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Harry Uzoka death: Men jailed for rival model murder

Three men have been jailed for killing a model in a row over his girlfriend.

Harry Uzoka, 25, was stabbed in the heart by fellow model George Koh in west London in January after he went to settle the dispute.

Koh, convicted of murder at the Old Bailey in August, was given a life sentence with a minimum of 25 years.

Merse Dikanda was also found guilty of murder and jailed for at least 22 years, and Jonathan Okigbo was given a 14-year sentence for manslaughter.

Although initially friendly, the relationship between Mr Uzoka and Koh deteriorated after Koh claimed to have had sex with Mr Uzoka's girlfriend Ruby Campbell, who is also a model.

The pair then exchanged angry text messages and arranged to gather some friends and meet up in Shepherd's Bush for a fight.

Image copyrightMET POLICE

Image caption(L_R) George Koh, Merse Dikanda and Jonathan Okigbo were jailed at the Old Bailey

Koh, Dikanda and Okigbo, all 24, took at least three knives - including a machete - with them to the rendezvous.

Mr Uzoka recruited his flatmate Adrian Harper and they armed themselves with dumbbell bars.

Mr Harper told the jury he was "expecting a fist fight".

But he said when he saw his friend again Mr Uzoka said "I've been stabbed," and collapsed in the road.

Mr Uzoka was signed with London's Premier Model Management agency and counted catwalk star Jourdan Dunn among his friends.

Judge Wendy Joseph QC said he had enjoyed helping others, including Koh.

She described Koh's behaviour as swinging "between excessive admiration and spite".

The judge added: "This manifested itself in several ways. Sometimes Koh would claim to look very like Harry and tried to imitate his style of dress. At other times he contacted Harry's Instagram friends, falsely speaking ill of them."


Media captionCCTV of the attack shows Dikanda wiping a blade clean on his trousers

The judge went on to say that while the loss of any life was tragic, it was all the more so "when a victim is so young, able and generous".

She described Mr Uzoka as a young man "who overcame his own difficulties to make a great success of his young life and to be a remarkable role model for others".

"He had, with great talent, forged a successful international career as a male model. He was one of the first black British men to do so."

In a statement read to the court, Mr Uzoka's mother said her son's death was "yet another senseless killing".

"Our lives changed forever when I got that phone call. His death has left a gaping hole, a void and crack in our family.

"The trauma has affected us emotionally and financially, he was an inspiration to all, a beautiful boy who will never be forgotten. We still find it difficult to believe he is actually gone."

The judge also highlighted the impact of the murder on the wider community, saying children were becoming afraid of going out and parents "are thinking of buying their sons stab-proof vests".

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 23:00

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Africa's week in pictures: 14-20 September 2018

A woman beautifies her hands with sasla, a local plant used in the same way as henna, at a wedding in Adigrat town in northern Ethiopia on Sunday...

Image copyrightBBC TIGRINYA

Image captionOther women cook a spicy meat stew, called zigni, wearing bracelets handed out by one of the guests, BBC Tigrinya's Girmay Gebru...

Image copyrightBBC TIGRINYA

Image captionGuests use sticks to dip balls made from barley, called tihlo, into the dish usually served on special occasions.

Image captionIn the capital, Addis Ababa, one-time jailed politician Kefiyalew Tefera is dressed in the colours of the Oromo Liberation Front. He is celebrating the return of the former rebel group's leaders from exile.

Image copyrightAFP

Image captionKenyan men make slippers decorated with beads at an open-air market in the capital Nairobi on Thursday.

Image copyrightAFP

Image captionSierra Leonean children in the capital Freetown attend the first day of their new school year on Monday after the government launched a free primary and secondary education programme.

Image copyrightAFP

Image captionWhile a woman sells second-hand books and magazines at a roadside bookshop in Ivory Coast's largest city Abidjan on Wednesday.

Image copyrightAFP

Image captionStill in Abidjan, popular reggae singer Alpha Blondy gestures as he signs copies of his new album Human Race on Saturday.

Image copyrightREUTERS

Image captionWhile elsewhere in the city, residents show a strong community spirit by getting together to clean their neighbourhood.

Image copyrightREUTERS

Image captionOn Monday, a man makes his way through flood waters in Kogi state in central Nigeria. The floods have claimed the lives of about 100 people across Nigeria in the past two weeks.

Image copyrightEPA

Image captionThe next day in South Africa, storm clouds gather as a man stands in front of a shack built on unstable sand in a poor neighbourhood of Cape Town.

Image copyrightAFP

Image captionOn Wednesday, a supporter of Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF party wears latex gloves and a T-shirt with the image of President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who is visiting a medical centre for people suffering from cholera in the capital Harare...

Image copyrightEPA

Image captionA day earlier, a sword-carrying presidential guard stands at attention as Mr Mnangagwa arrives in parliament...

Image copyrightAFP

Image captionHis first state of the nation address follows his victory in disputed elections in July.

Pictures from AFP, EPA, Getty Images and Reuters

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:56

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Hayabusa-2: Japan hopes for historic asteroid landing

Japan's space agency (JAXA) believes it has successfully landed two robotic explorers on the surface of an asteroid, making history.

"We don't have confirmation yet, but we are very, very hopeful," project manager Yuichi Tsuda said.

On Friday, the Hayabusa-2 spacecraft despatched a pair of "rovers" to the 1km-wide space rock known as Ryugu.

Rover 1A and Rover 1B will hop around in Ryugu's low gravity, capturing temperatures and images of the surface.

Hayabusa-2 reached the Ryugu asteroid in June this year after a three-and-a-half-year journey.

Officials hope to confirm a successful landing in a day or two, when the spaceship sends data from the rovers to Earth.

Why does it matter?

While the European Space Agency has previously managed to land on an icy comet, this would be the first spacecraft to successfully place robot rovers on the surface of an asteroid.

Asteroids are essentially leftover building materials from the formation of the Solar System 4.6 billion years ago.

Ryugu is a particularly primitive variety, and studying it could shed light on the origin and evolution of our own planet.


Image captionHayabusa-2 arrived at the asteroid 162173 Ryugu in June

The diamond-shaped asteroid has a blackish-coloured surface, and rotates on its axis around once every 7.5 hours.

How did the rovers reach the asteroid?

Early on Thursday morning (GMT), Hayabusa-2 began descending towards the surface of Ryugu, preparing to eject its rovers.

The little hoppers are stored in a drum-shaped container at the base of the "mothership". Collectively, they form a 3.3kg science package known as Minerva II-1.

About 60m (196ft) from the asteroid, Hayabusa-2 initiated the release of the two robots.

Image copyrightJAXA

Image captionThe Minerva II-1 rovers move by hopping around in Ryugu's low gravity

Japanese space agency officials said that when the front of the drum is jettisoned into space, the two rovers are ejected from the container and fall independently to the asteroid's surface.

One of the principal concerns for deployment was Ryugu's rougher-than-expected surface, which is carpeted with boulders and has very few smooth patches.

What will they do there?

The 1kg rovers are equipped with wide-angle and stereo cameras to send back pictures from Ryugu. Spine-like projections from the edges of the hoppers are sensors that will measure surface temperatures on the asteroid.

They can hop and float around thanks to a motor-powered internal rotor, which propels the robot across the surface.

They will send back their data to the mothership, which will then relay the information to Earth.

"I am looking forward to seeing pictures. I want to see images of space as seen from the surface of the asteroid," JAXA project manager Yuichi Tsuda said.

When will they get samples?

On 3 October, the mothership will deploy a lander called Mascot, which has been developed by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) together with the French Space Agency (CNES).

And in late October, Hayabusa-2 will descend to the surface of Ryugu to collect a sample of rock and soil.

Image copyrightDLR

Image captionThe Mascot lander was built by the German Aerospace Center in conjunction with the French Space Agency

Further on in the mission, Japan's space agency plans to detonate an explosive charge that will punch a crater into the surface of Ryugu.

Hayabusa-2 would then descend into the crater to collect fresh rocks that have not been altered by aeons of exposure to the environment of space.

These samples will be sent to Earth for laboratory studies.

The spacecraft will leave Ryugu in December 2019 with the intention of returning to Earth with the asteroid samples in 2020

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:53

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Peggy Knobloch: Man admits dumping missing German girl's body

Prosecutors say a man has admitted dumping the body of a nine-year-old girl, whose disappearance 17 years ago is one of Germany's biggest mysteries.

Peggy Knobloch went missing in 2001 on her way home from school in Bavaria. Her remains were only found in 2016.

Manuel S denies killing Peggy, telling police he took her body from another man, then buried her in nearby woods.

He has not been charged so far but is being investigated for murder, prosecutors said Friday.

One man served jail time for Peggy's murder but was later acquitted in a retrial.

What happened then?

Peggy Knobloch disappeared when walking home from primary school on 7 May 2001.

A huge search was mounted with police and army officers searching as far as Czech Republic and Turkey, in the belief she may have been kidnapped.

She was not found until July 2016, when mushroom pickers came across her bones in a thickly wooded part of Thuringia state.

What's the latest?

The latest breakthrough in the case comes a week after police raided Manuel S's home.

In his confession to police, the 41-year-old said another man directed him to Peggy's lifeless body at a bus stop in her hometown of Lichtenberg.

After failing to revive her, the then 24-year-old wrapped her in a red blanket and drove her into a nearby forest. A few days later, he burned her satchel and jacket at home.


Image captionManuel S claims he found Peggy's body at a bus stop close to her family home

Prosecutors told reporters that the suspect had been released, as "there was no immediate suspicion". They confirmed Manuel S had named the other man at the bus stop.

They declined to reveal further information, including on possible cause of death, saying: "The investigations are progressing."

German media note that the suspect cannot be charged with anything other than murder, as the statute of limitation for lesser charges has passed.

False leads

Two years ago, DNA traces from a notorious neo-Nazi who died in 2011 were found in the woods where Peggy was found, however a connection was never proven.

In 2002, a local man with a learning disability was accused of killing her to cover up that he had sexually abused her. He withdrew his confession but was jailed for life in 2004. He spent his imprisonment in a psychiatric hospital.

Ten years later, his conviction was overturned and he was later freed.

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:51

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Man killed in electric scooter crash in Washington DC

A man in Washington DC has died after the electric rental scooter he was riding collided with a car, in what may be the second such death in the nation.

The victim became trapped under an SUV in the tragedy during rainy weather at the trendy Dupont Circle area.

Rescue workers were able to free the man from under the vehicle, but he later died of his injuries.

This month, a scooter rider was killed in Texas. The electric scooter craze has taken the US by storm.

A police official confirmed to BBC News that Friday morning's accident was "fatal", but said other details were still under investigation.

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#DCsBravest have extricated an adult male who was trapped underneath a vehicle at DuPont Circle NW. victim transported with critical life threatening injuries.

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One cyclist tweeted that she arrived after the crash and saw "the scooter, a headphone and one brown shoe" at the scene.

In a follow up post, the witness said that "though this is beyond a simple injury that could be prevented by protective gear, be extra careful on scooters, helmets must be mandatory".

It is unclear whether the victim was wearing a helmet or any safety gear as he rode the Lime brand scooter.

A spokesman for Lime told BBC News that the San Francisco-based company is "deeply saddened" by the death and that "our thoughts and sympathies are with the family and loved ones".

"We have offered our full support to local authorities in connection with the investigation."


Media captionWATCH: Meet the workers who charge the scooters

Earlier this month, a 24-year-old man died while riding an electric scooter home from work in Dallas, Texas, in what is reported to be the nation's first death from an electric scooter crash.

The Dallas County Medical Examiner's Office told the Washington Post that Jacoby Stoneking's death has been ruled an accident.

His family believe he died after being struck by a car in a hit-and-run, and are calling for further investigation.

According to the victim's brother, he was not wearing a helmet when he died.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionScooters have become an increasingly popular means of travel for commuters in US cities (file pic)

In a statement on Thursday, Lime said it had found no evidence that Mr Stoneking's scooter had malfunctioned.

Scooter companies such as Lime, Bird and Skip have been rolling out their dock-free rental vehicles in the past year.

More than 65,000 are thought to be currently on US streets, and medical officials have reported an increase in accidents since the vehicles arrived.

"An electric scooter is pretty much a moped, just a little slower," Dr Sam Torbati, the medical director of a hospital emergency room in Los Angeles, told the Post.

"It makes me real anxious when I see someone with ear buds and a cup of coffee riding without a helmet on the sidewalk," he added.

An official with the US Department of Transportation told the BBC on Friday that because the use of electric scooters is so new, the agency does not track deaths or injuries at this time.

Electric scooter users are considered a "person on a personal conveyance", the official said, adding that he was unaware if any organisation is currently tracking scooter fatalities.

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seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:41

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Lake Victoria Tanzania ferry disaster: Divers hunt for survivors

At least 136 people have died after a ferry carrying hundreds of people capsized on Lake Victoria, Tanzania, officials say.

Many are missing and it is feared that more than 200 people in total may have drowned. Rescue efforts resumed on Friday after being halted overnight.

The MV Nyerere ferry overturned near Ukara island on its way from Bugorora.

It is thought the overloaded vessel tipped over when crowds on board moved to one side as it docked.

Rescue operations on Africa's biggest lake have involved police and army divers, as well as small private boats and local fishermen.

The BBC's Aboubakar Famau in Tanzania says fear has gripped residents of the Mwanza region as they wait to hear the fate of relatives who travelled on the MV Nyerere on Thursday.

"I received a call telling me that I have lost my aunt, father and my younger brother," says Editha Josephat Magesa, a local resident.

"We are really saddened and urge the government to provide a new ferry because the old one was small and the population is big."

Our reporter says the ferry's engines were recently replaced after local MP Joseph Mkundi complained about the previous ones.

How did this happen?

Local media say the ferry's official capacity was 100 people, but officials say the vessel was carrying more than 400 passengers when it capsized.

It operates on a busy route, crossing eight times a day between the islands of Ukara and Ukwerewe, which are close to Tanzania's second-largest city of Mwanza.

The ferry was said to have been particularly busy because it was market day in Bugorora, on Ukerewe island.

The vessel was also carrying cargo, including bags of cement and maize, when it capsized around 50 metres from the shore.

It is thought that many of the passengers would not have been able to swim.

An official investigation will take place once rescue efforts to find survivors have ended.

Has anyone been rescued?

Tanzania's police chief Simon Sirro Mwanza, who has travelled to the area, confirmed the new death toll.

So far, 40 people have been rescued and are in critical condition, according to Mwanza Regional Commissioner John Mongella. Local officials initially reported on Thursday that 100 people had been rescued.

Exact figures, though, are yet to be confirmed - Reuters said the person who dispensed tickets for the journey also died, with the machine recording the data lost.

Five things about Lake Victoria

Image copyrightAFP

  • With a surface area greater than Switzerland, Lake Victoria is the world's second-biggest lake and the largest in Africa
  • Shared by Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania, some 30 million people depend on its resources
  • Challenges include pollution and falling water levels - biodiversity in Lake Victoria has dropped by 50% since the 1980s
  • English colonialist John Hanning Speke named it after Britain's Queen Victoria when he travelled there in 1858
  • Some have called for the lake's name to be changed - proposals include its Luganda-language name Nalubaale, and Lake Jumuiya which means "togetherness" in Swahili

Has anything like this happened before?

Tanzania has seen a number of nautical disasters, with overcrowding often playing a role.

In 2012, at least 145 people died when a packed ferry sank while transporting people to the island of Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean.

The year before, almost 200 people died in another major incident off the coast of Zanzibar. Hundreds survived, some found clinging to mattresses and fridges.

In 1996, more than 800 people died when the MV Bukoba capsized on Lake Victoria. It was one of the the worst ferry disasters of the last century.

Image copyrightSTEPHEN MSENGI

Image captionScores of people have so far been reported rescued

Image copyrightSTEPHEN MSENGI

Image captionLake Victoria is the world's second-biggest lake and the largest in Africa

Image copyrightSTEPHEN MSENGI

Image captionLarge crowds watched rescue efforts from the shore

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:35

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Christine and Frank Lampard have baby girl

TV presenter Christine Lampard has given birth to a baby girl.

The Loose Women star and her football manager husband Frank Lampard have named the girl Patricia Charlotte Lampard.

It's thought she is named after Frank's mum, who he was very close to, who died at the age of 58 in 2008.

The couple announced the news with a photo on social media of the family in hospital with the caption "We're so in love".

Skip Instagram post by christinelampard


End of Instagram post by christinelampard

It is the first child for the former One Show presenter. She is step-mum to Frank's two daughters from his previous relationship.

Christine had recently been filling in for Lorraine on her morning show, finishing work at the end of August.

Image Copyright @[email protected]


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seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:31

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Former X Factor contestant Chico suffers stroke

Former X Factor contestant Chico Slimani has suffered a stroke.

The 47-year-old, who was a popular star on the second series of the show, fell ill on the way back from performing a gig at the weekend.

A statement from his publicist said he was undergoing further tests and asked for privacy for his family.

He reached the quarter-finals of the 2005 series and had a number one in 2006 with It's Chico Time. He also took part in Dancing on Ice in 2012.

He appeared in the Christmas special of Ricky Gervais's BBC One sitcom Extras in 2007, and also released a fitness DVD.

His publicist Kym Rowlingson said: "This has been a great shock to Chico, his wife and their two children, also his close friends and family.

Skip Youtube post by ChicoVEVO


Warning: Third party content may contain adverts


End of Youtube post by ChicoVEVO

"We thank you in advance for giving Chico and the family some privacy at this time."

Speaking in 2013 to mark 10 years of the X Factor Chico told the BBC: "Being on the show meant absolutely everything to me. It changed my life and my family's".

He said he had made a good career and living out of "being a novelty act".

Follow us on Facebook, on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts, or on Instagram at bbcnewsents. If you have a story suggestion email [email protected].

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:27

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Game of Thrones baby names still proving popular

Game of Thrones continues to be a popular source of parental inspiration, according to the latest list of the most popular baby names in England and Wales.

A record 76 baby girls were called Khaleesi in 2017, the title enjoyed by Emilia Clarke's dragon-raising would-be queen in the award-winning fantasy TV and book series.

Three more children were called Daenarys, the real name of the show's Mother of Dragons. And more girls than ever before received the name Sansa, another significant figure on the show.

But if baby-naming is a reliable indicator, Game of Thrones' most popular character appears to be Arya, with 343 newborns given the same name as Maisie Williams' sword-wielding Stark.

That's a big increase on 302, the number of Aryas named in 2016.

Eleven baby boys, the same number as in 2016, ended up being called Tyrion, almost certainly in tribute to Peter Dinklage's Tyrion Lannister - perhaps the show's most intelligent character.

