under false pretences before she was arrested by the RCMP.

Ms Meng has a property in Vancouver and is currently out on bail

Officers held her to get information they "did not believe would be obtained if the Plaintiff was immediately arrested", breaking her rights under Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Her detention was "unlawful" and "arbitrary", the suit says, and officers "intentionally failed to advise her of the true reasons for her detention, her right to counsel, and her right to silence".

Ms Meng is the daughter of Huawei's founder, and her arrest has strained relations between China, and the US and Canada.

US authorities filed almost two dozen charges against Huawei - the world's second largest smartphone maker - and Ms Meng in January, along with a formal request for her extradition.

China has slammed the move as an "abuse of the bilateral extradition treaty" between Canada and the US, and has expressed its "resolute opposition" and "strong dissatisfaction" with the proceedings.

But Canada says it is following the rule of law. Two of its citizens in China are thought to have been detained in retaliation for her arrest.

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 08:55

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Tornadoes kill at least 23 in Lee County, Alabama

At least 23 people have been killed as tornadoes struck Lee County in eastern Alabama, authorities say.

County Sheriff Jay Jones said there had been "catastrophic" damage and there were fears more bodies would be found. The number of injured is not yet known.

Rescue efforts have been halted until dawn due to the danger of searching in the dark.

The most devastating tornado struck the area around Beauregard, carving a path at least half a mile (0.8km) wide.

The National Weather Service (NWS) classified it as at least an EF-3 - meaning winds of up to 165mph (266km/h).

It warned people to "stay out of damaged areas so first responders could do their job".

The area around Beauregard, about 60 miles (95km) east of Alabama's state capital, Montgomery, appears to have borne the brunt. The tornado there struck at about 14:00 (20:00 GMT) on Sunday.

Footage showed snapped poles, roads littered with debris and houses without roofs.

Sheriff Jones said some homes had been reduced to slabs.

Authorities fear the death toll could rise.

Residents of Smiths Station told local TV they had seen businesses destroyed there. A large bar called the Buck Wild Saloon had had its roof torn off.

Sheriff Jones said: "The challenge is the sheer volume of the debris where all the homes were located. It's the most I've seen that I can recall."

Tornado warnings were also issued for Georgia, Florida and South Carolina. Footage showed smashed buildings and snapped trees in Talbotton, about 80 miles south of Atlanta.

Tornadoes were also reported in Walton County and Cairo in northern Florida.

All of the deaths so far have been in Lee County. Authorities say they are still working to identify the victims and the injured.

One of the dead in Beauregard was an eight year old, family members said.

"We've never had a mass fatality situation, that I can remember, like this in my lifetime," Lee County coroner Bill Harris said.

He said on Sunday evening: "We've still got people being pulled out of rubble. We're going to be here all night."

Alabama meteorologist Eric Snitil tweeted that there were more deaths in Lee County in one day due to a tornado than in the entirety of the US in 2018.

East Alabama Medical Centre said it was treating more than 40 people injured by the extreme weather, and was expecting more.

Several tornadoes hit the region on Sunday including Georgia, seen here at Warner Robins

Several people were reported hurt in Talbotton in Georgia, though not seriously.

PowerOutage.US says there are about 3,000 customers without power across Alabama, most of them in Lee County.

Cold weather is forecast for the region after the tornadoes, with temperatures predicted to drop to near freezing.

The National Weather Service said it would send three survey teams to assess the damage caused by tornadoes across Alabama on Monday.

The extreme weather initially cut off electricity for 21,000 Georgia Power customers, according to a company spokeswoman, and tore down trees and destroyed homes.

Alabama Governor Kay Ivey posted on Twitter to warn residents there could be more extreme weather to come.

"Our hearts go out to those who lost their lives in the storms that hit Lee County today," she wrote.

President Donald Trump also tweeted, asking people to "Please be careful and safe".

And Apple CEO Tim Cook, who was born in Mobile in the southwest of the state, said he was "devastated" by the news, saying Lee County was "a place close to my heart".

This series has occurred earlier than the traditional peak season for tornadoes, which runs from April to June, when more than half of the year's tornadoes generally strike.

Weather systems are more conducive in these months. Warm air flows north from the Gulf of Mexico at the same time as storm systems are propelled into the south and mid-west by a southward dip in the jet stream.

These latest tornadoes appear to have carried the deadliest toll since 35 people were killed in Arkansas and Mississippi in April 2014.

A "super outbreak" of tornadoes across a swathe of the US in April 2011 killed more than 300 people.

ruby Posted on March 04, 2019 08:52

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Jonathan-Ismael Diaby: Does ice hockey have a racism problem?

A racist incident at a Quebec hockey arena has reopened old wounds about what some former players are calling the dark side of Canada's national pastime.

Jonathan-Ismael Diaby is not used to quitting.

At 24, the defenceman has been playing semi-pro hockey hockey for almost a decade. On the ice, he is focused, methodical and surprisingly agile for his 6'5" frame. He also happens to be black.

But after fans hurled racial insults at him and harassed his family, he decided to walk out mid-game.

"I was conflicted... I just wanted to fling my stick in the guy's face," he told the BBC after the incident.

"But then I was thinking of doing what I did, which was to leave the game peacefully and make a change after."

Trying to raise awareness for the racism that visible minority athletes face is what he is doing now.

Video of the incident and Diaby's subsequent openness about the experience have caused a stir in Canada, where hockey is more than just a sport: it is an intrinsic part of national identity.

The video shows a fan of the opposing team confronting Diaby in the penalty box. The man can be seen making a racist gesture, and showing Diaby a picture on his mobile phone of a baboon.

Soon, several fans began to harass Diaby's family and his girlfriend, touching their hair and telling his father (a former pro-footballer in the Ivory Coast) to "go back home".

That's when Diaby decided enough was enough - so he went to the locker room to change and then left with his family.

"Being a visible minority, we deal with it every day," he says. "But that was the first time I saw a big group of people pushing towards negativity like that."

League commissioner Jean-François Laplante has apologised to Diaby and his family.

"Racist, sexist, homophobic comments are completely unacceptable and cannot be tolerated, whether it's in everyday life or in our arenas," he said.

But it is not the first time a hockey player has been harassed for his race.

Nashville Predators' PK Subban is one of the most recognisable faces in hockey today

In April, Detroit Red Wings prospect Givani Smith had to have police escort him to junior league play-off games after receiving numerous racially motivated hate messages and death threats on social media.

Philadelphia Flyers forward Wayne Simmonds has had bananas thrown at him on the ice.

In 2014, Bruins fans hurled racial epithets at PK Subban online when the star hockey player scored a game-winning goal for the Montreal Canadiens.