Image copyrightDISNEY

Image captionMoana is the title character of Disney's hit 2016 animation

Animated movie Moana was released at the end of 2016, explaining why seven babies ended up receiving that particular name in 2017 - seven more than the previous year.

The Star Wars universe has also continued to wield its influence on name choices. It's likely the death of Carrie Fisher in December 2016 was a contributing factor to the big increase (to 149) in girls being called Leia.

Indeed, more children than ever before have been given names from a galaxy far, far away. Twenty-one were called Rey and 70 were called Kylo, almost certainly after the characters played by Daisy Ridley and Adam Driver in recent Star Wars instalments.

Three girls were given the name - but hopefully not the personality characteristics - of Harley-Quinn in 2017.

The DC Comics villain and Joker's girlfriend was memorably played by Margot Robbie in the film Suicide Squad.

In a similar vein, the success of the TV series Lucifer, in which the Devil leaves Hell and travels to Los Angeles, seems to have resulted in 11 boys being given the name of the show.

It began in 2016, the year the name Lucifer entered the list for the first time. Four babies were given the name that year, a figure that increased by seven in 2017.

Image captionAlexandra "Binky" Felstead spent six years on Made in Chelsea

Reality TV is also getting in on the act. Before Made in Chelsea, the name Binky had never featured on the list.

That all changed in 2014, and the number of Binkys has steadily increased with 10 newborns getting the name last year.

In case you were wondering, Binky Felstead's real name is Alexandra.

Choosing the right name for a newborn can be a tricky business. Luckily the world of TV and film is overflowing with unusual suggestions, and it's somewhere more and more parents are going to for inspiration.

What's the betting we'll see some baby girls called Toff next year, following Georgia Toffolo's triumph on 2017's I'm A Celebrity?

Follow us on Facebook, on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts, or on Instagram at bbcnewsents. If you have a story suggestion email [email protected].

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 22:22

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U.S. Lawmaker Introduces 3 Pro-Cryptocurrency Bills to Congress.

On Friday, Sept. a U.S. member of Congress announced that he will introduce three new bills aimed at supporting the development of blockchain technologies, as well as the use of cryptocurrency, within the United States.


Rep. Emmer: U.S. Must Support Blockchain Development

According to Rep. Tom Emmer (R-MN), the initiator of this bold move, the U.S. needs to pass favorable legislation to the burgeoning blockchain industry if it hopes to remain a leader in this space.


“The United States should prioritize accelerating the development of blockchain technology, and create an environment that enables the American private sector to lead on innovation and further growth, which is why I am introducing these bills.”


Overall, the new legislation will support the rapidly growing blockchain industry within the U.S. by providing clear and concise guidelines for investors companies, and businesses, as well as a safe harbor for taxpayers using cryptocurrency assets.


Rep. Emmer, who has just been named co-chair of the Congressional Blockchain Caucus, also added that, “Legislators should be embracing emerging technologies and providing a clear regulatory system that allows them to flourish in the United States.”


Emmer’s Three Pro-Crypto Bills

Emmer’s first piece of legislation is a House resolution to express support for cryptocurrency and blockchain technology. As mentioned, this and the other two bills are aimed at supporting the use and development of blockchain technology in the United States. According to the Emmer, and many other industry experts, the U.S. government cannot do anything to stop their development. Therefore, legislators should be stepping in to provide a clear, concise, and legal framework for their use within the country.


The second bill, the Blockchain Regulatory Certainty Act, confirms that certain entities such as cryptocurrency miners and multi-signature providers, who never fully take control of consumer funds, will not need to be registered as money transmitters. This is because they are only there to help validate the network’s integrity, by providing more security for those who use digital assets.




The final bill, the Safe Harbor for Taxpayers with Forked Assets Act of 2018, aims to address confusion surrounding how to report gains made as a result of cryptocurrency forks to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Previously, there was little IRS guidance on this matter, so the bill will be used to give taxpayers tight regulation about the use of forked funds. Furthermore, it will also protect individuals from facing fines until the IRS establishes some guidelines on how taxpayers are to report their digital assets.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 22:14

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Decentralized Crypto Exchange is Solution to Hacks, Will They be Ready?

Not long after the successful hacking attempts on crypto exchanges Bithumb and Coincheck, Japan’s Zaif was hacked, losing $60 million in user funds. All three exchanges were found to have poor security measures.


Coincheck in particular, which lost more than $500 million in XEM, the native cryptocurrency of NEM, outraged investors in Japan after the company’s CEO Koichiro Wada admitted that the firm did not have enough security experts overseeing the exchange.




“We were aware we didn’t have enough people working on internal checks, management and system risk. We strived to expand using headhunters and agencies, but ended up in this situation,”  said Wada.


The NEM team also stated in an official statement that while it has deployed an automatic tagging system to trace lost funds for the investors of Coincheck, the team emphasized that the exchange had extremely poor security systems in place.


Bithumb was similarly criticized by the government of South Korea and local security firms, which ultimately led the exchange to close down for over a month and overhaul its internal management systems.


Decentralized Exchanges Can Solve These Issues


Ledger wallet

Ethereum-based decentralized crypto exchanges like IDEX utilize smart contracts on an immutable blockchain network to process trades in a peer-to-peer manner. Decentralized exchanges are protected from hacking attempts and security breaches because hackers cannot possibly hack into a peer-to-peer network.


On a decentralized exchange like IDEX, users trade crypto with non-custodial wallets like Trezor, Ledger, and MetaMask. Hence, at all times, users have complete control over their funds by connecting their non-custodial wallets to exchanges.




Funds do not leave the wallets of users unless trades are executed on the mainnet of Ethereum, which is irreversible. As such, user funds are never in danger or vulnerable to external attacks.


Decentralized exchanges have already started to appeal to a niche group of traders that are interested in investing in newly launched crypto with low liquidity prior to their integration on centralized exchanges.


Newly created ERC20 tokens and crypto deploy their assets on peer-to-peer digital asset trading platforms first to gain liquidity, as it costs no capital to do so, and then aim for centralized exchange integration.


As for user experience and usability, because most decentralized exchanges are compatible with Ethereum wallets, it is not that much more complex than centralized exchanges. While it requires several more steps, traders that are already technically literate can easily shift to decentralized alternatives.


Can Decentralized Exchanges Compete Against Centralized Exchanges?

As CCN reported, US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) commissioner Hester Peirce previously stated that “only a very particular type of investor can pursue the diversification opportunities such assets can provide,” stating that it requires a specific set of skills and knowledge to trade cryptocurrencies in the market.


Given that cryptocurrency trading on exchanges is already a niche market of its own, it is possible that with better user interface and more incentives, users will explore decentralized exchanges as alternatives.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 21:11

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In Tanzania At least 126 dead in Lake Victoria ferry disaster.

The death toll in a ferry capsize in Lake Victoria climbed to 126 on Friday, as Tanzanian rescue workers pressed on with the search to find scores more people feared drowned.


» more Witnesses said the ferry sank when passengers rushed to one side to disembark as it approached the dock  (STARTV/AFP)

The death toll in a ferry capsize in Lake Victoria climbed to 126 on Friday, as Tanzanian rescue workers pressed on with the search to find scores more people feared drowned.

The MV Nyerere may have been carrying as many as 200 passengers -- double the ferry's capacity -- when it capsized close to the pier on Ukara Island on Thursday, according to reports on state media.


Witnesses reached by AFP said the ferry sank when passengers rushed to one side to disembark as it approached the dock.




The death toll rose to 126 by mid-afternoon Friday, according to Tanzania's transport minister.


"We are sad to report there are 126 dead," Isack Kamwele told state television, adding that a further update would be provided at 6pm local time (1500 GMT).


Mwanza governor John Mongella had earlier said the number of survivors was 40, but it was unclear whether any new survivors had been found since rescue operations resumed with police and army divers on Friday morning.


"Operations are continuing," he said.


Rescue operations were suspended overnight Thursday and hopes are fading that more survivors might still be found.


State television cited witnesses reporting that more than 200 people had boarded the ferry at Bugolora, a town on the larger Ukerewe Island, where it was market day when locals said the vessel was usually packed with people and goods.


"I have not heard from either my father or my younger brother who were on the ferry. They had gone to the market in Bugolora to buy a school uniform and other supplies for the new school term," said Domina Maua, who was among those seeking information about loved ones.


Davita Ngenda, an elderly woman in Ukara, had already received bad news.


"My son is among the bodies recovered," she said, weeping. "He had gone with his wife but she has not been found yet. My God, what did I do to deserve this?"


Sebastian John, a teacher, said such tragedies had become part of life for those living on the lake.


"Since my birth, people have gone to their deaths on this lake, but what are we to do? We did not choose to be born here, we have nowhere to go," he said.


Overloading and 'negligence'

It remains unclear how many people are still missing.


Tanzania's Electrical, Mechanical and Services Agency, which is responsible for ferry services, said it was unknown how many passengers were aboard the MV Nyerere.


The ageing ferry, whose hull and propellers were all that remained visible after it overturned, was also carrying cargo, including sacks of maize, bananas and cement, when it capsized around 50 metres (55 yards) from Ukara dock.


The cause of the accident was not immediately clear, but overloading is frequently to blame for such incidents.


President John Magufuli was "deeply saddened" by the disaster and called on Tanzanians to "stay calm during these difficult times," according to spokesman Gerson Msigwa.


The country's opposition, however, accused the government of "negligence".


"We have often raised concerns about the poor condition of this ferry, but the government turned a deaf ear. We have repeatedly denounced this negligence," said John Mnyika, deputy secretary general of Chadema, the main opposition party.


Mnyika said overloading was "another failure of the authorities" and criticised "inadequate relief efforts as well as delays" in the rescue operation.


With a surface area of 70,000 square kilometres (27,000 square miles), oval-shaped Lake Victoria is roughly the size of Ireland and is shared by Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.


Capsizes are not uncommon in the massive lake, and the number of fatalities is often high due to a shortage of life jackets and the fact that many people in the region cannot swim.


The deadliest such accident in recent decades was in May 1996, when around 800 people died after their ferry sank on the way to Mwanza in Tanzania.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 20:59

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Bitcoin Mining Giant Bitmain Unveils ‘Next-Generation’ 7nm Chip.

Bitmain, the world’s most valuable cryptocurrency company, isn’t ready to relinquish its position as the dominant manufacturer of bitcoin mining chips — at least not yet.


The China-based firm on Friday announced that it had developed a new 7nm application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) mining chip for the SHA256 algorithm used by bitcoin, bitcoin cash, and many other cryptocurrencies.




Bitmain CEO Jihan Wu announced the new chip — the BM1391 — at the World Digital Mining Summit in Georgia, adding that it will be deployed in the firm’s next generation of mining rigs, the follow-up to the Antminer S9.



GMO Internet, a Japanese tech company based out of Tokyo, unveiled a 7nm chip in June. According to Wu, the BM1391 has an energy consumption ratio of 42W/TH, while GMO’s B2/B3 miners consume 81W/TH at peak.


Notably, Bitmain’s announcement came just two days after competitor Bitfury unveiled a new SHA256 ASIC chip. The “Bitfury Clarke,” while much larger than the BM1391 at 14nm, offers “unparalleled efficiency,” according to the company. Per the company, each chip can achieve a hashrate of 120GH/s with a power efficiency of 55mW/GH. Bitfury, incidentally, operates a mining farm in Georgia, where Wu announced Bitmain’s new chip.




“Bitfury is looking at all factors, including silicon packaging, chip efficiency, optimal power distribution, cooling designs and speed of development when designing our mining hardware,” said Valery Vavilov, CEO of Bitfury. “We think that this will lead to solutions that deliver the best ROI to our customers?—?regardless of ASIC size.”


The announcement also comes ahead of Bitmain’s rumored initial public offering (IPO), which will reportedly take place “very soon.”


Seemingly responding to rumors among analysts that Bitmain was at risk of losing its dominant industry position ahead of its IPO due to lagging technological development, the company said in a statement that this new chip reflects the “strength” of Bitmain’s research and development department and “further consolidates” the firm’s 70 percent market share.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 20:39

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Conor McGregor struck a big deal with UFC to promote his whiskey — and it also includes 6 more fights.

Conor McGregor will be back in the octagon for the foreseeable future, and his brand of whiskey is getting a promotional spot on the canvas.


Conor McGregor whiskey  (Steven Ryan/Getty Images)

Conor McGregor inked a six-fight deal with UFC that will likely make him the richest athlete in the history of the sport.

The deal includes sponsorship for McGregor's new whiskey and begins with his fight against Khabib Nurmagomedov in October.

There are plenty of great potential fights for McGregor, including a long-awaited third fight with Nate Diaz.

After a two-year absence, Conor McGregor is back in the UFC.




On October 6, McGregor will face off against Khabib Nurmagomedov at UFC 229 for the lightweight championship, and regardless of the outcome, it's not the last we'll see of the Notorious one in the Octagon.


On Thursday, ESPN's Darren Rovell reported  that McGregor had signed a six-fight deal with UFC, assuring that the promotion can sell pay-per-views with its most popular fighter for the foreseeable future. McGregor's initial fight with Nurmagomedov is included within the deal.


While the exact terms of the deal weren't disclosed, McGregor and UFC president Dana White gave some details about the agreement, including the fact that McGregor's new whiskey, Proper Whiskey, would be a sponsor for all of his fights, and present in the Octagon.


"You bet your bollocks it is," McGregor said when asked if the logo of his product will have a presence in the Octagon. "On the canvas. On the canvas. Like [Nurmagomedov's] blood will be on the canvas."


There is no guarantee that McGregor will fight all six bouts of the agreement, but the deal still comes as a relief to UFC, with the promotion happy to have its star back in the picture.


"It's not hard to do a deal with Conor McGregor because we know what he's worth," White told ESPN.


There are plenty of great fights for McGregor in the lightweight division. The winner on the undercard at UFC 229 between Tony Ferguson and Anthony Pettis is a possible outcome, if only because they could start promoting it the same night. Additionally, a third bout with Nate Diaz is something any fight fan would love to see.


The most compelling fight McGregor could book may be a rematch with Nurmagomedov in Russia. McGregor has already teased the possibility, and should the first match between the two be a classic, the potential spectacle of putting McGregor in front of a hostile crowd feels too good for UFC to pass up.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 17:29

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In Morocco Migrants risk it all to reach Europe.

He is one of thousands of would-be migrants in the kingdom, dubbed "harraga" in Arabic, referring to those prepared to risk it all to reach mainland Europe.


» more A Moroccan youth looks out over the harbour in the Spanish city of Melilla, on September 20, 2018. Having left their homes, some of these young people try to travel to Europe by jumping on the back of a truck or a bus in the port  (AFP)

In the Spanish enclave of Melilla in northern Morocco, 19-year-old Issam crouches near the port after hopping over a fence across one of the only land borders bridging Europe and Africa.

He is one of thousands of would-be migrants in the kingdom, dubbed "harraga" in Arabic, referring to those prepared to risk it all to reach mainland Europe.


"Everyone wants to move," says the young man from the city of Fez, his hood pulled up and his trousers smeared in engine grease.




Fleeing "misery and injustice" at home, he says he is looking for a ticket to a "European paradise".


But his journey is not over yet.


To cross the Mediterranean, he will have to cling to the chassis of a truck boarding a boat, or to the mooring lines of a ferry leaving for Spain.


Further back from the coast in Melilla's highlands, 23-year-old Hamid stares out across the harbour, closely eyeing its criss-crossing vessels.


He left his hometown of central Meknes where he earned just over 5.50 euros ($6.50) a day laying tiles.


"You can't live in dignity with that," says Hamid, who has never learnt to read or write.


"I know fathers who have families who want to leave -- people are desperate," he adds.

'Numbers exploding'


» more Moroccan migrants try to travel to Europe by jumping on the back of a vehicle at the port city of Nador in Morocco, in hope of finding a better life on September 18, 2018  (AFP)

South of Melilla in the Moroccan coastal town of Nador, groups of young men gather on sidewalks, killing time watching busses and trucks en route to the autonomous Spanish city.


"Since the beginning of the year, the number of Moroccans like them looking to migrate has exploded in Nador," a Melilla resident tells AFP.


The number of Moroccans daring to reach Europe by sea has "increased considerably in recent months", says Aziz Kattouf, head of the Moroccan Association for Human Rights (AMDH).


According to Kattouf, leaving has become "easier" and is done "often with out an intermediary... (the migrants) pitching in to buy a boat motor in front of everyone".


A lack of official data means the actual number of Moroccans making dangerous and sometimes deadly bids to reach Europe is unknown.


Since early 2018, Spain has logged more than 38,000 arrivals, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).


For their part, Moroccan authorities say that since January they have prevented 54,000 attempts to reach Europe. According to figures from the government spokesman, these included 7,100 Moroccans up to the end of August.



» more Moroccan migrants attempt to travel to Europe by jumping on the back of a vehicle at the port city of Nador in Morocco, in hopes of finding a better life on September 18, 2018  (AFP)

For weeks, Moroccan social media networks have been inundated with videos showing smiling youth brandishing the victorious V with their fingers as they board small rubber boats headed illegally for Spain.


Posts on Facebook advertise crossings to Europe for 7,000 dirhams (630 euros).


On its website, Moroccan Weekly TelQuel has dubbed the digital push illegal migration "Harraga 2.0".

'Isolated, marginalised'

On Wednesday, Morocco's interior ministry sent a memo to local media warning against videos "fundamentally intended to mislead public opinion" and announcing the launch of an investigation.


The same day, a new video appeared showing three activists from Morocco's northern Rif region on a makeshift boat.



» more Sub-Saharan migrants gesture as they leave the temporary centre for immigrants and asylum seekers in the Spanish enclave of Melilla on September 19 , 2018, departing to Malaga in Spain  (AFP)

According to the AMDH's Kattouf, most Moroccans trying to reach Europe come from that area, which has been wracked by protests in 2016 and 2017 over its marginalisation.


"There is a lack of confidence in the projects announced (for the Rif), and an atmosphere of despair has been accentuated by the severe sentences handed to the movement's political detainees," said Kattouf.


In June, activists put on trial for links to the region's social protests were handed sentences of up to 20 years.


Home to one of the continent's most developed economies, Morocco remains marred by major social inequalities, according to official statistics.


Young people in the kingdom, who make up a third of its population, have been particularly marginalised.


Some 27.5 percent of 15 to 24-year-olds -- nearly 1.7 million people -- are not at school, are unemployed or lack any skills.


More than one out of every five migrants in Morocco is under the age of 19, according to the IOM.


Mbarek, a 25-year-old bricklayer came to Nador from Tinghir, 700 kilometres (430 miles) south, to follow in the footsteps of "friends who've gone to Europe".


"In the construction sector, you're not an official employee, you're not protected -- you can die while doing your job and no one will care about you," he says, as fellow travellers nod in agreement.


From the southern semi-desert town of Zagora, 19-year-old Ismail says he has tried to make the journey twice -- each time clinging to the underside of a truck, watching "death" pass beneath him on the road to Almeria, Spain.


Both times he was caught by Spanish authorities and expelled. But he is not about to give up.


In Morocco "we're treated with cruelty. Harraga are seen as less than nothing, isolated and marginalised," he grumbles.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 15:11

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Syndicated Loan COCOBOD seals $1.3bn syndicated loan For 2018/19 season.

The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Cocobod Joseph Boahen Aidoo said the release of about $650 million will facilitate payment of cocoa for the 2018/2019 Crop season.


The Bank of Ghana is expected to receive the first tranche of a US$1.3 billion cocoa syndicated loan in the next two weeks.

This comes after the successful signing of the cocoa syndicated loan in Amsterdam with 21 banks. The facility will ensure that adequate funds are made available to the Licensed Buying Companies (LBCs) to pay cocoa farmers promptly for their produce during the 2018/19 crop year.


The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Cocobod Joseph Boahen Aidoo said the release of about $650 million will facilitate payment of cocoa for the 2018/2019 Crop season.




READ ALSO: Appreciate government for caring – Amewu


“This will motivate the farmers to work hard to ensure our production targets are met,” he said.


Speaking at the signing ceremony, Mr. Aidoo said: “By appending your signature to this facility you are not only sealing the deal, but you are also indicating your confidence in the cocoa industry and, by extension, the entire economy of Ghana.


“We are indeed encouraged by this confidence reposed in us and want to assure you that it is not misplaced. Over the past 25 years, we have consistently maintained that exquisite reputation of honouring repayment of the year-after-year syndicated loan without a single default. This record in the financial market is remarkable."


 “But whilst painting such enviable credentials, we must not be deceived that all is rosy in the cocoa industry back home. Perennial pests and diseases, the ubiquitous Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease, volatility and fall of cocoa prices, climate change and poor road infrastructure linking our producing communities to markets and service centers and to the warehouses and the ports are fundamental challenges that contrive against the industry.


“Within the past dozen and half months, we have been able to reverse the declining trend of cocoa production in Ghana from 778,000 metric tonnes to 968,000 metric tonnes, and sustained the upturn because of the productivity enhancement programmes (PEPs – i.e. hand pollination and mass pruning) which COCOBOD introduced along with our conventional CODAPEC and HI-TECH measures.”


READ ALSO: Here’s why Martin Amidu can’t work effectively according to the Auditor General


“Even though the annual facility comes in handy to facilitate these PEPs and payment to cocoa farmers, hardly can it be relied upon for addressing the fundamental challenges. COCOBOD, for instance, has programmed to undertake irrigation on cocoa farms, rehabilitation of diseased and moribund farms, expansion of warehouse capacity, improvement of the conditions of roads that link cocoa communities and promotion of domestic consumption of cocoa. These are largely capital-base projects which require medium to long-term financing and not annual facility. The imperative is that so long as these fundamental challenges remain, the full and real measure of the annual facility cannot also be realized.


“It was against the foregoing backdrop that we made a call for medium to long-term financing. I am happy to note that some of our friends in the international financial sector have responded positively. We urge all others who may not have been aware of this call to join this laudable endeavour. In essence, the annual facility must be complemented with medium to the long-term facility if the former were to bring real and meaningful impact onto the cocoa industry in Ghana.


“Let me take this opportunity to pay tribute to our gallant cocoa farmers who have, through their toils, enabled us to achieve this enviable record in the past 25 years. Their resilience in the face of all the challenges has ensured that we continue to produce enough cocoa of premium quality to fulfill our contractual obligations to our trading partners. If you and I are here today, then it is because of our cherished cocoa farmers. Let us together, therefore, assist them to make the industry a sustainable one,” Mr. Aidoo stated.


“We wish to assure all the Banks participating in this syndication that Ghana Cocoa Board is alive to its obligations under this loan agreement and will fully discharge them as we have always done,” the CEO of cocobod stressed.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 14:44

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Yaya Toure's agent posts controversial voodoo doll cartoon of Pep Guardiola.

Dimitry Seluk posted a controversial voodoo doll cartoon of Pep Guardiola after Manchester City's Champions League defeat by Lyon

Yaya Toure's agent Dimitry Seluk posted a controversial voodoo doll cartoon of Pep Guardiola after Manchester City's Champions League defeat by Lyon on Wednesday.


» more Yaya Toure's agent Dimitry Seluk (right) has taken another swipe at Pep Guardiola

Seluk, who has been embroiled in a long-standing feud with the City boss over his perceived treatment of Toure, uploaded the image to his Twitter feed following the Premier League champions' surprise 2-1 home defeat in their Champions League opener.




The cartoon shows what appears to be Toure dressed as an African Witch Doctor sticking pins in a voodoo doll, with Guardiola elsewhere feeling a sharp pain in his backside.



It is the latest in a series of digs at Guardiola after Toure left City under a cloud to join Olympiacos this summer.


The midfielder was a key player in two Premier League titles during a glittering start to his spell in England, but later saw his game-time reduce considerably under the Catalan boss, causing friction. He won a third title at City last season playing only a bit-part role.



» more Seluk posted a controversial voodoo doll cartoon on Twitter of the Manchester City boss

Both Toure and Seluk accused the City manager of having an agenda against African players - with the agent going a step further and suggesting that Guardiola was cursed to never win the Champions League again after his actions.


'He turned all Africa against himself, many African fans turned away from Manchester City,' Seluk said earlier this year.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 21, 2018 13:23

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'I gave birth, and got Hepatitis C'

When Jackie Britton was given a blood transfusion after childbirth, she thought it was saving her life. But the infected blood could have killed her. There are thought to be thousands like her. They often feel overlooked in the wider NHS contaminated blood scandal.

"There are still people dying, not knowing they are infected," Jackie Britton, from Portsmouth, tells the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire programme.

She gave birth in 1983.

Her baby daughter was fine but when Jackie started haemorrhaging she needed a blood transfusion.

It would be another 29 years before she realised that that blood had been contaminated with hepatitis C, for which there was no blood screening at the time.

The virus went undetected for years, slowly damaging Jackie's liver.

As she puts it: "The four units of blood that had saved my life was killing me."

Image copyrightJACKIE BRITTON

Image captionJackie had her daughter in 1983

Jackie started noticing something might be wrong only in her 50s, when she was experiencing "absolute fatigue".

"I would feel physically sick. I would start retching just stood up trying to cook a meal, because of the effort and the energy it was taking out of me.

"Hep C is just trauma after trauma."

A new generation of drugs means Jackie has now cleared the virus itself from her body - but the damage has already been done.

She has cirrhosis of the liver and needs checks every six month to make sure it has not led to cancer or liver disease.

'Treatment disaster'

The contaminated blood scandal of the 1970s and 1980s is often called the worst treatment disaster in the history of the NHS.

Almost 5,000 people with the blood disorder haemophilia were given a treatment contaminated with hepatitis and in many cases HIV.

Then there is a second group of people who like Jackie received a blood transfusion after childbirth or an operation.

There are no solid figures available on exactly how many transfusion patients were infected before 1992.

But estimates range from about 5,000 - the same number of people with haemophilia affected - to up to 28,000, the figure suggested by a Department of Health analysis of the scandal.

It is thought there will still be some people living today with hepatitis C, contracted by blood transfusion, who have not yet been diagnosed.

Image captionBob Leary was infected following an operation for a burst intestine

For Bob Leary, now 72, it all started in 1986 with a burst intestine.

Admitted to hospital and given a transfusion, he didn't think much more of it until he had a blood test four years later.

He was told he had hepatitis C and could expect to live for another 10 to 15 years.

"As you can imagine, it was a very severe shock," he says.

By 2012, Bob's liver had started to fail. He became jaundiced and lost weight dramatically.

The following year, having been told he had just weeks left to live, a liver transplant saved his life.

He will be on medication until he dies.

"I don't want to get into the blame culture, I could be bitter all my life," he says, "but we need to make sure nothing like this happens again."

His hope is that a public inquiry into the contaminated blood scandal, set to begin on Monday, will provide some answers.

It comes after years of campaigning from victims and their families.

Key issues include:

  • whether the government could have moved faster and introduced blood screening for hepatitis C before 1991
  • whether officials knew about the risks of contamination but decided not to tell the public
  • whether enough was done to find and test patients who were given a transfusion before 1992

'She loved living'

For Jackie, it is about far more than her own health.

Last year, her friend and fellow campaigner Sally Vickers died from cancer caused by the hepatitis C she contracted in 1982 following an operation.

"She loved living. I mean she fought and fought," says Sally's husband, Alan.

He remembers the moment she was given less than a month to live.

"The specialist came down and said, 'I'm sorry, it's not only severe cancer in your liver but it has spread to your lungs.

"We simply wanted to come home so that she could be with me."

Image copyrightFAMILY PHOTO

Image captionSally Vickers contracted hepatitis C from contaminated blood

The anger Alan and Sally felt, however, was not directed at doctors, or the NHS, but at the people responsible for the whole blood donation system at the time in the Department of Health.

"I want somebody held accountable for it," Alan says.

"Somebody has got to be accountable for this."

The Cabinet Office said in a statement: "The Infected Blood Inquiry is a priority for the government.

"It is extremely important that all those that have suffered so terribly can get the answers they have spent decades waiting for and lessons can be learnt so that a tragedy of this scale can never happen again.

"Government is committed to providing the inquiry with all the support it needs."

Watch the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire programme on weekdays between 09:00 and 11:00 BST on BBC Two and the BBC News channel in the UK and on iPlayer afterwards.

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seth Posted on September 21, 2018 05:21

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India killing: 'My father ordered my husband's murder'

On 14 September, Pranay Perumalla was murdered in front of his wife, Amrutha, in an alleged honour killing. BBC Telugu's Deepthi Bathini spoke to Amrutha, whose father has been arrested for plotting the attack.

Amrutha and Pranay were high school sweethearts in Miriyalaguda, a small town in the southern Indian state of Telangana. They first met at high school.

"We always liked each other. We used to talk a lot on the phone and then we fell in love," she says with a wan smile.

Amrutha, 21, belongs to a wealthy, upper-caste family, while Pranay, who was 24, was a Dalit (formerly untouchable). In April 2016, they married despite her parents' objections. Now five months pregnant, she finds herself saying the unimaginable.

"My father killed my husband because he did not belong to the same caste as me."

There is no official data but according to one study, hundreds of people are killed each year in India in so-called honour killings - for falling in love or marrying against their families' wishes. Many families still prefer arranged marriages within their own caste and religion.

Police have arrested Amrutha's father, Maruti Rao, and six others, including Mr Rao's brother and three alleged contract killers, in connection with the murder. District superintendent AV Ranganath told reporters that Mr Rao had allegedly conspired with his brother and two other men to kill Pranay - and those men had helped him hire the contract killers for a sum of 10 million rupees ($138,000; £104,000).

He added that the attack outside the hospital was the fourth attempt on Pranay's life.

Mr Ranganath also said that Mr Rao had admitted to the charges and had said he had done this because Pranay was a Dalit and his family was not wealthy.

But Mr Rao and the other accused have made no independent statement about the charges. The BBC contacted Mr Rao's lawyer who said he had no comment. The BBC also visited Mr Rao's house but found it empty and no other members of the family have provided a response.

Image copyrightFACEBOOK

Image captionDalit groups have come out in support of Amrutha

On the day of the murder, Amrutha woke up late. Her back was aching, so she went to the hospital for a check-up. Pranay and her mother-in-law accompanied her.

When they left the hospital, she recalls asking Pranay, who was a few steps behind her, a question. When he didn't answer, she turned around and saw him lying on the ground.

CCTV footage from the hospital, which has been broadcast on national news channels, shows a man following the family as they walked out of the gate. He first hacked at Pranay's upper body with what appears to be an axe. When Pranay fell, he struck him again.

Amrutha says her mother-in-law pushed the man away, while she ran inside the hospital to get help.

"When I called my father to confront him, he said, 'so what should I do? Take him to a hospital?'" she says.

Growing up, Amrutha says, her mother discouraged her from even making friends with children from other castes. So her parents were against her relationship with Pranay from the moment they found out about it. But that didn't stop Amrutha.

"We had to run away to see each other. But I did not care about his caste or how much money his family had. What was important was that we loved each other."

At one point in April 2016, Amrutha says, her parents locked her up at home. "I did not have a way to speak to Pranay but what kept me going was my love for him," she says. Eventually, she managed to escape.

They married in January 2018 and moved in with Pranay's parents, who had accepted their marriage.

Amrutha says they were planning to move to Canada when she found out she was pregnant. They decided to wait until the baby was born.


Image captionSupporters have lit candles for Pranay outside his home

She told her parents about the pregnancy hoping it would soften their stance. But to her shock, her father asked her to have an abortion. And he said so every time she spoke to him after that.

"We always lived in fear but I never thought my father would resort to such cruelty," she says.

No-one in her family has called her since Pranay died - not even her mother, who used to phone her frequently.

"I thought it she used to call me out of concern," Amrutha says. But now, she can't help but wonder if her mother was telling her father about their conversations, perhaps without realising his intentions.

Meanwhile, Pranay's parents and Amrutha have received plenty of support.

Several Dalit rights groups and women's groups have visited the house to express solidarity. On the veranda, there is a photograph of a smiling Pranay surrounded by flower petals and lit candles. Even as Amrutha is speaking, she can hear shouts of "long live Pranay" from the veranda of the house where supporters have gathered.

Hearing this, Pranay's mother, Hemalatha, breaks down. Amrutha, who also starts crying, consoles her. "I blame my whole family. I will not go back to them. Pranay's parents are my parents now," she says.

She has started a Facebook page, Justice for Pranay, which has drawn more than 112,000 followers in just a few days. And several other pages with the same name have cropped up, all of them expressing outrage and appealing for justice.

Image copyrightNATHAN G

Image captionKausalya's husband, Shankar, was killed by her family in 2016 - for marrying her

She has been very active on Facebook, posting photographs of rallies and messages of support as well as of her and Pranay. In one photograph, they are much younger - the caption says, "Born to be together forever."

She has also shared a photograph of a police officer escorting her father - the text above it says, "do not let my father out".

Amrutha's demand for justice has caught the attention of Kausalya, another upper-caste woman whose husband, Shankar, was killed for marrying her. She has since testified against her parents and continues to campaign against caste and honour killings.

"Pranay's killing reminded me of my Shankar," she told BBC Tamil. "Her love for him will make her strong. She says that she is going to stand against caste and that she is going to get justice for Pranay. We will stand with her."

Amrutha says Pranay had always told her that caste should not stand in the way of love.

"Both of us decided to fight for our love. Now, I will fight for justice," she says. "But I am also worried that my father might harm my baby or my in-laws."

You can read the original story on BBC Telugu here.

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 05:02

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Lake Victoria, Tanzania: Dozens drown in ferry capsize


At least 40 people have died after a ferry carrying hundreds of people capsized on Lake Victoria, Tanzania.

One official told the Reuters news agency the number who drowned could be more than 200. Rescue efforts have been halted until dawn on Friday.

The MV Nyerere ferry overturned near the shore between the islands of Ukora and Bugolora.

It is thought the overloaded vessel toppled over when crowds on board moved to one side as it docked.

Officials have said the ferry was carrying more than 400 passengers. About 100 people were rescued while 32 are said to be in a critical condition.

Exact figures, though, are yet to be confirmed - Reuters said the person who dispensed tickets for the journey also died, with the machine recording the data lost.

"We pray to God to give us hope in such an accident," Regional Commissioner Adam Malima told reporters.

"We pray to God to give us hope that there has not been a high death toll."

Locals joined with emergency teams in rescue efforts on Thursday afternoon.

Tragic history

Tanzania has seen a number of nautical disasters, with overcrowding often playing a role.

In 2012, at least 145 people died when a packed ferry sank while transporting people to the island of Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean.

The year before, almost 200 people died in another major incident off the coast of Zanzibar. Hundreds survived, some found clinging to mattresses and fridges.

In 1996, more than 800 people died when the MV Bukoba capsized on Lake Victoria. It was one of the the worst ferry disasters of the last century.

Image copyrightSTEPHEN MSENGI

Image captionScores of people have so far been reported rescued

Image copyrightSTEPHEN MSENGI

Image captionThe vessel was reportedly overcrowded

Image copyrightSTEPHEN MSENGI

Image captionLarge crowds watched rescue efforts from the shore

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seth Posted on September 21, 2018 05:00

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Philippines landslide victims 'sent texts from underneath rubble'

A landslide in the Philippines has killed at least 21 people and left dozens missing, with some texting for help from under the rubble, say police.

The slide on Thursday engulfed two villages in Naga in Cebu province.

It comes days after the north of the Philippines was hit by a typhoon, killing more than 80 people.

Typhoon Mangkhut did not directly hit Cebu province but lead to stronger monsoon rains, increasing the risk of landslides across the country.

'Like an earthquake'

The Cebu landslide took out a whole section of hillside on which people had built their makeshift homes.

"It was like an earthquake and there was this thundering, loud banging sound," resident Cristita Villarba told news agency AP.

Image copyrightAFP

Image captionSome of the houses were completely covered by rubble

"All of us ran out," she said, adding that her husband and children all survived the disaster.

"Many of our neighbours were crying and screaming for help. Some wanted to help those who got hit but there was too much earth covering the houses, including my brother's," she said.

According to local media, more than 600 families from Naga were staying in evacuation centres on Thursday night.

Messages from under the rubble

Local media are citing police chief inspector Roderick Gonzales as saying that several people had been successfully rescued from inside buried houses.

"There were signs of life. Some of them managed to send text messages," he said, raising hopes that they are trapped in air pockets in the debris.

Image copyrightEPA

Image captionRescue workers continued to look for survivors on Friday

The more than 20 houses affected were on the outskirts of the town of Naga.

There were near a former limestone quarry which might have destabilised the hillside above the village.

According to local media, local authorities had previously identified the area as being landslide prone.

seth Posted on September 21, 2018 04:58

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Mylee Billingham: Murder accused dad 'did not help police'

A father accused of stabbing his eight-year-old daughter to death offered no help to police officers attempting to revive her, a court has heard.

William Billingham allegedly kicked out at an officer who was giving him first aid after he was found lying across Mylee Billingham's body.