These incidents are familiar to Peter Worrell, a retired pro-hockey player who played in the National Hockey League for seven years in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

"It's the same crap that people do all the time," he told the BBC. "It always goes back to the monkey, it always goes back to the bananas, it always goes back to 'go back to Africa'".

He says racist taunts were a common occurrence in junior league arenas. His most vivid memory was from a game played at the Marcel-Bédard Arena in Beauport, Quebec, when he was just 17.

An aggressive fan of the home team was at it again with the same old racist insults. But this time, his tormentor was joined by several others, cheering him and egging him on.Meanwhile, Worrell sat on the bench, trying his best to tune them out.

"The biggest thing I remember is a sense of helplessness," Worrell says.

Worrell thanks his coaches and his teammates for sticking by him that day, and letting him know that what was done to him was done to everyone.

But he still wonders why more wasn't done to remove the disruptive fans.

Diaby wonders too. Security officials did little to intervene when his family was being harassed, even going so far as to suggest his parents move seats to defuse the situation.

Since the incident received widespread coverage, the North American Hockey League, the semi-pro league Diaby plays in, said it would increase arena security and implement new measures to try to eliminate discriminatory behaviour.

Stories like Diaby's and Worrell's challenge two of Canada's most cherished institutions - hockey and multiculturalism. Canadians like to believe they are, indeed have a worldwide reputation for being, polite and egalitarian.

The fact that this sort of hate is happening in small-town hockey rinks is difficult to fathom for many.

Willie O'Ree, the first black player in the NHL, was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2018

"Is it hockey that has the race problem or is it society that has the race problem?" asks David Singh, a sports journalist for SportsNet.

"The simplest answer is that hockey has predominantly been a white sport and it's been viewed as a white sport since forever."

Willie O'Ree became the first black player in the NHL in 1958, more than a decade after Jackie Robinson took the baseball field for the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Today, about 7% of NHL hockey players identify as non-white. Compare that to two-thirds of NFL football players, three-quarters of NBA basketball players, or about 60% of MLB baseball players.

These statistics can lead some to question why black athletes would play hockey.

"Basketball isn't made for black people. Hockey isn't made for whites," Worrell says.

"It's not just white people who have that thought process. Quite frankly there's a lot of people in the African-American community who feel the same way, which has always mind-boggled me, as to why you would limit your possibilities."

Part of the reason for the slow diversification in hockey, Singh believes, is because of the young age that pro-hockey players are minted.

Peter Worrell, pictured here playing for the Colorado Avalanche in 2003, says he experienced racism as a young hockey player

In Canada, parents will often put their sons on skates before they can fully walk, and children who show promise on the ice are selected for elite training camps when they are still in elementary school.

This means it may take another generation for hockey's demographics to catch up, Singh says.

There are signs of change. In 2018, the NHL launched a campaign called "hockey is for everyone" aimed at promoting its commitment to diversity. The league also appointed a new vice-president, Kim Davies, in charge of social equity.

Worrell says despite the disappointment he felt when he heard Diaby's story, he does think things have gotten better. He pointed to the recent trade of Wayne Simmonds from the Flyers, which generated lots of press.

"Twenty years ago, the fact that he was a black player would have been prominent in every story… it's not even in the paragraph anymore."

ruby Posted on March 02, 2019 12:59

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Wigan murder inquiry after baby girl dies

A one-year-old girl has died from head injuries, prompting a murder investigation.

She was taken to hospital on Thursday after Greater Manchester Police (GMP) were called by medical staff, and she died on Friday.

A 32-year-old man has been arrested on suspicion of murder and is being questioned in custody.

Police said forensic teams were searching a property in Fleming Court, Shevington, Wigan.

Det Ch Insp Jamie Daniels, of GMP, said: "All murder investigations are understandably upsetting but, when it involves a child as young as this, it's particularly distressing for everyone involved."

He appealed for information, adding: "We are currently trying to build a picture of what has happened in the lead-up to this little girl's death and how she has come to sustain her injuries.

"Specially-trained officers continue to offer their support to loved ones at this terrible time."

ruby Posted on March 02, 2019 12:34

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Tom Ballard: More delays in search for missing climber

The search for a British climber who went missing on a peak in Pakistan has suffered another setback due to bad weather.

Tom Ballard and Italian climber Daniele Nardi last made contact on Sunday from an altitude of about 20,500ft (6,250m) on Nanga Parbat.

Snow, cloud and poor visibility has meant a helicopter team and high altitude drones cannot fly as planned.

Rescue attempts started late due to tensions between Pakistan and India.

Mr Ballard, originally from Derbyshire, is the son of Alison Hargreaves, who died descending from the summit of K2 in 1995 - the same year she became the first woman to conquer Everest unaided.

On Friday, three drones were due to be flown by Spanish mountaineer Alex Txikon, in an area known as the Mummery Spur, named after Albert Mummery, who died on the mountain in 1895.

The search was postponed until Saturday with Stefano Pontecorvo, the Italian ambassador in Pakistan, saying he hoped for a "miracle" to find "tough guys" Mr Ballard and Mr Nardi.

Pilots had been on standby since 05:30 local time, according to Mr Nardi's Facebook page, but rescuers have been left frustrated.

Mr Pontecorvo tweeted that "weather conditions today [Saturday] do not allow the planned search and rescue op".

He added that conditions on Sunday "should be better".

The 30-year-old climber moved to Scotland in 1995 with his sister Kate and grew up in Fort William in Lochaber.

The search only began on Thursday due to airspace restrictions following the tensions between Pakistan and India.

A three-person tent "invaded by snow" and "traces of an avalanche" were spotted by mountaineer Ali Sadpara, on board a Pakistani army helicopter, on the same day.

However, it is not known if the tent belonged to the missing climbers.

Nanga Parbat is the world's ninth highest mountain and a number of deaths have earned it the nickname of "killer mountain".

A Foreign Office spokesman said it was in contact with Pakistani authorities regarding Mr Ballard's disappearance.

ruby Posted on March 02, 2019 12:31

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Harold Hill stabbing: Girl, 17, dies in park attack

A 17-year-old girl has been stabbed to death at a park in east London.

Police were called to St Neots Road in Harold Hill, Romford, at about 21:30 GMT on Friday.

The girl was pronounced dead at the scene.

The Metropolitan Police has begun a murder investigation, although no arrests have been made. The girl's next-of-kin have been informed, and a post-mortem examination is due to be held.

She is the first teenage girl to die in a homicide in the capital this year.

She became the 18th person to be killed in London this year, and the fifth teenager to die.

MP for Hornchurch and Upminster in Havering Julia Lopez described the attack as "utterly senseless".

London mayor Sadiq Khan also took to Twitter to say he was "devastated" by the stabbing.

ruby Posted on March 02, 2019 12:23

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'Why I recreate famous movie scenes online'

As he pauses and looks to sea, a photo is retrieved from somewhere about his person. He holds it up to the horizon. This is the place.