Birmingham Crown Court heard officers entered the 55-year-old's bungalow in Brownhills, near Walsall, after finding a door key in the letterbox.

Mr Billingham denies murdering Mylee.

He is accused of killing his daughter who suffered a fatal knife wound to her chest at her father's home on Valley View on 20 January.

PC Stacey Banbery told the court she found Mr Billingham "whimpering" with self-inflicted wounds at his home.

She said her colleague PC Samantha Gray saw Mylee on the kitchen floor and kicked away a blood-stained knife, which was about 10in from Mr Billingham's head.

PC Banbery, who took hold of Mr Billingham by the hoodie and dragged him off Mylee, told the jury: "I said 'what's happened?' and 'tell me what you have done'."

Image copyrightHELEN TIPPER

Image captionWilliam Billingham denies murdering his daughter Mylee

PC Banbery treated Mr Billingham while the other officer tried to revive Mylee, who was later pronounced dead in hospital.

She said: "When I was speaking to him his eyes were flickering and every so often he would open his eyes and look at me, but when he saw that I was looking back he would close them again."

PC Banbery said the father-of-six kicked out at her, and added: "When I dragged him into the living room, he then started resisting.

"He had got control over his arms and I felt that he could control his body."

Asked if Mr Billingham had tried to help officers, PC Banbery said: "He wasn't trying to assist in any way. I never heard his voice."

CCTV footage was shown to jurors of Mr Billingham and his daughter visiting a local Costcutter store about two hours before the fatal stabbing.

The defendant and Mylee entered the shop at 18:53 GMT and left shortly before 19:00.

Mr Billingham also denies making a threat to kill Mylee's mother Tracey Taundry.

The trial continues.

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seth Posted on September 20, 2018 23:34

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Wigan boy, 4, drowns in Tenerife hotel pool

A four-year-old British boy has drowned in a packed hotel swimming pool while on holiday with his family in Tenerife.

Presley Stockton, from Wigan, was found at the four-star Hotel Paradise Park Fun Lifestyle in Los Cristianos at 15:40 BST on Wednesday.

A lifeguard pulled him out of the pool and an ambulance was called, but doctors could not resuscitate him.

His grandfather Mike Jolley said Presley was "one in a million" and the family were "broken hearted".

In a post on Facebook, he described his grandson as a "whirlwind" and added: "Fly high my little Angel".

Presley is believed to have been on a 10-day holiday with his parents and grandparents in the Canary Islands.

'Absolute tragedy'

A spokesman for the hotel said: "He was in the family pool. It was packed - we are packed.

"The pool was packed with children and families. It is not a deep pool [and] there were two lifeguards on the spot.

"One pulled him out, the other one came over and they were both doing procedures.

"Two to three minutes later an ambulance came. There were lots of ambulances, five or six doctors were trying to resuscitate.

"He could not swim and had no arm bands on. It is just tragic, an absolute tragedy."

The Canary Islands government's Co-ordinating Centre for Emergencies and Security said Presley is thought to have had "signs of drowning" and possible cardiac arrest.

A spokesman said: "Efforts to revive the youngster using CPR proved unsuccessful and he was confirmed dead at the scene."

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 23:29

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Mexico's president-elect grounded on commercial plane for hours

Mexico's President-elect Andrés Manuel López Obrador still plans to sell the presidential jet after spending three hours grounded on a commercial plane.

Mr López Obrador vowed to press ahead with his plans despite being stuck on the tarmac because of heavy rain.

"I won't get on the presidential plane," he said from his seat on the commercial aircraft on Wednesday.

The left-wing leader, who won the presidential election by a landslide in July, will be sworn in in December.

Mexico's de luxe presidential jet, a Boeing 787 Dreamliner costing $218.7m (£166m), was delivered two years ago after being ordered by former President Felipe Calderón in 2012.

It was said at the time to be the most modern and efficient plane used by any world leader, according to Mashable.

What do Mexicans think?

Mr López Obrador, who has pledged to run an austere government, was one of hundreds of passengers unable to fly from the southern state of Oaxaca to the capital, Mexico City.

Image copyrightREUTERS

Image captionThe president-elect vowed to continue using commercial flights

Footage from on board the flight and acquired by Reuters news agency shows the president-elect explaining that he would be "embarrassed" to board "a luxurious plane in a country where there is so much poverty".

"I'm not going to change my mind because of this," he said, adding: "Enough with this tomfoolery, it's over, it's over, any politician who acts arrogantly won't last."

News of the incident was met with criticism among some residents of Mexico City.

"I think that if the plane has already been purchased then he should just use it," said Alejandro Aguilar, adding that it was "not normal" for presidents to be grounded.


Media captionFive things you need to know about Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador or "Amlo"

Another, Arturo Miranda, said that while the president-elect appeared to be showing empathy with the people, "We would have to ask ourselves how would he travel when he has to attend an international event?"

Along with the sale of the country's presidential plane, Mr López Obrador has promised to turn the presidential palace into a cultural centre and live in a more modest home, cut the presidential salary, and tackle corruption.

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seth Posted on September 20, 2018 23:21

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3D-printed gun pioneer Cody Wilson charged with sexual assault

A Texas man who has played a central role in making 3D-printed weapons available has been charged with sexually assaulting an underage girl.

A warrant was issued for Cody Wilson but he flew to Taiwan before he could be detained, police in Austin said.

A 16-year-old girl alleged she was paid $500 (£380) to have sex with Mr Wilson at an Austin hotel, they said.

Mr Wilson has been at the centre of a legal battle over publishing blueprints that instruct people on making a gun.

Mr Wilson has not yet commented on the case and no lawyer has yet issued a statement.

What are the allegations against Mr Wilson?

Austin Police Commander Troy Officer told a press briefing that a counsellor who had spoken to the girl informed police on 22 August that "that a juvenile female under the age of 17 had reported having sexual contact with a 30-year-old male".

The legal age of consent in Texas is 17.

Commander Officer said the girl met Mr Wilson through the website and had sex with him in a hotel on 15 August.

Police confirmed the girl's story through "videotape and interviews", he said.

The alleged crime is punishable by up to 20 years in prison.

What is the Taiwan connection?

Commander Officer said Mr Wilson had "left the country before we could seek an interview".

Image copyrightREUTERS

Image captionCody Wilson has fought a legal battle on distributing blueprints for the gun

He said: "We know Mr Wilson frequently travels for business. We don't know why he went to Taiwan.

"But we do know before he left he was informed by a friend of the victim that she had spoken to police and the police were investigating him for having sex with a minor."

He said that Mr Wilson was not in custody and that he had "missed a scheduled flight back to the United States".

Taiwan's National Immigration Agency said Mr Wilson had arrived on 6 September, Agence France-Presse reported, but that there had been no US request for judicial assistance as yet.

There is no extradition treaty between the United States and Taiwan.

What is Mr Wilson's role in the 3D saga?

Cody Wilson, a self-styled crypto-anarchist, founded the gun access advocacy group Defense Distributed.

Image copyrightAFP/GETTY

Image captionOne version of a 3D printed gun

He showed off the world's first 3D-printed gun in 2013.

The US government then banned the online posting of blueprints that gave instructions on making the guns.

Mr Wilson launched a legal battle, claiming the ruling infringed his rights to free speech and to bear arms.

The US government this year reached a settlement lifting the ban, but this was then challenged by a number of states.

Last month, a US federal judge in Seattle blocked the release of software that allows consumers to 3D-print firearms.

But Mr Wilson said this ruling applied only to free online distribution and began selling blueprints instead, leading to thousands of downloads.

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 23:06

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Maryland shooting: Woman kills three, turns gun on herself

A woman shot dead three people and injured three more before turning a gun on herself in an attack at a warehouse complex in Maryland, US police say.

The shooting happened on Thursday morning at a pharmacy distribution centre in Perryman, near Baltimore.

The attacker, Snochia Moseley, 26, died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. The motive for her attack is unclear.

Mass shootings by women are rare, with more than 95% of such attacks in the US carried out by men.

'Officers fired no shots'

The shooter was a temporary employee who reported for work as usual that morning, Harford County Sheriff's Office said.

But shortly after 09:00 local time (13:00 GMT) she began shooting outside, then inside the facility, with a 9mm Glock handgun that she had brought with her.

Police were on the scene within five minutes, by which time the shooter had killed three people and injured three more.

Officers found the suspect in a critical condition, with a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head - she died later in hospital.

She was from Baltimore County, police said.

She owned and had registered the handgun, and had taken several magazines of ammunition with her, police said.

The sheriff's office initially urged residents to avoid the area, which is about 40km (25 miles) north-east of Baltimore.

But it later tweeted that "we do not believe there is any further threat to the community".

Image copyrightEPA

Image captionFBI agents were deployed to the scene just minutes after the shooting

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seth Posted on September 20, 2018 22:57

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Avengers 4 title: Why the name reveal is 'a very big deal'

To the untrained eye a picture of a man in a film studio with the caption "look hard" might not get the heart racing.

But for thousands of people who liked an image posted by the Russo Brothers (long-time directors of The Avengers films) it's "a very big deal".

The next film in the franchise is due out in April 2019 and so far has a working title of Avengers 4.

So it's no wonder that even a slight whiff of an official name would send fans, in their own words, "a bit hypo".

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"I've got the Russo Brothers on tweet notification because they like a bit of mystery.

"Twitter just went into a frenzy when that one came up," said Cam - who's been a fan of the series for years.

Marvel meets Bond

Image captionCam thinks the production company will keep teasing fans until the release of the first official trailer

He explained followers of the Marvel universe are used to getting film names "years in advance at Comic Con or something" and that this is "the first title for ages" without an official name this close to release.

Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige has previously said announcing the title now would have been a spoiler for the new film, but having such a long delay is Cam explains "why fans are going a bit hypo for anything new".

"They were going to split Infinity War into two parts so Avengers 4 was going to be Avengers: Infinity War - Part 2.

"But then they dropped that title and they haven't given us a new one.

"It's a different kind of guessing game now, they're always trying to find new ways to market the films.

"Withholding a title is something films like James Bond and Star Wars have done for ages. I think Marvel wanted to join in on that now and hype up the movie in a way they haven't before."

Is this the endgame?

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As for the picture, Cam said there's "all sorts of things" going on.

"There's a ladder in the shape of an A, and other hidden letters as well. Another A, an E and a G by the look of it.

"Endgame has been quite a popular name online but the Russo Brothers have said the Avengers 4 title was never spoken in the script of Infinity War and 'endgame' was said so it might not be that."

Cam suggests: "Infinity Gauntlet - using the G that some people have picked out - might be a good one."

* Spoilers from Avengers Infinity War start here*

Image copyrightMARVEL/DISNEY

Image captionJosh Brolin plays Thanos in Avengers: Infinity War

That theory is based on Avengers villain Thanos spending several years plotting to piece together his Infinity Gauntlet since he was introduced in the first Avengers movie in 2012.

He used it to kill half of all the living beings in the universe at the end of Infinity War, including 50% of the Avengers.

"After Infinity War it would be a bit more personal to be about this gauntlet that can kill half the universe, so it would make it a bit more grounded and to the point," said Cam.

*This is where the spoilers end*

Not just geeks anymore

American fan Roy thinks Endgame "could make a lot of sense".

"I looked hard and the first thing I saw was the two As in it.

"A lot of people say it could be Avengers Assemble but that was the title of the original Avengers film in the UK so I don't think it could be that without confusing a lot of people."

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Having been a fan for 15 years, Roy said he "loves seeing everybody get into" the speculation around the new film.

"It was always seen as a bit weird to read comics.

"So when everyone started getting into it and all the stories it meant a lot to me. I'm glad it's able to reach a wider fan base.

"The Russo Brothers know that they have us all by the collar. They know we'll be speculating and reading into things. I think it's a lot of fun."

Cam agreed: "It's become a much bigger culture now to get involved in superhero films.

"Everyone at some point has seen some sort of superhero film - it's not just for the 'geeks' anymore."

Follow Newsbeat on InstagramFacebook and Twitter.

Listen to Newsbeat live at 12:45 and 17:45 every weekday on BBC Radio 1 and 1Xtra - if you miss us you can listen back here.

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 22:49

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James Bond: Cary Joji Fukunaga to direct next Bond film

The man behind Netflix series Maniac has been named as the director of the next James Bond film.

Cary Joji Fukunaga replaces Danny Boyle, who dropped out last month blaming "creative differences".

Producers Michael G Wilson and Barbara Broccoli praised Fukunaga's "versatility and innovation".

He recently directed Netflix's dark comedy Maniac, starring Emma Stone and Jonah Hill, and directed season one of True Detective.

Fukunaga's work on the HBO crime drama series won him an Emmy in 2014. He also directed 2015's Beasts of No Nation, starring Idris Elba.

And the Elba connection wasn't lost on many commentators.

Cary Joji Fukunaga - what you need to know

He came to prominence when he wrote and directed 2009's Sin Nombre, about the journey of a Honduran young girl and a Mexican gangster across the American border.

It won a British Independent Film award for best foreign film, the new director's prize at Edinburgh International Film Festival and picked up three prizes at Sundance.

In 2011, he directed an adaptation of Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, which starred Mia Wasikowska, Michael Fassbender and Jamie Bell.

He also directed and executive produced the acclaimed first series of True Detective in 2014, which starred Matthew McConaughey and Woody Harrelson.

He was also one of the screenwriters on last year's It, Andy Muschietti's adaptation of the Stephen King thriller but then left the project having been due to direct it.

Maniac comes to Netflix on Friday and has a stellar cast which includes Justin Theroux and Sally Field.

Speaking to the BBC about Maniac earlier this week, Fukunaga said he gives his actors plenty of freedom.

"I let Jonah be what Jonah wanted to be, obviously with some guidance," he said. "And the same with Emma. Justin came in with his interpretation of Doctor Mantleray, I didn't reign him in… I was kind of like, this is interesting, it's just the right amount of energy."

Bond's producers added that Fukunaga was an "excellent choice" and they were "delighted" to be working with him.

David Mackenzie, Yann Demange and Joe Wright were among the film-makers tipped to take over the director's chair, so Fukunaga is something of a surprise choice.

Filming will begin at Pinewood Studios on 4 March and the film will be released on 14 February, 2020.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionCraig is returning for the new Bond movie

Before Boyle's departure was announced, the film was set for a UK release on 25 October 2019, opening in US cinemas two weeks later.

But the change of director has inevitably led to a delay.

Craig has previously said it will be his final appearance as 007. The most recent Bond film, Spectre, came out in 2015.

What will Cary bring to Bond? By Matt Maytum, deputy editor, Total Film

Cary Joji Fukunaga is something of a surprise choice for the Bond franchise, given that he's such a distinctive filmmaking voice, and the producers tend to go for a 'safe pair of hands'. I was surprised that he was announced after Danny Boyle departed due to creative differences, as Fukunaga left the horror remake It for the same reason.

In his career so far, Fukunaga has proved himself across varied material, including immigration thriller Sin Nombre to Charlotte Bronte adaptation Jane Eyre, and he also directed the critically acclaimed first series of True Detective.

Even though he doesn't have much action movie experience, that's not generally a problem with films of this scale, as he'll be working with world class department heads who'll steer him through that side of the production, while he focuses on the storytelling.

Based on his previous work, I'd expect Fukunaga to bring a strong grasp on character and a slightly sinister tone to the upcoming Bond film.

Fukunaga's Maniac drops on Netflix on Friday and has had a mixed reception from critics.

The series follows Stone and Hill's characters as they take part in a drug trial.

Beasts of No Nation, which was watched by more than three million US subscribers, was Netflix's first cinema-quality project.

The film focuses on child warfare in Africa and to the surprise of many, neither the film or Elba were nominated for an Oscar back in 2016.

Follow us on Facebook, on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts, or on Instagram at bbcnewsents. If you have a story suggestion email [email protected]

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 22:46

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Diesel criticised for casting Nicki Minaj in anti-bullying advert

Diesel has been criticised for including Nicki Minaj in a new anti-bullying fashion campaign.

Some of those who have hit out at the company believe they have been bullied by Nicki online.

The advert, which also includes Bella Thorne and Barbie Ferreira, features celebrities wearing clothes with slurs they've been called by others online.

Nicki wears a hoodie with the phrase 'the bad guy' on it, while Bella wears a T-shirt that says 'slut'.

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Diesel says 'the more hate you wear, the less you care' in its advert, but viewers have questioned its casting.

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Both Jerome Trammel and Wanna Thompson claim to have been bullied by Nicki.

Jerome claims Nicki Minaj encouraged fans to attack him after he criticised Nickifor 'slut-shaming' in an interview with Elle magazine.

When Wanna questioned the lyrics on Nicki's 2018 album Queen, she claims to have received direct messages from the rapper, who later contacted her employer and got her fired from an internship as a music journalist.

Nicki Minaj: 'I didn't respond to that lady'

Wanna told Newsbeat in August that receiving direct, abusive messages which appear to be from Nicki Minaj's Twitter account was "heart breaking" as she was a fan of the star.

"I was flabbergasted because I thought the page was fake," said Wanna at the time.

"I kept on trying to refresh my twitter to see if it was a parody page. Maybe it was someone who copied everything about Nicki Minaj's profile and they're trying to get a rise out of me, but to my surprise, it was real."

Nicki denied contacting Wanna in an interview shortly after the writer made her comments.

Diesel has responded to some of the criticism on Twitter explaining why Nicki was chosen for the campaign.

Image copyrightTWITTER

"Our enemy is hate, not haters," said another.

Nicki hasn't addressed the backlash, but said critics like to label her a 'bad guy' in an Instagram post promoting the advert.

"You need people like me. So you can point your finger and say: That's the bad guy," she wrote.

The BBC has contacted Nicki Minaj's representatives but they have not responded.

Follow Newsbeat on InstagramFacebook and Twitter.

Listen to Newsbeat live at 12:45 and 17:45 every weekday on BBC Radio 1 and 1Xtra - if you miss us you can listen back here.

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 22:44

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Suspect arrested in Washington, DC jogger's stabbing death, police say

A suspect was arrested in the seemingly "unprovoked" stabbing death of a female jogger, whose slaying Tuesday evening in a “very safe neighborhood" stunned Washington, D.C. residents, officials announced Thursday.

D.C. Police Chief Peter Newsham said Anthony Crawford, 23, was arrested and charged with first-degree murder while armed in connection with the stabbing death of Wendy K. Martinez.

"It looks like it was an unprovoked attack," Newsham told reporters.

Crawford was arrested Wednesday night after he was found at a park by officers, who then took him in for questioning. Crawford, who has a criminal history, is "not cooperating" with investigators, the chief added.

Wendy K. Martinez, 35, was stabbed to death in Logan Circle on Tuesday night. Police released an image of the suspect Wednesday.  (D.C. Police Department)

The 35-year-old Martinez was jogging in Logan Circle around 8 p.m. Tuesday when an assailant stabbed her in the neck.

"This happened very quickly," Newsham said Thursday.

After being stabbed, Martinez stumbled away and into a nearby takeout restaurant, where surveillance video showed the woman appearing to alert customers to her attacker's location.

Some of those inside the eatery ran out to track down the assailant while others tried to help Martinez, who was later pronounced dead at a hospital, FOX5DC reported.

Crawford reportedly dropped the knife used in the assault at the scene, where it was recovered by investigators.


Warning: Graphic image below.

Surveillance video from the takeout restaurant showed shocked patrons attempting to save Martinez's life.  (FOX5DC)

Newsham said said Wednesday that patrons at the restaurant "did the best they could" to save Martinez's life.

A blurry surveillance video was released Wednesday showing the person believed to be Martinez’s attacker. The suspect was last seen wearing a mustard-colored shirt, dark-colored pants and sandals with white socks.

That "very distinct shirt," according to Newsham, was what helped officers identify Crawford and led to his arrest. The chief said Thursday that Crawford was living in Northwest D.C., and is not homeless. 

"Surveillance video was really the key to closing this case," he said. 

Detectives said the attack was random and that Martinez did not know Crawford. The incident was not a robbery attempt and the motive remains unclear, police added.

Martinez' death came just a week after she announced she was engaged, her family said in a statement to local news outlets.

“We are deeply saddened by this senseless tragedy," Martinez's family said. "Wendy Karina Martinez was the light of our lives. Not only was she an avid runner, but she was a devout Christian, a wonderful friend, and a driven professional. Everything you hope that a daughter and a friend could be. She was also excited to be planning her upcoming wedding to her fiancé, Daniel Hincapie. They were engaged just last week.”

Friends of Martinez made a statement on Thursday during a press conference announcing the arrest of Crawford. 

“Wendy should have been shopping for her wedding dress on Friday," a friend said.

Martinez, the chief of staff at FiscalNote, was described as an avid jogger who lived near Logan Circle, a popular D.C. neighborhood Newsham described as “very safe.” Martinez said in a recent interview with that she liked to unwind from work by running around the city or working out at her favorite local studio.

Dominic Solomon Posted on September 20, 2018 15:53

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Police investigate Lyon supporter's Nazi salute at Manchester City

Lyon fans celebrated a 2-1 win over Manchester City at the Etihad Stadium

Police say they are investigating an "abhorrent hate crime" after a Lyon fan appeared to give a Nazi salute during the team's Champions League win at Manchester City.

The French club have vowed to ban the supporter for life.

Chief Inspector Gareth Parkin, of Greater Manchester police, condemned the fan's gesture.

"This is absolutely abhorrent behaviour and it has no place in our community, and no place in sport," he said.

"We are committed to policing racism at football matches, and hate crimes of any sort will simply not be tolerated."

He said officers were working with their French colleagues to identify the offender.

Lyon beat Manchester City 2-1 at the Etihad Stadium in Wednesday's Champions League Group F opener.

The gesture was caught on video and shared on social media, where it attracted widespread condemnation.

The club responded by saying it had seen the video and was working to identify the supporter.

"As soon as he is identified, he will be excluded for life," Lyon said in a statement.

Police say they are also investigating reports of fighting between fans near City's Etihad Stadium.

Footage on social media showed around 20 supporters clashing in the street outside a shop.

Meanwhile, two people were arrested for affray before the match following a disturbance in the city's Northern Quarter at about 18:40 BST.

kabby Posted on September 20, 2018 11:26

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Passengers hurt after Jet Airways flight loses cabin pressure

Flight 9W 697 carrying 166 passengers landed back in Mumbai after passengers complained of ear pain and nose bleeding.

A Jet Airways flight returned to Mumbai after dozens of passengers complained of ear pain and nose bleeding [FILE:Nicolas Economou/ Getty Images]

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A Jet Airways flight returned to Mumbai, India, when 30 passengers complained of ear pain and nose-bleeding after the plane lost cabin pressure.

Shortly after takeoff, the flight crew forgot to switch on the cabin pressure system and oxygen masks were deployed, according to India's civil aviation regulator.

Flight 9W 697, a Boeing 737 aircraft, was carrying 166 passengers when the incident took place.

Those affected were given medical attention while alternative flights were arranged, Jet Airways said.

The flight crew "has been taken off scheduled duties pending investigation", the company said in a statement.

"The airline is making alternative flight arrangements for guests on its flight," the statement added. 

People on board posted photos and videos of the calamity online, with one purported passenger, Darshak Hathi, uploading footage on Twitter showing travellers using oxygen masks.

Panic situation due to technical fault in @jetairways 9W 0697 going from Mumbai to Jaipur. Flt return back to Mumbai after 45 mts. All passengers are safe including me.

— Darshak Hathi (@DarshakHathi) September 20, 2018

Satish Nair also posted a picture and complained that passengers were not kept informed during the ordeal.

@jetairways Flight 9W 697 made an emergency landing back in Mumbai. Airplane lost pressure immediately after taking off...scores of passengers including me bleeding from staff to announcement on board to wear the oxygen mask.passengersafety completelyignored

— Satish Nair (@satishnairk) September 20, 2018 

India's Ministry of Civil Aviation said in a tweet it had sought an "immediate report" from official agencies.

MoCA has taken cognizance of the incident in flight 9W 697 earlier today and has requested DGCA to file its report immediately on the issue. The crew is being derostered. Of the 166 people on board, 30 were affected and have been given treatment.

— Ministry of Civil Aviation (@MoCA_GoI) September 20, 2018

It is the latest in a string of embarrassing incidents for the airline.

In January, two Jet Airways pilots were grounded for getting into a brawl and storming out of the cockpit briefly during a New Year's Day flight from London to Mumbai.

kabby Posted on September 20, 2018 10:32

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Rights group accuses South Sudan of 'war crimes'

Witnesses say soldiers and militiamen targeted civilians by raping them, burning them alive, and killing male infants.

About two million South Sudanese have fled the country over the past five years of war [Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah/Reuters]

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South Sudan's government and its allied militias have been accused of carrying out war crimes of "staggering brutality" during an offensive earlier this year.

Witnesses described how soldiers and fighters targeted civilians by raping them, burning them alive, running them over with armoured vehicles, and hanging them from trees, Amnesty International said in a report on Wednesday.

"One interviewee said a girl as young as eight was gang-raped and another woman witnessed the rape of a 15-year-old boy," it said.

The report was based on interviews with 100 displaced people from Leer and Mayendit counties in Unity State, which have been among the hardest hit regions during South Sudan's five-year civil war.

Amnesty also documented the abduction of women and girls, and the deliberate killing of young boys and male infants. The attacks continued for a week after a ceasefire was announced.

"The government attacked dozens of civilians in these areas, burning houses systematically, killing people - including women, children, and elderly people," Amnesty's Joanne Mariner told Al Jazeera.

"We documented horrific cases in which elderly people - 70, 80, even 90 years old - were burned alive inside houses because the government was torching villages in a really systematic way."

The killings echo the type of brutality meted out to civilians that have characterised South Sudan's war since its start.


WATCH:South Sudan war crimes: UN calling for forming hybrid court (1:58)


South Sudan's government often dismisses such reports as "rubbish".

Africa's refugee crisis 

President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed a new peace deal in Ethiopia last week after lengthy negotiations.

It allows the creation of a transitional government, with Machar to be reinstated as vice president.

Despite the breakthrough, many international observers remain sceptical as previous agreements have collapsed after warring parties failed to respect them.

Years of conflict in South Sudan has left more than half of its 12 million population in need of food aid for survival.

The world's newest country descended into civil war in 2013 after Kiir accused Machar, then his deputy, of plotting a coup.

The conflict has killed tens of thousands of people with more than two million fleeing the country, creating Africa's largest refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genocide.


In the Field

Women of South Sudan: Broken bodies, shattered dreams

kabby Posted on September 20, 2018 09:58

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Man City given Champions League wake-up call by Lyon

Manchester City assistant manager Mikel Arteta admitted the English champions were handed a wake-up call in a shock 2-1 home defeat by Lyon to start their Champions League campaign on Wednesday.

  • Published: 19.09.2018
  • Pulse News Agency International by AFP





Maxwel Cornet scored the opening goal for Lyon against Manchester City


Manchester City assistant manager Mikel Arteta admitted the English champions were handed a wake-up call in a shock 2-1 home defeat by Lyon to start their Champions League campaign on Wednesday.

Arteta took charge for the evening with Pep Guardiola serving a touchline ban for being sent-off in last season's quarter-final exit to Liverpool.



And Guardiola could only watch on in horror as Lyon punished a sloppy first 45 minutes from the pre-tournament favourites through Maxwel Cornet and Nabil Fekir.

Bernardo Silva pulled a goal back in an improved second-half performance, but couldn't prevent City slumping to their first defeat of the season.

"When you are not at the races at the start of a game in the Champions League after, it doesn't matter how good you are, it is too late," said Arteta.

In contrast to their stunning domestic form, City have now lost their last four Champions League games.


Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola was forced to watch his side's defeat from the stands



A decade into their stewardship, winning the competition for the first time may remain the holy grail for City's Abu Dhabi owners.

But it seems City's fans still need to be convinced with plenty of empty seats dotted around the Etihad and the Champions League anthem again booed before kick-off.

That flat atmosphere transferred into a City first-half display riddled with uncharacteristic errors.

"Obviously, the ideal scenario is to have a full stadium every time and to have people supporting and getting behind the team like crazy," added Arteta.

"I wouldn't like to use that as an excuse because we had this type of crowd in Champions League before and we were able to win the game."

Lyon pounce


Lyon captain Nabil Fekir fired the French side into a 2-0 lead



Lyon have won just two of their opening five Ligue 1 matches of the season, but pounced on City's sloppiness.

"We need to be capable of repeating this performance in order to fulfil the objectives we have," said Lyon coach Bruno Genesio.

"The end of the game was tougher as they brought it back to 2-1 and brought on talented players. I suffered as I was scared they'd score a second goal.

"We would have taken 2-2 before the match but given the way the game went we'd have been disappointed not to leave with the three points."

Some calamitous City defending gifted Lyon the perfect start as Fekir's low cross should have been easily cut out by Fabian Delph at the back post. However, the England international swiped at fresh air and Cornet gratefully slotted into the far corner.

Guardiola's ban meant he wasn't even allowed into the dressing room at half-time, and Arteta's team talk got an awfully lot tougher two minutes before the break when long-time Liverpool target Fekir drilled a shot from 25 yards into the bottom corner.

Arteta surprisingly resisted the temptation to make changes at the break despite having a cavalry of Leroy Sane, Sergio Aguero and Riyad Mahrez on the bench.

And it wasn't until Sane and Aguero were summoned before the hour mark that City started to threaten.

By that point, it should have been too late as former Manchester United winger Memphis Depay hit the post with just Ederson to beat on another threatening Lyon counter-attack.

Sane's introduction moved Bernardo Silva into the central role where he has shone in recent weeks in the absence of Kevin De Bruyne and the two combined to get the hosts back into the game 23 minutes from time.

The German got to the by-line and his cut-back was swept into the far corner by the Portuguese international.

Anthony Lopes twice denied Aguero and Sane fired off target when well-placed in stoppage time, but Lyon held out to leave City with plenty of work to do in Group F to progress.

khojho Posted on September 20, 2018 08:57

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Someone’s putting electric cars on the blockchain to mine crypto while driving.

Has science gone too far? Or has economics not gone far enough?

CoinTelegraph reports CyClean is putting electric cars on the blockchain so they can mine cryptocurrency while driving – as you do.

Electric vehicles and other more eco-friendly products are supplied to CyClean with a chip that connects to the CyClean server. It then tracks how far a vehicle travels or how many watts are used and rewards the driver or user accordingly.

CyClean currently only covers electric bicycles and motorcycles, hence the name presumably, but the expansion to electric cars is said to be coming in the near future. The chip can also be incorporated into solar panels and other clean energy systems to deliver additional rewards for the amount of power produced as well as into wrist bands to reward people for running a certain distance. The vision is to create a healthy, green, environmentally conscious and almost painfully wholesome green fitness community.

The money

The system involves a fixed amount of daily rewards, which is then divided among all the users who have travelled more than a kilometre in that day or produced more than one watt. The amount of CyClean coins will be proportionate to the distance travelled or the watts produced. The total daily amount distributed is subject to change as the system evolves, its white paper says.

It's a fascinating idea that will no doubt be subject to a lot of "oh so now we have crypto mining cars on the blockchain" type criticism, even as the economic criticisms are potentially much more valid.

The token itself is intended to be useable for renting a range of CyClean products as well as other partner products over time and will be connected to carbon credit schemes. Naturally, it's also intended to be redeemable for cold hard cash at constantly varying prices, also known as sellable.

Where's the value?

The nugget of value in the entire system is intended to be CyClean's brand name and the sense of endorsement that CyClean products are expected to carry. This is what CyClean offers partners who agree to let their products be rentable in exchange for CyClean credits rather than real money. The idea is that this, in conjunction with the CyClean rewards, make CyClean products a much more tempting option for consumers.

Seems like it could work, although the anticipated volatility of CyClean coins might make it tough for CyClean to convince partners to accept it over money.

Living long enough to become the villain

There are also some seemingly self-defeating peculiarities with the system and the intended self-driving car.

"When CyClean car is complete and launched to the market, it will be one of the strongest mining capabilities thus will be like ASIC metaphorically when mining CyClean coins," the white paper explains.

In other words, it's incentivising people to drive wherever possible rather than bike, walk or take public transport. Not only that, but it's also encouraging people to drive as far as possible in any given day. If CyClean rewards ever become valuable enough for people to drive when they don't need to, the system might be undermining its own ethos. And with more people suddenly CyCleaning around the place, the rewards for those who use it as intended start dropping.

This puts a fairly stark cap on the potential value of CyClean rewards. By necessity, they can never get high enough to actually be "worth it" and will only ever be a small side benefit to help sell a specific brand of product.

There are also some lingering questions around obvious gaming of the system and how fair it will be for everyday users. It won't be long before people find the most effective way of mimicking travel times, such as throwing their CyClean electric bike and scooter into their car before driving around wearing an armband or finding a way of hacking their device's GPS tracker.

But even assuming everyone does use it as intended, the system is naturally geared towards those who will be covering a lot of ground every day. These are your full-time Uber drivers, taxi companies, delivery drivers and similar. Later on, it will be your autonomous vehicle owners; the CyClean car roadmap is intended to eventually lead to driverless cars.

The vast majority of the rewards will be going to these heavy users who cover a lot of ground in their cars. And not only is distance a strong factor, but CyClean rewards are also weighted by device type, so cars are worth disproportionately more than wrist bands, for example.

Without actually doing any calculations, it intuitively seems like the actual value of the system for an everyday CyClean user, someone who just rides an electric bike to or from work or goes jogging with the wrist band, would end up close to zero.

Remember, if the actual token value gets too high, it starts destroying the system by incentivising needless energy consumption and dropping rewards for everyone who can't be bothered gaming the system in this way. By necessity, the total value of the daily reward pool can never get too high.

These limited rewards are then distributed mainly to the most dedicated "miners," who drive full time in their own vehicle or are otherwise in a position to earn the highest rewards. The rewards for those everyday users, who make up the bulk of the market and help shore up the value of the CyClean tokens through their purchasing power, seem like they'll be too low for anyone to bother with.

In the end, CyClean products will still need to compete on quality and price to get anywhere, and without enough rewards to sway consumer purchasing decisions, these tracking systems and blockchain chips will just be extra overhead.

Slightly ironically, CyClean's green energy economy might not be sustainable.

AlbertaU Posted on September 20, 2018 08:21

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Marco Minniti: The man who cut the migrant flow to Italy

In his small office off a courtyard lined with citrus trees, 62-year-old Marco Minniti scrolls through the pictures on his phone, showing endless meetings with Libyan tribal leaders.

His office walls are lined with photos of Italian air force planes. A small pen holder, a gift from Tunisian officials, sits on his desk.

In power, Mr Minniti spoke rarely.

Now, out of office, he's keen to explain how he orchestrated a deal to reduce migration from Libya to Italy.

When he took over as interior minister in December 2016, migration was a continuing crisis. In just three years, more than half a million migrants had reached Italy after setting off from Libya by boat.

Italians angrily demanded action from the centre-left government. The new minister decided to make use of his long background in intelligence and security work.

His plan was simple: co-opt Libyan tribal chiefs into stopping migrant smugglers and traffickers.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionLibyan prime minister Fayez al-Sarraj met Mr Minniti at a conference in Rome in March 2017

His first official visit to the Libyan capital, Tripoli, was in January 2017 to meet President Serraj - and the other authorities.

"The desert tribes are fundamental," he says. "There's only so much technology and military resources you can deploy, but if you don't have the tribes, the Sahara is difficult to control."

By the summer of 2017, Marco Minniti had a deal in place with Libyan chiefs.

"We signed a small pact," he says.

"I asked them to break any links with the traffickers - and I said that Italy, Europe, and the international community were ready to help their communities financially."

Inhuman treatment?

The deal had instant results.

The Libyan coast guard began to intercept migrant boats, and numbers on this route fell by around 80%. But the Libya-Italy route remains incredibly dangerous.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionMr Minniti in Tripoli harbour, Libya, in May 2017

The UN refugee agency says that the rate of deaths along the Mediterranean route has risen sharply, and there are questions about the dangers intercepted migrants face back in Libya.

The UN has said any deal that sends migrants back to detention and mistreatment in Libya is inhuman. I ask Mr Minniti how he responds.

"Of course - if you ask me, have we sorted the issue of detention centres in Libya? Obviously not. We still have a lot to do," he says.

"But the fact that the UN are in Libya and can visit the centres is a step ahead. We need to strengthen these steps."

The dramatic fall in numbers was too late to save the centre-left government. Voters saw no need to reward an administration which, they believed, had taken far too long to act over migration.

At the general election in March, populists came out ahead.

'There is no migrant emergency'

"We lost the election for two reasons," Mr Minniti reflects. "We did not respond to two feelings that were very strong: anger and fear. We lost contact with a big part of public opinion."

The new populist administration is dominated by Marco Minniti's successor as interior minister - the far-right leader Matteo Salvini.