For a few days, almost a decade ago, the beach was a hive of activity - home to a film crew and a newly-constructed cottage as the penultimate instalment of the Harry Potter series was filmed.

The cottage and the film crew are long gone but Thomas, a 20-year-old film student, is paying homage to the scene by pinpointing the spot where it was filmed and recreating it photographically.

In the last 18 months, Thomas estimates he's visited 150 film locations. He posts the results to Instagram, where he's built an audience of nearly 15,000 followers.

"The idea's always been in my head," he explained to the BBC. "I just love exploring places and linking that with my passion for film. It was my first time in Wales. I'd heard it was beautiful and it really was. I took the coastal bus.

"I always want to visit the scenes that mean the most to me. I can visit the places that I've only seen on screen."

"This was a really long day. I got up at 4am and went down to Heathrow to try and find the right terminal for a different Love Actually scene.

"From there I went back into central London to do the rest of the scenes. The film is so influential and memorable. Plus it was nearly Christmas, so I really wanted to do it."

"I really wanted to capture a scene from Les Miserables. This scene is so powerful with the iconic song. It builds and builds... until the cast slowly trickle out the words 'Do you hear the people sing?'

"The naval college is really prolific in film location and it was a really nice place to shoot."

"I try to give a meaning to each post I do and each film I visit. I took this on the weekend of Armistice Day 2018.

"Dunkirk is a beautiful film. So I thought, why not go to Dunkirk?"

"This was my childhood really. When I was younger I'd wake up every morning at 5am and watch Mary Poppins, Bedknobs and Broomsticks or Chitty Chitty Bang Bang.

"I was going through looking at all the different doors and windows and they all looked the same.

"It was lovely."


ruby Posted on March 02, 2019 10:39

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Hoodwinker sunfish: Rare fish washes up on California beach

A rare fish thought to live in the southern hemisphere has washed up in Santa Barbara, California.

The appearance of the seven-foot (2.1m) hoodwinker sunfish has baffled scientists, who question how the fish made it so far from its home waters.

An intern at the University of California spotted the animal at the Coal Oil Point Natural Reserve.

It took researchers several days to properly identify the creature, which was only discovered in 2014.

Photos of the giant fish first appeared on the Coal Oil Point Facebook page, and experts from around the world weighed in to help identify the creature.

The animal was named "hoodwinker" after its discovery after eluding researchers for so many years.

Marianne Nyegaard, a marine scientist who found and named the fish, told CNN she "nearly fell out of my chair" when she saw the pictures of the beached traveller.

"When the clear pictures came through, I thought there was no doubt," she said. "It's intriguing what made this fish cross the equator."

The hoodwinker is larger and sleeker than other species of sunfish, weighing up to two tonnes (2,000kg).

They reportedly favour more temperate waters, such as off the coast of Chile or New Zealand.

ruby Posted on March 02, 2019 10:25

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Liberia's 'missing millions': Charles Sirleaf arrested

Charles Sirleaf, the son of Liberia's former President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, has been arrested in relation to the illegal printing of more than $104m (£78m) worth of local banknotes.

He was a deputy governor of the Central Bank at the time of the incident in March last year. Mr Sirleaf's former boss - ex-Central Bank head Milton Weeks - has also been detained.

Their lawyers are yet to comment.

The arrests come after a report into the missing millions was released.

The much-anticipated report, carried out by investigative auditing firm Kroll associates, was released by the US embassy on Thursday.

It was looking into the alleged disappearance of more than $100m (£75m) worth of newly printed Liberian banknotes last year.

It had been widely reported that shipping containers full of banknotes had vanished from Monrovia's port and airport. However the report did not find any proof that this happened.

Instead, it found that Liberia's Central Bank had acted unilaterally and unlawfully by printing and importing into the country three times the amount of banknotes it had been authorised to do.

The country's Central Bank, which had received new banknotes in a total of 20 shipments, was not able to properly account for the money.

The bank was also unable to explain and present proper documentation on how the money was infused into the Liberian economy, the report found.

The scandal began before President Weah was elected but has cast a shadow over his first year in office

The banknotes were ordered before President George Weah came to power in 2018, but critics say his had a hand in the poor handling of the consignment of banknotes - an allegation the administration has denied.

The report points to widespread inconsistencies, lack of proper documentations and explanation and "gross disrespect for money-ordering policy".

According to Kroll, the House of Representatives passed a resolution for the order of 5bn Liberian dollars to remove and replace old banknotes on the market.

The Central Bank requested additional 10bn Liberian dollars but the request was denied by the Senate. The bank went ahead anyway and engaged a company to print the additional banknotes.

"CBL (Central Bank of Liberia) management subsequently explained to Kroll that due to the urgency for new banknotes, the CBL did not follow its own internal tendering policies for the procurement of Crane AB," the report says.

Kroll explains in the 67-page report that, despite repeated requests, the bank did not provide any explanation as to who had approved the injection of new banknotes into the Liberian economy without first removing the equivalent quantity from circulation.

The US embassy says the report identifies "systemic and procedural weakness" at the Central Bank and suspects shortcomings in the country's fiscal and monetary management processes continue to this day.

The Liberian government also released its own report on Thursday, which similarly said that it had found no evidence of the existence of containers full of banknotes.

It said that an investigation needs to be carried out into a separate $25m that was withdrawn from Liberia's Federal Reserve account in New York in July last year by Mr Weah's economic management team.

In addition to the arrest of Charles Sirleaf and Milton Weeks, another man, an official at the Central Bank, Dorbor Hagba, has also been arrested.

They are yet to be formally charged.

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 15:44

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Somali militants holed up as battle rages in Mogadishu

Somalia's security forces are battling gunmen in a building in Mogadishu, hours after a suicide car bomb attack on a busy street left at least 20 people dead, security sources say.

The attack was launched late on Thursday by suspected al-Shabab militants in an area lined with hotels, shops and restaurants.

The gunmen then seized a nearby building and were surrounded.

Exchanges of gunfire continued throughout the night in the capital.

The attack happened in an area lined with hotels and restaurants

Some 60 people have been injured and seven have died in the attacks on Maka al-Mukarama road, a spokesman for the Aamin Ambulance service told the BBC.

A number of civilians have been rescued from the building, reports say.

There are fears that the death toll will rise further.

"There are still some armed men inside a building," police officer Ibrahim Mohamed was quoted as saying on Friday morning by the AFP news agency.

The secretary-general of the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) Mohamed Moalimuu was inside the Maka al-Mukarama hotel with a colleague when they heard gunshots followed by a blast:

The Maka al-Mukarama road is the busiest road in Mogadishu. It has been repeatedly targeted by al-Shabab militants despite being one of the most heavily guarded roads in the country.

Hassan Haile, a prominent UK-based Somali political analyst, told the BBC that the Islamist militant group were especially drawn to the road.

?Burundian African Union forces pulled out of Mogadishu on Wednesday.

"Al-Shabab like attacking Maka al-Mukarama because it is in the heart of Somalia," he said.

He told the BBC the Islamist militant group use bribes and threats to carry out their attacks:

"They either bribe with money or make it very clear that they know where the soldiers live and who their families are, to reach where they want to reach," Mr Haile said.

"There is negligence from the government, the soldiers have no money and they don't get encouragement which makes these kinds of attacks possible."

The Islamist group al-Shabab, which is linked to al-Qaeda, was forced out of Mogadishu in 2011 but continues to mount regular attacks in the city.

The former deputy director of Somalia's National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) says that al-Shabab has increased its attacks in Mogadishu as retaliation for the airstrikes.

Abdisalam Guled was also concerned that this week's withdrawal of Burundian troops from the African Union force in the city could further jeopardise security.

He also believes that bad management is partly to blame.

"The army and police are overworked and underpaid," he said.

The US State Department says al-Shabab retains control over large parts of the country and has the ability to carry out high-profile attacks using suicide bombers, explosive devices, mortars and small arms.

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 15:35

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Dog owners urged to control pets after native animals killed

Conservation organisations say many dog owners are still not getting the message - to keep their pets under control - after dozens of native animals were injured and killed this spring and summer.

Photo: Supplied / Keri Molloy

Between September 2018 and January 2019, 34 reports of dog attacks and wildlife harassment were made - some of which involved multiple animals being injured or killed.

Six kiwis, two little blue penguins, a seal pup and 23 weka were among the casualties.

Department of Conservation national operations director Hilary Aikin said DOC has been trying to educate dog owners, but for many, the message wasn't coming through.

"It's really disappointing for staff when they've worked really hard to protect these species and it's often just carelessness on the part of dog owners to not be containing their dogs and keeping them under control," she said.

Ms Aikin says the 34 dog attacks are only the cases the department knows about.

"There is certainly likely to be quite a number that we are not able to trace or learn about, so we just need to really urge both owners to keep their dogs under control, but also the general public to be our eyes and ears," she said.

Five out of the six kiwi killings were in the Northland region which is unsurprising to Forest and Bird's Kevin Hackwell.

"Research has shown the brown kiwi populations in Northland, their lifespan is only 13 to 14 years, rather than 30 to 40 years that brown kiwi in the rest of the North Island have and that is down to very high incidents of dog attacks," he said.

Kevin Hackwell Photo: NZ Forest and Bird

Mr Hackwell said kiwis don't have a breast bone like other birds, making them especially vulnerable to dog attacks.

In the Coromandel, there were also 10 reports of dogs roaming around dotterel areas during breeding season, and in the Waikato, a dog had eaten the eggs from a variable oystercatcher nest.

Mr Hackwell said he had come across owners who let their dogs chase shorebirds, thinking it harmless.

"What it's doing is it's stressing those animals enormously and it's actually stopping them from feeding and it may be those birds the dogs are getting to fly, are not spending time feeding and taking that food back to their nests to feed their chicks.

"People think the dog is having fun, without thinking through any of the consequences," he said.

He believed dog owners often didn't know better, rather than behaving maliciously.

But Dogs New Zealand's director Steve Thompson said there were plenty of classes available around the country to teach owners and their dogs how to behave.

"We offer an eight-week dog training course via our dog obedience clubs, but we also offer a canine good citizen course, which is all about creating well-mannered dogs and responsible owners," he said.

Mr Thompson said there were also other organisations holding classes, so there's plenty to chose from.

But he added it came down to common sense.

"If you have the potential to come into native wildlife especially ground-foraging birds, you should always keep your dog on a leash and close by you," he said.

sarah Posted on March 01, 2019 14:28

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sarah Posted on March 01, 2019 13:41

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Rebecca Henderson: Rucksack heart woman dies after transplant

'I carry my heart in a rucksack'

A woman who carried an artificial heart in a rucksack after her own was removed has died from transplant complications.

Rebecca Henderson, 24, from Bicester, was given the green light to receive a donor organ after scans showed she had been free of cancer for a year.

But her relatives said she died on Wednesday in Harefield Hospital "surrounded by family and friends".

She was one of only two people in the UK with an artificial heart.

Her family said: "Becca was a beautiful, brilliant shining light in our lives.

"It was a privilege to have her as a daughter and a friend. Heaven has gained the brightest new star. We will love her forever."

Rebecca Henderson relied on this artificial heart to pump blood around her body.

The Oxford University post-graduate student had her heart removed due to cancer in 2017.

Surgeon Stephen Westaby said "minuscule numbers of people" ever had cancer in the heart and Ms Henderson was "the most courageous young woman".

In October, she returned to study at Oxford and brought the 7kg artificial heart with her.

"At no point did it ever occur to me to give up," she told the BBC at the time.

"No matter how hard it is for me, even if it is hard for me, it will then be easier for the next person.

"I had my sister's wedding and I had to get to that, I have other friends' weddings, I've got my mum [and] my dad."

St Anne's College, where she was studying, paid tribute to Ms Henderson's "unwavering determination" and "contagious enthusiasm for college life".

"She had so many hopes and plans for the future and it is hard for us to realise that she will not have the chance to fulfil them," it said in a statement.

"We will always be proud that Becca, as an undergraduate and graduate student, was someone who was part of and loved St Anne's."

Her tutors added: "Becca was a person of extraordinary courage, humour and intellectual achievement as well as potential.

"She had the admiration and affection of all who taught her and learned with her, students and tutors alike."

Dr Janina Ramerez, an Oxford academic who was friends with Ms Henderson, said on Instagram she was "the strongest, bravest person I've ever met".

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 13:11

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Bestival death: Ceon Broughton jailed for manslaughter

A man who gave his girlfriend drugs at a festival and filmed her as she died has been jailed for her manslaughter.

Louella Fletcher-Michie, the daughter of Holby City actor John Michie, was found dead in woodland near the Bestival site in Dorset after taking the drug 2CP.

Ceon Broughton was found guilty of manslaughter and supplying the Class A drug by unanimous verdict on Thursday.

He has been sentenced to eight-and-a-half years in prison.

Ms Fletcher Michie's mother, Carol, said losing Louella was "like losing a limb"

Mr Michie said in a victim impact statement: "I wake up every morning to face life starting again without Louella, our daughter, our sister, our friend, our family now broken.

"And for what? It makes no sense - our beautiful Louella should still be with us on any measure of humanity.

"No more yoga with my daughter, no more running around the outside of the Arsenal stadium with my daughter.

"Her life cruelly cut short. Our lives forever diminished. She was wise beyond her years and trusting, too trusting it seems."