Mr Salvini has won headlines by turning away foreign-flagged rescue boats - and by asserting that he's the politician who's finally got a grip on migration. But in terms of reducing migrant numbers, it's Marco Minniti who's had by far the most impact - not Matteo Salvini.

I ask if he ever shouts at the TV when Mr Salvini claims he's the one who stopped migration.

He laughs.


Media captionWATCH: 'Italy only has room for migrants fleeing war,' says Matteo Salvini

"The point is this. Italy managed to show Europe and the world that you can manage migration, keeping two principles in mind: humanity and security. Now we're in another phase. There is no migrant emergency in Italy," he replies.

"But the new government can't say this - because if they did they would start liberating Italians from their fears. They need to stoke the issue, always finding an enemy."

But the populist strategy appears to work.

Matteo Salvini is Italy's most popular politician. By contrast, Marco Minniti sits in a small office in opposition.

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 06:11

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Good sex cures severe headache faster than painkillers – Doctor advises

A Ghanaian medical doctor has reaffirmed earlier research positions that sexual activities can lead to “partial or complete relief” from head pain in some migraines. This is nothing new as research conducted by various institutions across the globe have proven that sex cures headaches faster than some painkillers.

According to Dr Dennis Bortey, a Public Health professional, instead of using a sore head as an excuse to refuse sex, making love can be more effective than taking painkillers. He stressed that there is no medicine that works as fast and cures headache than sex.

He said, sex is medicinal and encourage that couples have it as often as possible to prevent ill health. Dr Bortey who said this while contributing to discussions on GhOne’s television show? ‘Duvet’, narrated how upon medical examination, directed a patient to go home and have sex. “If you have a bad headache, have sex, it is very medicinal. I asked one patient, have you had sex, you know what, go home have rough sex, go hit it. I bet anybody to try it if you have a bad headache”, he said.

The medical practitioner bemoaned the Ghanaian attitude of seeing sex as offensive thus, the subject is hardly discussed or talked about. “We need to demystify that,” he said. For couples who shunned sex or failed to engage in the activity regularly, Dr. Bortey said they may look older than their age. Using himself as an example, Dr Bortey said, people always doubt he age since he looked younger than 44.

His secret, he said, was good sex that makes him glow almost always. “Sex is a good thing, it makes you younger all the time…the more you have it, the more glowing you look be it a man or a woman,” he said. Some men have complained that their wives usually developed headaches around bedtime, leaving them with no choice than to allow the woman to have her deserved rest.

But Dr Bortey says the best cure for a headache is that three-letter word, Sex and it is as natural as it comes. Researchers have suggested that sex triggers the release of endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers, through the central nervous system, which can, in turn, reduce, or even eliminate, a headache.

Nii Sackey Posted on September 20, 2018 06:10

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From murder capital of Europe to role model for London

Mayor of London Sadiq Khan announces plans for a unit aiming to divert young people away from knife crime. The idea is based on a successful approach used in Scotland. So, what can the English capital learn?

Scotland's Violence Reduction Unit (VRU) was set up to stem the tide of knife crime which saw Glasgow become Europe's murder capital.

From its formation in 2005 the VRU proposed a fresh approach to tackling the issue.

Its key message was that gang-related stabbings and slashings were not just a policing problem but a public health problem. The unit's motto was a simple one: "Violence is preventable, not inevitable."

In 2004/05 there were 137 murders in Scotland. But by 2016/17 the total had more than halved to 61.

Over the years the VRU has worked closely with partners in the NHS, education and social work.

It has stressed the importance of positive role models and its projects have been shaped by statistics.

Former director John Carnochan once showed me a jagged graph of violent crime in Glasgow. It included many spikes but at one point it plummeted dramatically.

Mr Carnochan explained: "That was Valentine's Day."

Love may virtually halt violence once a year but other factors have helped Glasgow shed its unwanted reputation as No Mean City.

BBC Scotland looks at five key aspects of the VRU's work.

Image captionSinger Frankie Vaughan addresses gang members in Easterhouse


Glasgow's gang culture was highlighted in the 1960s when singer Frankie Vaughan visited Easterhouse to speak to young people.

He famously convinced rival leaders to shake hands and give up their weapons.

Fast forward four decades and the then Strathclyde Police Chief Constable Sir Stephen House invited teenagers from some of the most deprived areas of the city to Glasgow Sheriff Court.

The symbolism was powerful as Sir Stephen urged them to renounce violence or risk returning to the court for real.

The VRU made bold statements to young people in simple, no nonsense terms. For example, chalk outlines of a body and a knife once appeared in 15 areas identified as gang trouble spots.

Officers also proactively visited suspected gang members, targeted their meeting places and monitored their activity on early social networking sites, such as Bebo.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionThe notorious MS-13 street gang was formed in LA by immigrants from El Salvador

US influence

The VRU sought inspiration from across the Atlantic in its bid to make Glasgow's streets safer.

Within two years of implementing Operation Ceasefire in 1995, Boston had reduced violent crime by about 50%.

In 2009 the VRU launched the Community Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV). It was designed to offer young people an alterative to gang membership such as youth clubs but, crucially, also the prospect of training and work.

Former offenders were drafted in to share their experiences with the next generation.

In 2011 police said the CIRV had resulted in a 50% reduction in violent offendingby those taking part.

Even among gang members who refused to participate, data indicated a 25% fall in the number of offences committed.

Image copyrightSEBASTIEN RABAS

Image captionCallum, from the east end of Glasgow, has been stabbed multiple times


In 2008 six surgeons who had witnessed first-hand the devastating impact of knife crime formed Medics Against Violence (MAV).

One of its early projects involved sending senior doctors into schools to share their harrowing experiences. MAV also produced a 15-minute film, called Your Choice, and devised lesson plans to help stimulate a debate.

The organisation encouraged knife crime victims to cooperate with the police as research showed many attacks went unreported.

It has also informed national debates, such as the case for minimum alcohol pricing. Earlier this year Dr Christine Goodall, of MAV, said more than 80% of assault victims in hospital emergency departments had been drinking, as had the people who had assaulted them.

The VRU's holistic approach was illustrated at an anti-violence conference at the Scottish Police College.

It included a session by Canadian parenting expert Cathy Gordon which highlighted the importance of empathy.

Image captionSexting has become a major problem among young people


The VRU launched a mentoring project in schools which is designed to combat the emerging threat of cyberbullying and encourage children to stay safe online.

The Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP) initiative is teaching young people leadership skills to help them support those falling prey to different kinds of abuse.

Former Chief Insp Graham Goulden, said the the scale of the problem should not be underestimated in light of the "sexually toxic environment" children are growing up in.

The MVP scheme, which was devised by US academic Jackson Katz, also coaches young people to challenge offensive behaviour.

During workshops, pupils are asked questions such as: "Is it sometimes OK to send a sexually explicit photo to another person?"

Under the programme school staff and partners recruit fifth and sixth year students as mentors and they then provide advice for younger pupils.

Meanwhile, VRU deputy director Will Linden has credited a dramatic reduction in school exclusions in Scotland over the last decade as a key factor in keeping children out of trouble.

Image captionOffenders must be free from drugs and alcohol to get onto the 12-month training programme aimed at turning their lives around


One of the VRU's key objectives is to offer young people an alternative path.

In 2010, Brigadier David Allfrey, a former commander of 51 Scottish Brigade in Stirling, ran an adventure and leadership training scheme with former gang members.

And two years later he handed five men, aged 18 to 25, a role in the world-renowned Edinburgh Military Tattoo.

The ex-offenders, from the east end of Glasgow and Kilmarnock's Onthank estate were stationed at Redford Barracks in Edinburgh for the duration of the event. During each performance they moved props around and performed.

Brigadier Allfrey, the Tattoo's chief executive and producer, said: "There is enormous human potential wrapped up in these young men."

The VRU was also influenced by LA-based Homeboy Industries, which offers gang members employment in its cafes.

One such example is Street & Arrow in Glasgow's West End, which launched in 2016. It offers modern street food served from an airstream truck and hires former offenders for 12-month blocks.

Workers are paired with a mentor who can help them master everything from basic employment skills, like turning up on time, through to debt management and relationship issues.

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 06:00

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Top 10 tips for starting at university

The new duvet cover has been bought, posters are packed, a favourite teddy has been sneaked in and the car boot is crammed full.

It's that time of year when young people are heading off to university for the first time.

We asked graduates and older students for their top tips for starting at university.

1. Manage your workload

Kaylie Knowles, 24, studied at Nottingham Trent University, then did her PGCE at Derby University. She says staying on top of the workload is crucial.

"I got on just fine doing my undergrad at Trent, but my final year at Derby was a very stressful year leading me to four or five meltdowns across the year.

"All I'd say is prioritise your workload and make sure you take a break when you feel the workload is getting too much. "

2. Plan out a weekly budget

Mary O'Connell, 23, who did English literature at York University and an MA in Film Studies at King's College London, recommends setting yourself a weekly budget.

"Don't spend all your money on Freshers Week. If you haven't really worked before uni then you may not have seen that much money in your account before. But remember that it's still a loan that you need to be sensible with.

Image copyrightMARY O'CONNELL

Image captionMary: Learning to manage your loan is crucial

"Plan out a weekly budget. You can use an app to track your spending if you want to get an idea of how much you're spending, because it's something we usually underestimate."

Sian Reed, 25, who studied marketing at Hull University, followed by an MA in sports journalism at Sheffield Hallam, agrees.

"My first top tip would be learn to budget. I know it sounds all serious but just because your student loan has come in, doesn't mean you should spend it all at once.

"Just take half an hour or so to sit down and look at what money you have coming in and what you're spending.

"It might mean making some adjustments like boosting your income or reducing your spending (ask for a student discount everywhere, you'll be surprised at the sort of places that offer it as they don't always advertise) but it means you can live comfortably."

3. Back up your work

Peter Rogers, 22, who graduated from York University last year, says it's a good idea to back up your work in more than one place.

"We all had gmail accounts through our university, so I used Google Drive to save everything which meant it was stored in the cloud.

"One piece of advice would be to make sure you save different versions of a piece of work as you go along.

Image copyrightPETER ROGERS

Image captionPeter recommends backing up your work in more than one place

"For example, if you are writing an essay on the French Revolution, save it as 'French Revolution half' at the halfway stage, and then again as a separate version three-quarters of the way through, etc.

"That way if you do manage to delete a copy you will not have to rewrite from the beginning."

4. Make the most of the first year

Peter also says that the first year can often be a little lighter academically than subsequent years, so it's worth enjoying it.

"If your first year doesn't count towards your overall grade, make the most of the freedom that offers you," he suggests.

"I still look back and wish I had done a little less work (nobody asks me what grade I got in first year) and spent more time trying out activities, sports or just hanging out with friends.

"Obviously the academic side is important but that really amps up in second and third year anyway."

5. Don't be afraid to be choosy about friends

Emmeke Megannety 21, a second-year journalism student at Nottingham Trent University, says it's worth taking your time to find good friends.

"People starting uni need to remember that the people you meet in your first week will not necessarily be your friends for life.


Image captionEmmeke, 21, says friendships take time to evolve

"Don't think that you have to stick to people like glue just because you haven't met anyone else yet.

"Throw yourself into activities and societies, get a job, strike up a conversation with someone at the gym - you'll make so many friends throughout the year in the oddest of places."

Mary recommends joining all the societies that interest you.

"You don't just want your uni friends to be the people on your course and who you live with, so join a society to make friends there," she says.

"It's a good way to socialise cheaply, especially if you're not a big drinker. It also just makes the uni experience more fulfilling."

6. Look out for people

Sadly many students suffer with mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety. Recent statistics show 146 students took their own lives in 2016.

Peter says it's important to keep an eye on your peers and ask searching questions.

"I was, and continue to be, regularly surprised at the number of people who would look and act fine outwardly but were actually really struggling.

"I think the key here is talking directly, especially with men. I know if I were just asked 'How are you feeling?' I'd probably just skirt around the question with a generic answer.

"But if a friend asked 'Do you think your mental health has been affected by….?' we might be tempted to answer more honestly."

7. Eat a balanced diet

Matt Broderick, 29, a graduate from Queens University Belfast, says a poor diet can affect your mood.

"Learn to cook and go to class. I did neither of these things, or very, very little.

"I spent all of my money on really unhealthy oven food or nasty takeaways and barely went to lectures.

"I didn't realise at the time but I was probably depressed because I was living in an awfully cold and dark house, eating dreadful food and only really leaving the house to go drinking with the odd class or lecture thrown in.

"I wish I could hit the reset button and go to every single lecture, do all of my readings, eat better and spend my time more wisely rather than drinking away my student loan."

8. Learn to cook on a budget

Picking up on the issue of food, Mary recommends learning how to cook on a budget.

"Stop caring about brands just because you have them at home," she advises.

"For example, if you're making something like a bolognese then buy the 'basics' version of the chopped tomatoes. It's not an ingredient you need to have a special brand for - chopped tomatoes is chopped tomatoes.

Image copyrightSIAN REED

Image captionSian says it's important to "stay true to yourself"

"Tupperware is your friend: Cook food in bulk then freeze it in meal-sized portions."

Peter adds: "Like many students I didn't really have anything other than rudimentary cookery skills before I went, and found learning to cook was reasonably enjoyable."

9. Stay in touch with friends from home

Mary says keeping in touch with family and friends from back home is a good way of keeping loneliness at bay, and a good chance to speak openly about any problems.

"Uni can be very lonely. Make sure you check in with your home friends who are also at uni and keep track of who might be having a hard time, and make sure you tell your friends if you find yourself struggling."

10. Stay true to yourself

Sian's other top tip for university is to "stay true to yourself".

"At university, students are usually living away from home for the first time which means no parents.

"You don't have to be an extrovert to enjoy the experience - don't feel obliged to go on nights out because you feel forced to (you will regret it in the morning).

"University seems to create a drinking culture so it's okay if you're not into it. Trust me, you will not be the only non-drinker on campus.

"Alternatively, if you do have a big personality, make the most of your student life, as life after uni is nowhere near as cheap."

Produced by Katherine Sellgren and Shamaan Freeman-Powell

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 05:58

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Hologram phone calls - sci-fi or serious possibility?

High-speed 5G networks could lead to big changes in how we use our mobile phones, allowing us to enjoy virtual reality on-the-go, interactive live broadcasts, and even project holograms from our handsets. But will connection "not-spots" and high costs stop many of us reaping the benefits?

Holograms have always felt like science fiction - think of the scene in Star Wars when robot R2-D2 beams a 3D hologram message from Princess Leia into thin air.

But imagine if you could project Leia from your mobile phone or tablet, anytime, anywhere.

Richard Foggie, an expert at the Knowledge Transfer Network, says this could well be possible within the next five years thanks to the arrival of 5G mobile broadband networks. These will allow devices to handle much greater amounts of data at far higher speeds.

Image copyrightYOUTUBE

Image captionProf Rahim Tafazolli conducts a phone call with a hologram of a fellow academic

"Right now, some sort of headgear or enclosed 'cave' is required to view holographics, but within five years I think we'll see AR/VR [augmented reality/virtual reality] just sprout out of the phone," Mr Foggie says.

"You could use it for video, playing games or industrial applications - even hologram phone calls."

Experiments are under way. Last year, US telecoms giant Verizon and Korean Telecom (KT) held what they said was the world's first live hologram international call over the two companies' trial 5G networks.

The demonstration saw a KT employee in Seoul converse with a live hologram of a Verizon employee in New Jersey that appeared on a monitor at KT's headquarters.

And in the UK this week, Vodafone is planning a live demonstration of a hologram phone call made over its trial 5G network to demonstrate the technology's potential.

Image copyrightYOUTUBE

Image captionProf Mischa Dohler performed a live concert with his daughter over a 5G video link

While both firms described the test as "early stage", KT has said it is working on commercialising hologram video calls that would let users "meet a person in a remote area in a real size in real time".

Another change - in theory at least - will be 5G's lower latency - the delay between issuing a command and the network responding. It could let people interact in near real-time over the web, removing the lag you get with communication tools such as Skype over lower-speed 4G.

Last year Mischa Dohler, a professor in wireless communications at King's College, London, showed what this would look like when he performed a live concert with his daughter over a 5G video link.

She sang from London's Guildhall while he accompanied her at Berlin's Brandenburger Tor, 1,000km away, with an end-to-end delay of just 20ms [milliseconds].

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionWill more of us be wearing VR headsets in the streets?

"You could have a virtual audience watching a play or a live event," says Jon Kingsbury of Immerse UK, an organisation doing research into VR and AR.

"People could also collaborate and work together in an immersive environment or have virtual conferences."

He also thinks 5G will enhance mobile video, enabling much sharper images on the go. Its superior bandwidth will mean we can enjoy data-heavy VR and AR in high definition on our phones and tablets - something not possible with 4G.

"If you use virtual reality now you are rooted in the house with your headset and your PlayStation, but 5G will let you use it when out and about," Mr Kingsbury says.

He is sceptical that everyone will start wearing VR headsets in the street, but does think it will be used for training and simulations in sectors like engineering and healthcare.

Consumers are also likely to see a lot more "immersive" content - video you can move around in or interact with. Possible examples could included more sophisticated AR games (in the vein of Pokemon Go) 360 degree films, and "smart tourism", whereby useful information is superimposed on a user's view of the real world by way of their smartphones.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionExperts say 5G could lead to more "smart tourism"

Not only will 5G be much faster than 4G, says Howard Jones, head of network communications at EE, a mobile operator owned by BT, but many more people will also be able to use it simultaneously without slowing the network down.

"It'll be like when we went from 3G to 4G and the service became much more reliable. And when you have a network with good capacity and speeds, app developers also start building for that capability."

This could particularly benefit live events and broadcasts, he says. He points to a BT Sport trial in 2015 where selected fans attending the FA Cup Final at Wembley were able to see real-time footage of the action on their tablets using advanced 4G technology.

The spectators could switch between camera angles as well as watch replays whenever they liked, enhancing their experience of the live game. They could also view updated football statistics and ask questions, such as "which player has made the most passes in the game so far?"

Image copyrightEE

Image captionCould interactive live broadcasts become the norm?

"With 5G everyone at a stadium could use this sort of app, not just a few, because it wouldn't put a strain on the network [as it would with 4G]," says Mr Jones.

"It could go further too, in effect making you your own producer. You could have access to everything we have in production, including bird's eye views of the pitch, or footage from behind the goal or the subs bench."

He says people could use it anywhere they had a 5G connection - at the stadium, at home or on the bus.

More 5G stories

5G will also make it cheaper and easier to broadcast live TV, believes Claire Harvey of Red Bee Media, which is owned by Swedish telecoms giant Ericsson. It manages video streaming services for broadcasters such as the BBC and ITV.