In footage shown to jurors by the defence, Louella Fletcher-Michie was filmed playing with fairy lights in a tent at the festival

Mother Carol Fletcher said: "On the outside we all look much the same as we did before, but inside our hearts and souls have been ripped out, trampled on and stuffed back in.

"Like losing a limb, waking up every day to face this new reality, having to learn to live with this for the rest of our lives.

"There are no winners. We don't think Ceon is evil. He was stupid, massively selfish and he lied. My hope is that he has learned that truth is all we have ever really got."

Mr Michie shouted "evil, evil" and "not even sorry" at Broughton during an angry exchange at court during the trial

Sister Daisy Fletch-Michie said: "Every single day I try to understand why Ceon didn't help Louella, the hours that passed with her getting progressively worse, even having spoken to him on the phone myself, and begging him to get her to a medical tent. Why didn't he?"

In sentencing Broughton, Judge Justice Goose said: "I have come to the clear conclusion you were only concerned for yourself.

"You had created an obviously dangerous situation, you were not concerned until it was too late.

"Whilst you were doing little to help Louella you were sending messages to a friend asking him to say that Louella had obtained the drugs from an unknown person. You were more concerned to create defence."

Ceon Broughton could be seen laughing and smiling during a 50-minute video previously shown to the jury

Broughton, 30, of Island Centre Way, Enfield, London, did little to help his yoga teacher girlfriend for six hours as he feared breaching a suspended jail term, his trial at Winchester Crown Court heard.

The jury was told the couple liked to film each other when they were taking drugs.

Broughton - a rapper known as CeonRPG who has worked with artists including Skepta - filmed Ms Fletcher-Michie, 24, as she became "disturbed, agitated, and then seriously ill".

He also branded her a "drama queen" as she lay dying on 11 September 2017.

Jurors heard Broughton failed to act because he had been handed a 24-week prison sentence, suspended for one year, a month before.

He had already pleaded guilty to supplying 2CP to Ms Fletcher-Michie and her friend at Glastonbury Festival in 2017.

The trial heard the pair had gone into woodland to take drugs on the eve of Ms Fletcher-Michie's 25th birthday but Broughton had "bumped up" his girlfriend's dose.

She was found dead by a security steward 400m from the festival's hospital tent.

The jury was told he had contacted friends and Ms Fletcher-Michie's family, sending them maps showing his location.

Ms Fletcher-Michie was found dead by a security steward 400m from the festival's hospital tent

At court on 21 February, Broughton broke a table and damaged a water cooler during an angry exchange with Ms Fletcher-Michie's father.

Mr Michie had shouted "evil, evil" and "not even sorry" as his family walked towards an exit.

Stephen Kamlish QC read a statement to the court from his client, Broughton, saying: "Sorry I didn't do more to save Louella, sorry for the suffering I caused to everyone who loved Louella, I want to make things right."

Following Broughton's conviction, John Michie said: "Ceon's life sentence is knowing that he didn't help Louella to live"

Senior investigating officer Neil Devoto, of Dorset Police, described Ms Fletcher-Michie's death as "tragic and needless".

Of Broughton's actions on the night she died, he said: "All he needed to do was walk a few hundred metres to the on-site hospital and medical staff, and call for emergency help or dial 999 on his mobile.

"He supplied Louella with the drug and had a duty of care. His actions were selfish and shameful."

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 13:07

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Trump Kim summit: Kim's hiding sister and other unreal moments

Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un went for dinner together and then spent a day in talks, but were ultimately unable to reach an agreement.

The summit was punctuated with photo opportunities displaying the camaraderie between the leaders, and they took every opportunity to flatter each other with looks and words.

It was also notable for having significantly more time in the glare of the camera which recorded all - scripted and unscripted. Here are the most extraordinary moments.

You might think answering questions from an international journalist is hardly noteworthy, but with North Korea things are always different.

Asked by a reporter if he was confident about a deal, Mr Kim said through an interpreter: "It's too early to tell, but I wouldn't say I'm pessimistic. For what I feel right now, I do have a feeling that good results will come out."All smiles and happy to answer questions

That was likely the very first time Kim Jong-un responded to the question from international media and the question came from David Nakamura of the Washington Post.

Later he seemed to get quite used to the questions, as reporters shouted out off-the-cuff questions as they were briefly allowed to address the room where bilateral talks were taking place.

Asked whether he was "willing to denuclearise," he replied "If I'm not willing to do that, I won't be here right now."

It's what he said in Singapore too, but it pleased Mr Trump who chimed in: "That might be the best answer you've ever heard".

The quickfire exchange between Mr Kim, Mr Trump and reporters, yielded more noteworthy moments. At one point it was as if media questions to Mr Kim made Mr Trump more nervous than the North Korean leader himself.

The US president sharply reprimanded a reporter telling them they can't talk to the North Korean leader, as they would to him - a strange moment where he seemed to unconsciously acknowledge and almost pay heed to the North Korean leader's more controlling relationship with his press.

"Don't raise your voice please, this isn't like dealing with Trump," he said to reporters.

Kim Jong-un's response? Not fussed at all. "They all seem to be anxious."

Kim Yo-jong, the sister of North Korea's leader, is widely acknowledged as an influential force in the North Korean hierarchy, a close confidante of her brother.

She was North Korea's big name representative as it made its first foray into global view at the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics in South Korea last year, and has accompanied Kim on many of his most meaningful journeys.

She remains a powerful figure with an important role in North Korea's impregnable and sometimes ruthless political hierarchy.

And yet she somehow feels compelled to avoid the limelight, ducking and diving behind trees and other useful props.

A few of her finer moments of concealment amused analyst Ankit Panda:

At a characteristically frank and wide-ranging press conference, Mr Trump took a question about Otto Warmbier, the American student who was detained in North Korea over a prank and who died days after he was returned to the US in July 2017.

His case was a cause for the Trump administration at a time when it was exchanging vitriol with North Korea. He told reporters he brought the case up with Mr Kim and Mr Kim said he was not aware of it at the time, and was regretful.

Mr Trump said that he took Mr Kim at his word on this - stunning many observers.

"I did speak about it, and I don't believe that he would have allowed that to happen. It just wasn't to his advantage to allow that to happen. Prisons are rough, they're rough places, and bad things happened."

He says Mr Kim "felt very badly about it", adding: "He knew the case very well, but he knew it later. [...] In those prisons, those camps, you have a lot of people.

"He tells me he didn't know about it, and I will take him at his word."

It is a moment that is likely to prove divisive. Mr Warmbier's parents were guests of honour at President Trump's State of the Union address in 2018.

There has since been huge peak in interest in Otto Warmbier after his sad case was brought up at the press conference with Mr Trump, with Google searches for his name spiking significantly.

They're back. Last year during the South Korea and Singapore summits, the North Korean team stunned global audiences with the cohort of identikit black-suited bodyguards jogging along Mr Kim's limousine.

This year it was the same spectacle all over again. First in the border town of Dong Dang on the way to Hanoi:

And then they were spotted again in Hanoi during the summit itself.

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 12:55

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Rohingya crisis: Bangladesh will no longer take in Myanmar refugees

Bangladesh has told the UN Security Council it will stop accepting any more Rohingya Muslims who flee from Myanmar.

Foreign Secretary Shahidul Haque accused Myanmar of "hollow promises" during negotiations over returns.

More than 740,000 Rohingya are in camps in Bangladesh after they were driven out of Myanmar's Rakhine state during military crackdowns in 2016 and 2017.

The UN describes the crisis as ethnic cleansing. Myanmar denies persecuting the Rohingya, a stateless minority.

The latest row comes despite a deal between Bangladesh and Myanmar in January 2018 to repatriate Rohingya refugees.

Myanmar had agreed to accept 1,500 Rohingya each week, Bangladesh said at the time, adding that it aimed to return all of them to Myanmar within two years.

Speaking at Thursday's meeting of the UN Security Council, Mr Haque said his country could not accept more refugees.

"Not a single Rohingya has volunteered to return to Rakhine due to the absence of conducive environment there," he said.

"Is Bangladesh paying the price for being responsive and responsible in showing empathy to a persecuted minority population of a neighbouring country?"

Myanmar's ambassador to the UN, Hau Do Suan, appealed for patience, speaking of "huge physical as well as psychological barriers" in repatriating Rohingya.

Rohingya Muslims displaced from Tula Toli village in Rakhine State gave disturbing accounts to BBC Newsnight

"It takes time and patience as well as courage to build trust and confidence among different communities in Rakhine," the diplomat added.

Meanwhile, the UN envoy to Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener said progress in returning Rohyngya to Myanmar was "slow".

She also said that Myanmar authorities had given UN agencies "insufficient" access to help repatriate Rohingya.

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 12:44

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Today in Pictures, Mar 1, 2019

Round one of HSBC golf tournament in Singapore, floods in California, U.S., and other pictures from around the world in Today in Pictures.

Tour rookie He Muni getting into the swing of things on the 12th hole during the first round of the HSBC Women’s World Championship in Singapore on February 28, 2019. PHOTO: THE STRAITS TIMES/KEVIN LIM

A resident and his dog navigate through a flooded neighborhood on February 28, 2019 in Guerneville, California. PHOTO: GETTY IMAGES/AFP

South Koreans wearing traditional costumes hold up lit torches with the national flag to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the March First Independence Movement against Japanese colonial rule, in Cheonan on February 28, 2019. PHOTO: YONHAP VIA AFP

Members of the opening committee line up during the opening ceremony of the traditional Opera Ball in Vienna, Austria, February 28, 2019. PHOTO: REUTERS

"Chomper," a semi-autonomous, GPS-guided snow blower designed and built by MIT research engineer Dane Kouttron, clears snow following an overnight storm in Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S., February 28, 2019. PHOTO: REUTERS

Venezuelan man Eli Silvio, 22, looks for recyclables at a garbage deposit in Pacaraima, Brazil February 28, 2019. PHOTO: REUTERS

A painting, believed to be the second version of "Judith Beheading Holofernes" by Italian artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, is picutred during a photocall in London on February 28, 2019, following its restoration. PHOTO: AFP

One of the 19 nominees for Queen of the Carnival of Santa Cruz shows off her outfit on the main stage during carnival celebrations in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the Spanish Canary island of Tenerife, on February 27, 2019. PHOTO: AFP

The polar bear cub in the Copenhagen Zoo comes outside for the first time on February 28, 2019. PHOTO: RITZAU SCANPIX VIA AFP

Tottenham Hotspur's Colombian defender Davinson Sanchez (C) dives as he vies with Chelsea's English midfielder Ruben Loftus-Cheek (centre L) and Chelsea's Brazilian midfielder Willian (R) during the English Premier League football match between Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur at Stamford Bridge in London on February 27, 2019.

sarah Posted on March 01, 2019 12:21

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Life inside the chaos left by the Islamic State group's fall

US President Donald Trump says "100%" of the Islamic State group's territory has now been taken over, even though local commanders with the US allies, the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), maintain total victory will be declared within a week.

Hamza Jasim al-Ali's world is small and terrible. He hasn't moved far in life, living always along the same 40km (25 mile) stretch on the banks of the Euphrates.

His journey, still without end, took him from al-Qaim in Iraq, across the border to Syria and into the dark centre of what was the Islamic State group's nightmare caliphate. He has seen more of life and death than any child of 12 should.

Now he is far from his river, sitting on the desert floor in a wind-whipped tent, alone - apart from an elderly woman who barely knows him. His leg is broken, but healing, and he smiles as I ask him questions.I asked him what life was like inside.

"It was good," he says, smiling again. "Less food and water and a lot of fighting. It was heavy fighting."

Does he still like IS? "No. Why would I like them after all they have done?" he answers.

Hamza is an IS orphan. His father joined the group and took the whole family with him. He died five months ago, along with Hamza's mother and brothers and sisters in an air strike that was part of the battle to drive the group from its last toehold of territory in Syria.

IS's victims number millions - they displaced and terrorised people across Iraq, Syria and Libya. Their treatment of the Yazidis was genocidal, according to the United Nations. But they also brutalised and corrupted not just their enemies, but their own children, too.

Women and children are sent to displacement camps

As part of a ceasefire deal, more than 6,000 women and children have left IS territory, along with injured male fighters. The Islamic State group's dreams of a sprawling caliphate have been reduced to a pathetic encampment around the village of Baghouz. Their first stop when they get out is the desert, where thousands are processed in the open. The air is acrid and filthy; many of them are sick. They defecate out in the open.

Most are then moved on to an overwhelmed internment camp near the city of Hassaka, in the village of al-Hawl. As Hamza and I speak, there's a lull outside - the day's IS refugees have yet to arrive, and last night's have already been put on to cattle trucks for the long journey across desert roads to al-Hawl.

Some have fled with suitcases containing the last of their belongings

Monitors say thousands have been evacuated out in recent weeks

They are searched individually, by Kurdish women fighters, but it is not known if they are finger-printed or photographed. The injured men's pictures and other biometric data are taken before they are sent to detention. But there are limits to the investigations that can be carried out into the crimes of which they are suspected. It is not clear how long the Kurdish authorities can hold them. Some of the men said they expected to be freed in a few months' time.

One man, who said he was from Aleppo, claimed he was a caretaker. At the edge of the processing area, he told me: "I'll do the supposed detention time and then go live with my parents and leave everything behind me. I'll go live with my mum. That'll be best.''