"5G-enabled cameras will be able to transmit raw footage straight to the internet," she says, removing the need for broadcast trucks and satellite link-ups positioned at the scene.

That will cut the costs of broadcasting big events like the Royal Wedding between Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, but also allow channels to screen much smaller events such as fringe music festivals or regional sporting fixtures.

"Our TV channels will become much more live," she says, "and that will help traditional broadcasters fight back against subscription video streaming services such as Netflix that are challenging their dominance."

Image copyrightJASON INGRAM

Image captionProf Dimitra Simeonidou believes many 5G services for mobiles won't arrive until 2021

Experts do see barriers to the rise of 5G apps for consumers, though. According to Dimitra Simeonidou, a professor in high performance networks at Bristol University, many people may not be able to afford the first 5G-ready handsets or accompanying equipment like VR glasses.

And that could mean media companies delay investing in new applications or simply charge us extra to access the latest 5G content.

"Even though networks will be rolled out in 2019 I think we won't see real 5G services reaching us on our mobile phones until 2021," she says.

The other issue is technical; some experts say much more investment will be needed in mobile phone towers and antennae if everyone wants to see a real difference in performance.

Also, 5G networks in the UK at least will initially be rolled out in urban areas, not the countryside. The government says this divide could be bridged over time, but will people be prepared to wait?

"There is a risk it could widen the digital divide in the short term," says Mr Kingsbury.

"You're likely to have these rich 5G experiences in cities, but it might become easier to collaborate between London and Berlin than London and rural Wales."

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 05:31

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New York inmate's golf drawings lead to exoneration in murder

A US convict whose talent for art caught the eye of a prison warden, ultimately leading to a review of his case, has been exonerated of murder.

Valentino Dixon's vivid pencil drawings of golf courses came to be featured in Golf Digest, whose reporters noticed evidence in his case seemed flawed.

Mr Dixon, 48, had maintained his innocence during 27 years behind bars for a shooting in Buffalo, New York.

He walked free after another man formally confessed to the murder.

The golf drawings

Mr Dixon had served nearly two decades at a notorious prison in upstate New York when his artistic flair attracted the notice of correctional authorities.

The warden gave him a photograph of the famed Augusta National's 12th hole in the US state of Georgia, and asked if he would draw it for him.

Image copyrightGOLF DIGEST

"After 19 years in Attica Correctional Facility, the look of a golf hole spoke to me," said Mr Dixon.

"It seemed peaceful. I imagine playing it would be a lot like fishing."

Using colouring pencils, he began to create meticulous, lush drawings of various links and fairways.

"I didn't know anything about golf. I'm from the 'hood," he told local media.

Image copyrightGOLF DIGEST

His sketches impressed the editors at Golf Digest, which featured his artwork and a profile of the prisoner in 2012.

"Maybe one day I'll get to play the game I've only imagined," Mr Dixon said in the article, describing how he drew landscapes he has never seen.

The magazine's coverage spurred wrongful-conviction advocates to look into the matter. Georgetown University law students championed his case.

The conviction

Mr Dixon was handed a minimum 38-year-to-life sentence for killing 17-year-old Torriano Jackson one night in August 1991, after an argument over a girl.

He acknowledged being at the crime scene, but said he was at a nearby shop buying beer when the gunshots rang out.

Mr Dixon said multiple witnesses could have testified he did not fire the gun.

But his trial lawyer did not call any of them as several had been accused of perjury.

Unusually, the investigating homicide detective did not testify during the trial either.

But a more serious flaw in the case was uncovered by Georgetown University's Prisons and Justice Initiative.

Prosecutors had omitted to reveal to Mr Dixon's defence attorney that a gunpowder test on his client's clothes had come back negative.

The real killer

Perhaps even more egregiously, another man, Lamarr Scott, admitted to local media only days after the murder that he shot Torriano Jackson.

Scott told a WGRZ-TV reporter: "I don't want my friend [Mr Dixon] to take the rap for something that I did."


Image captionGeorgetown University students who worked on the case greeted Mr Dixon upon his release

But he was never arrested. The victim's brother said he saw Mr Dixon open fire.

According to the Buffalo News, prosecutors conceded that Scott had been admitting his guilt in the case for a long time.

"Mr Scott has been confessing to this crime since 12 August 1991," Assistant District Attorney Sara Dee told the court.

"He has confessed to this crime in excess of 10 times."


Lamarr Scott - who is currently in jail for a separate attack - finally had the chance to formally confess to the crime on Wednesday.

Hours later, Mr Dixon was released.

"I grabbed the gun," Scott, now 46, told the courtroom in Erie, New York.

"I pulled the trigger and all the bullets came out. Unfortunately, Torriano ended up dying."

It was Erie County District Attorney John Flynn - in the job less than a year - who ordered a review of the case.

But despite Mr Dixon's exoneration, prosecutors say he did provide the murder weapon, which they described as a machine gun.

They also said he was an "up-and-coming drug dealer" in Buffalo at the time of his arrest.

"Mr Dixon is innocent of the shooting and of the murder for what he was found guilty of, but Mr Dixon brought the gun to the fight," said the district attorney.

What next for Valentino Dixon?

"It's the greatest feeling in the world," he said as he walked a free man from court in Buffalo, New York, on Wednesday.

He was greeted outside by his daughter, who was a baby when he was jailed.

The 27-year-old brought along her own 14-month-old twins.

Mr Dixon says he hopes to keep up his illustrations, and even visit a golf course in real life someday.

"With his mind and body intact, Dixon hopefully has some good years ahead," Golf Digest wrote on Wednesday.

"Maybe he'll even take up golf."

seth Posted on September 20, 2018 05:20

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A DMT trip 'feels like dying' - and scientists now agree

A new scientific study suggests strong similarities between near death experiences and the psychedelic drug

Ben Bryant14 September 2018

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The chill of the fluid flows through Iona's arm as the DMT - N,N-Dimethyltryptamine- is pumped into her bloodstream.

She is in a treatment room at the Imperial College Clinical Research Facility in London, taking part in a scientific study into the effects of illegal hallucinogen DMT. She's in a chair, eye mask on, cannula poking out of her forearm. The lights are dimmed and a specially commissioned ambient soundtrack plays in the background. Chris Timmermann, a psychologist and neuroscientist who researches psychedelic drugs, stands nearby.

Inside Iona’s brain, enzymes work like cleaners mopping up a monsoon to break down the drug flooding her system. The hallucinations hit her like a hurricane. A sense of dread envelops her.

“My eyes were closed but there was so much going on that it was really hard to focus," Iona says afterwards. "The one image I remember was lots of books opening and rainbows shooting out of them."

“I felt this quiver. The only other time I’ve had it is when I was giving birth. [A feeling that] I’m not sure I want to do this – but a sense of no turning back, you’re here and you’ve got to go through this.

“I don’t remember my body being around after that.”


As expected, Iona didn't suddenly dematerialise into a swirling space-time void. This intense journey took place entirely within her own mind – induced by an illegal drug that sits on the periphery of recreational psychedelics.

DMT is perhaps best known as the hallucinogenic compound in ayahuasca. This bitter, brown liquid is created by combining two plants – the ayahuasca vine and a shrub called chacruna – and has been used ritually and medicinally by Amazonian tribes for centuries.

The mysterious allure of the ayahuasca ritual seems to hold a particular appeal for young Westerners, who have helped spawn a cottage industry of ayahuasca tourism in South America. Those who seek it out may believe it can heal, provide a glimpse of death, or perhaps even the afterlife. But it is not a drug without risks. Ayahuasca could trigger issues in those who are predisposed to mental health problems and four years ago, a 19-year-old British backpacker died following an ayahuasca ceremony.

My body just didn't seem relevant any more

Like many illegal drugs, DMT’s effects on the brain have not been researched much at all. Human trials involving illegal drugs demand a strict ethical and regulatory framework and the express permission of the Home Office. Imperial College's Psychedelic Research Group has consistently met the requirements for such trials. They are recording the effects of the drug in new ways, thanks to advancements in brain mapping technologies such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). 

“It has been speculated in the past that a lot of [psychedelic] experiences – not only DMT but also LSD and so on – contain themes of death,” says Chris, who led the study.

“If I were to speculate, one possibility may be that the system is reaching such a high level of disorder that the psychological reaction might be, ‘Oh my God, I'm dying',” Chris explains.

Iona describes some of this "disorder" as feeling detached from her body and says she quickly found she was experiencing a strange, unfamiliar detachment from her sense of self too. 

“My body just didn’t seem relevant anymore," says Iona. "And I felt like I arrived in some consciousness soup which seemed like a different realm to the one I ordinarily inhabit – even in dreams. It just seemed like everything was rotating and swirling and spiralling. It didn’t seem like there were normal space-time proportions going on.”

Iona struggles to put into words exactly what she experienced. But towards the end of the test, she remembers an overwhelming feeling of gratitude that she had survived and a strange sense of reassurance.

“I felt a sense that perhaps death isn’t the end – not that I’m religious,” she says.

Ego death is like being awake and having no sense of personal identity

The dose of DMT used in the study is a tiny fraction of the toxic dose – so participants were not on the verge of death, even when they felt they were. This feeling, known as "ego death", has been reported by many people experiencing intense psychedelic experiences.

It can be described as a total loss of a sense of self which happens to the subject while they're still conscious, according to Chris's fellow researcher Robin Carhart-Harris. He says it's like being awake and having no sense of personal identity.

The researchers can't say exactly why ego death prompts those going through it to feel as if they’re dying. It may not be like dying at all. Clearly, nobody who's actually died can ever come back to tell the tale.

But we do know about a phenomenon called a Near Death Experience (NDE). Philosopher and psychologist Raymond Moody coined the phrase in his 1975 book, Life After Life. Moody studied 50 people who experienced 'clinical death' but were subsequently revived, identifying common elements: a bright light, a sense of detachment from the body, feelings of security and warmth and encounters with spiritual beings such as angels.

“What has amazed me since the beginning of my interest are the great similarities in the reports,” he wrote. “Despite the fact they come from people of highly varied religious, social, and educational backgrounds.”

Moody became so taken with his findings, he said they gave him “great confidence” in an afterlife. In the years since, the study of brain activity at the point of death has been an area of scientific interest, with findings suggesting unusual biological processes seem to take place – although none of these studies has provided any evidence of an afterlife.


Interest in NDEs peaked in 2012, when neurosurgeon Eben Alexander appeared on Oprah. Eben wrote a book called Proof of Heaven, which described a quasi-celestial encounter with millions of butterflies and a vision of his late sister – arising from a bout of bacterial meningitis. The book went on to sell millions of copies off the back of Eben’s claim that his experience proved the existence of an afterlife.

“But it’s bullshit. It’s classic pseudoscience,” says Robin Carhart-Harris, who designed the Psychedelic Research Group study with Chris.

To this day, Eben defends his NDE claim, saying there is no scientific explanation for his experiences, which he says should not have been possible due to the level of impairment of his brain function. 

But for the researchers at Imperial, it is far more likely NDEs are nothing more than poorly understood biological processes.

And DMT might just be “a drug model for the limbo state [between life and death]", explains Robin. What it emphatically is not, he adds, is a portal to the afterlife.

“There is nothing here to begin to enable us to propose that on DMT, you literally transcend the laws of this universe and do actually go to another world,” he says. 

I sort of feel a little bit more confident about what it is like to die

Comparing NDEs with DMT experiences has one obvious practical use - it could provide scientists with a way of studying the near-death state without nearly killing any human subjects.

So the Psychedelic Research Group collaborated with scientists in Belgium and France to record the experiences of 30 DMT participants and compare these with documented NDEs. The results were better than they had hoped.

“We found that it was such a strong fit on most of the elements,” says Chris. "I was quite surprised.”

The implications are “quite profound", says Robin. “I sort of feel a little bit more confident about what it is like to die because I can fill it in by saying, well, it is at least a bit like what it is like to be on DMT.

“Does that provide some kind of reassurance? It does in a weird way.”

According to Chris, many participants reported a sense of elevated mood after the study. There is a limited body of scientific evidence of the drug's therapeutic benefits, and experts strongly discourage taking DMT in an uncontrolled setting because of documented cases of psychosis and even death. One of the stated reasons people continue to go on ayahuasca retreats, however, is the purported transformative potential of the drug. 


"It’s probably the most intense experience I’ve had,” says Iona. “[The sense that] birth and death were just a transformation rather than an end was something that felt true.” 

Whether snapping selfies or scrolling through Instagram, we are encouraged to see our selves reflected in everything we do. 

“We cling to this idea that something of ego consciousness survives after death – and the idea that it doesn’t is frightening, because we’re so attached to our egos,” says Robin.

“But the other probability is that when you die the world doesn’t end, because it goes on for everyone else. And if that doesn’t console people, then there’s something narcissistic there, isn’t there?” he says. “Because the universe goes on.”

If you, or anyone you know, needs support for drug-related issues – help and advice can be found here


We look at psychedelics – from discovery to potential treatment to help with depression.

seth Posted on September 19, 2018 20:17

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Handbag found in Denbigh garage valued at £3,800

A handbag found during a garage tidy-up which was thought to be "junk" is set to be sold for thousands of pounds.

When sisters Linda and Margaret Pritchard, of Denbigh, Clwyd, found the damp bag during a clear-out they earmarked it for the tip.

However, it turned out to be a 105-year-old Art Deco gem made entirely from gold.

It is now set to go under the hammer at an auction next month and fetch up to £3,800.

However, Linda, 61, admitted: "It almost ended up in the tip."

Margaret, a former carer, inherited the bag eight years ago from Gwyn Jones, who she had looked after.

The bag was forgotten and buried in Linda's garage, until she decided it was time for a clear-out.

Margaret, 59, said: "We came across the bag and I just thought we would never use this, so I said to Linda, 'get rid'.

"I didn't give it a second thought until later that night when I wondered, 'Why would Mr Jones keep this, the only thing left from his wife?'"

Image copyrightHANSONS

Image captionThe bag was found amid a host of old photos

Her sister took the bag to an optician for a closer look.

"I thought [the optician] could look at it with his magnifying equipment for a hallmark," said Linda.

"He told me it was 15-carat American gold. I was flabbergasted. It could have gone to the tip."

The chainmail evening bag, complete with leather lining, was designed by Emanuel Joseph and dates back to 1913.

It belonged to Mr Jones's wife Dora Jones, a wealthy socialite, and even boasts connections to two royal cruise ships.

Mrs Jones's first husband David Archibald was general secretary of the North Atlantic British Liner Committee but died in a car crash in 1963.

The bag was found amid photos of life aboard RMS Elizabeth and RMS Queen Mary in the 1940s and 50s.

Image copyrightHANSONS

Image captionDora Jones and her first husband David Archibald OBE aboard the Queen Mary

Image copyrightHANSONS

Image captionAuctioneers said the bag was "a wonderful find and a wonderful story"

Jane Williams, valuer for Hansons Auctioneers in Wales, said: "The bag comes with amazing provenance including numerous photos of the couple aboard [the cruise ships].

"We believe it may have been used on glamorous journeys between Southampton and New York where the cruise ships operated."

Life on a luxury cruise liner is a far cry from the world in which sisters Linda and Margaret grew up.

"We grew up in a council house where money was very, very tight," said Linda, now a dinner-lady.

"Our father was crippled by arthritis. We were very poor and never had anything.

"When you look through the photos you see how the other half lived, the rich and famous."

The bag is now expected to sell for between £3,500 and £3,800 in Hansons' Fine Art Jewellery Auction on 10 October at Bishton Hall, Staffordshire.

Charles Hanson, owner of Hansons Auctioneers, said: "It's a wonderful find and a wonderful story.

"Collectors around the world would love to own this bag and, who knows, it may even end up back on a luxury cruise ship, gracing the arm of a society lady."

Image copyrightHANSONS

Image captionHansons valuer Jane Williams with the gold evening bag

seth Posted on September 19, 2018 20:08

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Shropshire hospitals baby deaths review cases rise to over 100

A review into mother and baby deaths and injuries at hospitals in Shropshire is examining more than 100 cases, it is understood.

In 2017, Jeremy Hunt ordered an investigation into maternity care relating to 23 cases at the Shrewsbury and Telford NHS Trust (SaTH).

That figure expanded to 40 but is now thought to include 104 families.

Meanwhile, the Care Quality Commission (CQC) has taken urgent action against the maternity department.

One mother whose daughter died at the trust said "it is time to get justice".

The trust said it "continues to engage fully" with health watchdog the CQC "during our current, ongoing inspection".

Image copyrightTASHA TURNER

Image captionTasha Turner and partner Jacob's baby Esmai died in 2013 at Royal Shrewsbury Hospital

A specialist team led by Donna Ockenden is looking into the allegations that some babies born at the trust between 2000 and 2017 suffered avoidable harm due to errors by maternity staff.

In August a spokesperson for NHS Improvement said it had agreed "to consider additional historical investigations where women, infants and new-born babies had died or suffered harm".

At the time the trust said these were cases which were already in the public domain, but the BBC understands at least 104 families have now come forward wanting their cases to be considered.

Dr Kathy McLean, Executive Medical Director and Chief Operating Officer of NHS Improvement, said: "At this stage, we are unable to confirm how many historical cases will be considered under our independent review.

"We are examining in detail anything that may be relevant, ensuring that possible duplication is taken into account.

"Also, it is important that in any historical investigations that we consider, appropriate consent from the family members is obtained in advance."

Professor Ted Baker, CQC's Chief Inspector of Hospitals, confirmed it is taking further enforcement action against SaTH.

It follows an inspection last month, which highlighted safety fears "within the trust's maternity services", Prof Baker said.

"This action is subject to a period of appeal and we will provide further information when the legal process allows."

A spokesman for SaTH said: "In line with normal CQC processes, we will be making representations to them in respect of this matter within the permitted 28 day timeframe."

'So many questions'

In 2013 Tasha Turner's first child Esmai was born by Caesarean section at 36 weeks at Royal Shrewsbury Hospital.

Ms Turner, 25, said she was assured there was no cause for concern and her daughter was soon drinking her breast milk with the aid of a tube. But when she went to check on Esmai the following morning, she was on life support.

Ms Turner said she was told Esmai had lactic acidosis, a build up of lactic acid in her body, and after four days Ms Turner and partner Jacob were advised to remove life support.

The couple said when they asked what led to their daughter's death they were told by the hospital "it happens".

Image copyrightTASHA TURNER

Image captionBaby Esmai spent four days on life support

The couple have since had two more children but said they are determined to know what happened to Esmai.