Another, Abu Bakr al-Ansari, showed little regret. "All Muslims will be sad it's gone because they wanted their own state," he says. "They won't live free to practise their religion in other Muslim countries."

Both were then taken away to Kurdish detention.

Across the desert plain, I find discarded belongings: mobile phones that have been smashed or burned in camp fires, USB drives snapped in two.

There are photographs in the dirt, too - one of four young girl scouts, another of a girl wearing a headscarf. Was one of them now on her way to al-Hawl camp?

Personal belongings could be seen among scattered debris

Amid the soiled nappies and empty tinned cans of food, a family ration card. It belongs to a Kosovan family. The father had a senior position within IS. But that's another story.

In this mess of abandonment, there is purpose and care. A computer hard drive has been stamped on and covered in human excrement.

Many of the women left IS not because they wanted to, but because they were ordered to. Plenty still carried their husbands' worn military backpacks.

It appears that they want their enemies - the Kurds and the Western coalition - to have little clue to who they are. I met women from Turkey, Iraq, Chechnya, Russia and Dagestan. Some expected to be reunited with their husbands who are still inside Baghouz, waiting for the final battle. Many are still fanatics.

What to do with foreign fighters and their children has sparked fierce debate

Many of the women's husbands remained inside the Baghouz hideout

A Tunisian-Canadian woman, her niqab streaked with stains under purple-framed glasses, gave her name as Umm Yousef. Her husband, a Moroccan, had been killed, but she may have married another who was still inside. She said she had no regrets and had learned much from IS.

"So Allah, he made this to test us," she told me. "Without food, without money and without houses, but now I'm happy, because maybe some time, in two hours' I will see that I have water to drink."

Britain and other coalition countries are maintaining pressure on the Kurds to keep the dispossessed of IS locked up. But after the misery the extremists brought here, the Kurds want them gone.

At night more women arrived. Some of their children cried, but others stood silent and still, numb to everything around them. When they were asked a question, in the glare of television camera lights, they turned their dust-covered faces down to the ground and said nothing.

A group that showed almost no mercy, now pleads for it.

Exclusive pictures of final Islamic State group bastion

An Iraqi woman, standing in the dark, with around 200 other women and children, said to me: "Do you not see the children here before you? Can you not feel their pain? The pain of old men and the women who got shredded by the bombs? The children who died in air strikes? You're human. We're human as well. Do you not feel my pain, brother?"

At the edge of the throng, there is a medical station, run by a charity, the Free Burma Rangers. Paul Brady, a Californian, is one of their medics. He says the injuries have changed as more people have arrived from IS.

"About 10 days ago we saw quite a few with what looked like bullet wounds," he told me.

"They said they were shot because they were escaping. But now we haven't been seeing as many of those. It feels like most of these injuries are a little older, mostly from air strikes and mortars.

"You walk around this triage spot and it smells really bad because these wounds have been festering for a long time," he said.

The flow of people will eventually dry up, and then the final battle for Baghouz is expected. Those we spoke to in the desert said there were still thousands of fighters still inside.

One injured fighter told us he got out because "there's no Islamic State left"

Hamza was injured five weeks ago when he stepped on a landmine, but he says his broken leg is much better now. As I'm about to leave, he looks up at me, his smile finally disappearing from his face and he asks, "What will happen to me?"

There's no clear answer. And I couldn't tell him that Iraq may not take him back. He would probably be taken to al-Hawl camp like everyone else.

I left him something to drink, some chocolate and bananas, in the care of the medics and the Kurdish forces.

When I returned to the desert the next day, he was gone, his place on the floor taken by more sick and injured from the last of the so-called caliphate.

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 09:36

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Ad giant WPP sees profits sink amid restructuring costs

Ad giant WPP has seen profits drop sharply as it continues to restructure the business following former boss Sir Martin Sorrell's abrupt exit last year.

Sir Martin quit after allegations of personal misconduct, which he denied.

Pre-tax profits at the firm fell almost a third last year to £1.46bn, a drop it blamed largely on restructuring costs.

WPP also reiterated 2019 would be "challenging, particularly in the first half" as client losses from last year continues to weigh on the business.

Despite the profit fall, the firm's performance was at the upper end of the guidance it provided last year, helping to boost its shares 9% in early trading.

Liberum analyst Ian Whittaker said last year's results were "slightly better than expected", but said the firm's commentary on 2019 was also more positive than expected.

New boss Mark Read said the firm was at the start of a "three-year turnaround plan".

"It's early days in what we need to do but I would say the initial signs are promising," he told Reuters.

Mr Read picked its controversial Gillette ad campaign as one of the firm's highlights for last year.

The ad, called Believe, played on the razor firm's famous slogan "The best a man can get", replacing it with "The best men can be".

While some praised the message of the advert, it also came in for criticism, with some customers threatening to boycott the brand.

Mr Read said the ad demonstrated "the global impact of what we do".

WPP - which owns major agencies such as Ogilvy and JWT - has been selling off assets to raise money. It said it had sold 36 divisions since last April, helping to strengthen its balance sheet.

Founded as a holding company in 1986, WPP's operations today span creative agencies, public relations, consultancy and data analytics.

However, it has been struggling over the past few years amid mounting competition from tech platforms Facebook and Google as more advertising moves online.

Traditional consultancies such as Deloitte are also entering the market while major clients such as Unilever are spending less on advertising.

Sir Martin built WPP from a small engineering company to create the world's biggest ad agency.

He has since formed rival venture S4 Capital and in July outbid his former company to buy the Dutch digital production company MediaMonks.

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 09:32

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Huawei's full-page WSJ advert: 'Don't believe everything you hear'

Huawei has sought to repair its image in the US through a full-page advert in the Wall Street Journal, which says: "Don't believe everything you hear."

In an open letter, executive Catherine Chen invited US media to visit the firm to clear up "misunderstandings" created by the US government.

The US has been pressuring its allies to shun Huawei equipment on the grounds of national security.

Some governments have done just that, putting the firm on the defensive.

"I am writing to you in the hopes that we can come to understand each other better. In recent years, the US government has developed some misunderstandings about us," Ms Chen, director of the board at Huawei, said in the letter.

The advert, posted on Twitter by a Wall Street Journal reporter who covers cyber security, invited members of the US media to "visit our campuses and meet our employees".

"Don't believe everything you hear. Come and see us. We look forward to meeting you," it said.

This is not the first time Huawei has tried to change its image in the West. It recently sought to appeal to New Zealand's love for sport by placing advertisements in two major newspapers and on billboards.

"5G without Huawei is like rugby without New Zealand," the ad read.

Chinese telecoms giant Huawei has been the focus of intense international scrutiny lately, with several countries raising security concerns about its products.