"I have so many questions," said Tasha.

"How was I told when she was born that she was fine, and then she dies four days later? I've looked up the condition she had - no way should it kill someone."

Deirdre Fowler, Director of Nursing, Midwifery and Quality at SaTH said: "We recognise that, taken in isolation, the number of cases which are being considered may cause concern or anxiety for families currently using our services.

"It is important that any families who have any questions or concerns over their care are given the chance to have them explored."

seth Posted on September 19, 2018 20:01

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Westminster Inquest: Attacker 'told his children he was going to die'

The inquest was shown CCTV footage of Westminster attacker Khalid Masood's final preparations

Westminster Bridge attacker Khalid Masood told his children he was "going to die fighting for God", an inquest into his victims' deaths has heard.

But while visiting his mother days before the attack, he told her: "They will say I'm a terrorist. I'm not."

CCTV footage of his final movements before the attack were also shown.

Masood, 52, was shot dead after driving into pedestrians on the bridge and fatally stabbing a police officer. Five people died in the March 2017 attack.

The inquest into the deaths of PC Keith Palmer, 48, Kurt Cochran, 54, Leslie Rhodes, 75, Aysha Frade, 44, and Andreea Cristea, 31, is taking place at the Old Bailey in central London.

During video calls to his younger children, who were living in east London while he stayed in Birmingham, Masood spoke about dreams he had had and told them he was "going to die fighting for God", Det Ch Insp Dan Brown told the inquest.

Masood drove from Birmingham to Wales to visit his mother, Janet Ajao, and stepfather on 16 March, after picking up the vehicle he would use to carry out the attack.

As he was leaving the house the following day, Mr Brown said he "turned over his shoulder" and insisted he was not a terrorist.

Investigators now believe this was "a goodbye visit".

Final movements

The inquest was shown CCTV footage of Masood's final preparations ahead of the attack on 22 March.

On 9 March he bought two knives, which he would use to stab PC Palmer, at a Tesco store in Birmingham.

A week later he rented a car in Birmingham, before driving to Wales to visit his mother and stepfather.

On 18 March he drove to central London, crossing Westminster Bridge, in what investigators believe was a reconnaissance trip

The night before the attack he visited a fish and chip shop in Brighton and stayed the night in the city.

On the morning of the attack he carried out internet searches for Prime Minister's Questions, which was taking place later that day, and car bombs.

Masood's final movements before the attack were also shown:

  • At 10:30 he drove across Westminster Bridge, in a second recce
  • At 13:59 Masood parked at St Thomas' hospital and remained there until 14.31
  • At 14:26 and 14.29 he sent a "jihad document" to several people in his phone contacts, some of whom he did not know very well. It featured quotes apparently trying to justify the attack and a picture of him while on pilgrimage in Mecca
  • At 14:38 the vehicle is seen parked in a bus lane before the attack

'Violent and disruptive'

Earlier the inquest heard how Masood had a history of violent crime and converted to Islam while in prison.

Masood's mother had described him as "an angry person" and was "worried he would kill someone through fighting", Mr Brown said.

She told police that as an older teenager he would go out to pubs and clubs looking for a fight.

Mr Brown said: "His mother suggested he exhibited normal boisterous behaviour, but his two brothers suggested he was a violent, disruptive person, who would not back down from a disagreement."


Media captionKhalid Masood, from school boy to killer

Masood first got into trouble with the police after shoplifting at the age of 14 in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, where he lived with his mother, stepfather and two stepbrothers.

He was involved in a number of violent incidents which became more serious as he got older.

In May 2003, he stabbed a man through the nose with a carving knife after accusing him of being an undercover police officer.

Masood claimed self defence and was acquitted of attempted murder, wounding with intent, and having a bladed weapon.

In December 2003, he was released from Lewes prison in East Sussex, where he had been held on remand, based on time served from a previous weapons offence.

The inquest heard how Masood considered his acquittal, as well as the survival of his eldest daughter - who was later involved in a serious car accident - as the "miracles" which cemented his Muslim faith.


Image captionClockwise from top left - PC Keith Palmer, Aysha Frade, Leslie Rhodes, Andreea Cristea and Kurt Cochran all lost their lives in the attack

Kurt Cochran, Leslie Rhodes, Aysha Frade, and Andreea Cristea were all hit by Masood's car during the attack on Westminster Bridge on 22 March last year.

Moments later, PC Palmer was stabbed to death by Masood outside the Houses of Parliament.

The inquest is set to last about five weeks. A separate inquest into the death of Masood will be held after the hearing into his victims' deaths has concluded.

The coroner is expected to examine Masood's background, police records, and look into the fact that he briefly featured in MI5 investigations in 2009 and 2010. The absence of armed officers at the scene will also be examined.

seth Posted on September 19, 2018 20:00

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French police seize 20 tonnes of Eiffel Tower souvenirs

The Eiffel Tower, one of Paris' most iconic landmarks, has six million tourists a year

French police have seized 20 tonnes of miniature Eiffel Towers in an operation to dismantle an extensive network selling souvenirs in the capital Paris.

A joint probe with French immigration officials resulted in raids on Chinese wholesalers suspected of importing and supplying the goods to illegal vendors.

Nine people were arrested, media said.

The small metal replicas are sold for as little as five for one euro at tourist hotspots like the Louvre museum and outside the real Eiffel Tower.

More than 1,000 boxes containing the pointy keepsakes were found at two depots and three shops in the Paris region on Monday evening and Tuesday morning, local reports said.

In the past, authorities have struggled to crack down on the counterfeit souvenirs, often illegally sold to tourists by undocumented migrants who run at the sight of police.

Image copyrightAFP/GETTY

Image captionStreet vendors are often seen playing a cat and mouse game with the authorities

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seth Posted on September 19, 2018 19:54

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California couple deny mass drug rape allegations

A California couple accused of preying on two women, drugging and sexually assaulting them have denied the allegations, their lawyers say.

Grant William Robicheaux, 38, and Cerissa Laura Riley, 31, have been charged with attacking two women they met at a bar and a restaurant in 2016.

But prosecutors say several thousand images on their phones suggest there could be "hundreds" of more victims.

Mr Robicheaux and Ms Riley's lawyers say they plan to fight the charges.

"They have been aware of these accusations for a number of months and each of them will formally deny the truth of these allegations at their first opportunity in court," lawyers Philip Cohen and Scott Borthwick said in a joint statement.

"Dr Robicheaux and Ms Riley believe that such allegations do a disservice to, and dangerously undermine, the true victims of sexual assault, and they are eager to have the proper spotlight shed on this case in a public trial."

On Tuesday, a district attorney in Orange County said the couple worked in tandem to identify victims.

"We believe the defendants used their good looks and charm to lower the inhibitions of their potential prey," said District Attorney Tony Rackauckas said.

Image copyrightYOUTUBE

Image captionGrant Robicheaux once appeared on reality TV show Online Dating Rituals of the American Male

He added that prosecutors are now reviewing "thousands and thousands" of videos and images on their mobile phones.

The clips, the officials said, show women who "appear to be highly intoxicated beyond the ability to consent or resist, and they're barely responsive to the defendant's sexual advances".

Dr Robicheaux is a well-known orthopaedic surgeon and once appeared on the cable reality TV show Online Dating Rituals of the American Male.

Portions of the programme - in which he was described as the "total package"- were shown by prosecutors during their press conference on Tuesday.

Image copyrightCBS

"I want to know what's wrong with you," Dr Robicheaux's first date told him over dinner in one episode, "because you seem, like, too perfect".

She told viewers something seemed strange about him and that "there might be some dark skeletons in that closet".

He was also named "Bachelor of the Year" by Orange Coast magazine in 2013.

Image copyrightCBS

Image captionThe couple are also accused of drug and weapons offences

Two women have accused the couple of rape and sexual assault after meeting them at a bar and a restaurant in Newport Beach, 45 miles (72km) south of Los Angeles, prosecutors say.

The pair were arrested earlier this month, and have since been released on bail.

Mr Robicheaux and Ms Riley are also accused of possessing a large quantity of drugs, including GHB (considered a date-rape drug), psychedelic mushrooms, ecstasy and cocaine.

Police said the illegal substances were found during a search of the surgeon's home in January 2018.

Mr Robicheaux is further accused of possessing two unregistered semi-automatic rifles, four other firearms and magazines capable of carrying large amounts of ammunition, according to a press release.

Police say the couple may have met victims at music festivals, and are appealing for anyone to come forward if they suspect they may have been attacked by Mr Robicheaux and Ms Riley.

The pair are due to be formally charged in court on 24 October.

If convicted, Mr Robicheaux and Ms Riley could spend 40 years and 30 years in prison respectively, according to the prosecutor.

seth Posted on September 19, 2018 19:53

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YouTube is overhauling its gaming section — and now it looks more like Twitch.

YouTube Gaming will become a part of the main YouTube site as the streaming service struggles to build engagement for fans of video games.

  • YouTube has announced it will discontinue support for its YouTube Gaming app in March 2019 after less than four years.
  • A new web portal,, will replace the service and allow users to search through video game specific content.
  • More than 200 million users watch gaming content on YouTube everyday, but the company has struggled to endear the sense of community seen on Twitch, a competing streaming service.

The YouTube Gaming app will cease to be in March 2019, as the streaming service reassesses how to better serve one of its largest audiences.



YouTube users looking exclusively for video game content can now visit a revamped web portal for YouTube Gaming that separates videos by game, and promotes live streamers at

YouTube Gaming launched in 2015 as a competitor to Twitch, a gaming focused streaming platform that has become wildly popular for gamers looking to build a following and monetize their playtime. YouTube boasts more than 200 million viewers for video game content every day and 50 billion hours of gaming videos watched in the last year, but struggles to build the sort of of dedicated gaming communities seen on Twitch.


The debut look of YouTube Gaming in 2015.



Major gaming events and individual content creators alike have chosen to partner with Twitch due to its monetization options and a larger focus on community interaction. While YouTube and Twitch both offer a chat service for viewers, Twitch has built a culture across the site with the use of emotes and moderators who voluntarily watch the live chat for bad behavior. Viewers can also subscribe to specific channels for exclusive emotes, and they can purchase a sitewide currency to tip streamers they enjoy.

The ability to earn money while creating content without relying on viewer counts or ad revenue brought a number of popular non-gaming content creators to Twitch, prompting the company to launch Twitch Creative in 2015, the same year YouTube Gaming rolled out. With the line between gaming specific and creative content blurring, YouTube found itself in competition with Twitch for popular content creators. YouTube began offering its own channel subscriptions in June 2018; viewers receive a special badge next to their name and access to subscriber only chats.


A view of YouTube's new gaming portal



The new YouTube Gaming portal feels familiar to Twitch's layout as well, with a handful of featured videos or streams being promoted at the top of the page, and the rest of the content sorted by game or viewer engagement.

For gamers who are looking to avoid the rest of YouTube, the portal is straightforward and organized, but it remains to be seen if the site can spark a greater level of engagement between YouTube gaming channels and the millions of viewers using the side for on-demand video. YouTube has committed to highlighting a "Gaming Creator on the Rise" each week to help promote less popular channels.

Video game content remains a major portion of the greater YouTube audience: Swedish gamer Felix "PewDiePie" Kjellberg has owned the most followed YouTube channel since 2013 and now boasts more than 66 million followers. However, the failure of the YouTube Gaming app shows that the streaming service is still struggling to retain viewer interest and guide them to new content.

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 19, 2018 17:52

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Elba returns to host The Best

  • Actor Idris Elba to host The Best FIFA Football Awards™ 2018
  • Event will be co-hosted by Anne-Laure Bonnet
  • The Best ceremony to take place on 24 September in London

Less than a year on from successfully hosting The Best FIFA Football Awards™ in London, Idris Elba is returning as MC for the 2018 ceremony.

The Golden Globe and SAG-winning actor is to be assisted by co-host Anne-Laure Bonnet at the star-studded event, which will again be staged in the United Kingdom's capital on Monday 24 September.

Renowned for his roles in high-profile films such as The Mountain Between Us, Beasts of No Nation, Thor and Avengers: Infinity War, and the critically acclaimed television series Luther, Elba is also a lifelong devotee of the beautiful game – and passionate supporter of London giants Arsenal.

“I’m a massive football fan, so I am delighted to return again this year to present The Best FIFA Football Awards 2018,” he said. “It’s not just an honour but a huge thrill and a pleasure to be sharing a stage with the greatest footballers in the world.”

Bonnet, meanwhile, is an experienced and multilingual broadcast journalist, who currently works for beINSPORTS in her native France. One of her country’s leading sports presenters, she also speaks fluent English, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish, along with some German and Russian.

The Best finalists were announced on Monday 3 September and you can keep up with the latest news about The Best FIFA Football Awards by visiting our dedicated section on, as well as our Facebook page. You can also join the discussion about who should win this year’s accolades by using the hashtag #TheBest

kabby Posted on September 19, 2018 17:42

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The 20 richest billionaires who own sports teams.

CEOWORLD magazine recently ranked the 20 wealthiest owners of major league sports teams around the world — and some own more than one team. From Steve Ballmer to Robert Kraft, see which billionaires made the list.


  • Billionaires often make extravagant purchases — like buying their own sports team.
  • CEOWORLD magazine recently ranked the 20 wealthiest owners of major league sports teams around the world.
  • Some billionaire owners own more than one team — like Paul Allen, who owns the Portland Trail Blazers and the Seattle Seahawks.

Billionaires have a lot of cash to drop. Some are known to spend it on mansions. Others, private planes and luxury cars. And others still? They just buy their own sports team.

CEOWORLD magazine recently ranked the 20 wealthiest owners of major league sports teams using Forbes' World's Billionaires ranking. They found that of the 62 billionaire team owners around the world, their collected net worth is $375 billion. And for some, one team isn't enough — together, they own 78 teams.

In fact, three among the top five richest billionaire sports team owners own multiple teams, Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen among them. Dietrich Mateschitz and Stanley Kroenke own the most teams on the list, with three and four each, respectively. Only one woman makes the list: Marian Ilitch, the cofounder of Little Caesars Pizza.

From football to basketball, here's a look at the 20 richest owners of major sports league teams.

20. Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, Thailand


20. Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, Thailand

(Paul Gilham/Getty Images)


Net worth: $5 billion

Team: Leicester City

Source of wealth: Duty-free, self-made



19. Joe Lewis, United Kingdom


19. Joe Lewis, United Kingdom

(Dan Istitene/Getty Images)


Net worth: $5.1 billion

Team: Tottenham Hotspur

Source of wealth: Investments, self-made



18. Marian Ilitch, United States


18. Marian Ilitch, United States

(Bruce Bennett/Getty Images)


Net worth: $5.2 billion

Teams: Detroit Red Wings, Detroit Tigers

Source of wealth: Little Caesars Pizza, self-made



17. Richard DeVos & family, United States


17. Richard DeVos & family, United States

(Reinhold Matay/AP Images)


Net worth: $5.4 billion

Team: Orlando Magic

Source of wealth: Amway, self-made



16. Jerry Jones, United States


16. Jerry Jones, United States

(Tom Pennington/Getty Images)


Net worth: $5.6 billion

Team: Dallas Cowboys

Source of wealth: Dallas Cowboys, self-made



15. Charles Johnson, United States


15. Charles Johnson, United States

(Thearon W. Henderson/Getty Images)


Net worth: $5.6 billion

Team: San Francisco Giants

Source of wealth: Money management



14. Robert Kraft, United States


14. Robert Kraft, United States

(Jim Rogash/Getty Images)


Net worth: $6.2 billion

Teams: New England Patriots, New England Revolution

Source of wealth: The Kraft Group, self-made



13. Daniel Gilbert, United States


13. Daniel Gilbert, United States

(Jason Miller/Getty Images)


Net worth: $6.3 billion

Team: Cleveland Cavaliers

Source of wealth: Quicken Loans, self-made



12. Shahid Khan, United States


12. Shahid Khan, United States

(Phelan M. Ebenhack/AP Photos)


Net worth: $7.2 billion

Team: Jacksonville Jaguars

Source of wealth: Auto parts, self-made



11. Stephen Ross, United States


11. Stephen Ross, United States

(Marc Serota/Getty Images)


Net worth: $7.6 billion

Team: Miami Dolphins

Source of wealth: Real estate, self-made



10. Stanley Kroenke, United States


10. Stanley Kroenke, United States

(Steven Senne/AP Images)


Net worth: $8.3 billion

Teams: Los Angeles Rams, Arsenal, Denver Nuggets, Colorado Avalanche

Source of wealth: Sports and real estate, self-made



9. Mikhail Prokhorov, Russia


9. Mikhail Prokhorov, Russia

(Mike Stobe/Getty Images)


Net worth: $9.6 billion

Team: Brooklyn Nets

Source of wealth: Investments, self-made



8. Micky Arison, United States


8. Micky Arison, United States

(Marc Serota/Getty Images)


Net worth: $9.7 billion

Team: Miami Heat

Source of wealth: Carnival Cruises



7. Roman Abramovich, Russia


7. Roman Abramovich, Russia

(Richard Heathcote/Getty Images)


Net worth: $10.8 billion

Team: Chelsea FC

Source of wealth: Steel and investments, self-made



6. Hasso Plattner & family, Germany


6. Hasso Plattner & family, Germany

(Ralph Orlowski/Reuters)


Net worth: $12.7 billion

Team: San Jose Sharks

Source of wealth: Software, self-made



5. Philip Anschutz, United States


5. Philip Anschutz, United States

(Christian Petersen/Getty Images)


Net worth: $13 billion

Teams: Los Angeles Kings, LA Galaxy

Source of wealth: Investments



4. Paul Allen, United States


4. Paul Allen, United States

(Stephen Brashear/Getty Images)


Net worth: $21.7 billion

Teams: Portland Trail Blazers, Seattle Seahawks

Source of wealth: Microsoft and investments, self-made



3. Dietrich Mateschitz, Austria


3. Dietrich Mateschitz, Austria

(Mark Thompson/Getty Images)


Net worth: $23 billion

Teams: New York Red Bulls, Red Bull Racing, Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda

Source of wealth: Red Bull, self-made



2. Steve Ballmer, United States


2. Steve Ballmer, United States

(Stephen Dunn/Getty Images)


Net worth: $38.4 billion

Team: Los Angeles Clippers

Source of wealth: Microsoft, self-made



1. Mukesh Ambani, India


1. Mukesh Ambani, India

(Denis Balibouse/Reuters)


Net worth: $40.1 billion

Team: Mumbai Indians

Source of wealth: Petrochemicals and oil/gas

Albert Ulebe Posted on September 19, 2018 17:01

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