Australia, New Zealand, and the US have already banned or blocked Huawei from supplying equipment for their future 5G mobile broadband networks.

The US is also pursuing criminal charges against Huawei and its chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou, including money laundering, bank fraud and stealing trade secrets.

Huawei denies any wrongdoing and its founder Ren Zhengfei recently told the BBC that his daughter's arrest was politically-motivated.

Canada has until the end of Friday to decide whether to authorise the start of a formal extradition hearing against Ms Wanzhou.

Not all countries are succumbing to the pressure, however. UK cyber-security chiefs recently determined that any risk posed by involving Huawei in UK telecoms projects could be managed.

Recent comments by Mr Trump were also interpreted as him taking a softer stance on the firm. He said he wants the US to become a technology leader through competition rather than by blocking others, without specifically mentioning Huawei.

ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 09:28

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Bin Laden: US offers reward for Osama's son Hamza

The United States is offering a reward of up to $1m (£750,000) for information about one of the sons of the late al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden.

Hamza Bin Laden is emerging as a leader of the Islamist militant group, officials say.

He is thought to be based near the Afghan-Pakistani border.

In recent years, he has released audio and video messages calling on followers to attack the US and its Western allies in revenge for his father's killing.

In 2011, US special forces killed Osama Bin Laden in a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan. He approved the attacks on the US on 11 September 2001, in which nearly 3,000 people were killed.

Hamza Bin Laden, who is believed to be about 30 years old, was officially designated by the US as a global terrorist two years ago.

The US state department says he married the daughter of Mohammed Atta, who hijacked one of the four commercial aircraft used in the 2001 attacks, and crashed it into one of the World Trade Center towers in New York.

Letters from Osama Bin Laden seized from his compound indicated that he had been grooming Hamza, thought to be his favourite son, to replace him as leader of al-Qaeda.

Hamza Bin Laden is believed to have spent years with his mother in Iran, where it is thought his wedding took place, while other reports suggest he may have lived in Pakistan, Afghanistan or Syria.

Footage showing Hamza's wedding was made public by the CIA in 2017

"We do believe he's probably in the Afghan-Pakistan border [sic] and... he'll cross into Iran. But he could be anywhere though in... south central Asia," said Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security Michael Evanoff.Osama Bin Laden near Kabul in 2001

Emerged in Afghanistan in the late 1980s, as Arab volunteers joined US-backed Afghan mujahideen fighting to expel the occupying Soviet forces

Osama Bin Laden set up an organisation to help the volunteers, which became known as al-Qaeda, or "the base"

He left Afghanistan in 1989, returning in 1996 to run military training camps for thousands of foreign Muslims

Al-Qaeda declared "holy war" on Americans, Jews and their allies

The US-led war in Afghanistan following the 2001 attacks toppled the Taliban regime which had given Osama Bin Laden and his group sanctuary.

In recent years, al-Qaeda was eclipsed by the Islamic State (IS) group which attracted global attention, fighters and funds, and carried out a number of attacks on Western targets and allies.

"Al-Qaeda during this period has been relatively quiet, but that is a strategic pause, not a surrender," said US Co-ordinator for Counter-terrorism Nathan Sales.

"Today's al-Qaeda is not stagnant. It's rebuilding and it continues to threaten the United States and its allies.... Make no mistake, al-Qaeda retains both the capability and the intent to hit us."


ruby Posted on March 01, 2019 09:23

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Steve Irwin: How should the Crocodile Hunter be remembered?

Animal rights organisation Peta has caused a row by claiming Steve Irwin was killed while "harassing" a stingray.

Wild animals should be "left alone in their natural habitats", the group wrote in response to a doodle by Google celebrating the TV conservationist's life.

The Australian wildlife advocate was killed by a stingray in 2006.

There's a wildlife reserve in his name in Queensland.

Steve Irwin, who would have turned 57 on Friday, was probably best-known for his Crocodile Hunter series.

He described his "mission" on earth as being to "save wildlife".

But Peta angered his many fans by describing his method of conservation as "harassment".

In his shows, Steve Irwin would approach animals in the wild - often grappling with crocodiles or holding snakes up in front of the camera.

He believed that teaching people about wildlife was the way to save the creatures, and that the passion he showed on screen helped "push an educational message".

And while Peta accuses Steve Irwin's shows of trying to excite audiences "at the expense of animals", wildlife conservationist Anneka Svenska says that what he did "has inspired the next generation of conservationists".

"Probably now it wouldn't be looked at as so good to touch the animals like he used to," she tells Radio 1 Newsbeat.

"But at the time he was doing it, it inspired loads and loads of children to go on and work with animals."

People reading Peta's criticism online felt similarly to Anneka.

At the time of his death, the Guardian published an opinion piece by author Germaine Greer claiming the animal's had "got their revenge".

"What Irwin never seemed to understand was that animals need space," she wrote.

"There was no habitat, no matter how fragile or finely balanced, that Irwin hesitated to barge into.

"There was not an animal he was not prepared to manhandle. Every creature he brandished at the camera was in distress."

Lots of the animals Steve Irwin was filmed with lived in Australia Zoo, which his family still owns today.

Steve Irwin took live animals like this alligator on prime time TV shows

Anneka, who's a wildlife TV presenter, disagrees with keeping animals in captivity, but says what Steve Irwin did has to be put "into balance".

Anneka says that she wouldn't choose to touch wild animals because "they need to be left to be as they are".

She's recorded programmes with lots of rescued wolves, but says approaching them in the wild would put them in danger.

"If I was to go out into the wild and start feeding or interacting with wolves then you end up with a lot of dead animals because they become too tame," she says.

"Touching animals in parks that are used to being touched" is fine, Anneka says. "I think the criticism comes when he's in the wild and chasing down animals in the wild."

Steve Irwin was accused of breaking wildlife laws while filming in the Antarctic in 2004.

Promotional material for his documentary Ice Breaker claimed he "slides down hillsides with penguins, almost rubs noses with the notoriously dangerous leopard seals and spends the most inspiring time with two friendly humpback whales".

He was cleared of breaching the rules after an investigation.

But his biggest controversy came when he walked into a crocodile enclosure with a dead chicken in one hand, and his one-month-old son in the other.

Headlines following the incident branded him as reckless and irresponsible, and led to an investigation about whether he'd breached workplace regulations.

But Anneka says she's a big fan of Steve Irwin, like seemingly most people on the internet.

He's remembered fondly as someone who helped teach people about animals that might otherwise have been seen as scary.

"I still really like Steve Irwin, I was a fan of him, I think he did a lot of good," she says.

"The powerful influence he's had on children and how they love animals and how they engage with animals has been extremely valuable.

"I think if you have to weigh up the good and the bad, he did more good than bad."

ruby Posted on February 28, 2019 16:28

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